Addiction

Author: Shahram Heshmat
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317684737
Format: PDF
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Addiction: A Behavioral Economic Perspective focuses on the behavioral economics of addiction to explain why someone decides and act against her own well-being. It answers the questions of what accounts for self-defeating behavior patterns and how do we best motivate individuals to act according with their long-term goals. A better understanding of decision processes will lead to an improved knowledge of why people engage in self-destructive behaviors and better policy interventions in areas of addiction and obesity. The approach also promises to be valuable as a framework for understanding decisions for an addict’s professional and business life. This book will be of particular use to clinicians, students, and researchers in the fields of addiction, public health, and behavior therapy.

Choice Behavioral Economics and Addiction

Author: Rudolph Eugene Vuchinich
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080440569
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Choice, Behavioural Economics and Addiction is about the theory, data, and applied implications of choice-based models of substance use and addiction. The distinction between substance use and addiction is important, because many individuals use substances but are not also addicted to them. The behavioural economic perspective has made contributions to the analysis of both of these phenomena and, while the major focus of the book is on theories of addiction, it is necessary also to consider the behavioural economic account of substance use in order to place the theories in their proper context and provide full coverage of the contribution of behavioural economics to this field of study. The book discusses the four major theories of addiction that have been developed in the area of economic science/behavioural economics. They are: * hyperbolic discounting * melioration * relative addiction * rational addiction The main objective of the book is to popularise these ideas among addiction researchers, academics and practitioners. The specific aims are to articulate the shared and distinctive elements of these four theories, to present and discuss the latest empirical work on substance abuse and addiction that is being conducted in this area, and to articulate a range of applied implications of this body of work for clinical, public health and public policy initiatives. The book is based on an invitation-only conference entitled, Choice, Behavioural Economics and Addiction: Theory, Evidence and Applications held at the University of Alabama at Birmingham, March 30 - April 1, 2001. The conference was attended by prominent scientists and scholars, representing a range of disciplines concerned with theories of addiction and their consequences for policy and practice. The papers in the book are based on the papers given at the above conference, together with commentaries by distinguished experts and, in many cases, replies to these comments by the presenters.

Genetic Influences on Addiction

Author: James MacKillop
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262019698
Format: PDF, Mobi
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A comprehensive review of research examining intermediary mechanisms to understand the link between genetic variation and addiction liability.

Denken hilft zwar n tzt aber nichts

Author: Dan Ariely
Publisher: Droemer eBook
ISBN: 3426402092
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Die Logik der Unvernunft Wie gehen wir mit Geld um? Was bedeutet es uns? Warum sind so viele Menschen bereit, sich hoffnungslos zu verschulden? Und was treibt Banker, den Kollaps unseres Finanzsystems zu riskieren? In der erweiterten Neuausgabe seines internationalen Bestsellers zeigt Dan Ariely, wie unsere Entscheidungen gelenkt werden und weshalb wir in vielen Lebenssituationen zu unserem eigenen Nachteil handeln. »Ein ebenso amüsantes wie lehrreiches Buch.« Der Spiegel Denken hilft zwar, nützt aber nichts von Dan Ariely: im eBook erhältlich!

Eating Behavior and Obesity

Author: Shahram Heshmat
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
ISBN: 0826106218
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The text examines dietary choices and obesity through a multidisciplinary lens of biological, psychological, and social factors, and draws from the disciplines of behavioral economics, nutrition, public health, and health promotion. Based on the premise that humans are hardwired to make judgment errors and need a nudge to make decisions in their best interests, the book argues that increasing consumer well-being requires changing an individual's personal environment. It describes the power of irrational forces that compete with sensible judgment in regard to food choices, and provides strate

Behavioral Economics and Its Applications

Author: Peter Diamond
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400829143
Format: PDF, ePub
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In the last decade, behavioral economics, borrowing from psychology and sociology to explain decisions inconsistent with traditional economics, has revolutionized the way economists view the world. But despite this general success, behavioral thinking has fundamentally transformed only one field of applied economics-finance. Peter Diamond and Hannu Vartiainen's Behavioral Economics and Its Applications argues that behavioral economics can have a similar impact in other fields of economics. In this volume, some of the world's leading thinkers in behavioral economics and general economic theory make the case for a much greater use of behavioral ideas in six fields where these ideas have already proved useful but have not yet been fully incorporated--public economics, development, law and economics, health, wage determination, and organizational economics. The result is an attempt to set the agenda of an important development in economics--an agenda that will interest policymakers, sociologists, and psychologists as well as economists. Contributors include Ian Ayres, B. Douglas Bernheim, Truman F. Bewley, Colin F. Camerer, Anne Case, Michael D. Cohen, Peter Diamond, Christoph Engel, Richard G. Frank, Jacob Glazer, Seppo Honkapohja, Christine Jolls, Botond Koszegi, Ulrike Malmendier, Sendhil Mullainathan, Antonio Rangel, Emmanuel Saez, Eldar Shafir, Sir Nicholas Stern, Jean Tirole, Hannu Vartiainen, and Timothy D. Wilson.

Essays on Insurance Policyholder Behavior A Behavioral Economics Perspective

Author: Christian Knoller
Publisher: VVW GmbH
ISBN: 3862982432
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Die Arbeit erscheint in englischer Sprache. Dieses Buch zeigt anhand von drei Forschungsprojekten, dass verhaltensökonomische Forschungsansätze dazu beitragen können, bisher unerklärtes Verhalten auf Versicherungsmärkten besser zu verstehen. Das erste Projekt liefert anhand einer experimentellen Untersuchung einen wichtigen Beitrag zur Lösung des in der Wissenschaft intensiv diskutierten 'Annuity Puzzle', also der Frage, warum in vielen Versicherungsmärkten nur sehr wenige Menschen private Rentenversicherung nachfragen. Anhand einer empirischen Untersuchung des Stornoverhaltens von Versicherungsnehmern für ein Variable Annuity Produkt in Japan wird gezeigt, dass die finanzwissenschaftliche Ausbildung ('Financial Literacy') des Versicherungsnehmers das Verständnis für den Wert der im Vertrag enthaltenen Optionen und damit auch das Stornoverhalten beeinflussen kann. Das dritte Projekt untersucht die Nachfrage nach Zusatzdeckung gegen Naturkatastrophenschäden anhand des Hausratversicherungsportfolios eines deutschen Versicherungsunternehmens. Viele Versicherungsnehmer scheinen ihre Gefährdung für Hochwasserschäden eher gering einzuschätzen. Die Untersuchung liefert jedoch Hinweise, dass Versicherungsvermittler in der Lage sind, die Versicherungsnehmer bei der Analyse ihrer Gefährdungssituation zu unterstützen. Die Arbeit richtet sich sowohl an Wissenschaftler als auch an Mitarbeiter in Versicherungsunternehmen, die in der Produktentwicklung oder im Risikomanagement tätig sind. Risiken aus dem Verhalten von Versicherungsnehmern, z.B. das Stornorisiko, gewinnen im Zuge von Produktinnovationen immer mehr an Bedeutung. Dies zeigt sich besonders deutlich bei der Entwicklung neuer Garantiekonzepte in der Lebensversicherung.

Aus der Welt

Author: Michael Lewis
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 3593506866
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Lewis verknüpft die Biografien der beiden Psychologen Daniel Kahneman und Amos Tversky mit ihren Forschungsarbeiten und zeigt, wie aus ihren Arbeiten eine neue Wissenschaftsdisziplin, die Verhaltensökonomik, entstehen konnte.