Advances in the dyeing and finishing of technical textiles

Author: M.L. Gulrajani
Publisher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
ISBN: 0128089377
Format: PDF, Mobi
Download Now
The use of nanotechnology in the finishing of technical textiles has resulted in imparting new and more complex functions on textile substrates as well as improvements in existing functions such as durability without losing the fabric’s feel and texture, with the minimum use of chemicals. The evolution, advancement, theory and technology of application of some of the commercially successful nano-finishes that impart hydrophobic, super-hydrophobic, self-cleaning and antimicrobial properties are discussed in this chapter.

Advances in the Dyeing and Finishing of Technical Textiles

Author: M. L. Gulrajani
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 085709761X
Format: PDF, Mobi
Download Now
The use of distinctive colourants and finishes has a significant impact on the aesthetic appeal and functionality of technical textiles. Advances in the textile chemical industry facilitate production of diverse desirable properties, and are therefore of great interest in the production of textile products with enhanced performance characteristics. Drawing on key research, Advances in the dyeing and finishing of technical textiles details important advances in this field and outlines their development for a range of applications. Part one reviews advances in dyes and colourants, including chromic materials, optical effect pigments and microencapsulated colourants for technical textile applications. Other types of functional dyes considered include UV- absorbent, anti-microbial and water-repellent dyes. Regulations relating to the use of textile dyes are discussed before part two goes on to investigate such advances in finishing techniques as mechanical finishing, softening treatments and the use of enzymes. Surfactants, Inkjet printing of technical textiles and functional finishes to improve the comfort and protection of apparel are also explored. The use of nanotechnology in producing hydrophobic, super-hydrophobic and antimicrobial finishes is dealt with alongside coating and lamination techniques, before the book concludes with a discussion of speciality polymers for the finishing of technical textiles. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Advances in the dyeing and finishing of technical textiles is a comprehensive guide for all those involved in the development, production and application of technical textiles, including textile chemists, colour technologists, colour quality inspectors, product developers and textile finishers. Discusses important advances in the textile chemical industry Considers developments in various dyes and colourants used in the industry, including water repellent, functional and anti-microbial dyes Chapters also examine advances in finishing techniques, the use of nanotechnology and speciality polymers in technical textiles

Advances in the dyeing and finishing of technical textiles

Author: R.M. Christie
Publisher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
ISBN: 0128089261
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download Now
This chapter discusses the principles of chromic materials as applied to textiles. The most important chromic phenomena – thermochromism, photochromism, ionochromism and electrochromism – are dealt with in individual sections, each providing a description of the physicochemical principles underlying the colour changes and a discussion of the molecular structures of the most important colorant classes. An overview of the main non-textile applications of chromic materials sets the scene for more detailed discussion of progress through ongoing research towards technical and smart textile applications. The chapter concludes with informed speculation on likely future trends in the development of products based on chromic textiles.

Advances in the dyeing and finishing of technical textiles

Author: R. Senthil Kumar
Publisher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
ISBN: 0128089318
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
Mechanical finishing is the process that alters the hand, appearance and performance of textiles. Technical textiles are products manufactured primarily with performance, rather than aesthetics, in mind. This chapter reviews the various mechanical finishing processes that technical textile products will endure. Applications of the mechanically finished fabric in technical textiles, and the mechanical finishing technologies adopted in the latest machines, are discussed in this chapter.

Advances in the dyeing and finishing of technical textiles

Author: C.N. Sivaramakrishnan
Publisher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
ISBN: 0128089342
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download Now
Textiles that are primarily used for their performance or functional properties and not for their appearance or aesthetics are known as technical textiles. The industrial fabrics that are used for various industrial applications are also classified as technical textiles. Textile processing involves the use of different types of speciality chemicals during the course of conversion of textiles into finished fabrics, a large number of which generally are surface active agents, so much so that textile speciality chemicals are considered synonymous with surface active agents. This chapter discusses the theory of surface tension, the classification of surfactants, and the raw materials used and their end-use application on technical textiles along with their chemical structures. Natural surfactants along with their chemistries are also discussed in the chapter. Highlights concerning smart surfactants and Biodegradable surfactants are also mentioned.

