Advances in the Dyeing and Finishing of Technical Textiles

Author: M. L. Gulrajani
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 085709761X
Format: PDF, ePub
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The use of distinctive colourants and finishes has a significant impact on the aesthetic appeal and functionality of technical textiles. Advances in the textile chemical industry facilitate production of diverse desirable properties, and are therefore of great interest in the production of textile products with enhanced performance characteristics. Drawing on key research, Advances in the dyeing and finishing of technical textiles details important advances in this field and outlines their development for a range of applications. Part one reviews advances in dyes and colourants, including chromic materials, optical effect pigments and microencapsulated colourants for technical textile applications. Other types of functional dyes considered include UV- absorbent, anti-microbial and water-repellent dyes. Regulations relating to the use of textile dyes are discussed before part two goes on to investigate such advances in finishing techniques as mechanical finishing, softening treatments and the use of enzymes. Surfactants, Inkjet printing of technical textiles and functional finishes to improve the comfort and protection of apparel are also explored. The use of nanotechnology in producing hydrophobic, super-hydrophobic and antimicrobial finishes is dealt with alongside coating and lamination techniques, before the book concludes with a discussion of speciality polymers for the finishing of technical textiles. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Advances in the dyeing and finishing of technical textiles is a comprehensive guide for all those involved in the development, production and application of technical textiles, including textile chemists, colour technologists, colour quality inspectors, product developers and textile finishers. Discusses important advances in the textile chemical industry Considers developments in various dyes and colourants used in the industry, including water repellent, functional and anti-microbial dyes Chapters also examine advances in finishing techniques, the use of nanotechnology and speciality polymers in technical textiles

Advances in the dyeing and finishing of technical textiles

Author: C.N. Sivaramakrishnan
Publisher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
ISBN: 0128089342
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Textiles that are primarily used for their performance or functional properties and not for their appearance or aesthetics are known as technical textiles. The industrial fabrics that are used for various industrial applications are also classified as technical textiles. Textile processing involves the use of different types of speciality chemicals during the course of conversion of textiles into finished fabrics, a large number of which generally are surface active agents, so much so that textile speciality chemicals are considered synonymous with surface active agents. This chapter discusses the theory of surface tension, the classification of surfactants, and the raw materials used and their end-use application on technical textiles along with their chemical structures. Natural surfactants along with their chemistries are also discussed in the chapter. Highlights concerning smart surfactants and Biodegradable surfactants are also mentioned.

Advances in the dyeing and finishing of technical textiles

Author: R. Senthil Kumar
Publisher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
ISBN: 0128089318
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Mechanical finishing is the process that alters the hand, appearance and performance of textiles. Technical textiles are products manufactured primarily with performance, rather than aesthetics, in mind. This chapter reviews the various mechanical finishing processes that technical textile products will endure. Applications of the mechanically finished fabric in technical textiles, and the mechanical finishing technologies adopted in the latest machines, are discussed in this chapter.

Advances in the dyeing and finishing of technical textiles

Author: R. Paul
Publisher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
ISBN: 0128089334
Format: PDF, ePub
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In this chapter, the use of enzymatic techniques for the finishing of technical textiles is discussed. The chapter begins by discussing the various types of enzymes used in textile finishing. It then reviews the enzymatic processing of textiles like cotton, wool, silk and synthetics, followed by their application methods. Recent developments in assessment techniques and future trends are also briefly discussed.

Advances in the dyeing and finishing of technical textiles

Author: R.M. Christie
Publisher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
ISBN: 0128089261
Format: PDF, Docs
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This chapter discusses the principles of chromic materials as applied to textiles. The most important chromic phenomena – thermochromism, photochromism, ionochromism and electrochromism – are dealt with in individual sections, each providing a description of the physicochemical principles underlying the colour changes and a discussion of the molecular structures of the most important colorant classes. An overview of the main non-textile applications of chromic materials sets the scene for more detailed discussion of progress through ongoing research towards technical and smart textile applications. The chapter concludes with informed speculation on likely future trends in the development of products based on chromic textiles.

