A Natural History of Rape

Author: Randy Thornhill
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262700832
Format: PDF, Docs
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A biologist and an anthropologist use evolutionary biology to explain the causes and inform the prevention of rape.

Evolution Gender and Rape

Author: Cheryl Brown Travis
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262700900
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Multidisciplinary critiques of the notion of rape as an evolutionary adaptation.

Readings for A History of Anthropological Theory

Author: Paul A. Erickson
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1442600691
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This comprehensive anthology presents 40 readings that are critical to an understanding of anthropological theory and the development of anthropology as an academic discipline. The readings have broad anthropological appeal, emphasizing social and cultural anthropology. The third edition has been completely revised throughout and organized to work more closely alongside the companion overview text, A History of Anthropological Theory. It includes six new readings as well as two original essays written by contemporary anthropologists on "Why Theory Matters." These new essays help ground the more abstract readings in the collection. The glossary has been significantly expanded and the discussion questions have been revised. The result is a volume that offers not only a strong foundation in the history of the discipline but also a good overview of developments in twentieth- and twenty-first-century anthropological theory, including feminist anthropology, postmodernity, medical anthropology, globalization, postcolonialism, and public anthropology.

Leben mit der Vergewaltigung

Author: Eva Tov
Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich
ISBN: 3866497245
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Die Erfahrung von Vergewaltigung ist hochtraumatisierend. Wie geht das Leben danach weiter? Die Autorin befragt von sexualisierter Gewalt betroffene Frauen und hört deren Geschichte an. Wie erzählen Frauen ihre eigene Identität? Die Autorin versucht sich der Identität dieser traumatisierten Frauen zu nähern: Gibt es vergleichbare Erzählungen von chronisch Kranken und Behinderten? Es scheint Annäherungen zu geben, jedoch auch gravierende Unterschiede. Wie stellen von sexualisierter Gewalt betroffene Frauen sich und ihr Leben in Geschichten dar? Die Analyse dieser Frage erfolgte in drei Schritten: inhaltsanalytisch, narrativ und vergleichend im Kontrast mit einer Stichprobe chronisch Kranker und Behinderter aus einer anderen Untersuchung. Die Ergebnisse zeigen, dass es Unterschiede im Selbstbild von Frauen gibt, die von schwierigen biografischen Erlebnissen berichten und solchen, die dies nicht tun. Die Analyse der Geschichten zeigt, dass sich sieben verschiedene Typen unterscheiden lassen, von denen drei auch bei chronisch Kranken zu finden sind. Ansonsten ist es chronisch Kranken eher möglich eine sinnhafte, positive Deutung ihres, durch die Krankheit oder Behinderung veränderten Lebens vorzunehmen, während dies von sexualisierter Gewalt betroffenen Frauen so nicht möglich scheint.

Why America s Top Pundits are Wrong

Author: Catherine Lowe Besteman
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520243569
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This absorbing collection of essays subjects such popular commentators as Thomas Friedman, Samuel Huntington, Robert Kaplan, and Dinesh D'Souza to cold, hard scrutiny and finds that their writing is often misleadingly simplistic, culturally ill-informed, and politically dangerous. Mixing critical reflection with insights from their own fieldwork, twelve distinguished anthropologists respond by offering fresh perspectives on globalization, ethnic violence, social justice, and the biological roots of behavior. They take on such topics as the collapse of Yugoslavia, the consumer practices of the American poor, American foreign policy in the Balkans, and contemporary debates over race, welfare, and violence against women. In the clear, vigorous prose of the pundits themselves, these contributors reveal the hollowness of what often passes as prevailing wisdom and passionately demonstrate the need for a humanistically complex and democratic understanding of the contemporary world.

The Blank Slate

Author: Steven Pinker
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 9781101200322
Format: PDF, ePub
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A brilliant inquiry into the origins of human nature. "Sweeping, erudite, sharply argued, and fun to read..also highly persuasive." -Time Now updated with a new afterword One of the world's leading experts on language and the mind explores the idea of human nature and its moral, emotional, and political colorings. With characteristic wit, lucidity, and insight, Pinker argues that the dogma that the mind has no innate traits-a doctrine held by many intellectuals during the past century-denies our common humanity and our individual preferences, replaces objective analyses of social problems with feel-good slogans, and distorts our understanding of politics, violence, parenting, and the arts. Injecting calm and rationality into debates that are notorious for ax-grinding and mud-slinging, Pinker shows the importance of an honest acknowledgment of human nature based on science and common sense.

