Ambiguities in Decision oriented Life Cycle Inventories

Author: Frank Werner
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402032530
Format: PDF, Kindle
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In an environmental life cycle assessment of products (LCA), an unambiguous, scientifically based, ‘objective’ attribution of material and energy flows to a product is pure fiction. This is due to the fundamental epistemological conditions of LCA as a modelling process under the complexity of our socio-economic system. Instead, various mental models and values guide this attribution. This leads to a functional model in a specific decision situation. This book shows for the first time how mental models and values influence this attribution in the life cycle inventory step of LCA. One of the key findings is that the different management rules for a sustainable use of materials must be taken into account for the attribution of material and energy flows to a product. Otherwise, improvement options recommended by an LCA might turn out to even worsen the environmental situation if reassessed from a meta-perspective. As a consequence of this book, the claim of unambiguitiy (‘objectivity’) of the life cycle inventory must be abandoned. A group-model building process for LCA is developed that allows one to grasp the decision makers' mental models and values in the inventory analysis on a case- and situation-specific basis. Only by this, LCA results will become relevant in a decision-making process. Two case studies on the modelling of recycling and other end-of-life options of aluminium windows and beech wood railway sleepers in LCA complement the methodological part. This book is a ‘must have’ for researchers, consultants and practitioners in the fields of decision-oriented life cycle assessment as well as product-related environmental management, modelling and decision-making.

Quantified Eco Efficiency

Author: Gjalt Huppes
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402053991
Format: PDF, Mobi
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A central asset of eco-efficiency analysis is that it does not depend on a specific evaluation of environmental impacts against economic effects. Several evaluation methods may be used, including those based on willingness-to-pay, panel procedures, and public statements on policy goals. This volume covers all aspects of eco-efficiency analysis and offers a global perspective on the subject.

Sustainability Accounting and Reporting

Author: Stefan Schaltegger
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402049736
Format: PDF, Docs
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This is the fourth in a series publishing the best contributions on environmental management accounting (EMA) from around the world. This volume brings together international examples of leading thinking and practice in this rapidly developing area. This is the most comprehensive volume to date covering theory, practice and case studies on sustainability accounting and reporting. It covers tools, frameworks, concepts as well as case studies and empirical analysis.

User Behavior and Technology Development

Author: Peter-Paul Verbeek
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402051964
Format: PDF, Docs
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Environmental policy has long been determined by a dichotomy between technology and behavior. This book explores the relationships between technology and behavior from an interdisciplinary perspective. It is the first volume that aims to create a conceptual basis for analyzing interactions between technology and behavior, and to provide insights that are relevant to technology design and environmental policy.

What Kind of Information Society Governance Virtuality Surveillance Sustainability Resilience

Author: Jacques J. Berleur
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3642154794
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The present book contains the proceedings of two conferences held at the World Computer Congress 2010 in Brisbane, Australia (September 20–23) organised by the International Federation for Information Processing (IFIP). In the first part, the reader can find the proceedings of the 9th Human Choice and Computers International C- ference (HCC9) organised by the IFIP Technical Committee TC9 on the Relationship Between ICT and Society. The HCC9 part is subdivided into four tracks: Ethics and ICT Governance, Virtual Technologies and Social Shaping, Surveillance and Privacy, and ICT and Sustainable Development. The second part consists of papers given at the Critical Information Infrastructure Protection Conference (CIP) organized by the IFIP Technical Committee TC11 on Security and Privacy Protection in Information Processing Systems. The two parts of the book are introduced by the respective Conference Chairs. Chapter 1 introduces HCC9, providing a short summary of the HCC conference series, which started in 1974, and explaining the overview of HCC9, detailing the rationale behind each of the tracks in this conference. The details related to the papers of each track are discussed by the Track Chairs in the respective introductions to the specific tracks of HCC9 (Chaps. 2, 10, 16 and 22). Finally, Chap. 22 introduces the CIP part.

Nachhaltiges Wirtschaften mit nicht erneuerbaren Ressourcen

Author: Frank Messner
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783631351215
Format: PDF
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In Auseinandersetzung mit den ökonomischen Theorieschulen werden in dem Buch die Bedingungen für ein nachhaltiges Wirtschaften mit nicht-erneuerbaren Ressourcen analysiert. Der Autor präsentiert ein Theoriekonzept, in dem vier Ebenen einer nachhaltigen Materialnutzung unterschieden werden. In einer Kupferfallstudie werden die wesentlichen Hypothesen mittels Zeitreihen-, Regressions- und Ökobilanzanalysen empirisch getestet. Es zeigt sich u.a., daß der Einfluß der Preisentwicklung auf die Materialsubstitution gering ist, wenn ein verknappendes Material ein gutes Qualitätsprofil und Pfadabhängigkeiten in der Nutzung aufweist. Weiterhin werden die Umwelteffekte der Kupfersubstitution analysiert und die globalen Umweltentlastungseffekte durch Einsatz von Umwelttechnologien dargelegt. Abschließend werden Politikmaßnahmen mit Bezug auf die vier Theorieebenen erörtert.

Faktor Vier

Author: Ernst Ulrich von Weizsäcker
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783426772867
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Das Know-how für eine neue umweltschonende Wachstumspolitik ist vorhanden. Wir können heute Solarhäuser bauen, deren Energiekosten fast bei Null liegen, oder Supersparautos, die nicht nur sparsam und sicher, sondern auch komfortabel sind. Der Umweltschutz, von der Wirtschaft immer als Kostenfaktor gefürchtet, ist längst dabei, zum Nutzenfaktor zu werden. Die Autoren machen sich für eine Effizienzrevolution stark, die dazu führen soll, daß wir die Naturgüter mindestens viermal besser nutzen als bisher. Das ist allerdings nur mit Unterstützung der Politik möglich, die endlich aufhören muß, Vergeudung zu subventionieren, und sich zu einer ökologischen Steuerreform entschließen sollte.