An Introduction to Ecological Genomics

Author: Nico M. van Straalen
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199594686
Format: PDF, ePub
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The genomics revolution has expanded from its origins in molecular biology to impact upon every discipline in the life sciences, including ecology. This new edition incorporates a balance of plant, animal, and microbial examples, and continues to define the new and exciting field of ecological genomics.

Ecological Genomics

Author: Christian R. Landry
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400773471
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Researchers in the field of ecological genomics aim to determine how a genome or a population of genomes interacts with its environment across ecological and evolutionary timescales. Ecological genomics is trans-disciplinary by nature. Ecologists have turned to genomics to be able to elucidate the mechanistic bases of the biodiversity their research tries to understand. Genomicists have turned to ecology in order to better explain the functional cellular and molecular variation they observed in their model organisms. We provide an advanced-level book that covers this recent research and proposes future development for this field. A synthesis of the field of ecological genomics emerges from this volume. Ecological Genomics covers a wide array of organisms (microbes, plants and animals) in order to be able to identify central concepts that motivate and derive from recent investigations in different branches of the tree of life. Ecological Genomics covers 3 fields of research that have most benefited from the recent technological and conceptual developments in the field of ecological genomics: the study of life-history evolution and its impact of genome architectures; the study of the genomic bases of phenotypic plasticity and the study of the genomic bases of adaptation and speciation.

An Introduction to Molecular Ecology

Author: Graham Rowe
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198716990
Format: PDF, Docs
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An Introduction to Molecular Ecology combines theoretical concepts with practice-driven examples to showcase the latest molecular and genomic techniques and their impact on the study of ecology. The opening chapters introduce the essential molecular and genetic concepts that underpin the subject and describe key molecular tools and methods available to the ecologist. Capturing the broad scope of the field, the book goes on to explore the use of molecular tools in the context of behaviouralecology, population genetics, phylogeography, conservation, and microbial ecology. The third edition includes coverage of exciting new technological and analytical developments, such as next generation sequencing, which have revolutionized the field over the last decade. Molecular ecology is now in a position to tackle some truly ecological questions for the first time since itsinception. Blending conceptual detail with the most instructive examples, An Introduction to Molecular Ecology is an ideal resource for those new to the subject needing to develop a strong working understanding of the field. Online Resource Centre: The Online Resource Centre to accompany An Introduction to Molecular Ecology features: For students: * Suggested review articles to take your learning further * Links to useful websites and software * A range of questions to consolidate your learning and understanding For registered adopters of the book: * Journal Club; suggested research papers and discussion questions linked to topics featured in the book * Figures from the textbook to view and download

Introduction to Marine Genomics

Author: J. Mark Cock
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789048186396
Format: PDF
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Marine biology has always played an important role in biological research, being at the origin of many key advances. To a certain extent, the influence of marine biology on the biological sciences was overshadowed over a period of several years by the remarkable advances that were made using powerful model organisms from terrestrial environments. This situation is now changing again, however, due primarily to spectacular developments in genomic methodologies that have significantly accelerated research in a broad spectrum of marine biology disciplines ranging from biodiversity to developmental biology to biotechnology. The data generated by marine genomics projects have had an impact on questions as diverse as understanding planetary geochemical cycles, the impact of climate change on marine fauna and flora, the functioning of marine ecosystems, the discovery of new organisms and novel biomolecules, and investigation of the evolution of animal developmental complexity. This book represents the first attempt to document how genomic technologies are revolutionising these diverse domains of marine biology. Each chapter of this book looks at how these technologies are being employed in a specific domain of marine research and provides a summary of the major results obtained to date. The book as a whole provides an overview of marine genomics as a discipline and represents an ideal starting point for exploring this rapidly developing domain.

