A Primer for Chiral Perturbation Theory

Author: Stefan Scherer
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 364219253X
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Chiral Perturbation Theory, as effective field theory, is a commonly accepted and well established working tool, approximating quantum chromodynamics at energies well below typical hadron masses. This volume, based on a number of lectures and supplemented with additional material, provides a pedagogical introduction for graduate students and newcomers entering the field from related areas of nuclear and particle physics. Starting with the the Lagrangian of the strong interactions and general symmetry principles, the basic concepts of Chiral Perturbation Theory in the mesonic and baryonic sectors are developed. The application of these concepts is then illustrated with a number of examples. A large number of exercises (81, with complete solutions) are included to familiarize the reader with helpful calculational techniques.

Concepts in Particle Physics

Author:
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
ISBN: 9813227575
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The 2013 discovery of the Higgs boson posed a challenge to both physics undergraduates and their instructors. Since particle physics is seldom taught at the undergraduate level, the question "what is the Higgs and why does its discovery matter?" is a common question among undergraduates. Equally, answering this question is a problem for physics instructors. This book is an attempt to put the key concepts of particle physics together in an appealing way, and yet give enough extra tidbits for students seriously considering graduate studies in particle physics. It starts with some recapitulation of relativity and quantum mechanics, and then builds on it to give both conceptual ideas regarding the Standard Model of particle physics as well as technical details. It is presented in an informal lecture style, and includes "remarks" sections where extra material, history, or technical details are presented for the interested student. The last lecture presents an assessment of the open questions, and where the future might take us.

The Theory of Quark and Gluon Interactions

Author: Francisco J. Yndurain
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 366203932X
Format: PDF, Kindle
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First published in 1983, this book has become a classic among advanced textbooks. The new fourth edition maintains the high standard of its predecessors. The book offers basic knowledge of field theory and particle phenomenology. The author presents the basic facts of quark and gluon physics in pedagogical form. Explanations of theory are supported throughout with experimental findings. The text provides readers with sufficient understanding to follow modern research articles. This fourth edition presents a new section on heavy quark effective theories, more material on lattice QCD and on chiral perturbation theory.

Lectures on LHC Physics

Author: Tilman Plehn
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642240399
Format: PDF, Mobi
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When trying to apply the solid knowledge of quantum field theory to actual LHC physics - in particular to the Higgs sector and certain regimes of QCD - one inevitably meets an intricate maze of phenomenological know-how, common lores and other, often historically grown intuition about what works and what not. These lectures are intended to be a brief but sufficiently detailed primer on LHC physics that will enable graduate students and any newcomer to the field to find their way through the more advanced literature as well as helping them to start work in this very timely and exciting field of research.

Modern Particle Physics

Author: Mark Thomson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107292549
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Unique in its coverage of all aspects of modern particle physics, this textbook provides a clear connection between the theory and recent experimental results, including the discovery of the Higgs boson at CERN. It provides a comprehensive and self-contained description of the Standard Model of particle physics suitable for upper-level undergraduate students and graduate students studying experimental particle physics. Physical theory is introduced in a straightforward manner with full mathematical derivations throughout. Fully-worked examples enable students to link the mathematical theory to results from modern particle physics experiments. End-of-chapter exercises, graded by difficulty, provide students with a deeper understanding of the subject. Online resources available at www.cambridge.org/MPP feature password-protected fully-worked solutions to problems for instructors, numerical solutions and hints to the problems for students and PowerPoint slides and JPEGs of figures from the book.

Principles of Phase Structures in Particle Physics

Author: Hildegard Meyer-Ortmanns
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814496278
Format: PDF, Docs
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The phase structure of particle physics shows up in matter at extremely high densities and/or temperatures as they were reached in the early universe, shortly after the big bang, or in heavy-ion collisions, as they are performed nowadays in laboratory experiments. In contrast to phase transitions of condensed matter physics, the underlying fundamental theories are better known than their macroscopic manifestations in phase transitions. These theories are quantum chromodynamics for the strong interaction part and the electroweak part of the Standard Model for the electroweak interaction. It is their non-Abelian gauge structure that makes it a big challenge to predict the type of phase conversion between phases of different symmetries and different particle contents. The book is about a variety of analytical and numerical tools that are needed to study the phase structure of particle physics. To these belong convergent and asymptotic expansions in strong and weak couplings, dimensional reduction, renormalization group studies, gap equations, Monte Carlo simulations with and without fermions, finite-size and finite-mass scaling analyses, and the approach of effective actions as supplement to first-principle calculations. Contents:General Background from Statistical PhysicsField Theoretical Framework for Models in Particle PhysicsAnalytic Methods on the Lattice and in the ContinuumNumerical Methods in Lattice Field TheoriesEffective Actions in the ContinuumPhenomenological Applications to Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collisions Readership: Theoretical and high energy physicists. Keywords:

Supersymmetry and String Theory

Author: Michael Dine
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107048389
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This fully updated second edition provides a thorough overview of string theory and supersymmetry and includes the groundbreaking Higgs discovery.

