A Theory of Justice

Author: John Rawls
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674042582
Format: PDF, ePub
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Since it appeared in 1971, John Rawls's "A Theory of Justice" has become a classic. The author has now revised the original edition to clear up a number of difficulties he and others have found in the original book. Rawls aims to express an essential part of the common core of the democratic tradition--justice as fairness--and to provide an alternative to utilitarianism, which had dominated the Anglo-Saxon tradition of political thought since the nineteenth century. Rawls substitutes the ideal of the social contract as a more satisfactory account of the basic rights and liberties of citizens as free and equal persons. "Each person," writes Rawls, "possesses an inviolability founded on justice that even the welfare of society as a whole cannot override." Advancing the ideas of Rousseau, Kant, Emerson, and Lincoln, Rawls's theory is as powerful today as it was when first published.

John Rawls Eine Theorie der Gerechtigkeit

Author: Otfried Höffe
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3050064471
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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In der Reihe Klassiker Auslegen werden die bedeutendsten Werke der Philosophiegeschichte in Form kooperativer Kommentare von international renommierten Philosophen entschlüsselt und kommentiert. Dabei folgen sämtliche Bände der Reihe dem inneren Aufbau der betreffenden Klassikerwerke. In 12 bis 15 Beiträgen erschließen sie die großen Themen der Philosophie ohne den zeitraubenden Gang durch die Sekundärliteratur und bilden so eine Pflichtlektüre für Studierende, Hochschullehrer und Forscher.

A Theory of Justice for Animals

Author: Robert Garner
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199936315
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This innovative book is the first to couch the debate about animals in the language of justice, and the first to develop both ideal and nonideal theories of justice for animals. It rejects the abolitionist animal rights position in favor of a revised version of animal rights centering on sentience.

Lebensformen und Anerkennungsverh ltnisse

Author: Christina Pinsdorf
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110453193
Format: PDF
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Durch den naturwissenschaftlich-technischen Fortschritt sind vielfältige Möglichkeiten entstanden, die belebte Natur in großem Umfang menschlichen Zwecksetzungen zu unterwerfen. Diese Entwicklungen geben Anlass, das grundlegende Mensch-Natur-Verhältnis zu beleuchten. Für eine moralphilosophische Klärung dieses Verhältnisses und der damit angesprochenen Fragestellungen verbindet die vorliegende Untersuchung naturethische Reflexionen mit anerkennungstheoretischen Überlegungen. Sie enthält eine ethisch fundierte Beurteilung des moralischen Status der belebten Natur sowie eine moralphilosophisch belastbare Analyse des Verhältnisses zwischen Personen und nicht-humanen Lebewesen. Neben der Begründung einer basalen moralischen Berücksichtigungswürdigkeit aller Lebewesen wird ein Ansatz entwickelt, der auch nicht-humane Lebewesen als Exemplare von Lebensformen in eine umfassende Konzeption moralischer Anerkennungsverhältnisse integriert. Damit liegt ein theoretischer Rahmen vor, innerhalb dessen konkrete Anwendungsfragen des menschlichen Umgangs mit der belebten Natur bearbeitet werden können.

John Rawls

Author: Thomas Winfried Menko Pogge
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 9783406346378
Format: PDF, Kindle
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In Our Name

Author: Eric Beerbohm
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400842387
Format: PDF, Docs
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When a government in a democracy acts in our name, are we, as citizens, responsible for those acts? What if the government commits a moral crime? The protestor's slogan--"Not in our name!"--testifies to the need to separate ourselves from the wrongs of our leaders. Yet the idea that individual citizens might bear a special responsibility for political wrongdoing is deeply puzzling for ordinary morality and leading theories of democracy. In Our Name explains how citizens may be morally exposed to the failures of their representatives and state institutions, and how complicity is the professional hazard of democratic citizenship. Confronting the ethical challenges that citizens are faced with in a self-governing democracy, Eric Beerbohm proposes institutional remedies for dealing with them. Beerbohm questions prevailing theories of democracy for failing to account for our dual position as both citizens and subjects. Showing that the obligation to participate in the democratic process is even greater when we risk serving as accomplices to wrongdoing, Beerbohm argues for a distinctive division of labor between citizens and their representatives that charges lawmakers with the responsibility of incorporating their constituents' moral principles into their reasoning about policy. Grappling with the practical issues of democratic decision making, In Our Name engages with political science, law, and psychology to envision mechanisms for citizens seeking to avoid democratic complicity.