Ecological Genomics of Fungi

Author: Wayne M. Jurick II
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781642230116
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Fungi are cryptic, understudied and hyperdiverse organisms. Fungi are poorly documented organisms and the phylogenetic relationships within the kingdom are not yet fully understood, but recent efforts have been shedding light on the evolutionary history of the Fungi. Fungi have been known and used by humans for centuries, but mycology traces beginnings to the 18th century, with the development of the microscope. While much has been discovered since then, fungi remain today a cryptic and understudied group of organisms. The tools of molecular biology and genomics can help us meet this challenge. Over the past decades, genomics, and genome sequencing in particular, have emerged as powerful tools for biological research. In the last few years, due to the introduction of the next-generation sequencing (NGS) technologies, these tools went through dramatic transformations. Ecological Genomics of Fungi brings together studies related to pathogenic fungi, fungal biology, and all other aspects of fungal research. It covers a broad diversity of fungal systems and provides unique insight into the functions of those fungi in various ecosystems - from soil, to plant, to human. It also discusses tools, applications, and the most recent developments available to explore the biology of soil fungi at the molecular level. This book addresses the wonders of fungal diversity, including recent advances on the understanding of the evolution of the kingdom Fungi, approaches to documenting and interpreting fungal diversity, and current efforts concerning fungal conservation. The book also includes investigations of fungi and their traditional allies that relate structure and function to growth, reproduction, morphogenesis, differentiation, its role as pathogen and parasites, its applications in various fields like industry and agriculture and medicinal uses.

Risk Assessment of Chemicals An Introduction

Author: C.J. van Leeuwen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402061021
Format: PDF, Mobi
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At last – a second edition of this hugely important text that reflects the progress and experience gained in the last decade and aims at providing background and training material for a new generation of risk assessors. The authors offer an introduction to risk assessment of chemicals as well as basic background information on sources, emissions, distribution and fate processes for the estimation of exposure of plant and animal species in the environment and humans exposed via the environment, consumer products, and at the workplace. The coverage describes the basic principles and methods of risk assessment within their legislative frameworks (EU, USA, Japan and Canada).

Molecular Ecology

Author: Joanna R. Freeland
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119993083
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Molecular Ecology, 2nd Edition provides an accessible introduction to the many diverse aspects of this subject. The book takes a logical and progressive approach to uniting examples from a wide range of taxonomic groups. The straightforward writing style offers in depth analysis whilst making often challenging subjects such as population genetics and phylogenetics highly comprehensible to the reader. The first part of the book introduces the essential underpinnings of molecular ecology and gives a review of genetics and discussion of the molecular markers that are most frequently used in ecological research, and a chapter devoted to the newly emerging field of ecological genomics. The second half of the book covers specific applications of molecular ecology, covering phylogeography, behavioural ecology and conservation genetics. The new edition provides a thoroughly up-to-date introduction to the field, emphasising new types of analyses and including current examples and techniques whilst also retaining the information-rich, highly readable style which set the first edition apart. Incorporates both theoretical and applied perspectives Highly accessible, user-friendly approach and presentation Includes self-assessment activities with hypothetical cases based on actual species and realistic data sets Uses case studies to place the theory in context Provides coverage of population genetics, genomics, phylogeography, behavioural ecology and conservation genetics.

Evolution in a Toxic World

Author: Emily Monosson
Publisher: Island Press
ISBN: 1610912217
Format: PDF, Mobi
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With BPA in baby bottles, mercury in fish, and lead in computer monitors, the world has become a toxic place. But as Emily Monosson demonstrates in her groundbreaking new book, it has always been toxic. When oxygen first developed in Earth's atmosphere, it threatened the very existence of life: now we literally can't live without it. According to Monosson, examining how life adapted to such early threats can teach us a great deal about today's (and tomorrow's) most dangerous contaminants. While the study of evolution has advanced many other sciences, from conservation biology to medicine, the field of toxicology has yet to embrace this critical approach. In Evolution in a Toxic World, Monosson seeks to change that. She traces the development of life's defense systems—the mechanisms that transform, excrete, and stow away potentially harmful chemicals—frommore thanthree billion years ago to today. Beginning with our earliest ancestors' response to ultraviolet radiation, Monosson explores the evolution of chemical defenses such as antioxidants, metal binding proteins, detoxification, and cell death. As we alter the world's chemistry, these defenses often become overwhelmed faster than our bodies can adapt. But studying how our complex internal defense network currently operates, and how it came to be that way, may allow us to predict how it will react to novel and existing chemicals. This understanding could lead to not onlybetter management and preventative measures, but possibly treatment of current diseases. Development of that knowledge starts with this pioneering book.