A Reference Grammar of Kotiria Wanano

Author: Kristine Stenzel
Publisher: U of Nebraska Press
ISBN: 0803246498
Format: PDF, Docs
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Published through the Recovering Languages and Literacies of the Americas initiative, supported by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation. This is the first descriptive grammar of Kotiria (Wanano), a member of the Tukanoan language family spoken in the Vaupes River basin of Colombia and Brazil in the northwest Amazon rain forest. The Kotirias have lived in this remote region for more than seven hundred years and participate in the complex Vaupes social system characterized by longstanding linguistic and cultural interaction. The Kotirias remained relatively isolated from the dominant societies until the early part of the twentieth century, when the region began to experience increasing outside influence leading to processes of rapid social and linguistic change. Today the Kotirias number only about sixteen hundred people and their language, though still used in traditional communities, is rapidly becoming endangered. Kristine Stenzel draws on eight years of intensive work with the Kotirias to promote, record, and revitalize their language. Working with dozens of native speakers and drawing on numerous oral narratives and written texts, this book is the first comprehensive study of this endangered language and one of the few reference grammars of this language family.

Switch Reference 2 0

Author: Rik van Gijn
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
ISBN: 9027266778
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Switch reference is a grammatical process that marks a referential relationship between arguments of two (or more) verbs. Typically it has been characterized as an inflection pattern on the verb itself, encoding identity or non-identity between subject arguments separately from traditional person or number marking. In the 50 years since William Jacobsen’s coinage of the term, switch reference has evolved from an exotic phenomenon found in a handful of lesser-known languages to a widespread feature found in geographically and linguistically unconnected parts of the world. The growing body of information on the topic raises new theoretical and empirical questions about the development, functions, and nature of switch reference, as well as the internal variation between different switch-reference systems. The contributions to this volume discuss these and other questions for a wide variety of languages from all over the world, and endevaour to demonstrate the full functional and morphosyntactic range of the phenomenon.

The Oxford Handbook of Evidentiality

Author: Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0191077402
Format: PDF, ePub
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This volume offers a thorough, systematic, and crosslinguistic account of evidentiality, the linguistic encoding of the source of information on which a statement is based. In some languages, the speaker always has to specify this source - for example whether they saw the event, heard it, inferred it based on visual evidence or common sense, or was told about it by someone else. While not all languages have obligatory marking of this type, every language has ways of referring to information source and associated epistemological meanings. The continuum of epistemological expressions covers a range of devices from the lexical means in familiar European languages and in many languages of Aboriginal Australia to the highly grammaticalized systems in Amazonia or North America. In this handbook, experts from a variety of fields explore topics such as the relationship between evidentials and epistemic modality, contact-induced changes in evidential systems, the acquisition of evidentials, and formal semantic theories of evidentiality. The book also contains detailed case studies of evidentiality in language families across the world, including Algonquian, Korean, Nakh-Dagestanian, Nambikwara, Turkic, Uralic, and Uto-Aztecan.

Morgan Greer Tarot Deck

Author: Bill F. Greer
Publisher: U S Games Systems
ISBN: 9780880796965
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Magical imagery and full scenes grace the intensely colorful cards in this popular tarot deck.

Die Drachenbotschaft

Author: Jane Yolen
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783407786265
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Jakkin und Akki haben zwar ihre Verfolger abschütteln können, doch schon bald drohen neue Gefahren. In letzter Minute können sie sich in einen Schachteingang retten, der zu einem weit verzweigten Höhlensystem gehört. Während Herzbluts Drachenkinder verzweifelt auf sie warten, geraten Jakkin und Akki in den endlos tiefen Felsgängen des Gebirges in die Gewalt der Höhlenmenschen. Die Situation scheint nahezu ausweglos ...

Der Duft von Tee

Author: Hannah Tunnicliffe
Publisher: Diana Verlag
ISBN: 3641101166
Format: PDF, Docs
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„Es war Zeit für mich, ein eigenes Leben zu finden. Es war das Ende der Hoffnung und auch ihr Anfang.“ Grace blickt voller Zuversicht in die Zukunft, als sie ihren Mann in ein neues Leben nach Macao begleitet. Doch kurz nach ihrer Ankunft erfährt sie, dass sich ihr Traum von einer eigenen Familie nicht erfüllen wird. In ihrem Schmerz besinnt sich Grace auf ihre Leidenschaft, das Backen, und eröffnet ein Café. Im Lillian’s serviert sie nicht nur Tee und raffinierte Macarons, sondern begegnet auch Menschen, die ihr Leben verändern ... „Ein exotischer Schauplatz, köstliche Macarons und viel Gefühl – unbedingt lesen!“ Booklist