A Singularly Unfeminine Profession

Author: Mary K Gaillard
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814644242
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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In 1981 Mary K Gaillard became the first woman on the physics faculty at the University of California at Berkeley. Her career as a theoretical physicist spanned the period from the inception — in the late 1960s and early 1970s — of what is now known as the Standard Model of particle physics and its experimental confirmation, culminating with the discovery of the Higgs particle in 2012. A Singularly Unfeminine Profession recounts Gaillard's experiences as a woman in a very male-dominated field, while tracing the development of the Standard Model as she witnessed it and participated in it. The generally nurturing environment of her childhood and college years, as well as experiences as an undergraduate in particle physics laboratories and as a graduate student at Columbia University — which cemented her passion for particle physics — left her unprepared for the difficulties that she confronted as a second year graduate student in Paris, and later at CERN, another particle physics laboratory near Geneva, Switzerland. The development of the Standard Model, as well as attempts to go beyond it and aspects of early universe physics, are described through the lens of Gaillard's own work, in a language written for a lay audience. Contents:PrefaceBeginningsHollins and Paris: To Paris and BackBrookhaven and ColumbiaParis Again: The Worst YearCERNFermilab: Charm, The Delta I=½ Rule, Search for CharmCERN Again: Two Weeks in the Soviet Union, The Higgs Particle, Gluon Jets, Bottom Quarks, Penguins and GUTsUnrest: Annecy: SupergutsReturningMy Survival MechanismAfterlife: Physics at a Trillion Electron Volts, Physics at the Planck EnergyReflectionsAcronymsGlossary Readership: Students interested in women's issues and/or particle physics, professionals interested in women's issues and/or the history of the development of the Standard Model, general public interested in women's issues and/or particle physics. Key Features:Professor Gaillard is a leading particle theorist who has participated in many important contributions to the development of the Standard Model, including the prediction of the quark mass and of gluon jets. She is a recipient of the E O Lawrence Award and the J J Sakurai prize. She is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and the American Philosophical SocietyAs a woman in physics at a time when there were very few, her account of the history of the Standard Model offers a unique perspective on both the physics and the issue of gender bias in a very male-dominated fieldThe history of the development of the Standard Model, as well as attempts to understand deeper physics underlying that model and concomitant developments in cosmology, is described in conjunction with her own research and life experiencesKeywords:Women in Physics;Autobiography;Particles and Fields;CosmologyReview: “Her frank autobiography is an honest, revelatory account of her many discoveries, made as she battled gender bias and faced the demands of raising three children …Gaillard became a grande dame of particle physics, with positions on many committees that shaped particle-physics research in the United States and, ultimately, the world. The story is as much about a thrilling period in particle physics as about Gaillard's struggle to establish herself in a male-dominated sphere … As a colleague comments in the book: 'She did it all!'” Nature "It was clearly a hard time to be a successful theorist, and a woman, and Gaillard's account makes for a compelling tale. She was talented, determined and tough — she made the system accommodate her. Life isn't like that now, and we have people like her to thank for it." Times Higher Education

Memorial Volume For Stanley Mandelstam

Author: Berkovits Nathan Jacob
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9813207868
Format: PDF
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Stanley Mandelstam (1928–2016) was one of the most influential and respected particle theorists. Coming as a young chemical engineer from South Africa to study theoretical physics in England, he quickly became a leading physicist in his field. With his deep understanding of quantum field theory, he pioneered the development of the analytic S-matrix theory as well as the path-dependent formulations for quantum gauge theories and for quantum general relativity. They are being actively used for the electroweak theory and having their imprints in lattice gauge theory and loop quantum gravity. Also he elucidated the mechanisms for quark confinement in quantum chromodynamics, constructed non-perturbative bosonization methods in 1+1 dimensions, and proved the perturbative finiteness and β=0 of N=4 supersymmetric Yang–Mills theory. His work also led to the discovery of dual resonance models, which in turn became superstring theory. He was a leader in these developments, devoting much of his later years to the proof that the theory is perturbatively finite so it can be considered as a contender for the theory of quantum gravity. He was also a very modest and friendly man, impressing everyone with his sharp intellect as well as his humanity. This volume contains essays written by many of his friends and students, including both detailed reports on his scientific achievements as well as personal reminiscences. Also collected in the volume are some selected reprints of Mandelstam's early seminal papers and abstracts of selected papers representing the full spectrum of his contributions. Contents: Recollections of Stanley Mandelstam (Geoffrey Chew) Scientific Biography of Stanley Mandelstam: 1955–1980 (Charles B Thorn) Scientific Biography of Stanley Mandelstam: 1981–2016 (Nathan Berkovits) Stanley Mandelstam: Brief Biography and Selected Publications with Commentary (Ling-Lie Chau) Stanley Mandelstam: The Early Years at a 'Most Stimulating Theoretical Group' (Sabine Lee) The Guiding Influence of Stanley Mandelstam, from S-Matrix Theory to String Theory (Peter Goddard) Remembering Stanley: From a Source of Inspiration to a Fair Strong Competitor (G Veneziano) Stanley Mandelstam and Me and Life on the Light-cone (Lars Brink) Reminiscences of Stanley Mandelstam (John H Schwarz) Stanley Mandelstam and My Postdoctoral Years at Berkeley (Steven Frautschi) Reminiscences on Stanley Mandelstam (Korkut Bardakci) Remembering a Gentle Giant of Physics (Charles Sommerfield) Grad School with Stanley Mandelstam (Joseph Polchinski) Remembering a Gentle Giant of Physics (Mary K Gaillard) Mandelstam & NAL (Pierre Ramond) The Influence of Stanley Mandelstam (Michael B Green) My Interaction with Stanley Mandelstam (Paolo Di Vecchia) My Advisor Stanley (Sang-Jin Sin) Stanley Mandelstam My Graduate Supervisor (Arjun Berera) Reprints and Abstracts of Selected Publications: The Mandelstam Representations in the Mandelstam Variables for S-Matrices: Determination of the Pion-Nucleon Scattering Amplitude from Dispersion Relations and Unitarity. General Theory Analytic Properties of Transition Amplitudes in Perturbation Theory Two-Dimensional Representations of Scattering Amplitudes and Their Applications The S-Matrix Approach: Theory of Low-Energy Pion–Pion Interactions Dispersion Relations in Strong-Coupling Physics The Mandelstam Path-Field Formulation for Quantum Gauge Theories and Feynman Rules: Quantum Electrodynamics Without Potentia

