Aging

Author: Cindy S. Bergeman
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1452249857
Format: PDF
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Why do people age differently? Gerontological research has indicated that there are large individual differences in personality, cognitive functioning, physical health, psychological well-being and quality of life in old age. This book explores this variability. Following an overview of family, adoption and twin studies of genetic and environmental influences on ageing, the author examines such topics as: longevity and health research; cognitive functioning, personality and psychopathology; and social support, life events and family environment measures. The book concludes with a summary of finding from gerontological behavioural genetics.

Infancy to Early Childhood

Author: Robert N. Emde
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780195344066
Format: PDF
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Behavioral genetics is a fast-growing, multidisciplinary field which attempts to explain the influence of genetic and environmental factors on behavior through the lifespan. The preferred investigative technique for teasing out the differences between genetics and the environment is the longitudinal twin study. This book is the first complete publication from the MacArthur Longitudinal Twin Study (MALTS) that is by far the most ambitious and comprehensive longitudinal twin study to date. The goal of such an in-depth study was not to merely provide thorough descriptions of developmental change between the ages of one and three years, but to offer an original theoretical framework that explains how change occurs in different domains and how genetics and the environment influence those changes. This rigorous study will set the agenda for developmental psychology and behavioral genetics for decades to come.

Individual Differences and Personality

Author: Michael C. Ashton
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128098465
Format: PDF, Docs
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Individual Differences and Personality, Third Edition provides a comprehensive overview of research on personality. The book begins with the main approaches to the study of personality, basic principles of personality measurement, the concept of personality traits, and the major dimensions of personality variation. Further chapters review personality change and stability, biological causal mechanisms, genetic and environmental influences and evolutionary adaptive function. Personality disorders are examined as are life outcomes—such as relationships, work, health, and others—that are predicted by personality characteristics. The book additionally examines important individual differences, such as mental abilities, vocational interests, religious beliefs, political attitudes and sexuality. The third edition is updated with new findings on age-related differences in personality, on sexual orientation and personality, on socially desirable responding in personality assessment, and on the biological and social origins of mental ability differences. Treatments of several topics have been streamlined, including reliability and validity, developmental change, genetic and environmental influences and the structure of mental abilities. Organized by issues in personality research rather than by theorists Identifies main traits in personality and explains personality assessment Examines the impact of personality on life outcomes Explores developmental, genetic and evolutionary aspects of personality Includes other psychological characteristics (abilities, interests, beliefs and attitudes)

individual Differences in infancy

Author: John Colombo
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1317784847
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The papers presented in this volume, written by active and well- known researchers, discuss experimental research that has validated the importance of infancy in individual development over the age continuum. In addition, a diverse overview section contains informative chapters on conceptual models for individual differences during infancy including: individual differences from the perspective of dynamical systems theory the logic of behavioral genetic designs and their use in the delineation of genetic contributions to individual differences coverage of basic statistical treatments for individual difference data focussing on cluster analytic techniques

Handbook of Life Span Development

Author: Lawerence K.W. Berg, PhD, Esq.
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
ISBN: 0826110800
Format: PDF, Docs
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"The handbook is an impressive collection of research studies and theories provided by knowledgeable contributors on life-span development from conception to old age."--Anthropology and Aging Quarterly The doubling of our average life span since the turn of the 20th century is considered by many scholars to be one of the most important changes in human existence. This definitive text is the only volume to fully address, through a multidisciplinary perspective, the biological, cognitive, and psychological development that occurs from infancy through old age, and how the sociocultural and institutional factors interface with these changes. Edited by leading research scholars in the field of life-span development, the volume also includes contributions of specialists in behavioral genetics, socioemotional selectivity theory, neuroscience, ecological models, and more. It examines the dynamics of close relationships and informal ties among the elderly population, child-parent attachment relationships as a life-span phenomenon, developmental tasks across the lifespan, continuity and discontinuity in temperament and personality, the sociocultural context of cognition across the life span, and variability in approaches to social problem solving from early to later life. Given the number of recent demographic shifts, it also explores issues related to fertility, life expectancy, environmental contexts, technology, immigration, and public policy. Key Features: Integrates the full life span from infancy through old age in each chapter Considers multidisciplinary perspectives that address personal relationships, cognitive development, and social, emotional, and physical health across the life span Situates life-span development in ecological contexts (e.g., socioeconomic, neighborhood, and immigration status) Provides a concise but thorough resource for graduate seminars in life-span-related studies Highlights future issues in all areas of life-span study

The Wiley Blackwell Handbook of Individual Differences

Author: Tomas Chamorro-Premuzic
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781444343113
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The Wiley-Blackwell Handbook of Individual Differences provides a comprehensive, up-to-date overview of recent research, current perspectives, practical applications, and likely future developments in individual differences. Brings together the work of the top global researchers within the area of individual differences, including Philip L. Ackerman, Ian J. Deary, Ed Diener, Robert Hogan, Deniz S. Ones and Dean Keith Simonton Covers methodological, theoretical and paradigm changes in the area of individual differences Individual chapters cover core areas of individual differences including personality and intelligence, biological causes of individual differences, and creativity and emotional intelligence

Life Span Human Development

Author: Carol K. Sigelman
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 1337100730
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Known for its clear, straightforward writing, grounding in current research, and well-chosen visuals and examples, Sigelman and Rider's text combines a topical organization at the chapter level and a consistent chronological presentation within each chapter. Each chapter focuses on a domain of development and traces developmental trends and influences in that domain from infancy to old age. Each chapter also includes sections on infancy, childhood, adolescence, and adulthood. The blend of topical and chronological approaches helps students grasp key transformations that occur in each period of the life span. Other staples of the text are its emphasis on theories and their application to different aspects of development and its focus on the interplay of nature and nurture in development. This edition expands its examination of both biological bases of and sociocultural influences on life-span development. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Developmental Contexts in Middle Childhood

Author: Aletha C. Huston
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521845571
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book, first published in 2006, presents research about experiences in middle childhood that forecast children's future development.

Biology of Personality and Individual Differences

Author: Turhan Canli
Publisher: Guilford Press
ISBN: 1593852525
Format: PDF, ePub
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This is the first book to provide an overview of current research using cutting-edge genetic and neuroimaging methods in the study of personality. Integrating compelling lines of inquiry that until now have largely remained disparate, the volume brings together leading investigators from personality psychology; clinical psychology and psychiatry; cognitive, affective, and behavioral neuroscience; and comparative psychology. Coverage includes the structure of personality and its mapping onto biology, genetic markers for individual differences and vulnerability towards psychopathology, sex differences and age-related processes, and functional neuroimaging approaches.