Age Period Cohort Models

Author: Robert O'Brien
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466551534
Format: PDF, Mobi
Download Now
Develop a Deep Understanding of the Statistical Issues of APC Analysis Age–Period–Cohort Models: Approaches and Analyses with Aggregate Data presents an introduction to the problems and strategies for modeling age, period, and cohort (APC) effects for aggregate-level data. These strategies include constrained estimation, the use of age and/or period and/or cohort characteristics, estimable functions, variance decomposition, and a new technique called the s-constraint approach. See How Common Methods Are Related to Each Other After a general and wide-ranging introductory chapter, the book explains the identification problem from algebraic and geometric perspectives and discusses constrained regression. It then covers important strategies that provide information that does not directly depend on the constraints used to identify the APC model. The final chapter presents a specific empirical example showing that a combination of the approaches can make a compelling case for particular APC effects. Get Answers to Questions about the Relationships of Ages, Periods, and Cohorts to Important Substantive Variables This book incorporates several APC approaches into one resource, emphasizing both their geometry and algebra. This integrated presentation helps researchers effectively judge the strengths and weaknesses of the methods, which should lead to better future research and better interpretation of existing research.

Big Data and Social Science

Author: Ian Foster
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1498751431
Format: PDF, Docs
Download Now
Both Traditional Students and Working Professionals Acquire the Skills to Analyze Social Problems. Big Data and Social Science: A Practical Guide to Methods and Tools shows how to apply data science to real-world problems in both research and the practice. The book provides practical guidance on combining methods and tools from computer science, statistics, and social science. This concrete approach is illustrated throughout using an important national problem, the quantitative study of innovation. The text draws on the expertise of prominent leaders in statistics, the social sciences, data science, and computer science to teach students how to use modern social science research principles as well as the best analytical and computational tools. It uses a real-world challenge to introduce how these tools are used to identify and capture appropriate data, apply data science models and tools to that data, and recognize and respond to data errors and limitations. For more information, including sample chapters and news, please visit the author's website.

Multilevel Modeling Using Mplus

Author: Holmes Finch
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 135167840X
Format: PDF
Download Now
This book is designed primarily for upper level undergraduate and graduate level students taking a course in multilevel modelling and/or statistical modelling with a large multilevel modelling component. The focus is on presenting the theory and practice of major multilevel modelling techniques in a variety of contexts, using Mplus as the software tool, and demonstrating the various functions available for these analyses in Mplus, which is widely used by researchers in various fields, including most of the social sciences. In particular, Mplus offers users a wide array of tools for latent variable modelling, including for multilevel data.

Handbook of Item Response Theory Volume One

Author: Wim J. van der Linden
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1315356902
Format: PDF, ePub
Download Now
Drawing on the work of internationally acclaimed experts in the field, Handbook of Item Response Theory, Volume One: Models presents all major item response models. This first volume in a three-volume set covers many model developments that have occurred in item response theory (IRT) during the last 20 years. It describes models for different response formats or response processes, the need of deeper parameterization due to a multilevel or hierarchical structure of the response data, and other extensions and insights. In Volume One, all chapters have a common format with each chapter focusing on one family of models or modeling approach. An introductory section in every chapter includes some history of the model and a motivation of its relevance. Subsequent sections present the model more formally, treat the estimation of its parameters, show how to evaluate its fit to empirical data, illustrate the use of the model through an empirical example, and discuss further applications and remaining research issues.

Age Period Cohort Analysis

Author: Yang Yang
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466507535
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download Now
Age-Period-Cohort Analysis: New Models, Methods, and Empirical Applications is based on a decade of the authors’ collaborative work in age-period-cohort (APC) analysis. Within a single, consistent HAPC-GLMM statistical modeling framework, the authors synthesize APC models and methods for three research designs: age-by-time period tables of population rates or proportions, repeated cross-section sample surveys, and accelerated longitudinal panel studies. The authors show how the empirical application of the models to various problems leads to many fascinating findings on how outcome variables develop along the age, period, and cohort dimensions. The book makes two essential contributions to quantitative studies of time-related change. Through the introduction of the GLMM framework, it shows how innovative estimation methods and new model specifications can be used to tackle the "model identification problem" that has hampered the development and empirical application of APC analysis. The book also addresses the major criticism against APC analysis by explaining the use of new models within the GLMM framework to uncover mechanisms underlying age patterns and temporal trends. Encompassing both methodological expositions and empirical studies, this book explores the ways in which statistical models, methods, and research designs can be used to open new possibilities for APC analysis. It compares new and existing models and methods and provides useful guidelines on how to conduct APC analysis. For empirical illustrations, the text incorporates examples from a variety of disciplines, such as sociology, demography, and epidemiology. Along with details on empirical analyses, software and programs to estimate the models are available on the book’s web page.

