American Trade Politics

Author: I. M. Destler
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0881324647
Format: PDF, Docs
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In this comprehensive revision of the most influential, widely read analysis of the US trade policymaking system, Destler addresses how globalization has reshaped trade politics, weakening traditional protectionism but intensifying concern about trade's societal impacts. Entirely new chapters treat the deepening of partisan divisions and the rise of "trade and . . ." issues (especially labor and the environment). The author concludes with a comprehensive economic and political strategy to cope with globalization and maximize its benefits. The original edition of American Trade Politics won the Gladys Kammerer Award of the American Political Science Association for the best book on US national policy.

Clashing over Commerce

Author: Douglas A. Irwin
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022639901X
Format: PDF
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Should the United States be open to commerce with other countries, or should it protect domestic industries from foreign competition? This question has been the source of bitter political conflict throughout American history. Such conflict was inevitable, James Madison argued in The Federalist Papers, because trade policy involves clashing economic interests. The struggle between the winners and losers from trade has always been fierce because dollars and jobs are at stake: depending on what policy is chosen, some industries, farmers, and workers will prosper, while others will suffer. Douglas A. Irwin’s Clashing over Commerce is the most authoritative and comprehensive history of US trade policy to date, offering a clear picture of the various economic and political forces that have shaped it. From the start, trade policy divided the nation—first when Thomas Jefferson declared an embargo on all foreign trade and then when South Carolina threatened to secede from the Union over excessive taxes on imports. The Civil War saw a shift toward protectionism, which then came under constant political attack. Then, controversy over the Smoot-Hawley tariff during the Great Depression led to a policy shift toward freer trade, involving trade agreements that eventually produced the World Trade Organization. Irwin makes sense of this turbulent history by showing how different economic interests tend to be grouped geographically, meaning that every proposed policy change found ready champions and opponents in Congress. As the Trump administration considers making major changes to US trade policy, Irwin’s sweeping historical perspective helps illuminate the current debate. Deeply researched and rich with insight and detail, Clashing over Commerce provides valuable and enduring insights into US trade policy past and present.

The Politics of International Economic Relations

Author: Joan Edelman Spero
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 0534602746
Format: PDF, ePub
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THE POLITICS OF INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC RELATIONS is the first book to give students the breadth and depth of scholarship they need to truly understand the politics of today’s world economy. The exciting new seventh edition has been completely updated to reflect the sweeping changes that continue to reshape the international arena. The new edition strengthens the text’s contemporary coverage of political and economic relations, economic polarization in developing nations, and the roots of economic decline in centrally planned economies. An emphasis on the impact of globalization makes this definitive text ideal for use as a core text for the International Political Economy course or as a supplement in the International Relations course. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Peddling Protectionism

Author: Douglas A. Irwin
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400888425
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The Smoot-Hawley tariff of 1930, which raised U.S. duties on hundreds of imported goods to record levels, is America's most infamous trade law. It is often associated with--and sometimes blamed for--the onset of the Great Depression, the collapse of world trade, and the global spread of protectionism in the 1930s. Even today, the ghosts of congressmen Reed Smoot and Willis Hawley haunt anyone arguing for higher trade barriers; almost single-handedly, they made protectionism an insult rather than a compliment. In Peddling Protectionism, Douglas Irwin provides the first comprehensive history of the causes and effects of this notorious measure, explaining why it largely deserves its reputation for combining bad politics and bad economics and harming the U.S. and world economies during the Depression. In four brief, clear chapters, Irwin presents an authoritative account of the politics behind Smoot-Hawley, its economic consequences, the foreign reaction it provoked, and its aftermath and legacy. Starting as a Republican ploy to win the farm vote in the 1928 election by increasing duties on agricultural imports, the tariff quickly grew into a logrolling, pork barrel free-for-all in which duties were increased all around, regardless of the interests of consumers and exporters. After Herbert Hoover signed the bill, U.S. imports fell sharply and other countries retaliated by increasing tariffs on American goods, leading U.S. exports to shrivel as well. While Smoot-Hawley was hardly responsible for the Great Depression, Irwin argues, it contributed to a decline in world trade and provoked discrimination against U.S. exports that lasted decades. Featuring a new preface by the author, Peddling Protectionism tells a fascinating story filled with valuable lessons for trade policy today.

