A Course in Analysis

Author: Niels Jacob
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
ISBN: 9814689106
Format: PDF
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Part 1 begins with an overview of properties of the real numbers and starts to introduce the notions of set theory. The absolute value and in particular inequalities are considered in great detail before functions and their basic properties are handled. From this the authors move to differential and integral calculus. Many examples are discussed. Proofs not depending on a deeper understanding of the completeness of the real numbers are provided. As a typical calculus module, this part is thought as an interface from school to university analysis. Part 2 returns to the structure of the real numbers, most of all to the problem of their completeness which is discussed in great depth. Once the completeness of the real line is settled the authors revisit the main results of Part 1 and provide complete proofs. Moreover they develop differential and integral calculus on a rigorous basis much further by discussing uniform convergence and the interchanging of limits, infinite series (including Taylor series) and infinite products, improper integrals and the gamma function. In addition they discussed in more detail as usual monotone and convex functions. Finally, the authors supply a number of Appendices, among them Appendices on basic mathematical logic, more on set theory, the Peano axioms and mathematical induction, and on further discussions of the completeness of the real numbers. Remarkably, Volume I contains ca. 360 problems with complete, detailed solutions.

Introduction to Calculus and Analysis I

Author: Richard Courant
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 364258604X
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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From the Preface: (...) The book is addressed to students on various levels, to mathematicians, scientists, engineers. It does not pretend to make the subject easy by glossing over difficulties, but rather tries to help the genuinely interested reader by throwing light on the interconnections and purposes of the whole. Instead of obstructing the access to the wealth of facts by lengthy discussions of a fundamental nature we have sometimes postponed such discussions to appendices in the various chapters. Numerous examples and problems are given at the end of various chapters. Some are challenging, some are even difficult; most of them supplement the material in the text.

Introduction to Calculus and Analysis

Author: Richard Courant
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540665694
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Biography of Richard Courant Richard Courant was born in 1888 in a small town of what is now Poland, and died in New Rochelle, N.Y. in 1972. He received his doctorate from the legendary David Hilbert in Göttingen, where later he founded and directed its famed mathematics Institute, a Mecca for mathematicians in the twenties. In 1933 the Nazi government dismissed Courant for being Jewish, and he emigrated to the United States. He found, in New York, what he called "a reservoir of talent" to be tapped. He built, at New York University, a new mathematical Sciences Institute that shares the philosophy of its illustrious predecessor and rivals it in worldwide influence. For Courant mathematics was an adventure, with applications forming a vital part. This spirit is reflected in his books, in particular in his influential calculus text, revised in collaboration with his brilliant younger colleague, Fritz John. (P.D. Lax) Biography of Fritz John Fritz John was born on June 14, 1910, in Berlin. After his school years in Danzig (now Gdansk, Poland), he studied in Göttingen and received his doctorate in 1933, just when the Nazi regime came to power. As he was half-Jewish and his bride Aryan, he had to flee Germany in 1934. After a year in Cambridge, UK, he accepted a position at the University of Kentucky, and in 1946 joined Courant, Friedrichs and Stoker in building up New York University the institute that later became the Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences. He remained there until his death in New Rochelle on February 10, 1994. John's research and the books he wrote had a strong impact on the development of many fields of mathematics, foremost in partial differential equations. He also worked on Radon transforms, illposed problems, convex geometry, numerical analysis, elasticity theory. In connection with his work in latter field, he and Nirenberg introduced the space of the BMO-functions (bounded mean oscillations). Fritz John's work exemplifies the unity of mathematics as well as its elegance and its beauty. (J. Moser)

The Best in the literature of science technology and medicine

Author: Paul T. Durbin
Publisher: Rr Bowker Llc
ISBN: 9780835221498
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Includes coverage of General Science; History of Science, Technology, & Medicine; Philosophy of Science & Pseudoscience; Mathematics; Statistics & Probability; Information & Communication Science; Earth & Space Sciences; Physics; Chemistry; Biology; Ecology & Environmental Science; Genetics; Medicine; Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry; Engineering & Technology; Energy; Ethics of Science, Technology, & Medicine. See main listing under Bibliography for more information.

