Algebra Teaching around the World

Author: Frederick K.S. Leung
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9462097070
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Utilizing the LPS dataset, Algebra Teaching around the World documents eighth grade algebra teaching across a variety of countries that differ geographically and culturally. Different issues in algebra teaching are reported, and different theories are used to characterize algebra lessons or to compare algebra teaching in different countries. Many commonalities in algebra teaching around the world are identified, but there are also striking and deep-rooted differences. The different ways algebra was taught in different countries point to how algebra teaching may be embedded in the culture and the general traditions of mathematics education of the countries concerned. In particular, a comparison is made between algebra lessons in the Confucian-Heritage Culture (CHC) countries and ‘Western’ countries. It seems that a common emphasis of algebra teaching in CHC countries is the ‘linkage’ or ‘coherence’ of mathematics concepts, both within an algebraic topic and between topics. On the other hand, contemporary algebra teaching in many Western school systems places increasing emphasis on the use of algebra in mathematical modeling in ‘real world’ contexts and in the instructional use of metaphors, where meaning construction is assisted by invoking contexts outside the domain of algebraic manipulation, with the intention to helping students to form connections between algebra and other aspects of their experience. Algebra Teaching around the World should be of value to researchers with a focus on algebra, pedagogy or international comparisons of education. Because of the pedagogical variations noted here, there is a great deal of material that will be of interest to both teachers and teacher educators.

Mathematics Lesson Study Around the World

Author: Marisa Quaresma
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319756966
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book introduces the specifics of mathematics lesson study with regard to regional/national particularities, discussing the methodological and theoretical tools that can be used to pursue research on lesson study (its forms, contents, effects etc.) from an international perspective. Lesson study and learning study (LS) are becoming increasingly important in teacher education, mostly in continuous professional development, but also in prospective teachers’ education, and this interest is accompanied by a demand for more solid theorization of the lesson study process. A number of social, cultural, cognitive and affective issues are reflected in the way LS develops, and the book examines the latest results of these developments.

The Mathematics Education of Prospective Secondary Teachers Around the World

Author: Marilyn E. Strutchens
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319389653
Format: PDF
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This volume shares and discusses significant new trends and developments in research and practices related to various aspects of preparing prospective secondary mathematics teachers from 2005–2015. It provides both an overview of the current state-of-the-art and outstanding recent research reports from an international perspective. The authors completed a thorough review of the literature by examining major journals in the field of mathematics education, and other journals related to teacher education and technology. The systematic review includes four major themes: field experiences; technologies, tools and resources; teachers' knowledge; and teachers' professional identities. Each of them is presented regarding theoretical perspectives, methodologies, and major findings. Then the authors discuss what is known in the field and what we still need to know related to the major topics.

The Future of the Teaching and Learning of Algebra

Author: Kaye Stacey
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402081316
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Kaye Stacey‚ Helen Chick‚ and Margaret Kendal The University of Melbourne‚ Australia Abstract: This section reports on the organisation‚ procedures‚ and publications of the ICMI Study‚ The Future of the Teaching and Learning of Algebra. Key words: Study Conference‚ organisation‚ procedures‚ publications The International Commission on Mathematical Instruction (ICMI) has‚ since the 1980s‚ conducted a series of studies into topics of particular significance to the theory and practice of contemporary mathematics education. Each ICMI Study involves an international seminar‚ the “Study Conference”‚ and culminates in a published volume intended to promote and assist discussion and action at the international‚ national‚ regional‚ and institutional levels. The ICMI Study running from 2000 to 2004 was on The Future of the Teaching and Learning of Algebra‚ and its Study Conference was held at The University of Melbourne‚ Australia fromDecember to 2001. It was the first study held in the Southern Hemisphere. There are several reasons why the future of the teaching and learning of algebra was a timely focus at the beginning of the twenty first century. The strong research base developed over recent decades enabled us to take stock of what has been achieved and also to look forward to what should be done and what might be achieved in the future. In addition‚ trends evident over recent years have intensified. Those particularly affecting school mathematics are the “massification” of education—continuing in some countries whilst beginning in others—and the advance of technology.