International Trade Law An Interdisciplinary Non Western Textbook Fourth Edition 2015 Volume 1 Fundamental Obligations

Author: Raj Bhala
Publisher: LexisNexis
ISBN: 0327194537
Format: PDF
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International Trade Law: An Interdisciplinary, Non-Western Textbook has been revised in its 4th edition, building upon the global successes of its predecessor editions. Truly a "world law" textbook applicable in any country, this edition offers a theoretical and practical approach to economics, politics, international relations, philosophy, and religion as they relate to international trade law. It may be used either in a two semester sequenced course, or as stand-alone volumes for distinct one-semester courses. Additional highlights of the 4th edition include: • Coverage of vital domestic trade legislation on trade sanctions and export controls • Emphasis on rising powers such as India and China, and controversies involving Iran, North Korea, and Russia • Technical every-day issues, such as dumping margin and net countervailable subsidization rates, and critical economic sectors, such as IP and services • GATT-WTO law and free trade agreements (FTAs) The 4th edition has been thoroughly updated with new chapters covering: ethics, trade adjustment assistance (TAA), American trade history, Indian trade law and policy, WTO accession, like products, trade and energy, technical barriers to trade, transparency (TBT), non-application and waivers, balance of payments (BOP) crises, GATT morality exception trade facilitation, sanitary and phytosanitary (SOS) measures, compulsory IP licensing, trade remedies against non-market economies (NMEs), currency manipulation, trade sanctions, export controls, labor and the environment, trade and climate change, development economics, and Africa. Each chapter is manageably sized and offers a user-friendly structure, allowing the flexibility of choosing the chapters that best serve the needs of a professor's individual course. The topics in each chapter help students establish a fundamental foundation upon which to build their knowledge of international trade law. The eBook versions of this title feature links to Lexis Advance for further legal research options.

Free Trade under Fire

Author: Douglas A. Irwin
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400866189
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Growing international trade has helped lift living standards around the world, and yet free trade is always under attack. Critics complain that trade forces painful economic adjustments, such as plant closings and layoffs of workers, and charge that the World Trade Organization serves the interests of corporations, undercuts domestic environmental regulations, and erodes America's sovereignty. Why has global trade—and trade agreements such as NAFTA—become so controversial? Does free trade deserve its bad reputation? In Free Trade under Fire, Douglas Irwin sweeps aside the misconceptions that litter the debate over trade and gives the reader a clear understanding of the issues involved. This fourth edition has been thoroughly updated to include the most recent policy developments and the latest research findings on the impact of trade.

Myths of Free Trade

Author: Sherrod Brown
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781595581242
Format: PDF, ePub
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"U.S. Representative Sherrod Brown - a leading progressive voice in Congress - takes apart free-trade dogma, myth by myth." "Ten years after NAFTA, free-trade policies have not brought prosperity to Mexican workers, and more than one million American jobs have been lost as a result of the agreement. Do free-trade pacts foster democracy? Brown examines the facts. Are fast-track agreements necessary to fight the war on terrorism? Brown dissects the arguments and the evidence."--BOOK JACKET.

American Politics Today

Author: William T. Bianco
Publisher: W. W. Norton
ISBN: 9780393283594
Format: PDF, Docs
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The Fifth Edition of American Politics Today is designed to show students the reality of politics today and how it connects to their own lives. New features--from chapter opening cases that address the kinds of questions students ask, to full-page graphics that illustrate key political processes--show students how politics works and why it matters. All components of the learning package--textbook, InQuizitive adaptive learning tool, and coursepack--are organized around specific chapter learning goals to ensure that students learn the nuts and bolts of American government.