Textile Design

Author: A Briggs-Goode
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857092561
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Textile design is a complex field of practice which operates in a competitive, global industry. Designers need to take into account not only the design but also the manufacture, technological development and application of the final product. Textile design provides a broad overview of the fundamentals of and advances in textile design, as well as practical case studies of relevant industries. Part one covers the principles of fabric construction as applied to textile design, with chapters on fundamental principles, woven and knitted textile design. Part two discusses surface approaches to textile design, with chapters on such topics as surface design of textiles, printed and embroidered textile design, dyeing and finishing and the use of colour in textile design. Finally, part three focuses on the applications and advances in textile design, including chapters covering colour trend forecasting, sustainable textile design, fashion, interior and 2D to 3D design considerations and new developments in technical and future textiles. With its distinguished editors and international team of contributors, Textile design is an essential reference for design professionals in the textile and fashion industries, as well as those who specialise in interior textiles and academics with a research interest in the area. A broad overview of textile design covering fundamental topics such as principles of fibres and fabrics, knitted fabric design, through to the dyeing, finishing and printing aspects of textile design Explores the design aspects of technical textiles and future textiles An invaluable source of information on textile design and suitable for design professionals in the textile and fashion industries, as well as those in academia

Coated and Laminated Textiles

Author: Walter Fung
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 9781855735767
Format: PDF, Docs
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Coating and lamination offer methods of improving and modifying the physical properties and appearance of fabrics and also the development of entirely new products by combining the benefits of fabrics, polymers and films. This detailed book covers all aspects of coating and lamination within the textile industry including - compound ingredients, how to set and adhere to strictly controlled processing conditions, the accurate control of production variables, the safe handling of toxic materials and the ongoing research into future products which will facilitate recycling and disposal. This book is particularly useful in the insight it gives about the challenges and opportunities that these new treatments offer and is essential reading for technologists, chemists and production engineers working in this exciting field. Authoritative review of the latest developments in coating and lamination processes for textiles Focuses on the importance of setting and adhering to processing conditions Written by the author of the well-known Textiles in automotive engineering

Handbook of Technical Textiles

Author: A. Richard Horrocks
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 1782424881
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The first edition of Handbook of Technical Textiles has been an essential purchase for professionals and researchers in this area since its publication in 2000. With revised and updated coverage, including several new chapters, this revised two volume second edition reviews recent developments and new technologies across the field of technical textiles. Volume 2 – Technical Textile Applications offers an indispensable guide to established and developing areas in the use of technical textiles. The areas covered include textiles for personal protection and welfare, such as those designed for ballistic protection, personal thermal and fire protection, and medical applications; textiles for industrial, transport and engineering applications, including composite reinforcement and filtration; and the growing area of smart textiles. Comprehensive handbook for all aspects of technical textiles Provides updated, detailed coverage of processes, fabric structure, and applications Ideal resource for those interested in high-performance textiles, textile processes, textile processing, and textile applications Many of the original, recognized experts from the first edition update their respective chapters

Ecotextiles

Author: M Miraftab
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1845693035
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book includes a carefully-chosen and edited selection of 23 papers from the Ecotextile 2004 Conference held at the University of Bolton. Ecotextiles is divided into five main parts. Part one deals with recycling and use of waste as raw materials in such areas as clothing and carpet manufacture. Part two discusses sustainability and eco-design with papers on improved design, use of sustainable fibres and manufacturing techniques. Part three reviews sustainable development and renewables, including discussion of topics such as composites made from textile waste. Part four considers waste management in such areas as dyeing and effluent treatment. The final part of the book assesses novel technologies, including new fibres and finishing techniques. As pressure from governments and consumers continues to grow, Ecotextiles is a valuable reference for the textile industry on best practice in sustainable production. A key guide to best practice in sustainable production Includes expert reviews of current developments in recycling, sustainable production and process optimisation Assesses novel technologies, including new fibres and finishing techniques

Advances in the dyeing and finishing of technical textiles

Author: D. Gupta
Publisher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
ISBN: 0128089326
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Touch or handle is an important aspect of textile evaluation. Technical textiles, in particular, are subjected to several processing and finishing operations which may make the material harsh or brittle. Softening is, therefore, an important last-step process requirement in such applications. Selection of a suitable compatible softening treatment is critical, otherwise the softener itself may impair the functionality of a technical product. This chapter discusses the mechanical, enzymatic and chemical methods of softening available to a processor, with a greater focus on the chemical methods as they are the most frequently used. Specific requirements of softening technical textiles such as medical, easy care, flame retardant, stain repellent and stain resistant and printed textiles are discussed. The effects of softener application on the physical properties, colour, whiteness, handle and flammability of textiles are also included. The environmental impact of softeners and the objective methods used for measurement of softness are also discussed in detail.