Using Design Research and History to Tackle a Fundamental Problem with School Algebra

Author: Sinan Kanbir
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319592041
Format: PDF, ePub
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In this well-illustrated book the authors, Sinan Kanbir, Ken Clements, and Nerida Ellerton, tackle a persistent, and universal, problem in school mathematics—why do so many middle-school and secondary-school students find it difficult to learn algebra well? What makes the book important are the unique features which comprise the design-research approach that the authors adopted in seeking a solution to the problem. The first unique feature is that the authors offer an overview of the history of school algebra. Despite the fact that algebra has been an important component of secondary-school mathematics for more than three centuries, there has never been a comprehensive historical analysis of factors influencing the teaching and learning of that component. The authors identify, through historical analysis, six purposes of school algebra: (a) algebra as a body of knowledge essential to higher mathematical and scientific studies, (b) algebra as generalized arithmetic, (c) algebra as a prerequisite for entry to higher studies, (d) algebra as offering a language and set of procedures for modeling real-life problems, (e) algebra as an aid to describing structural properties in elementary mathematics, and (f) algebra as a study of variables. They also raise the question whether school algebra represents a unidimensional trait. Kanbir, Clements and Ellerton offer an unusual hybrid theoretical framework for their intervention study (by which seventh-grade students significantly improved their elementary algebra knowledge and skills). Their theoretical frame combined Charles Sanders Peirce’s triadic signifier-interpretant-signified theory, which is in the realm of semiotics, with Johann Friedrich Herbart’s theory of apperception, and Ken Clements’ and Gina Del Campo’s theory relating to the need to expand modes of communications in mathematics classrooms so that students engage in receptive and expressive modes. Practicing classroom teachers formed part of the research team. This book appears in Springer’s series on the “History of Mathematics Education.” Not only does it include an important analysis of the history of school algebra, but it also adopts a theoretical frame which relies more on “theories from the past,” than on contemporary theories in the field of mathematics education. The results of the well-designed classroom intervention are sufficiently impressive that the study might havecreated and illuminated a pathway for future researchers to take.

Challenges and Strategies in Teaching Linear Algebra

Author: Sepideh Stewart
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319668110
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book originated from a Discussion Group (Teaching Linear Algebra) that was held at the 13th International Conference on Mathematics Education (ICME-13). The aim was to consider and highlight current efforts regarding research and instruction on teaching and learning linear algebra from around the world, and to spark new collaborations. As the outcome of the two-day discussion at ICME-13, this book focuses on the pedagogy of linear algebra with a particular emphasis on tasks that are productive for learning. The main themes addressed include: theoretical perspectives on the teaching and learning of linear algebra; empirical analyses related to learning particular content in linear algebra; the use of technology and dynamic geometry software; and pedagogical discussions of challenging linear algebra tasks. Drawing on the expertise of mathematics education researchers and research mathematicians with experience in teaching linear algebra, this book gathers work from nine countries: Austria, Germany, Israel, Ireland, Mexico, Slovenia, Turkey, the USA and Zimbabwe.

Didaktische Probleme der elementaren Algebra

Author: Günther Malle
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3322895610
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Das Buch beleuchtet - ausgehend von einer Analyse des Variablenbegriffs und der Verwendung von Variablen in verschiedenen Bereichen - den Stellenwert dieses Gebietes neu. Dabei wird vor allem die traditionelle Gleichungslehre kritisch unter die Lupe genommen. Zahlreiche Fallstudien (Interviews mit Schülern) stellen die angestellten Überlegungen auf eine solide empirische Basis. Davon ausgehend werden detaillierte methodische Vorschläge zur Behandlung dieses Stoffgebietes im Unterricht entwickelt und an konkreten Au fgaben illustriert. Besonderes Augenmerk wird der Erklärung von S chülerfehlern beim Umgehen mit algebraischen Ausdrücken zugewandt .

The Learning and Teaching of Algebra

Author: Abraham Arcavi
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134820704
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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IMPACT (Interweaving Mathematics Pedagogy and Content for Teaching) is an exciting new series of texts for teacher education which aims to advance the learning and teaching of mathematics by integrating mathematics content with the broader research and theoretical base of mathematics education. The Learning and Teaching of Algebra provides a pedagogical framework for the teaching and learning of algebra grounded in theory and research. Areas covered include: • Algebra: Setting the Scene • Some Lessons From History • Seeing Algebra Through the Eyes of a Learner • Emphases in Algebra Teaching • Algebra Education in the Digital Era This guide will be essential reading for trainee and qualified teachers of mathematics, graduate students, curriculum developers, researchers and all those who are interested in the "problématique" of teaching and learning algebra. It allows you to get involved in the wealth of knowledge that teachers can draw upon to assist learners, helping you gain the insights that mastering algebra provides.

