Adam Smith

Author: James R. Otteson
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
ISBN: 1623565936
Format: PDF
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The Scottish philosopher Adam Smith (1723-1790) was as a pioneer of political economy. In fact, his economic thought became the foundation of classical economics and his key work, An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, is considered to be the first modern work in economics. For Smith, a free competition environment was the best way to foster economic development that would work in accordance with natural laws. The framework he set up to explain the free market remains true to this day.

Adam Smith

Author: Ryan Patrick Hanley
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400873487
Format: PDF
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Adam Smith (1723–90) is perhaps best known as one of the first champions of the free market and is widely regarded as the founding father of capitalism. From his ideas about the promise and pitfalls of globalization to his steadfast belief in the preservation of human dignity, his work is as relevant today as it was in the eighteenth century. Here, Ryan Hanley brings together some of the world's finest scholars from across a variety of disciplines to offer new perspectives on Smith’s life, thought, and enduring legacy. Contributors provide succinct and accessible discussions of Smith’s landmark works and the historical context in which he wrote them, the core concepts of Smith’s social vision, and the lasting impact of Smith’s ideas in both academia and the broader world. They reveal other sides of Smith beyond the familiar portrayal of him as the author of the invisible hand, emphasizing his deep interests in such fields as rhetoric, ethics, and jurisprudence. Smith emerges not just as a champion of free markets but also as a thinker whose unique perspective encompasses broader commitments to virtue, justice, equality, and freedom. An essential introduction to Adam Smith’s life and work, this incisive and thought-provoking book features contributions from leading figures such as Nicholas Phillipson, Amartya Sen, and John C. Bogle. It demonstrates how Smith’s timeless insights speak to contemporary concerns such as growth in the developing world and the future of free trade, and how his influence extends to fields ranging from literature and philosophy to religion and law.

Adam Smith

Author: Jesse Norman
Publisher: Penguin UK
ISBN: 0241328519
Format: PDF, Docs
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Adam Smith is now widely regarded as 'the father of modern economics' and the most influential economist who ever lived. But what he really thought, and what the implications of his ideas are, remain fiercely contested. Was he an eloquent advocate of capitalism and the freedom of the individual? Or a prime mover of 'market fundamentalism' and an apologist for inequality and human selfishness? This exceptional book, by a writer who combines to an unusual degree intellectual training and practical political experience, dispels the myths and caricatures and gives us Smith in the round. It lays out a succinct and highly engaging account of Smith's life and times, explores his work as a whole and traces his influence over the past two centuries. Finally, it shows how a proper understanding of Smith can help us grasp - and address - the problems of modern capitalism. The Smith who emerges from this book is not only the first thinker to place markets at the heart of economics but also a pioneering theorist of moral philosophy, culture and society.

Crashed

Author: Adam Tooze
Publisher: Siedler Verlag
ISBN: 3641192773
Format: PDF, Docs
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Zehn Jahre danach: Der Finanzcrash und seine dramatischen Folgen Als die US-Großbank Lehman Brothers im September 2008 zusammenbrach, war dies der Tiefpunkt der Banken- und Finanzkrise. Und obwohl der totale Kollaps der Weltwirtschaft damals verhindert wurde, ist die Finanzkrise noch lange nicht Geschichte, wie der britische Historiker Adam Tooze zeigt. Er schildert, wie es zu dieser Krise der Finanzmärkte kam und welche dramatischen Folgen sie bis heute hat. Denn nicht nur ist durch die Finanzkrise die Stabilität Europas ins Wanken geraten, sie hat auch das Vertrauen in die Kraft der globalen Wirtschaftsordnung erschüttert – und so zum Aufstieg der Populisten beigetragen.

Conservatism

Author: Kieron O’Hara
Publisher: Reaktion Books
ISBN: 1861899831
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The term "conservative," when employed today in reference to politicians and beliefs, can denote groups as diverse and incompatible as the religious right, libertarians, and opponents of large, centralized government. Yet the original conservative philosophy, first developed in the eighteenth century by Edmund Burke, was most concerned with managing change. This kind of genuine conservatism has a renewed relevance in a complex world where change is rapid, pervasive, and dislocating. In Conservatism, Kieron O’Hara presents a thought-provoking revision of the traditional conservative philosophy, here crafted for the modern age. As O’Hara argues, conservatism transcends traditional politics and has surprising applications—not least as the most appropriate and practical response to climate change. He shows what a properly conservative ideology looks like today, and draws on such great conservative thinkers as Burke and Adam Smith, philosophers from Plato to Wittgenstein, and contemporary social commentators such as Nassim Nicholas Taleb, Ulrich Beck, and Jared Diamond, in order to outline how conservative philosophy lays bare our failure to understand our own society. O’Hara proves as well that conservatism is distinct from neo-liberalism, neo-conservatism, and the extreme positions of many of today’s most outspoken commentators. In this comprehensive and detailed description of a philosophy of change and innovation, O’Hara shows how conservatism can be an ideology sensitive to cultural differences among the United States, Europe, the Middle East, and elsewhere. As well, he highlights key issues of technology, trust, and privacy. Conservatism is a provocative read and a level-headed guide to cutting through the many voices of policy makers and pundits claiming to represent conservative points of view.

The Libertarian Mind

Author: David Boaz
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1476752877
Format: PDF, Mobi
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A revised, updated, and retitled edition of David Boaz’s classic book Libertarianism: A Primer, which was praised as uniting “history, philosophy, economics and law—spiced with just the right anecdotes—to bring alive a vital tradition of American political thought that deserves to be honored today” (Richard A. Epstein, University of Chicago). Libertarianism—the philosophy of personal and economic freedom—has deep roots in Western civilization and in American history, and it’s growing stronger. Two long wars, chronic deficits, the financial crisis, the costly drug war, the campaigns of Ron Paul and Rand Paul, the growth of executive power under Presidents Bush and Obama, and the revelations about NSA abuses have pushed millions more Americans in a libertarian direction. Libertarianism: A Primer, by David Boaz, the longtime executive vice president of the Cato Institute, continues to be the best available guide to the history, ideas, and growth of this increasingly important political movement—and now it has been updated throughout and with a new title: The Libertarian Mind. Boaz has updated the book with new information on the threat of government surveillance; the policies that led up to and stemmed from the 2008 financial crisis; corruption in Washington; and the unsustainable welfare state. The Libertarian Mind is the ultimate resource for the current, burgeoning libertarian movement.

Liberalismus

Author: Ludwig Mises
Publisher: Ludwig von Mises Institute
ISBN: 1933550864
Format: PDF, Mobi
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American government

Author: Jack E. Holmes
Publisher: McGraw-Hill College
ISBN: 9780070297678
Format: PDF, Kindle
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AMERICAN GOVERNMENT delivers a unique "perspectives" format within a traditional topic sequence. This short American Government paperback examines all the traditional topics in a non-traditional way, summarizing each topic with four differing viewpoints: liberal, conservative, populist, and libertarian. The result is a text that effectively explains inter-party differences and political complexities, avoiding the artificial liberal-conservative dichotomy presented in other texts.