St Elmo

Author: Augusta Evans
Publisher: Applewood Books
ISBN: 1429044888
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Aerodynamic and Aerothermodynamic Analysis of Space Mission Vehicles

Author: Antonio Viviani
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319362434
Format: PDF, Docs
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Presenting an up-to-date view on the most important space vehicle configurations, this book contains detailed analyses for several different type of space mission profiles while considering important factors such as aerodynamic loads, aerodynamic heating, vehicle stability and landing characteristics. With that in mind, the authors provide a detailed overview on different state-of-the-art themes of hypersonic aerodynamics and aerothermodynamics, and consider different space vehicle shapes useful for different space mission objectives. These include: · Crew Return Vehicle (CRV) · Crew Exploration Vehicle (CEV) · Sample Return Vehicle (SRV) · Flying Test Bed (FTB). Throughout Aerodynamic and Aerothermodynamic Analysis of Space Mission Vehicles many examples are given, with detailed computations and results for the aerodynamics and aerothermodynamics of all such configurations. Moreover, a final chapter on future launchers is provided and an Appendix on a possible manned mission to Mars closes the book. This work can be used as a reference for modelling and design techniques, for students intending to enter aerospace industrial careers, and to support both academics and engineers working in the field of space vehicle design. This book has been awarded the Basic Science Book award 2016 by the International Academy of Astronautics (IAA), presented during the 67th International Astronautical Congress (IAC2016) held in September 2016 in Guadalajara, Mexico.

The Grid

Author: Julie A Cohn
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262037173
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The history of the grid, the world's largest interconnected power machine that is North America's electricity infrastructure.

The Palgrave International Handbook of Women and Outdoor Learning

Author: Tonia Gray
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319535501
Format: PDF, Docs
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This Handbook serves as a starting point for critical analysis and discourse about the status of women in outdoor learning environments (OLEs). Women choose to participate actively in outdoors careers, many believing the profession is a level playing field and that it offers alternatives to traditional sporting activities. They enter outdoor learning primarily on the strength of their enthusiasm for leading and teaching in natural environments and assume the field is inclusive, rewarding excellence regardless of age, gender, socioeconomic status, disability, or ethnicity. However, both research and collective experiences in OLEs suggest that many women feel invisible, relegated, marginalized, and undervalued. In response to this marginalization, this Handbook celebrates the richness of knowledge and practices of women practitioners in OLEs. Women scholars and practitioners from numerous fields, such as experiential outdoor education, adventure education, adventure therapy, and gender studies, explore the implications of their research and practice using poignant examples within their own disciplines. These insights emerge from similar life experiences as women and outdoor leaders in the 1970s to the present. Social inequalities still abound in OLEs, and the Handbook ensures that the contributions of women are highlighted as well as the work that needs to be done to make these spaces inclusive. Global in perspective and capacious in content, this one-stop volume is an indispensable reference resource for a diverse range of academics, including students and researchers in the fields of education, psychology, sociology, gender studies, geography, and environment studies, as well as the many outdoors fields.

So Ordered

Author: Ann Branigar Hopkins
Publisher: Univ of Massachusetts Press
ISBN: 9781558490512
Format: PDF, Kindle
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A victim of sexual discrimination, the author recounts her highly publicized, seven-year struggle in federal court to win a promotion in the accounting firm, Price Waterhouse, and her eventual victory in a landmark decision. UP.

The Female Thermometer

Author: Terry Castle
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 019508098X
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The work of leading scholar Terry Castle, called by the New York Times "always engaging...consistently fascinating," has helped to revolutionize eighteenth-century studies. The Female Thermometer brings together Castle's essays on the phantasmagoric side of eighteenth-century literature and culture. Taking as her emblem the fanciful "female thermometer," an imaginary instrument invented by eighteenth-century satirists to measure levels of female sexual arousal, Castle explores what she calls the "impinging strangeness" of the eighteenth-century imagination--the ways in which the rationalist imperatives of the age paradoxically worked to produce what Freud would later call the uncanny. In essays on doubling and fantasy in the novels of Defoe and Richardson, sexual impersonators and the dream-like world of the eighteenth-century masquerade, magic-lantern shows, automata, and other surreal inventions of Enlightenment science, and the hallucinatory obsessions of Gothic fiction, Castle offers a haunting portrait of a remarkable epoch. Her collection explores the links between material culture, gender, and the rise of modern forms and formulas of subjectivity, effectively rewriting the cultural history of modern Europe from a materialist and feminist perspective.