A Gateway to Sindarin

Author: David Salo
ISBN: 9780874809121
Format: PDF
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A serious look at J. R. R. Tolkien's elvish tongue Sindarin, by means of its grammar, morphology, and history. Supplemental material includes a vocabulary, Sindarin names, and a glossary of terms.

Das Licht von Mittelerde

Author: Helmut W. Pesch
Publisher: TWENTYSIX
ISBN: 3740749342
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Das Licht der Schöpfung, vielfach gebrochen, ist eines der zentralen Symbole in J.R.R. Tolkiens Welt. Vom Licht der Zwei Bäume im Land der Valar jenseits von Mittelerde, über die Silmaril Feanors, die drei heiligen Juwelen des Ersten Zeitalters, bis zu dem Stern Earendils, der als Zeichen der Hoffnung am Himmel erscheint. Sein Licht, eingefangen in Galadriels Phiole, leuchtet für Frodo in der tiefsten Dunkelheit von Mordor, wo alles andere Licht versiegt. J.R.R. Tolkiens Leben, Werk und Wirkung sind das Thema der in diesem Band versammelten Essays. Sie reichen von einführenden Artikeln über wissenschaftliche Aufsätze bis hin zu Beiträgen, die sich mit Tolkiens Kunstsprachen und Details seiner Weltschöpfung befassen. Zusammengetragen in vier Jahrzehnten, spiegeln sie die persönliche Faszination des Verfassers mit diesem außergewöhnlichen Autor wider, der die Geschichte der modernen Fantasy-Literatur wie kein anderer geprägt hat. Für die überarbeitete und erweiterte Neuausgabe der erstmals 1994 erschienenen Sammlung sind drei der ursprünglich enthaltenen Beiträge entfallen. Dafür wurden fünf andere Texte neu aufgenommen: »Eine Welt aus Sprache: Zum Sprachbegriff bei J.R.R. Tolkien«, »Die Erfindung von Sprachen als Grundlage von Tolkiens Werk«, »Die Wurzel des Bösen: Zum Begriff der 'possessiveness' bei Tolkien«, »Der Kalender von Mittelerde« und »Das Vierte Zeitalter: Was nach der Rückkehr des Königs in Mittelerde geschah«.

Approaches to Teaching Tolkien s The Lord of the Rings and Other Works

Author: Leslie A. Donovan
Publisher: Modern Language Association
ISBN: 1603292071
Format: PDF, Mobi
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A philologist and medieval scholar, J. R. R. Tolkien never intended to write immensely popular literature that would challenge traditional ideas about the nature of great literature and that was worthy of study in colleges across the world. He set out only to write a good story, the kind of story he and his friends would enjoy reading. In The Hobbit and in The Lord of the Rings, Tolkien created an entire world informed by his vast knowledge of mythology, languages, and medieval literature. In the 1960s, his books unexpectedly gained cult status with a new generation of young, countercultural readers. Today, the readership for Tolkien's absorbing secondary world--filled with monsters, magic, adventure, sacrifice, and heroism--continues to grow. Part 1 of this volume, "Materials," introduces instructors to the rich array of resources available for teaching Tolkien, including editions and criticism of his fiction and scholarship, historical material on his life and times, audiovisual materials, and film adaptations of his fiction. The essays in part 2, "Approaches," help instructors introduce students to critical debates around Tolkien's work, its sources, its influence, and its connection to ecology, religion, and science. Contributors draw on interdisciplinary approaches to outline strategies for teaching Tolkien in a wide variety of classroom contexts.

Subcreation Fictional World Construction from J R R Tolkien to Terry Pratchett and Tad Williams

Author: Stefanie Schult
Publisher: Logos Verlag Berlin GmbH
ISBN: 3832544194
Format: PDF, Docs
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The doctorial thesis argues that the term Subcreation with its revised and broadened definition, in part differing from J.R.R. Tolkien's original term sub-creation, may be used for the discussion of the making of fictional worlds in literary discourse. The successful conception of a fictional world depends on the reader's willing suspension of disbelief. This depends both on the author and his skilled composition of the world and all its aspects, as well as on the reader's acceptance of this invented fictional world. The author needs to create a narrative with an inner consistency, which is crucial to achieving the effect of the reader's immersion in the fictional world. The fundamental aspects that an author needs to realize to achieve successful Subcreation have been structured into and analysed in four categories: Language and Linguistic Variation, Physiopoeia, Anthropoeia and Mythopoeia. Furthermore, this thesis shows that, as contemporary examples of fantastic literature, both Tad Williams's and Terry Pratchett's fictional worlds are successfully created through the realization of these aspects of Subcreation. Apart from commenting on the success of the subcreative process, this thesis also remarks upon the cultural influences both authors include in their writings. While both may be considered Anglophone in a general categorization, Pratchett's Discworld retains a feeling of 'Britishness' that is not to be found in Williams's Otherland. The thesis proposes several approaches to Subcreation that may be studied subsequently. So, for example, it may be possible to determine the success of an author's Subcreation by collecting empirical data. Apart from literary works this field of studies may also include other media.

Hildegard of Bingen s Unknown Language

Author: S. Higley
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230610056
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The Lingua Ignota, "brought forth" by the twelfth-century German nun Hildegard of Bingen, provides 1012 neologisms for praise of Church and new expression of the things of her world. Noting her visionary metaphors, her music, and various medieval linguistic philosophies, Higley examines how the "Unknown Language" makes arid signifiers green again. This text, however, is too often seen in too narrow a context: glossolalia, angelic language, secret code. Higley provides an edition and English translation of its glosses in the Riesencodex (with assistance from the Berlin MS) , but also places it within a history of imaginary language making from medieval times to the most contemporary projects in efforts to uncover this woman s bold involvement in an intellectual and creative endeavor that spans centuries.

The Lord of the Rings and the Western Narrative Tradition

Author: Martin Simonson
Publisher: Walking Tree Pub
ISBN: 9783905703092
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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When The Lord of the Rings was published in the 1950's it did not sit comfortably among any preconceived notions of literary genre. The critical responses reflected the confusion: for some, it was an unwelcome reappearance of narrative standards that modernism was supposed to have done away with, or just a bad novel. Others considered it a refreshing work in the epic and romance traditions. Ironically, much of the critical prejudice regarding the question of genre in The Lord of the Rings has been motivated by the same kind of blindness that Tolkien denounced in his famous 1936 lecture Beowulf: the monsters and the critics. Like Beowulf, Tolkien's work has also failed to be properly appreciated and assessed due to a general refusal to accept the centrality of monsters, because despite its 'monstrous' originality and fantastic setting, it is very clearly, and not only chronologically, at the centre of twentieth-century literature. The Lord of the Rings and the Western Narrative Tradition is an attempt to account for the particular genre interaction that governs Tolkien's tale and put it in a meaningful relationship with the contemporary literary context. At the same time, it is a quest to track down one of the most famous and elusive literary monsters of the past century by filling out a long-neglected white space on the map of comparative literature and genre criticism.