Sexual Exploitation and Abuse in UN Peacekeeping

Author: Kelly Neudorfer
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 0739199617
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Using criminological theories to hypothesize risk and prevention factors for sexual exploitation and abuse in UN peacekeeping missions, this book tests these factors in a mixed methods design with the case studies of the UN peacekeeping missions in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Liberia, and the Golan Heights.

Hominids

Author: Robert J. Sawyer
Publisher: Macmillan
ISBN: 9781429914635
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Robert Sawyer's SF novels are perennial nominees for the Hugo Award, the Nebula Award, or both. Clearly, he must be doing something right since each one has been something new and different. What they do have in common is imaginative originality, great stories, and unique scientific extrapolation. His latest is no exception. Hominids is a strong, stand-alone SF novel, but it's also the first book of The Neanderthal Parallax, a trilogy that will examine two unique species of people. They are alien to each other, yet bound together by the never-ending quest for knowledge and, beneath their differences, a common humanity. We are one of those species, the other is the Neanderthals of a parallel world where they, not Homo sapiens, became the dominant intelligence. In that world, Neanderthal civilization has reached heights of culture and science comparable to our own, but is very different in history, society, and philosophy. During a risky experiment deep in a mine in Canada, Ponter Boddit, a Neanderthal physicist, accidentally pierces the barrier between worlds and is transferred to our universe, where in the same mine another experiment is taking place. Hurt, but alive, he is almost immediately recognized as a Neanderthal, but only much later as a scientist. He is captured and studied, alone and bewildered, a stranger in a strange land. But Ponter is also befriended-by a doctor and a physicist who share his questing intelligence and boundless enthusiasm for the world's strangeness, and especially by geneticist Mary Vaughan, a lonely woman with whom he develops a special rapport. Meanwhile, Ponter's partner, Adikor Huld, finds himself with a messy lab, a missing body, suspicious people all around, and an explosive murder trial that he can't possibly win because he has no idea what actually happened. Talk about a scientific challenge! Contact between humans and Neanderthals creates a relationship fraught with conflict, philosophical challenge, and threat to the existence of one species or the other-or both-but equally rich in boundless possibilities for cooperation and growth on many levels, from the practical to the esthetic to the scientific to the spiritual. In short, Robert J. Sawyner has done it again. Hominids is the winner of the 2003 Hugo Award for Best Novel. At the Publisher's request, this title is being sold without Digital Rights Management Software (DRM) applied.

Environmental Ethics Ecological Theology and Natural Selection

Author: Lisa Sideris
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 023152949X
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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In the last few decades, religious and secular thinkers have tackled the world's escalating environmental crisis by attempting to develop an ecological ethic that is both scientifically accurate and free of human-centered preconceptions. This groundbreaking study shows that many of these environmental ethicists continue to model their positions on romantic, pre-Darwinian concepts that disregard the predatory and cruelly competitive realities of the natural world. Examining the work of such influential thinkers as James Gustafson, Sallie McFague, Rosemary Radford Ruether, John Cobb, Peter Singer, and Holmes Rolston, Sideris proposes a more realistic ethic that combines evolutionary theory with theological insight, advocates a minimally interventionist stance toward nature, and values the processes over the products of the natural world.

Heinous Crime

Author: Frederic G. Reamer
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231506880
Format: PDF
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What circumstances lead someone to commit murder, rape, or acts of child molestation? Why does society have such a deep-seated wish for vengeance against perpetrators of heinous crimes? Can those found guilty of such crimes ever be rehabilitated? What are the long-term consequences of incarceration, for inmates and society? Officials of the criminal justice system, politicians, and ordinary citizens argue about possible answers to these controversial and vital questions, with little agreement. Violent crime and overflowing prisons continue to be unfortunate aspects of our society as the criminal justice system struggles to develop a coherent strategy to deal with heinous crimes. This book offers innovative perspectives on the difficult issues concerning a civilized society's response to offenders guilty of heinous crimes. It considers specific cases and the chilling accounts of victims and the criminals themselves. In providing detailed strategies for prevention and rehabilitation, Frederic G. Reamer draws on his extensive experience as a member of the Rhode Island Parole Board, where he has heard more than 13,000 cases, and as a social worker in correctional facilities. He examines the psychological and social factors that lead individuals to commit reprehensible crimes, arguing that a fuller understanding of different criminal types is crucial to developing successful answers to the problem of heinous crimes. Closely looking at various criminal typologies, Reamer examines the effectiveness and rationale of various responses, including revenge and retribution, imprisonment for public safety, rehabilitation, and restorative justice.