Finite Dimensional Spaces

Author: Walter Noll
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401093350
Format: PDF
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A. Audience. This treatise (consisting of the present VoU and of VoUI, to be published) is primarily intended to be a textbook for a core course in mathematics at the advanced undergraduate or the beginning graduate level. The treatise should also be useful as a textbook for selected stu dents in honors programs at the sophomore and junior level. Finally, it should be of use to theoretically inclined scientists and engineers who wish to gain a better understanding of those parts of mathemat ics that are most likely to help them gain insight into the conceptual foundations of the scientific discipline of their interest. B. Prerequisites. Before studying this treatise, a student should be familiar with the material summarized in Chapters 0 and 1 of Vol.1. Three one-semester courses in serious mathematics should be sufficient to gain such fa miliarity. The first should be an introduction to contemporary math ematics and should cover sets, families, mappings, relations, number systems, and basic algebraic structures. The second should be an in troduction to rigorous real analysis, dealing with real numbers and real sequences, and with limits, continuity, differentiation, and integration of real functions of one real variable. The third should be an intro duction to linear algebra, with emphasis on concepts rather than on computational procedures. C. Organization.

Vector Calculus

Author: Bill Cox
Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann
ISBN: 0340677414
Format: PDF
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Building on previous texts in the Modular Mathematics series, in particular 'Vectors in Two or Three Dimensions' and 'Calculus and ODEs', this book introduces the student to the concept of vector calculus. It provides an overview of some of the key techniques as well as examining functions of more than one variable, including partial differentiation and multiple integration. Undergraduates who already have a basic understanding of calculus and vectors, will find this text provides tools with which to progress onto further studies; scientists who need an overview of higher order differential equations will find it a useful introduction and basic reference.

The Reader s Adviser

Author: Barbara Ann Chernow
Publisher: Rr Bowker Llc
ISBN: 9780835221498
Format: PDF, Docs
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Includes coverage of General Science; History of Science, Technology, & Medicine; Philosophy of Science & Pseudoscience; Mathematics; Statistics & Probability; Information & Communication Science; Earth & Space Sciences; Physics; Chemistry; Biology; Ecology & Environmental Science; Genetics; Medicine; Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry; Engineering & Technology; Energy; Ethics of Science, Technology, & Medicine. See main listing under Bibliography for more information.

Basic Analysis I

Author: Jiri Lebl
Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
ISBN: 9781718862401
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Version 5.0. A first course in rigorous mathematical analysis. Covers the real number system, sequences and series, continuous functions, the derivative, the Riemann integral, sequences of functions, and metric spaces. Originally developed to teach Math 444 at University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and later enhanced for Math 521 at University of Wisconsin-Madison and Math 4143 at Oklahoma State University. The first volume is either a stand-alone one-semester course or the first semester of a year-long course together with the second volume. It can be used anywhere from a semester early introduction to analysis for undergraduates (especially chapters 1-5) to a year-long course for advanced undergraduates and masters-level students. See http://www.jirka.org/ra/ Table of Contents (of this volume I): Introduction 1. Real Numbers 2. Sequences and Series 3. Continuous Functions 4. The Derivative 5. The Riemann Integral 6. Sequences of Functions 7. Metric Spaces This first volume contains what used to be the entire book "Basic Analysis" before edition 5, that is chapters 1-7. Second volume contains chapters on multidimensional differential and integral calculus and further topics on approximation of functions.

Was ist Mathematik

Author: Richard Courant
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3662000539
Format: PDF, ePub
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47 brauchen nur den Nenner n so groß zu wählen, daß das Intervall [0, IJn] kleiner wird als das fragliche Intervall [A, B], dann muß mindestens einer der Brüche m/n innerhalb des Intervalls liegen. Also kann es kein noch so kleines Intervall auf der Achse geben, das von rationalen Punkten frei wäre. Es folgt weiterhin, daß es in jedem Intervall unendlich viele rationale Punkte geben muß; denn wenn es nur eine endliche Anzahl gäbe, so könnte das Intervall zwischen zwei beliebigen benachbarten Punkten keine rationalen Punkte enthalten, was, wie wir eben sahen, unmöglich ist. § 2. Inkommensurable Strecken, irrationale Zahlen und der Grenzwertbegriff 1. Einleitung Vergleicht man zwei Strecken a und b hinsichtlich ihrer Größe, so kann es vor kommen, daß a in b genau r-mal enthalten ist, wobei r eine ganze Zahl darstellt. In diesem Fall können wir das Maß der Strecke b durch das von a ausdrücken, indem wir sagen, daß die Länge von b das r-fache der Länge von a ist.