A New Reference Grammar of Modern Spanish

Author: John B. Butt
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1444137905
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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For many years A NEW REFERENCE GRAMMAR OF MODERN SPANISH has been trusted by students and teachers as the standard English-language reference grammar of Spanish. Now updated to include the latest findings of the Royal Spanish Academy's official grammar book, 'La Nueva gramática de la lengua española', making A NEW REFERENCE GRAMMAR OF MODERN SPANISH FIFTH EDITION even more relevant to students and teachers of Spanish. Key features of this fifth edition include: a 'Guide to the Book', enabling you to make the most of this new edition new vocabulary such as topical and technological terms, bringing you up-to-date with contemporary spoken Spanish more Latin-American Spanish, ensuring world-wide coverage aclearer guidance to recommended usage -advice on the Academy's latest spelling rules. Whether a student or a teacher of Spanish, you can be sure that this fifth edition of A NEW REFERENCE GRAMMAR OF MODERN SPANISH will provide you with a comprehensive, cohesive and clear guide to the forms and structures of Spanish as it is written and spoken today in Spain and Latin America.

A New Reference Grammar of Modern Spanish 4th Edition

Author: John Butt
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1444119052
Format: PDF, Docs
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This text provides a comprehensive guide to the forms and structures of the Spanish spoken and written in Spain and Latin America. Examples have been introduced, drawing on contemporary Spanish and Latin American usage.

A New Reference Grammar of Modern Spanish

Author: John Butt
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461583683
Format: PDF, ePub
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(abridged and revised) This reference grammar offers intermediate and advanced students a reason ably comprehensive guide to the morphology and syntax of educated speech and plain prose in Spain and Latin America at the end of the twentieth century. Spanish is the main, usually the sole official language of twenty-one countries,} and it is set fair to overtake English by the year 2000 in numbers 2 of native speakers. This vast geographical and political diversity ensures that Spanish is a good deal less unified than French, German or even English, the latter more or less internationally standardized according to either American or British norms. Until the 1960s, the criteria of internationally correct Spanish were dictated by the Real Academia Espanola, but the prestige of this institution has now sunk so low that its most solemn decrees are hardly taken seriously - witness the fate of the spelling reforms listed in the Nuevas normas de prosodia y ortograjia, which were supposed to come into force in all Spanish-speaking countries in 1959 and, nearly forty years later, are still selectively ignored by publishers and literate persons everywhere. The fact is that in Spanish 'correctness' is nowadays decided, as it is in all living languages, by the consensus of native speakers; but consensus about linguistic usage is obviously difficult to achieve between more than twenty independent, widely scattered and sometimes mutually hostile countries. Peninsular Spanish is itself in flux.

Hammer s German Grammar and Usage

Author: Professor Martin Durrell
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1444174037
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Long trusted as the most comprehensive, up-to-date and user-friendly grammar available, HAMMER'S GERMAN GRAMMAR AND USAGE provides you with a complete guide to German as it is written and spoken today. This new edition includes: -concise descriptions of the main grammatical phenomena of German and their use -examples of grammar taken from contemporary German, helping you to understand the underlying grammatical principles more quickly -invaluable guidance on pronunciation and the German accent -discussion of new words from English roots such as 'zertweeten' ('to tweet'), helping you to communicate in German as used by Germans today -clarification on the spelling reform and current spellings of German, thus increasing your confidence while writing and reading in German. Praised for its clear layout and lucid explanations, this new edition distinguishes the most common forms of usage, both formal and informal, and offers you a combination of reference grammar and manual of current usage that you will find invaluable, whether a student or a teacher, at intermediate or advanced level.

Modern German Grammar

Author: Bill J. Dodd
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 0415273005
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Modern German Grammar is divided into two parts. Part A covers traditional grammatical categories such as word order, nouns, verbs and adjectives. Part B is carefully organized around language functions and notions such as: * Apologizing * Expressing regret * Voicing an opinion or casting doubt on something The book addresses learners' pratical needs and presents the uses to which we put language in order to communicate effectively in a wide range of situations. Implementing feedback from users of the first edition, this second edition features: * The new German spelling system * Fuller explanations of grammatical structures in Part A * Even more extensive cross-referencing between Parts A and B * A comprehensive index to the full grammar The grammar assumes no previous grammatical training and is intended for all those who have a basic knowledge of German, from intermediate learners in schools and adult education to undergraduates taking German as a major or minor part of their studies. This grammar is also accompanied by a second edition of the Modern German Grammar Workbook, featuring exercises and activities which link directly to the grammar.

Spanish Grammar

Author: John Butt
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780198645214
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The problem of standardization uniquely affects Spanish which is spoken in over twenty countries, therefore the type of language described in the grammar is international Spanish. Latin-American usage is included wherever educated usage differs markedly from European. A brief appendix is also included, summarising major points of difference between European and American usage that are not been covered in the body of the book. The appendix on pronunciation is especially detailed as the abbreviated accounts of Spanish pronunciation given in books at this level are frequently misleading. This appendix gives equal prominence to comparisons with British and American pronunciations of English, and American variants of words are given where necessary. Full verb tables and a list of irregular verbs are also given. The book includes: * Clearly laid-out presentations of essential grammar for all students of Spanish * Hundreds of Spanish examples * Up-to-date explanations of Spanish usage (including coverage of Latin American Spanish) * Tips on translation problems and pronunciation traps * Special sections on prepositions and their use, word order, and pronunciation * Complete glossary of grammatical terms and a full index

Practising German Grammar

Author: Martin Durrell
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1317285824
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This new edition of Practising German Grammar provides you with varied and accessible exercises for developing an in-depth and practical awareness of German as it is spoken and written today. Whether used independently or as the ideal companion to the new sixth edition of the widely acclaimed Hammer’s German Grammar and Usage, this fourth edition of Practising German Grammar gives you the right tools to achieve high-level writing competence and comprehension of German. Using lively, authentic texts from a wide range of original sources and offering a variety of new and updated exercises designed to stimulate and to give confidence, Practising German Grammar will help you to master the complexities of the German language. Created especially for the new edition, a companion website at www.routledge.com/cw/durrell offers a wide range of exercises and quizzes on all the main areas of German, suitable for self-study and to accompany instructed grammar courses.