Advances in the dyeing and finishing of technical textiles

Author: N. Sekar
Publisher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
ISBN: 0128089288
Format: PDF, ePub
Download Now
The chemistry of synthetic dyes having functions other than color, such as better light-fastness, antimicrobial activity, water repellency, biodegradability, fluorescence and phosphorescence, is described. These dyes belong to the azo, cyanine, coumarin, xanthene, naphthalimide, perylene, thioxanthone, quinonoid, and naphtholactam classes.

Handbook of Technical Textiles

Author: A. Richard Horrocks
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 1782424814
Format: PDF, Mobi
Download Now
The second edition of Handbook of Technical Textiles, Volume 1: Technical Textile Processes provides readers with a comprehensive understanding of the latest advancements in technical textiles. With revised and updated coverage, including several new chapters, this volume reviews recent developments and technologies in the field, beginning with an overview of the technical textiles industry that includes coverage of technical fibers and yarns, weaving, spinning, knitting, and nonwoven production. Subsequent sections include discussions on finishing, coating, and the coloration of technical textiles. Provides a comprehensive handbook for all aspects of technical textiles Presents updated, detailed coverage of processes, fabric structure, and applications An ideal resource for those interested in high-performance textiles, textile processes, textile processing, and textile applications Contains contributions from many of the original, recognized experts from the first edition who update their respective chapters

Advances in the dyeing and finishing of technical textiles

Author: D. Gupta
Publisher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
ISBN: 0128089326
Format: PDF, Docs
Download Now
Touch or handle is an important aspect of textile evaluation. Technical textiles, in particular, are subjected to several processing and finishing operations which may make the material harsh or brittle. Softening is, therefore, an important last-step process requirement in such applications. Selection of a suitable compatible softening treatment is critical, otherwise the softener itself may impair the functionality of a technical product. This chapter discusses the mechanical, enzymatic and chemical methods of softening available to a processor, with a greater focus on the chemical methods as they are the most frequently used. Specific requirements of softening technical textiles such as medical, easy care, flame retardant, stain repellent and stain resistant and printed textiles are discussed. The effects of softener application on the physical properties, colour, whiteness, handle and flammability of textiles are also included. The environmental impact of softeners and the objective methods used for measurement of softness are also discussed in detail.

Advances in the dyeing and finishing of technical textiles

Author: M. Jassal
Publisher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
ISBN: 0128089385
Format: PDF, Mobi
Download Now
Abstract: This chapter highlights the most significant advances reported towards the use of speciality polymers for finishing of technical textiles. The chapter begins with a brief introduction about the role of polymers in textile finishing. Then the chapter reviews approaches to introducing different functionalities using speciality polymers and stimuli responsive polymers. The aim is to provide a comprehensive understanding of the scope of these polymers and to facilitate the development of new responsive polymers and hybrids for application in technical textiles.

Textile Design

Author: A Briggs-Goode
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857092561
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
Textile design is a complex field of practice which operates in a competitive, global industry. Designers need to take into account not only the design but also the manufacture, technological development and application of the final product. Textile design provides a broad overview of the fundamentals of and advances in textile design, as well as practical case studies of relevant industries. Part one covers the principles of fabric construction as applied to textile design, with chapters on fundamental principles, woven and knitted textile design. Part two discusses surface approaches to textile design, with chapters on such topics as surface design of textiles, printed and embroidered textile design, dyeing and finishing and the use of colour in textile design. Finally, part three focuses on the applications and advances in textile design, including chapters covering colour trend forecasting, sustainable textile design, fashion, interior and 2D to 3D design considerations and new developments in technical and future textiles. With its distinguished editors and international team of contributors, Textile design is an essential reference for design professionals in the textile and fashion industries, as well as those who specialise in interior textiles and academics with a research interest in the area. A broad overview of textile design covering fundamental topics such as principles of fibres and fabrics, knitted fabric design, through to the dyeing, finishing and printing aspects of textile design Explores the design aspects of technical textiles and future textiles An invaluable source of information on textile design and suitable for design professionals in the textile and fashion industries, as well as those in academia