A Practical Guide to Age Period Cohort Analysis

Author: Wenjiang Fu
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466592664
Format: PDF
Download Now
Age-Period-Cohort analysis has a wide range of applications, from chronic disease incidence and mortality data in public health and epidemiology, to many social events (birth, death, marriage, etc) in social sciences and demography, and most recently investment, healthcare and pension contribution in economics and finance. Although APC analysis has been studied for the past 40 years and a lot of methods have been developed, the identification problem has been a major hurdle in analyzing APC data, where the regression model has multiple estimators, leading to indetermination of parameters and temporal trends. A Practical Guide to Age-Period Cohort Analysis: The Identification Problem and Beyond provides practitioners a guide to using APC models as well as offers graduate students and researchers an overview of the current methods for APC analysis while clarifying the confusion of the identification problem by explaining why some methods address the problem well while others do not. Features · Gives a comprehensive and in-depth review of models and methods in APC analysis. · Provides an in-depth explanation of the identification problem and statistical approaches to addressing the problem and clarifying the confusion. · Utilizes real data sets to illustrate different data issues that have not been addressed in the literature, including unequal intervals in age and period groups, etc. Contains step-by-step modeling instruction and R programs to demonstrate how to conduct APC analysis and how to conduct prediction for the future Reflects the most recent development in APC modeling and analysis including the intrinsic estimator Wenjiang Fu is a professor of statistics at the University of Houston. Professor Fu’s research interests include modeling big data, applied statistics research in health and human genome studies, and analysis of complex economic and social science data.

Applied Survey Data Analysis Second Edition

Author: Steven G. Heeringa
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351649302
Format: PDF
Download Now
Highly recommended by the Journal of Official Statistics, The American Statistician, and other journals, Applied Survey Data Analysis, Second Edition provides an up-to-date overview of state-of-the-art approaches to the analysis of complex sample survey data. Building on the wealth of material on practical approaches to descriptive analysis and regression modeling from the first edition, this second edition expands the topics covered and presents more step-by-step examples of modern approaches to the analysis of survey data using the newest statistical software. Designed for readers working in a wide array of disciplines who use survey data in their work, this book continues to provide a useful framework for integrating more in-depth studies of the theory and methods of survey data analysis. An example-driven guide to the applied statistical analysis and interpretation of survey data, the second edition contains many new examples and practical exercises based on recent versions of real-world survey data sets. Although the authors continue to use Stata for most examples in the text, they also continue to offer SAS, SPSS, SUDAAN, R, WesVar, IVEware, and Mplus software code for replicating the examples on the book’s updated website.

A Handbook of Statistical Analyses Using SPSS

Author: Sabine Landau
Publisher: Kogan Page Publishers
ISBN: 9781584883692
Format: PDF
Download Now
This text describes how to conduct a range of univariate and multivariate statistical analyses using the latest version of the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences, SPSS 11.

SAS and R

Author: Ken Kleinman
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466584491
Format: PDF, ePub
Download Now
An Up-to-Date, All-in-One Resource for Using SAS and R to Perform Frequent Tasks The first edition of this popular guide provided a path between SAS and R using an easy-to-understand, dictionary-like approach. Retaining the same accessible format, SAS and R: Data Management, Statistical Analysis, and Graphics, Second Edition explains how to easily perform an analytical task in both SAS and R, without having to navigate through the extensive, idiosyncratic, and sometimes unwieldy software documentation. The book covers many common tasks, such as data management, descriptive summaries, inferential procedures, regression analysis, and graphics, along with more complex applications. New to the Second Edition This edition now covers RStudio, a powerful and easy-to-use interface for R. It incorporates a number of additional topics, including using application program interfaces (APIs), accessing data through database management systems, using reproducible analysis tools, and statistical analysis with Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) methods and finite mixture models. It also includes extended examples of simulations and many new examples. Enables Easy Mobility between the Two Systems Through the extensive indexing and cross-referencing, users can directly find and implement the material they need. SAS users can look up tasks in the SAS index and then find the associated R code while R users can benefit from the R index in a similar manner. Numerous example analyses demonstrate the code in action and facilitate further exploration. The datasets and code are available for download on the book’s website.

Data Analysis and Graphics Using R

Author: John Maindonald
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139486675
Format: PDF, Mobi
Download Now
Discover what you can do with R! Introducing the R system, covering standard regression methods, then tackling more advanced topics, this book guides users through the practical, powerful tools that the R system provides. The emphasis is on hands-on analysis, graphical display, and interpretation of data. The many worked examples, from real-world research, are accompanied by commentary on what is done and why. The companion website has code and datasets, allowing readers to reproduce all analyses, along with solutions to selected exercises and updates. Assuming basic statistical knowledge and some experience with data analysis (but not R), the book is ideal for research scientists, final-year undergraduate or graduate-level students of applied statistics, and practising statisticians. It is both for learning and for reference. This third edition expands upon topics such as Bayesian inference for regression, errors in variables, generalized linear mixed models, and random forests.