Algebra

Author: Ernest Shult
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319197347
Format: PDF
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This book presents a graduate-level course on modern algebra. It can be used as a teaching book – owing to the copious exercises – and as a source book for those who wish to use the major theorems of algebra. The course begins with the basic combinatorial principles of algebra: posets, chain conditions, Galois connections, and dependence theories. Here, the general Jordan–Holder Theorem becomes a theorem on interval measures of certain lower semilattices. This is followed by basic courses on groups, rings and modules; the arithmetic of integral domains; fields; the categorical point of view; and tensor products. Beginning with introductory concepts and examples, each chapter proceeds gradually towards its more complex theorems. Proofs progress step-by-step from first principles. Many interesting results reside in the exercises, for example, the proof that ideals in a Dedekind domain are generated by at most two elements. The emphasis throughout is on real understanding as opposed to memorizing a catechism and so some chapters offer curiosity-driven appendices for the self-motivated student.

The Sourcebook for Teaching Science Grades 6 12

Author: Norman Herr
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0787972983
Format: PDF, ePub
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A resource for middle and high school teachers offers activities, lesson plans, experiments, demonstrations, and games for teaching physics, chemistry, biology, and the earth and space sciences.

Teaching Mathematics

Author: Max A. Sobel
Publisher: Allyn & Bacon
ISBN: 9780205292561
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The art of teaching math lies in the ability of the instructor to motivate and inspire individuals to look beyond the numbers and understand the concepts. This book is designed to revive this art, focusing more on the aspects of learning the ideas behind the math rather than the sheer mechanics of mathematical operation. This text addresses the art of teaching mathematics while also providing specific aids and activities in arithmetic, geometry, algebra and probability and statistics for use in the classroom. The authors pay close attention to the role, importance, methods and techniques of motivation. They present ideas that will generate attention, interest, and surprise among students, and will thus foster creative thinking. The material in the text is based on talks given by the authors at professional meetings, as well as the actual application of their ideas in undergraduate and graduate classes they taught. Additionally, many laboratory and discovery activities have been used by authors in teaching junior and senior high school math classes. Instructors of mathematics, school administrators, math specialists, and parents.

Abstracts of The First Sourcebook on Asian Research in Mathematics Education

Author: Bharath Sriraman
Publisher: IAP
ISBN: 1617358274
Format: PDF
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Mathematics and Science education have both grown in fertile directions in different geographic regions. Yet, the mainstream discourse in international handbooks does not lend voice to developments in cognition, curriculum, teacher development, assessment, policy and implementation of mathematics and science in many countries. Paradoxically, in spite of advances in information technology and the “flat earth” syndrome, old distinctions and biases between different groups of researcher’s persist. In addition limited accessibility to conferences and journals also contribute to this problem. The International Sourcebooks in Mathematics and Science Education focus on underrepresented regions of the world and provides a platform for researchers to showcase their research and development in areas within mathematics and science education. The First Sourcebook on Asian Research in Mathematics Education: China, Korea, Singapore, Japan, Malaysia and India provides the first synthesized treatment of mathematics education that has both developed and is now prominently emerging in the Asian and South Asian world. The book is organized in sections coordinated by leaders in mathematics education in these countries and editorial teams for each country affiliated with them. The purpose of unique sourcebook is to both consolidate and survey the established body of research in these countries with findings that have influenced ongoing research agendas and informed practices in Europe, North America (and other countries) in addition to serving as a platform to showcase existing research that has shaped teacher education, curricula and policy in these Asian countries. The book will serve as a standard reference for mathematics education researchers, policy makers, practitioners and students both in and outside Asia, and complement the Nordic and NCTM perspectives.