Physical Foundations of Cosmology

Author: Viatcheslav Mukhanov
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139447114
Format: PDF, Docs
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Inflationary cosmology has been developed over the last twenty years to remedy serious shortcomings in the standard hot big bang model of the universe. This textbook, first published in 2005, explains the basis of modern cosmology and shows where the theoretical results come from. The book is divided into two parts; the first deals with the homogeneous and isotropic model of the Universe, the second part discusses how inhomogeneities can explain its structure. Established material such as the inflation and quantum cosmological perturbation are presented in great detail, however the reader is brought to the frontiers of current cosmological research by the discussion of more speculative ideas. An ideal textbook for both advanced students of physics and astrophysics, all of the necessary background material is included in every chapter and no prior knowledge of general relativity and quantum field theory is assumed.

ITEP Lectures on Particle Physics and Field Theory

Author: M A Shifman
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814499013
Format: PDF, Docs
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For almost two decades Prof. Shifman, a clear and pedagogical expositor, has been giving review lectures on frontier topics in theoretical high energy physics. This two-volume book is a collection of some of the best of those lectures. The lectures written in the 1980's and early 1990's have been revised and updated specifically for this publication. The lectures in this book are intended for beginners — graduate students and young researchers — who are about to delve into the intricacies of the theory. They were used by the author in his course “Advanced Modern Field Theory and Its Applications”, given in the academic year 1994/95 at the University of Minnesota. A wide range of key topics is covered. In Volume 1, the first two chapters are devoted to quantum chromodynamics as the theory of hadrons. The author gives an in-depth discussion of a variety of powerful methods based on Wilson's operator product expansion. Chapter 3 (written together with V Novikov, A Vainshtein, and V Zakharov) is the most systematic and pedagogical presentation of instantons in the gauge theories one can find in the literature. Chapter 4 introduces supersymmetry. Chapter 5, concluding this volume, reviews the fascinating dynamics of supersymmetric gauge theories in the strong coupling regime. Chapter 6, which opens Volume 2, is a culmination of the supersymmetric theme. It gives a state-of-the-art description of the breakthrough developments in supersymmetric gauge theories. It has been written specifically for this book by A Vainshtein and the author. Chapter 7 is designed as a primer of two-dimensional conformal field theory, which constitutes the basis of modern string theory. Chapter 8, the last, presents remarkable new findings in quantum mechanics. Every chapter contains exercises and a list of recommended literature. Prof. Shifman has been an active participant and significant contributor in the development of the ideas presented in this book. This accounts for the historical remarks and digressions interspersed in the book, enhancing its pedagogical role. The book will serve as a comprehensive reference and textbook for all graduate students and researchers interested in modern particle physics. It will also be a useful guide for lecturers. Foreword Foreword (395k) Sample Chapter(s) Chapter 1: Lectures on Heavy Quarks in Quantum Chromodynamics (4,768k) Chapter 6: Instantons Versus Supersymmetry: Fifteen Years Later (7,584k) Contents: Lectures on Heavy Quarks in Quantum Chromodynamics (M A Shifman)Snapshots of Hadrons, or the Story of How the Vacuum Medium Determines the Properties of the Classical Mesons Which are Produced, Live and Die in the QCD Vacuum (M A Shifman)ABC of Instantons (V A Novikov et al.)Beginning Supersymmetry (Supersymmetry in Quantum Mechanics) (M A Shifman)Nonperturbative Dynamics in Supersymmetric Gauge Theories (M A Shifman)Instantons Versus Supersymmetry: Fifteen Years Later (M A Shifman & A I Vainshtein)Two-Dimensional Conformal Field Theory. A Primer (M A Shifman)New Findings in Quantum Mechanics (Partial Algebraization of the Spectral Problem) (M A Shifman) keywords:Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD);Heavy Quarks;Operator Product Expansion;Instantons;Supersymmetry;Strong Coupling;Conformal Field Theory;Quasi-Exactly Solvable;QCD Sum Rules “The treatment of each topic is clear and rigorous, expounded in vigorous prose and leavened from time to time with strong opinions frankly expressed … I can enthusiastically recommend Shifman's monographs as essential supplementary reading for any of the topics they touch.” Physics Today

Modern Quantum Field Theory

Author: Tom Banks
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139473891
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Presenting a variety of topics that are only briefly touched on in other texts, this book provides a thorough introduction to the techniques of field theory. Covering Feynman diagrams and path integrals, the author emphasizes the path integral approach, the Wilsonian approach to renormalization, and the physics of non-abelian gauge theory. It provides a thorough treatment of quark confinement and chiral symmetry breaking, topics not usually covered in other texts at this level. The Standard Model of particle physics is discussed in detail. Connections with condensed matter physics are explored, and there is a brief, but detailed, treatment of non-perturbative semi-classical methods. Ideal for graduate students in high energy physics and condensed matter physics, the book contains many problems,which help students practise the key techniques of quantum field theory.