A Systems Approach to Small Group Interaction

Author: Stewart Tubbs
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Humanities/Social Sciences/Languages
ISBN: 9780073385105
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download Now
The only book for Small Group Communication that integrates all important small group topics into a single comprehensive conceptual model, this text pioneered the systems approach for the group communication course. Each chapter begins with a brief preview, followed by a glossary of terms and a real life case study; the chapter text material is followed by several experiential exercises for skill development and two original readings.

Meaningful Work

Author: Mike W. Martin
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780195350913
Format: PDF, Docs
Download Now
As commonly understood, professional ethics consists of shared duties and episodic dilemmas--the responsibilities incumbent on all members of specific professions joined together with the dilemmas that arise when these responsibilities conflict. Martin challenges this "consensus paradigm" as he rethinks professional ethics to include personal commitments and ideals, of which many are not mandatory. Using specific examples from a wide range of professions, including medicine, law, high school teaching, journalism, engineering, and ministry, he explores how personal commitments motivate, guide, and give meaning to work.

Dubious Conceptions

Author: Kristin Luker
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674217034
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download Now
Argues that the social and economic forces that discourage better-off women to delay childbirth are the same forces that push disadvantaged women to early pregnancy

Human Factors Engineering and Ergonomics

Author: Stephen J. Guastello
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466560096
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
Although still true to its original focus on the person–machine interface, the field of human factors psychology (ergonomics) has expanded to include stress research, accident analysis and prevention, and nonlinear dynamical systems theory (how systems change over time), human group dynamics, and environmental psychology. Reflecting new developments in the field, Human Factors Engineering and Ergonomics: A Systems Approach, Second Edition addresses a wide range of human factors and ergonomics principles found in conventional and twenty-first century technologies and environments. Based on the author’s thirty years of experience, the text emphasizes fundamental concepts, systems thinking, the changing nature of the person-machine interface, and the dynamics of systems as they change over time. See What’s New in the Second Edition: Developments in working memory, degrees of freedom in cognitive processes, subjective workload, decision-making, and situation awareness Updated information on cognitive workload and fatigue Additional principles for HFE, networks, multiple person-machine systems, and human-robot swarms Accident analysis and prevention includes resilience, new developments in safety climate, and an update to the inventory of accident prevention techniques and their relative effectiveness Problems in "big data" mining Psychomotor control and its relevance to human-robot systems Navigation in real-world environment Trust in automation and augmented cognition Computer technology permeates every aspect of the human–machine system, and has only become more ubiquitous since the previous edition. The systems are becoming more complex, so it should stand to reason that theories need to evolve to cope with the new sources of complexity. While many books cover traditional topics and theory, they to not focus on the practical problems students will face in the future. With broad coverage that ranges from physical ergonomics to cognitive aspects of human-machine interaction and includes dynamic approaches to system failure, this book increases the number of methods and analytical tools that are available for the human factors researcher.

The Group in Society

Author: John Gastil
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1544340338
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download Now
The Group in Society meets the challenges of teaching courses on small groups by revealing the full complexity of small groups and their place in society. It shows students the value of learning how to carefully study a group's history and context, rather than merely learning a fixed set of group participation skills. This text brings together disparate theories and research (from communication, social psychology, organizational and managerial studies, and sociology) in a way that helps students make sense of a complex body of scholarship on groups. Features & Benefits Part I – Theorizing Groups: builds a strong theoretical foundation, exploring social theory and the group, forming and joining groups, the life and death of the group, and changing society through group life Part II – Understanding Groups in Context: explores the histories, purposes, memberships of a variety of groups—including juries, families, executive committees, study groups, and political action groups—thus enabling the student reader to speak clearly about group formation, norms, roles, tasks, and relationships. Detailed end-of-chapter case studies explicitly connect with the concepts, theories, and empirical findings introduced in each respective chapter; examples include the powerful group bonds of the modern terrorist cell; the wired network of groups in the anti-Globalization movement; and the deliberation of a jury in a murder trial Teaching & Learning Ancillaries Teaching resources are available at http://groupinsociety.la.psu.edu/ and include chapter summaries, discussion questions, and practical applications; a sample course schedule; Embedded Systems Framework PowerPoint slides; group project assignments, group project worksheets, and a group project description and contract; and links to useful Web resources such as small group teaching resources and active wikis on small groups. An open-access student study site at www.sagepub.com/gastilstudy features e-flashcards, practice quizzes, and other resources to help students enhance their comprehension and improve their grade.

Recommender Systems Handbook

Author: Francesco Ricci
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 148997637X
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
This second edition of a well-received text, with 20 new chapters, presents a coherent and unified repository of recommender systems’ major concepts, theories, methodologies, trends, and challenges. A variety of real-world applications and detailed case studies are included. In addition to wholesale revision of the existing chapters, this edition includes new topics including: decision making and recommender systems, reciprocal recommender systems, recommender systems in social networks, mobile recommender systems, explanations for recommender systems, music recommender systems, cross-domain recommendations, privacy in recommender systems, and semantic-based recommender systems. This multi-disciplinary handbook involves world-wide experts from diverse fields such as artificial intelligence, human-computer interaction, information retrieval, data mining, mathematics, statistics, adaptive user interfaces, decision support systems, psychology, marketing, and consumer behavior. Theoreticians and practitioners from these fields will find this reference to be an invaluable source of ideas, methods and techniques for developing more efficient, cost-effective and accurate recommender systems.

Foodservice Organizations

Author: Marian C. Spears
Publisher: Prentice Hall
ISBN: 9780131936324
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download Now
Presents a comprehensive portrait of how to manage commercial and on-site foodservice operations effectively and efficiently in the 21 st century. Using the foodservice systems model as a guide, it shows managers how to transform the human, material, facility, and operational inputs of the system into outputs of meals, customer satisfaction, employee satisfaction, and financial accountability. This edition continues its legacy of sound theory and real-world focus, and offers new insights on food safety, the Food Code 2005, foodservice layout and design, process improvement and leadership techniques that will lead to managerial success. New Topics: Includes the latest topics impacting foodservice managers such as: Process improvement and measurement of quality, Foodservice layout and design, HACCP, food safety, and the Food Code 2005, Current theories in management and leadership, Diversity in the workforce and cross-cultural communication, Management of financial resources. Offers the latest techniques for measuring and improving quality within the foodservice system. Demonstrates how layout and design impacts food preparation and output. Extensive and up-to-date information on food safety. Managers of foodservice.

Mechanical Engineer s Reference Book

Author: A. Parrish
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483192229
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
Mechanical Engineer’s Reference Book: 11th Edition presents a comprehensive examination of the use of Systéme International d’ Unités (SI) metrication. It discusses the effectiveness of such a system when used in the field of engineering. It addresses the basic concepts involved in thermodynamics and heat transfer. Some of the topics covered in the book are the metallurgy of iron and steel; screw threads and fasteners; hole basis and shaft basis fits; an introduction to geometrical tolerancing; mechanical working of steel; high strength alloy steels; advantages of making components as castings; and basic theories of material properties. The definitions and classifications of refractories are fully covered. An in-depth account of the mechanical properties of non-ferrous materials is provided. Different fabrication techniques are completely presented. A chapter is devoted to description of tubes for water, gas, sanitation, and heating services. Another section focuses on the accountant's measure of productivity. The book can provide useful information to engineers, metallurgists, students, and researchers.