African Perspectives on Colonialism

Author: A. Adu Boahen
Publisher: James Currey Publishers
ISBN: 9780801839313
Format: PDF, ePub
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"Contradict[s] the extraordinary myth that Africa 'has no history.' Boahen is one of the pioneers in the school of African historiography." -- Times Literary Supplement

Spuren Der Begegnung

Author: Anke Fischer-Kattner
Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
ISBN: 3525360819
Format: PDF, ePub
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English summary: This study analyzes the travelogues of European travelers to Africa and asks how the encounters between the Europeans and the "strangers" were then turned into knowledgeable publications. A trip to the depths of precolonial Africa was always a risky undertaking for Europeans. Yet many cultured travelers took on this risk in order to visit previously unknown territories. And then they published their comprehensive travelogues. The author of this volume takes a look at these many knowledge-creating travelogues and how they evolved. She shows that the travelogues combined very individual experiences of uncertainty with socially colored perceptions. These examples of trips to the Ethiopian Highlands show that the "strangers" in these travelogues were not just projection surfaces, but also remain characters of their own accord. German description: Vor der Epoche des (hoch-)imperialistischen Zugriffs auf Afrika war eine Reise in das Binnenland des Kontinents fur Europaer ein risikoreiches Unterfangen. Dennoch nahmen gebildete Reisende seit der Mitte des 18. Jahrhunderts die Unsicherheiten eines Vorstosses in Nordost-, West- oder Sudafrika auf sich, um der interessierten gelehrten Offentlichkeit in ihrer Heimat daruber berichten zu konnen. Sie publizierten umfassende Reisenarrationen, die zur Erweiterung des Wissens auf unterschiedlichsten Feldern beitragen sollten. Dabei bildete die individuelle Reiseerfahrung mit ihren spezifischen Verunsicherungen einen roten Faden, an den vielfaltige Erkenntnisse angeknupft wurden. Anke Fischer-Kattner geht den Spuren nach, die prakoloniale Reisende in der Verarbeitung ihrer Erlebnisse zu Wissen-schaffenden Publikationen hinterliessen. Dabei zeigt sich schon in den veroffentlichten Texten, dass die reisenden Europaer ihre Erfahrungen nicht allein kontrollierten. Sozio-kulturelle Pragungen und Vorgangerpublikationen gaben den Reisenden Themen vor, die sie in ihren Darstellungen individuell variierten. Insbesondere drei ausfuhrlich prasentierte Fallbeispiele von Reisen ins athiopische Hochland machen dabei jedoch deutlich, dass auch die Anderen in der Narration nicht nur Projektionsflache waren. Afrikanerinnen und Afrikaner erscheinen hier als Charaktere mit eigener Handlungsmacht. Archivalisch erhaltene Aufzeichnungen der Reisen bieten erganzende Einblicke in die konkreten Prozesse, in denen die Reisenden Erfahrungen zu Wissen verarbeiteten. Uber theoretisch reflektierte Lesarten der erhaltenen Spuren von Selbst-Ver(un)sicherung gelingen schliesslich Annaherungen an die Leerstelle der vergangenen Begegnung mit Fremden.

Governance and Internal Warsin Sub Saharan Africa

Author: Abdulahi A. Osman
Publisher: Adonis & Abbey Publishers Ltd
ISBN: 1909112828
Format: PDF, ePub
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The 1990s have brought unprecedented violence, economic decline and suffering for many African countries. Much of the optimism that greeted the independence decade of the 1960s, when Africa was called the "e;continent of the future"e; has turned into failure and disappointment. The increase in these conflicts has been blamed on several variables, including colonialism, ethnic diversity, end of the Cold War and economic decline. While many African countries have managed to maintain a modicum of peace, stability and growth, some have clearly failed woefully in this regard. This raises a very fundamental question: How and why did some countries manage to avert internal wars while others did not? The book measures and provides rich details of governance from contextual, structural and policy perspectives. It systematically and uniformly compares two categories of countries: those that experienced internal war and those that did not.