K ein Gesp r f r Zahlen

Author: Barbara Oakley
Publisher: MVG Verlag
ISBN: 3864157811
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Mathematik versteht man oder eben nicht. Der eine ist dafür natürlich begabt, dem anderen bleibt dieses Fach für immer ein Rätsel. Stimmt nicht, sagt nun Barbara Oakley und zeigt mit ihrem Buch, dass wirklich jeder ein Gespür für Zahlen hat. Mathematik braucht nämlich nicht nur analytisches Denken, sondern auch den kreativen Geist. Denn noch mehr als um Formeln geht es um die Freiheit, einen der vielen möglichen Lösungsansätze zu finden. Der Weg ist das Ziel. Und wie man zum richtigen Ergebnis kommt, ist eine Kunst, die man entwickeln, entdecken und in sich wecken kann. Die Autorin vermittelt eine Vielfalt an Techniken und Werkzeugen, die das Verständnis von Mathematik und Naturwissenschaft grundlegend verbessern. (K)ein Gespür für Zahlen nimmt Ihnen — vor allem wenn Sie sich in Schule, Uni oder Beruf mathematisch oder naturwissenschaftlich beweisen müssen — nicht nur die Grundangst, sondern stärkt Ihren Mut, Ihren mathematischen Fähigkeiten zu vertrauen. So macht Mathe Spaß!

On the Teaching of Linear Algebra

Author: J.-L. Dorier
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0792365399
Format: PDF, Docs
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To a large extent, it lies, no doubt, in what is presented in this work under the title of ‘meta lever‘, a method which it is certainly interesting to develop and further refine. There exists in mathematics courses a strange prudery which forbids one to ask questions such as, ‹‹ Why are we doing this? », ‹‹ At what is the objective aimed? », whereas it is usually easy to reply to such questions, to keep them in mind, and to show that one can challenge these questions and modify the objectives to be more productive or more useful. If we don‘t do this we give a false impression of a gratuitous or arbitrary interpretation of a discipline whose rules are far from being unmotivated or unfounded. One must also consider the time aspect. Simple ideas take a long time to be conceived. Should we not therefore allow the students time to familiarize themselves with new notions? And must we not also recognize that this length of time is generally longer than that ofthe official length of time accorded to this teaching and that we should be counting in years? When the rudiments of linear algebra were taught at the level of the lycée (college level), the task of first year university teachers was certainly easier : for sure the student's knowledge was not very deep, however it was not negligible and it allowed them to reach a deeper understanding more quickly.

Beyond Formulas in Mathematics and Teaching

Author: Daniel Chazan
Publisher: Teachers College Press
ISBN: 9780807739181
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Based on the author’s experience as a researcher and teacher of lower-track students, Beyond Formulas in Mathematics and Teaching illuminates the complex dynamics of the algebra classroom. From within this setting, Daniel Chazan thoughtfully explores topics that concern all dedicated educators, how to really know one’s students, how to find engaging material, and how to inspire meaningful classroom conversations. Throughout, he addresses the predicaments that are central to the lives of teachers who work in standard educational settings. By highlighting teaching dilemmas, Chazan prompts readers to consider what their own responses would be in similar situations. With an eye to ways of restructuring roles and relationships, Beyond Formulas in Mathematics and Teaching is essential reading for educators seeking to enhance their teaching practices and understanding of students who may be estranged from school.

Sourcebook in the Mathematics of Medieval Europe and North Africa

Author: Victor J. Katz
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400883202
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Medieval Europe was a meeting place for the Christian, Jewish, and Islamic civilizations, and the fertile intellectual exchange of these cultures can be seen in the mathematical developments of the time. This sourcebook presents original Latin, Hebrew, and Arabic sources of medieval mathematics, and shows their cross-cultural influences. Most of the Hebrew and Arabic sources appear here in translation for the first time. Readers will discover key mathematical revelations, foundational texts, and sophisticated writings by Latin, Hebrew, and Arabic-speaking mathematicians, including Abner of Burgos's elegant arguments proving results on the conchoid—a curve previously unknown in medieval Europe; Levi ben Gershon’s use of mathematical induction in combinatorial proofs; Al-Mu’taman Ibn Hūd’s extensive survey of mathematics, which included proofs of Heron’s Theorem and Ceva’s Theorem; and Muhyī al-Dīn al-Maghribī’s interesting proof of Euclid’s parallel postulate. The book includes a general introduction, section introductions, footnotes, and references. The Sourcebook in the Mathematics of Medieval Europe and North Africa will be indispensable to anyone seeking out the important historical sources of premodern mathematics.