Acoustic Microscopy

Author: Andrew Briggs
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199232733
Format: PDF
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For many years Acoustic Microscopy by Andrew Briggs has been the definitive book on the subject. A key development since it was first published has been the development of ultrasonic force microscopy, in which the elastic vibrations are detected with nanometre resolution by the tip of an atomic force microscope. The 2nd edition has a major new chapter on this technique and its applications.

Statistical Physics of Fracture and Breakdown in Disordered Systems

Author: Bikas K. Chakrabarti
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198520566
Format: PDF, Docs
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Under extreme conditions the mechanical or electrical properties of solids tend to be destabilized and failure or breakdown occurs. In practice these instabilities in the solid often nucleate or spread from disorders in the structure of the solid. This book investigates the modelling of suchfailure and breakdown processes. The basic principles are illuminated with a large number of computer simulations and laboratory simulations or `table top' experiments. Three particular case studies of failure are presented: electrical failures like fuse and dielectric breakdown; mechanicalfracture; and earthquakes as an example of dynamic failure.

QUASICRYSTALS A Primer 2nd edition dition en anglais

Author: Christian Janot
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198565512
Format: PDF, Mobi
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In 1984 physicists discovered a monster in the world of crystallography, a structure that appeared to contain five-fold symmetry axes, which cannot exist in strictly periodic structures. Such quasi-periodic structures became known as quasicrystals. A previously formulated theory in terms of higher dimensional space groups was applied to them and new alloy phases were prepared which exhibited the properties expected from this model more closely. Thus many of the early controversies weredissolved. This primer is intended to provide a descriptive approach to the subject for those coming to it for the first time. The various practical, experimental, and theoretical topics are dealt with in an accessible style. The book is completed by problem sets and there is a computer program that generates a Penrose lattice. Following the success of the first and second editions the opportunity has been taken to reprint the second edition in paperback at a more modest price.

Nanocomposites with Biodegradable Polymers

Author: Vikas Mittal
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199581924
Format: PDF, Docs
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Polymers are used in practically every facet of daily life. Most polymers come from fossil fuels and are not biodegradable, causing long-term environmental hazards. Biodegradable polymers provide an alternative, environmentally friendly class of materials. Composites of such polymers have high potential within a wide spectrum of applications.

Interfaces in crystalline materials

Author: A. P. Sutton
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN:
Format: PDF, ePub
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The study of interfaces within and between materials is central to materials science research. For example, interfaces play an important role in many of the mechanical and electrical properties of materials, phase transformations, and material microstructures. This book provides an outstanding overview of the subject, with broad treatments of all aspects of the structure, thermodynamics, kinetics, and properties of interfaces in crystalline materials. Throughout, the authors emphasize conceptual foundations through the exposition of simple models and descriptions of key experimental observations. With Interfaces in Crystalline Materials in hand, students in materials science, crystallography, and condensed matter physics have a comprehensive and unified survey of the subject at their disposal.

Dynamic light scattering

Author: Wyn Brown
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780198539421
Format: PDF, ePub
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Dynamic light scattering is a new method for investigating macromolecular systems. The importance of the technique lies in its non-invasive character. It can be employed on extremely small fluid volumes, the instrumentation is relatively inexpensive and allows the rapid determination of diffusion coefficients as well as providing information on relaxation time distributions for the macromolecular components of complex systems. This volume is directed in part to the philosophy and current practice in dynamic light scattering. Single photon correlation techniques are introduced; a discussion of noise on photon correlation functions is given and data analysis in dynamic light scattering to polymer structure analysis is presented; and a comprehensive introduction to diffusing wave spectroscopy is given. Theoretical developments relating dynamic light scattering to the viscoelasticity of polymers in solution and in the bulk are described. A secondary aim of the work is to illustrate the widely varying fields in which the technique finds application. Chapters address multicomponent mixtures, polyelectrolytes, dense polymer systems, gels, rigid rods, micellar systems and the application of dynamic light scattering to biological systems.