A Human Right to Culture and Identity

Author: Janne Mende
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781783486793
Format: PDF
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Pursues the possibilities and limits of the UN s Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples by connecting theoretical discussions with empirical evidence, taken from extensive participant observation and on the qualitative content analysis of indigenous and state documents"

The Practice of Human Rights

Author: Mark Goodale
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139466208
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Human rights are now the dominant approach to social justice globally. But how do human rights work? What do they do? Drawing on anthropological studies of human rights work from around the world, this book examines human rights in practice. It shows how groups and organizations mobilize human rights language in a variety of local settings, often differently from those imagined by human rights law itself. The case studies reveal the contradictions and ambiguities of human rights approaches to various forms of violence. They show that this openness is not a failure of universal human rights as a coherent legal or ethical framework but an essential element in the development of living and organic ideas of human rights in context. Studying human rights in practice means examining the channels of communication and institutional structures that mediate between global ideas and local situations. Suitable for use on inter-disciplinary courses globally.

Group Rights as Human Rights

Author: Neus Torbisco Casals
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402042094
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Liberal theories have long insisted that cultural diversity in democratic societies can be accommodated through classical liberal tools, in particular through individual rights, and they have often rejected the claims of cultural minorities for group rights as illiberal. Group Rights as Human Rights argues that such a rejection is misguided. Based on a thorough analysis of the concept of group rights, it proposes to overcome the dominant dichotomy between "individual" human rights and "collective" group rights by recognizing that group rights also serve individual interests. It also challenges the claim that group rights, so understood, conflict with the liberal principle of neutrality; on the contrary, these rights help realize the neutrality ideal as they counter cultural biases that exist in Western states. Group rights deserve to be classified as human rights because they respond to fundamental, and morally important, human interests. Reading the theories of Will Kymlicka and Charles Taylor as complementary rather than opposed, Group Rights as Human Rights sees group rights as anchored both in the value of cultural belonging for the development of individual autonomy and in each person’s need for a recognition of her identity. This double foundation has important consequences for the scope of group rights: it highlights their potential not only in dealing with national minorities but also with immigrant groups; and it allows to determine how far such rights should also benefit illiberal groups. Participation, not intervention, should here be the guiding principle if group rights are to realize the liberal promise.

The Subject of Prostitution

Author: Jane Scoular
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131769645X
Format: PDF, ePub
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The Subject of Prostitution offers a distinctive analysis of the links between prostitution and social theory in order to advance a critical analysis of the relationship of law to sex work. Using the lens of social theory to disrupt fixed meanings the book provides an advanced analytical framework through which to understand the complexity and contingencies of sex work in late modernity. The book analyses contemporary citizenship discourse and the law's ability to meet the competing demands of empowerment by sex workers and protection by radical feminists who view prostitution as the epitome of patriarchal sexual and economic relations. Its central focus is the role of law in both structuring and responding to the 'problem of prostitution'. By developing a distinctive constitutive approach to law, the author offers a more advanced analytical framework from which to understand how law matters in contemporary debates and also suggests how law could matter in more imaginative justice reforms. This is particularly pertinent in a period of unprecedented legal reform, both internationally and nationally, as legal norms simultaneously attempt to protect, empower and criminalise parties involved in the purchase of sexual services. The Subject of Prostitution aims to overcome the current aporia in these debates and suggest new ways to engage with the subject and law. As such, The Subject of Prostitution provides an advanced theoretical resource for policymakers, researchers and activists involved in contemporary struggles over the meanings and place of sex work in late modernity.

Achieving Social Justice

Author: Larissa Behrendt
Publisher: Federation Press
ISBN: 9781862874503
Format: PDF
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Cover artwork: Women Within by Bronwyn Bancroft - Courtesy Boomalli Aboriginal Artists Cooperative Shortlisted for the Stanner Award 2004. Larissa Behrendt attacks the chasm which has grown between Indigenous lives and aspirations in Australia, and the psychological terra nullius which continues, despite Mabo, to pervade so much of Australia's mythology and policy. She proposes longer term, aspirational initiatives leading to institutional change that will facilitate greater rights protection and the exercise of self-determination, including: a preamble to the Constitution a treaty the national self-image economic redistribution alternative institutional forms regional framework agreements a more energised politics Constitutional protection.

Child Migration and Human Rights in a Global Age

Author: Jacqueline Bhabha
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400850169
Format: PDF
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Why, despite massive public concern, is child trafficking on the rise? Why are unaccompanied migrant children living on the streets and routinely threatened with deportation to their countries of origin? Why do so many young refugees of war-ravaged and failed states end up warehoused in camps, victimized by the sex trade, or enlisted as child soldiers? This book provides the first comprehensive account of the widespread but neglected global phenomenon of child migration, exploring the complex challenges facing children and adolescents who move to join their families, those who are moved to be exploited, and those who move simply to survive. Spanning several continents and drawing on the stories of young migrants, Child Migration and Human Rights in a Global Age provides a comprehensive account of the widespread and growing but neglected global phenomenon of child migration and child trafficking. It looks at the often-insurmountable obstacles we place in the paths of adolescents fleeing war, exploitation, or destitution; the contradictory elements in our approach to international adoption; and the limited support we give to young people brutalized as child soldiers. Part history, part in-depth legal and political analysis, this powerful book challenges the prevailing wisdom that widespread protection failures are caused by our lack of awareness of the problems these children face, arguing instead that our societies have a deep-seated ambivalence to migrant children—one we need to address head-on. Child Migration and Human Rights in a Global Age offers a road map for doing just that, and makes a compelling and courageous case for an international ethics of children's human rights.

The Politics of Transnational Peasant Struggle

Author: Robin Dunford
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781783487806
Format: PDF, Docs
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Recent years have witnessed new waves of land grabbing that have worked to dispossess peasants in both the Global North and the Global South. But peasant movements have organized at a grass roots level, through land occupation movements, and at a transnational level, under the umbrella of the social movement 'la Via Campesina', in order to contest their dispossession to resist this opression and dispossession. This book follows peasant resistance in order to demonstrate how grass roots peasant resistance has generated transnational social and political change. In the process, it explores questions concerning the forms of organization that enable grass-roots land occupation movements to transform the everyday lives of landless peoples by obtaining land upon which to work and live. It explores the way in which diverse grass roots movements have been able to connect and unite in order to contest transnational dynamics of oppression. Moreover, it discusses how these movement practices help transform how we think about human rights and global democracy. By also highlighting the problems that peasants continue to face, the book shows how the future of sustainable peasant lifestyles depends on the will of global organizations and transnational society to listen and respond to the voices of peasant activists.

Social Movements

Author: Donatella della Porta
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1405148217
Format: PDF, ePub
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Social Movements is a comprehensive introduction and critical analysis of collective action in society today. In this new edition, the authors have updated all chapters with the most recent scientific literature, expanded on topics such as individual motivations, new media, public policies, and governance. Draws on research and empirical work across the social sciences to address the key questions in this international field. New edition expands on topics such as individual motivations, new media, public policies, and governance. Has been redesigned in a more user-friendly format.