Acoustic Microscopy

Author: Andrew Briggs
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199232733
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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For many years Acoustic Microscopy by Andrew Briggs has been the definitive book on the subject. A key development since it was first published has been the development of ultrasonic force microscopy, in which the elastic vibrations are detected with nanometre resolution by the tip of an atomic force microscope. The 2nd edition has a major new chapter on this technique and its applications.

Statistical Physics of Fracture and Breakdown in Disordered Systems

Author: Bikas K. Chakrabarti
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198520566
Format: PDF, ePub
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Under extreme conditions the mechanical or electrical properties of solids tend to be destabilized and failure or breakdown occurs. In practice these instabilities in the solid often nucleate or spread from disorders in the structure of the solid. This book investigates the modelling of such failure and breakdown processes. The basic principles are illuminated with a large number of computer simulations and laboratory simulations or `table top' experiments. Three particular case studies of failure are presented: electrical failures like fuse and dielectric breakdown; mechanical fracture; and earthquakes as an example of dynamic failure.

QUASICRYSTALS A Primer 2nd edition dition en anglais

Author: Christian Janot
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198565512
Format: PDF
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In 1984 physicists discovered a monster in the world of crystallography, a structure that appeared to contain five-fold symmetry axes, which cannot exist in strictly periodic structures. Such quasi-periodic structures became known as quasicrystals. A previously formulated theory in terms of higher dimensional space groups was applied to them and new alloy phases were prepared which exhibited the properties expected from this model more closely. Thus many of the early controversies weredissolved. This primer is intended to provide a descriptive approach to the subject for those coming to it for the first time. The various practical, experimental, and theoretical topics are dealt with in an accessible style. The book is completed by problem sets and there is a computer program that generates a Penrose lattice. Following the success of the first and second editions the opportunity has been taken to reprint the second edition in paperback at a more modest price.

Nanocomposites with Biodegradable Polymers

Author: Vikas Mittal
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199581924
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Polymers are used in practically every facet of daily life. Most polymers come from fossil fuels and are not biodegradable, causing long-term environmental hazards. Biodegradable polymers provide an alternative, environmentally friendly class of materials. Composites of such polymers have high potential within a wide spectrum of applications.

Introduction to Scanning Tunneling Microscopy

Author: C. Julian Chen
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0195071506
Format: PDF, Docs
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Due to its nondestructive imaging power, scanning tunneling microscopy has found major applications in the fields of physics, chemistry, engineering, and materials science. This book provides a comprehensive treatment of scanning tunneling and atomic force microscopy, with full coverage of the imaging mechanism, instrumentation, and sample applications. The work is the first single-author reference on STM and presents much valuable information previously available only as proceedings or collections of review articles. It contains a 32-page section of remarkable STM images, and is organized as a self-contained work, with all mathematical derivations fully detailed. As a source of background material and current data, the book will be an invaluable resource for all scientists, engineers, and technicians using the imaging abilities of STM and AFM. It may also be used as a textbook in senior-year and graduate level STM courses, and as a supplementary text in surface science, solid-state physics, materials science, microscopy, and quantum mechanics.

Advanced Tomographic Methods in Materials Research and Engineering

Author: John Banhart
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199213240
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Tomography provides three-dimensional images of materials or engineering components and an unprecedented insight into their internal structure. This book, written for applied physicists, materials scientists and engineers, discusses recent developments in the field, such as the extension of tomographic methods to materials research and engineering.

Optical Spectroscopy of Inorganic Solids

Author: B. Henderson
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199298624
Format: PDF
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The beautiful colors of many inorganic compounds, including minerals and gemstones, as well as the mysterious cold light of luminescence emitted by these materials, have attracted the inquisitiveness of natural philosophers for centuries. The scientific study of such phenomena - the optical spectroscopy of solids - has paid rich dividends in technological advances such as lasers and other optronic devices. This is a book on the art of optical spectroscopy of solids, establishing a theoretical and experimental framework for the subject, which is well illustrated with relevant spectra and experimental data. Chapters 1 to 5 set down the quantum description of atoms, ions and defects in solids, and the interaction of such centers with electromagnetic radiation. Considerations of symmetry and the effects of lattice vibrations on the spectroscopic properties are treated in detail. The physical bases of prominent experimental techniques are presented in Chapter 6 and their application to color centers, dopant rare-earth and transition-metal ions are described in Chapters 7 -9. The spectroscopic behaviors of magnetic ions at high concentration are detailed in Chapter 10, followed by a brief review of the operational features of solid state lasers that rely on the foregoing discussion of their optical characteristics. Finally, Chapter 12 describes the application of magneto-optical double resonance techniques to the elucidation of the optical properties of insulating and semi-conducting materials. The authors emphasize that their own interests have guided the selection of topics from the panoply of available choices. They have written the book with senior undergraduates and postgraduates in mind: it is expected also to be useful to seasoned investigators from solid state physics and engineering from inorganic chemistry, and from materials and geological sciences.

Interfaces in crystalline materials

Author: A. P. Sutton
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN:
Format: PDF, ePub
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The study of interfaces within and between materials is central to materials science research. For example, interfaces play an important role in many of the mechanical and electrical properties of materials, phase transformations, and material microstructures. This book provides an outstanding overview of the subject, with broad treatments of all aspects of the structure, thermodynamics, kinetics, and properties of interfaces in crystalline materials. Throughout, the authors emphasize conceptual foundations through the exposition of simple models and descriptions of key experimental observations. With Interfaces in Crystalline Materials in hand, students in materials science, crystallography, and condensed matter physics have a comprehensive and unified survey of the subject at their disposal.

Modern Inorganic Synthetic Chemistry

Author: Ruren Xu
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0444635955
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Modern Inorganic Synthetic Chemistry, Second Edition captures, in five distinct sections, the latest advancements in inorganic synthetic chemistry, providing materials chemists, chemical engineers, and materials scientists with a valuable reference source to help them advance their research efforts and achieve breakthroughs. Section one includes six chapters centering on synthetic chemistry under specific conditions, such as high-temperature, low-temperature and cryogenic, hydrothermal and solvothermal, high-pressure, photochemical and fusion conditions. Section two focuses on the synthesis and related chemistry problems of highly distinct categories of inorganic compounds, including superheavy elements, coordination compounds and coordination polymers, cluster compounds, organometallic compounds, inorganic polymers, and nonstoichiometric compounds. Section three elaborates on the synthetic chemistry of five important classes of inorganic functional materials, namely, ordered porous materials, carbon materials, advanced ceramic materials, host-guest materials, and hierarchically structured materials. Section four consists of four chapters where the synthesis of functional inorganic aggregates is discussed, giving special attention to the growth of single crystals, assembly of nanomaterials, and preparation of amorphous materials and membranes. The new edition’s biggest highlight is Section five where the frontier in inorganic synthetic chemistry is reviewed by focusing on biomimetic synthesis and rationally designed synthesis. Focuses on the chemistry of inorganic synthesis, assembly, and organization of wide-ranging inorganic systems Covers all major methodologies of inorganic synthesis Provides state-of-the-art synthetic methods Includes real examples in the organization of complex inorganic functional materials Contains more than 4000 references that are all highly reflective of the latest advancement in inorganic synthetic chemistry Presents a comprehensive coverage of the key issues involved in modern inorganic synthetic chemistry as written by experts in the field