Central American Biodiversity

Author: Falk Huettmann
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1493922084
Format: PDF
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This book highlights key results and lessons learnt from two field sites, La Suerte in Costa Rica and Ometepe Nicaragua. It provides long term data on species abundance and distribution. Primates receive specific attention in this book, as they are flagship species and good indicators for the “health” of an ecosystem, but as well a money maker. Many primate species are sensitive to habitat alteration, and are often hunted out first. But they play an important role as seed dispersal agents for the regeneration of the forest. The book then compares results from the two field sites with regional trends, and explores potential solutions such as REDD+. This book strongly calls for new approaches in conservation, it makes the case for looking beyond the pure species biology and classic conservation angle and to take into account the economic and political realities.

The Politics of Property Rights Institutions in Africa

Author: Ato Kwamena Onoma
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139485024
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Why do some political leaders create and strengthen institutions like title registries and land tribunals that secure property rights to land while others neglect these institutions or destroy those that already exist? How do these institutions evolve once they have been established? This book answers these questions through spatial and temporal comparison of national and subnational cases from Botswana, Ghana, and Kenya and, to a lesser extent, Zimbabwe. Onoma argues that the level of property rights security that leaders prefer depends on how they use land. However, the extent to which leaders' institutional preferences are translated into actual institutions depends on the level of leaders' capacity. Further, once established, these institutions through their very working can contribute to their own decline over time. This book is unique in revealing the political and economic reasons why some leaders unlike others prefer an environment of insecure rights even as land prices increase.

Governance and Internal Wars in Sub Saharan Africa

Author: Abdulahi A. Osman
Publisher: Adonis & Abbey Pub Limited
ISBN: 9781905068531
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The 1990s have brought unprecedented violence, economic decline and suffering for many African countries. Much of the optimism that greeted the independence decade of the 1960s, when Africa was called the "continent of the future" has turned into failure and disappointment. The increase in these conflicts has been blamed on several variables, including colonialism, ethnic diversity, end of the Cold War and economic decline. While many African countries have managed to maintain a modicum of peace, stability and growth, some have clearly failed woefully in this regard. This raises a very fundamental question: How and why did some countries manage to avert internal wars while others did not? The book measures and provides rich details of governance from contextual, structural and policy perspectives. It systematically and uniformly compares two categories of countries: those that experienced internal war and those that did not. ________________________________ Dr Abdulahi A. Osman currently teaches comparative politics and African politics at the Department of International Affairs and African Studies Institute, at the University of Georgia, USA. His teaching and research interests include African politics, governance, regional and international studies, peace and conflict, internal security and wars as well as comparative governments in the developing countries. He has published several book chapters and articles in scholarly journals, including African Renaissance and Journal of Ethno-Development.

Ghana

Author: Robert A. Myers
Publisher: Abc-Clio Incorporated
ISBN:
Format: PDF
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Auf den Spuren des deutschen V lkermordes in S dwestafrika

Author: Jörg Wassink
Publisher: Peter Lang Gmbh, Internationaler Verlag Der Wissenschaften
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Docs
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Im Januar 2004 jahrte sich zum hundertsten Mal der Ausbruch des Herero-/Nama-Aufstandes in der ehemaligen deutschen Kolonie Sudwestafrika. In nur wenigen Monaten entwickelte sich dieser Widerstandskampf zu einem der blutigsten europaischen Kolonialkriege und mundete in der Verfolgung und Vernichtung Tausender von Sudwestafrikanern. In den Jahren nach 1904 stilisierten zahlreiche deutsche Autoren die militarischen Verbrechen der -Schutztruppe- sowie den als -Rassenkampf- bezeichneten Krieg als Beitrag auf dem Weg zu einer -zukunftigen, bruderlichen Menschheit-. Die vorliegende Arbeit versucht anhand der deutschen kolonialen Kriegsliteratur uber den Herero-/Nama-Aufstand die literarischen Strategien jener Autoren zu analysieren, die ihre Werke in den Dienst des Kolonialismus stellten. Dabei werden Kontinuitatslinien aufgezeigt, die weit uber die Zeit des deutschen Kolonialreiches hinausreichen und gewalttatige Traditionen aufdecken, deren Einflusse bis in die Jahre der nationalsozialistischen Terrorherrschaft wirken. In diesem Sinn kann das vorliegende Buch auch als Beitrag zur Vergleichenden Genozidforschung verstanden werden."