Introduction to Global Politics

Author: Steve Lamy
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190299797
Format: PDF, Docs
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Introduction to Global Politics, Fourth Edition, provides students with a current, engaging, and non-U.S. perspective on global politics. It shows students how to analyze global political events using theoretical approaches-both mainstream and alternative-and emphasizes non-state actors more than any other global politics text. Chapter-by-Chapter Revisions Chapter 1: Introduction to Global Politics -Expanded theoretical coverage introduces students to the three theoretical traditions in international relations theory: Machiavellian, Grotian, and Kantian -New Case Study: "Global Production and the iPhone" Chapter 2: The Evolution of Global Politics -Revised chapter-opening vignette addresses the goals of nation-states for survival and influence in the global system and how critical trends, such as the diffusion of power and increasing demands for vital resources, influence such goals -Expanded coverage of US-Cuba relations addresses the restoration of diplomatic ties -Further examination of the war on terrorism, including the completion of NATO's International Security Assistance Force mission in Afghanistan and its subsequent transition to the ongoing Resolute Support Mission -Updated Global Perspective "Perception, Continuity, and Change After January 20, 2009" addresses the continuing course of the Arab Spring -Updated statistics and graphics include "Estimated Global Nuclear Warheads, as of 2015," and "Number of Wars in Progress Since 1950" Chapter 3: Realism, Liberalism, and Critical Theories -Elimination of overlapping content between Chapter 3 and the first two introductory chapters, effectively streamlining the chapter and bringing its objectives of defining and describing the origins of IR theories, as well as explaining the relation among the levels of analysis and the different variations of the five schools of thought, into clearer focus -The latest on the most pertinent international relations matters including how world leaders should deal with extremist networks like the Islamic State Chapter 4: Making Foreign Policy -Further coverage and analysis of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, including the goals of the 2015 Paris Climate Change Conference -Expanded discussion of fragile states, including updates to the Fragile State Index -Discussion of foreign policy evaluation has been expanded to include criticism of the CIA's detention and treatment of prisoners taken in the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan -Additional examples of NGO influence on human rights (i.e. Human Rights Watch pressuring the Chinese government to abolish its re-education through labor detention system) -Updated statistics and graphics include "Top Ten Foreign Aid Donors" and the addition of a new figure "Share of World Military Expenditures of the 15 States with the Highest Expenditure" Chapter 5: Global and Regional Governance -Revised chapter-opening vignette addresses the impact of the Tunisian National Dialogue as a civil society organization and winner of the Nobel Peace Prize -Updated examples of venture philanthropy include Facebook co-founder and CEO Mark Zuckerberg's pledge to donate 99 percent of his wealth -Updated Case Study "A Global Campaign: The Baby Milk Advocacy Network" includes recent statistics from the World Health Organization. -Updated statistics and graphics include "INGO Growth Continues" and "Distribution of Think Tanks in the World" Chapter 6: Global Security, Military Power, and Terrorism -Updated information on conflicts including the Syrian civil war, the rise of the Islamic State and their goal to establish an Islamic Caliphate, and the UN peacekeeping mission in the Central African Republic to prevent civil wars and sectarian conflicts -Condensed coverage of mainstream and critical approaches to security in order to eliminate overlapping content found in Chapter 3: Realism, Liberalism, and Critical Theories -Added examples of the importance of collective action and reliance on international/regional organization (i.e. in the case of the 2015 Iran nuclear deal) -Expanded discussion of the effects of nuclear weapons and the idea that the international community is experiencing a new nuclear age in which weapons of mass destruction are used to secure strategic advantage -Updated Case Study "US Drone Warfare: A Robotic Revolution in Modern Combat" includes recent statistics on drone strikes -Updated information on the spread of jihadists, Al Qaeda, and ISIS and the geographical extent to which the Obama Administration (and future administrations) will have to go to find them -Updated statistics and graphics include "Arms Deliveries Worldwide," "Arms Transfer Agreements Worldwide"; the addition of two new figures: "Top Locations of Islamic State Twitter Users" and "Thirteen Years of Terror in Western Europe;" the addition of a new map: "Where ISIS Has Directed and Inspired Attacks;" and the addition of a table detailing the inter-actor relationship of those involved in the Syrian civil war Chapter 7: Human Rights and Human Security -Added information on the latest human rights crises (i.e. the refugee crisis, the Syrian civil war, and South Sudan) -New Case Study "A Failed Intervention" on the genocide occurring in Darfur -Updated statistics on current UN peacekeeping operations Chapter 8: Global Trade and Finance -Updated analysis on the current status of global economic interconnection (i.e. the role that governmental intervention has on the economy of their nation-states--including free markets, the impact of the slowdown of China's economy, and the effects of increasing global foreign direct investment) -New discussion of the Trans-Pacific Partnership and its subsequent implications as the largest regional trade agreement in history -Updated Theory in Practice "Contending Views of Capitalism" reflects recent changes in the Chinese economy and cyberwarfare tactics it uses against the US -Updated statistics and graphics include "Main Trading Nations," "Real GDP Growth," and the addition of a new graph "Holdings of US Treasury Securities" Chapter 9: Poverty, Development, and Hunger -Added discussion on the results of the Millennium Development Goals process (including an updated Progress Chart for UN Millennium Development Goals) and the UN's subsequent adoption of the new 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (illustrated by Sustainable Development Goals). -Updated discussions of world population statistics and estimated population growth projections, including new graphics "Projected World Population" and "Fastest Growing Populations" Chapter 10: Environmental Issues -Discussion of the latest environmental issues including the rising number of carbon emissions emitted on the planet, the effect climate change and environmental degradation are having as causes of major violence in regards to specific ethnic communities that compete for scarce resources, and how 2015 was the hottest year in recorded history -Added discussion of how climate change is the greatest challenge to economic and political stability across the world -Revised discussion of the latest Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change report addresses the rise of global surface temperatures, the continued shrinking of sea ice, and how human influence correlates to climate change and increasing levels of greenhouse gas emissions in the atmosphere -Added information and analysis of the 2015 Paris Climate Change Conference, its outcomes, and the importance of adhering to pledges to curb emissions and keeping global temperature rises under 2 degrees Celsius; new concluding thoughts and analysis added as well -A revised table detailing "Recent Global Environmental Actions" focuses on events and actions of the past thirty years -Updated statistics and graphics include "Global Greenhouse Gas Emissions by Type of Gas," and two new graphics: "Number of Oils Spills between 1970-2015" and "Largest Producers of CO2 Emissions Worldwide."