Advances in Transport Processes

Author: A.S. Mujumdar
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483291464
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The subject matter covered in this volume covers a wide scope. It contains critical reviews in many frontier areas of interest to engineers and applied scientists. Multiphase transport ranging from floc breakage to flow through multiphase media is discussed. Difficult problems of bubble growth and devolatilisation from polymeric melts are treated. The question of solid-liquid phase change with flow is considered and the emerging quantitation of web drying technology through mathematical modeling is covered. Transport phenomena in high-tech materials ranging from zeolite catalysts to liquid crystalline materials are covered and formidable problems of transport of gases in porous media, which have implications in many different technologies, are also addressed. Finally, applications of newer techniques in numerical computation of transport processes are highlighted. These authorative, evaluative and timely reviews of topics of current and potential interest will serve the needs of practising engineers as well as academic and industrial researchers.

Handbook of Research on Advances and Applications in Refrigeration Systems and Technologies

Author: Gaspar, Pedro Dinis
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1466683996
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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In recent years, the sustainability and safety of perishable foods has become a major consumer concern, and refrigeration systems play an important role in the processing, distribution, and storage of such foods. To improve the efficiency of food preservation technologies, it is necessary to explore new technological and scientific advances both in materials and processes. The Handbook of Research on Advances and Applications in Refrigeration Systems and Technologies gathers state-of-the-art research related to thermal performance and energy-efficiency. Covering a diverse array of subjects—from the challenges of surface-area frost-formation on evaporators to the carbon footprint of refrigerant chemicals—this publication provides a broad insight into the optimization of cold-supply chains and serves as an essential reference text for undergraduate students, practicing engineers, researchers, educators, and policymakers.

Environmental Transport Processes

Author: Bruce E. Logan
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470619597
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Developed as a reference for transport phenomena courses, this completely revised second edition of Environmental Transport Processes provides a readable and approachable treatment of environmental systems. The text features a unique combination of material from different fields (mass transport, kinetics, wastewater treatment, unit processes) and includes pertinent literature not available in any other texts. Rich with examples and problems to help reinforce students? learning, the updated edition addresses new and emerging topics, such as non-aqueous phase liquids (NAPLs), the subject of aggregates, and biofilm kinetic models merged with mass transport concepts.

Recent Advances in Acidophile Microbiology Fundamentals and Applications

Author: D. Barrie Johnson
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
ISBN: 2889451631
Format: PDF, ePub
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There is considerable interest in pure and applied studies of extremophilic microorganisms, including those (acidophiles) that are active in low pH environments. As elsewhere in microbiology, this is a fast-developing field, and the proposed special issue of Frontiers highlights many of the more recent advances that have been made in this area. Authors from leading scientific groups located in North and South America, Australasia and Europe have contributed to this e-book, and the topics covered include advances in molecular, biochemical, biogeochemical and industrial aspects of acidophile microbiology.

Advances in Heat Transfer

Author:
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128051752
Format: PDF, ePub
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Advances in Heat Transfer fills the information gap between regularly scheduled journals and university-level textbooks by providing in-depth review articles that are from a broader scope than in traditional journals or texts. The articles, which serve as a broad review for experts in the field, are also of great interest to non-specialists who need to keep up-to-date on the results of the latest research. This serial is essential reading for all mechanical, chemical, and industrial engineers working in the field of heat transfer, or in graduate schools or industry. Compiles the expert opinions of leaders in the industry Fills the information gap between regularly scheduled journals and university-level textbooks by providing in-depth review articles over a broader scope than in traditional journals or texts Essential reading for all mechanical, chemical, and industrial engineers working in the field of heat transfer, or in graduate schools or industry

Nutrient Use Efficiency from Basics to Advances

Author: Amitava Rakshit
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 8132221699
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book addresses in detail multifaceted approaches to boosting nutrient use efficiency (NUE) that are modified by plant interactions with environmental variables and combine physiological, microbial, biotechnological and agronomic aspects. Conveying an in-depth understanding of the topic will spark the development of new cultivars and strains to induce NUE, coupled with best management practices that will immensely benefit agricultural systems, safeguarding their soil, water, and air quality. Written by recognized experts in the field, the book is intended to provide students, scientists and policymakers with essential insights into holistic approaches to NUE, as well as an overview of some successful case studies. In the present understanding of agriculture, NUE represents a question of process optimization in response to the increasing fragility of our natural resources base and threats to food grain security across the globe. Further improving nutrient use efficiency is a prerequisite to reducing production costs, expanding crop acreage into non-competitive marginal lands with low nutrient resources, and preventing environmental contamination. The nutrients most commonly limiting plant growth are N, P, K, S and micronutrients like Fe, Zn, B and Mo. NUE depends on the ability to efficiently take up the nutrient from the soil, but also on transport, storage, mobilization, usage within the plant and the environment. A number of approaches can help us to understand NUE as a whole. One involves adopting best crop management practices that take into account root-induced rhizosphere processes, which play a pivotal role in controlling nutrient dynamics in the soil-plant-atmosphere continuum. New technologies, from basic tools like leaf color charts to sophisticated sensor-based systems and laser land leveling, can reduce the dependency on laboratory assistance and manual labor. Another approach concerns the development of crop plants through genetic manipulations that allow them to take up and assimilate nutrients more efficiently, as well as identifying processes of plant responses to nutrient deficiency stress and exploring natural genetic variation. Though only recently introduced, the ability of microbial inoculants to induce NUE is gaining in importance, as the loss, immobilization, release and availability of nutrients are mediated by soil microbial processes.