Algebra Teacher s Activities Kit

Author: Judith A. Muschla
Publisher: Jossey-Bass
ISBN: 9780787965983
Format: PDF, Docs
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Algebra Teacher's Activities Kit is a unique resource that provides 150 ready-to-use algebra activities designed to help students in grades 6-12 master pre-algebra, Algebra I, and Algebra II. The book covers the skills typically included in an algebra curriculum. Developed to motivate and challenge students, many of the activities focus on real-life applications. Each of the book's ten sections contains teaching suggestions that provide teachers with strategies for implementing activities and are accompanied by helpful answer keys. The activities supply students with quick feedback, and many of the answers are self-correcting. Each activity stands alone and can be applied in the manner that best fits your particular teaching program. Algebra Teacher's Activities Kit can be used as a supplement to your instructional program, to reinforce skills and concepts you've previously taught, for extra credit assignments, or to assist substitute teachers. For quick access and easy use, the activities are printed in a big 8 1/2" x 11" lay-flat format for photocopying and are organized into ten sections. THE LANGUAGE OF ALGEBRA (USING WHOLE NUMBERS) provides 15 activities, such as Using Square Numbers . . . Writing Phrases as Algebraic Expressions . . . Evaluating Expressions Using Exponents. INTEGERS, VARIABLES, AND EXPRESSIONS offers 15 activities, such as Using a Number Line to Graph Integers . . . Comparing Sums and Differences . . . Solving Word Problems with Integers. LINEAR EQUATIONS AND INEQUALTIES includes 24 exercises, such as Creating Word Problems . . . Solving Simple Percent Problems . . . Adding and Subtracting Matrices. GRAPHING LINEAR EQUATIONS AND INEQUALITIES is packed with 15 activities, including Graphing Points on the Coordinate Plane . . . Finding the Slope of a Line . . . Solving Systems of Equations by Graphing. BASIC OPERATIONS WITH MONOMIALS AND POLYNOMIALS offers 12 activities, such as Using the Terms of Polynomials . . . Finding Powers of Monomials . . . Finding Cubes of Binomials. FACTORS OF MONOMIALS AND POLYNOMIALS features 12 exercises, such as Finding the Missing Factor . . . Factoring Trinomials . . . Factoring the Sum and Difference of Cubes. FUNCTIONS AND RELATIONS provides 12 activities, including Identifying Functions . . . Finding the Domain of a Function . . . Evaluating the Greatest Integer Function. COMPLEX NUMBERS offers 12 activities, such as Simplifying Square Roots . . . Multiplying and Dividing Radicals . . . Using Complex Numbers to Simply Expressions. POLYNOMIAL, EXPONENTIAL, AND LOGARITHMIC FUNCTIONS gives you 13 exercises, including Solving Quadratic Equations by Factoring . . . Finding the Zeroes of Polynomial Functions . . . Borrowing and Repaying Money (with Interest). POTPOURRI offers you 20 exercises such as Cracking a Code . . . Building an Algebra Vocabulary Chain . . . Famous Mathematicians and Algebra.

Pattern in the Teaching and Learning of Mathematics

Author: Anthony Orton
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 9780826477705
Format: PDF
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This highly illustrated book draws together the wide variety of studies in the learning of mathematics undertaken by the Pattern in Mathematics Research Group at the University of Leeds. Their purpose has been '... to provide structure and support to ... studies of children's perception, conception and use of pattern in learning mathematics'. Set up in 1992, they have embraced work across the whole curriculum, and through all the years of compulsory schooling. As each chapter of this book relates to a different study that was undertaken, the reader can dip in and select relevant material. At the same time, the editor has ensured continuity and progression, allowing the book to be approached as a whole: the early chapters are concerned with very young children; subsequent chapters deal with the primary and middle age ranges, and later ones relate to secondary school work.