An Introduction to Statistical Inference and Its Applications with R

Author: Michael W. Trosset
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781584889489
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Emphasizing concepts rather than recipes, An Introduction to Statistical Inference and Its Applications with R provides a clear exposition of the methods of statistical inference for students who are comfortable with mathematical notation. Numerous examples, case studies, and exercises are included. R is used to simplify computation, create figures, and draw pseudorandom samples—not to perform entire analyses. After discussing the importance of chance in experimentation, the text develops basic tools of probability. The plug-in principle then provides a transition from populations to samples, motivating a variety of summary statistics and diagnostic techniques. The heart of the text is a careful exposition of point estimation, hypothesis testing, and confidence intervals. The author then explains procedures for 1- and 2-sample location problems, analysis of variance, goodness-of-fit, and correlation and regression. He concludes by discussing the role of simulation in modern statistical inference. Focusing on the assumptions that underlie popular statistical methods, this textbook explains how and why these methods are used to analyze experimental data.

Introduction to the Theory of Statistical Inference

Author: Hannelore Liero
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466503203
Format: PDF, ePub
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Based on the authors’ lecture notes, Introduction to the Theory of Statistical Inference presents concise yet complete coverage of statistical inference theory, focusing on the fundamental classical principles. Suitable for a second-semester undergraduate course on statistical inference, the book offers proofs to support the mathematics. It illustrates core concepts using cartoons and provides solutions to all examples and problems. Highlights Basic notations and ideas of statistical inference are explained in a mathematically rigorous, but understandable, form Classroom-tested and designed for students of mathematical statistics Examples, applications of the general theory to special cases, exercises, and figures provide a deeper insight into the material Solutions provided for problems formulated at the end of each chapter Combines the theoretical basis of statistical inference with a useful applied toolbox that includes linear models Theoretical, difficult, or frequently misunderstood problems are marked The book is aimed at advanced undergraduate students, graduate students in mathematics and statistics, and theoretically-interested students from other disciplines. Results are presented as theorems and corollaries. All theorems are proven and important statements are formulated as guidelines in prose. With its multipronged and student-tested approach, this book is an excellent introduction to the theory of statistical inference.

Generalized Linear Mixed Models

Author: Walter W. Stroup
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439815135
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Generalized Linear Mixed Models: Modern Concepts, Methods and Applications presents an introduction to linear modeling using the generalized linear mixed model (GLMM) as an overarching conceptual framework. For readers new to linear models, the book helps them see the big picture. It shows how linear models fit with the rest of the core statistics curriculum and points out the major issues that statistical modelers must consider. Along with describing common applications of GLMMs, the text introduces the essential theory and main methodology associated with linear models that accommodate random model effects and non-Gaussian data. Unlike traditional linear model textbooks that focus on normally distributed data, this one adopts a generalized mixed model approach throughout: data for linear modeling need not be normally distributed and effects may be fixed or random. With numerous examples using SAS® PROC GLIMMIX, this book is ideal for graduate students in statistics, statistics professionals seeking to update their knowledge, and researchers new to the generalized linear model thought process. It focuses on data-driven processes and provides context for extending traditional linear model thinking to generalized linear mixed modeling. See Professor Stroup discuss the book.

Exercises and Solutions in Biostatistical Theory

Author: Lawrence Kupper
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439895023
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Drawn from nearly four decades of Lawrence L. Kupper’s teaching experiences as a distinguished professor in the Department of Biostatistics at the University of North Carolina, Exercises and Solutions in Biostatistical Theory presents theoretical statistical concepts, numerous exercises, and detailed solutions that span topics from basic probability to statistical inference. The text links theoretical biostatistical principles to real-world situations, including some of the authors’ own biostatistical work that has addressed complicated design and analysis issues in the health sciences. This classroom-tested material is arranged sequentially starting with a chapter on basic probability theory, followed by chapters on univariate distribution theory and multivariate distribution theory. The last two chapters on statistical inference cover estimation theory and hypothesis testing theory. Each chapter begins with an in-depth introduction that summarizes the biostatistical principles needed to help solve the exercises. Exercises range in level of difficulty from fairly basic to more challenging (identified with asterisks). By working through the exercises and detailed solutions in this book, students will develop a deep understanding of the principles of biostatistical theory. The text shows how the biostatistical theory is effectively used to address important biostatistical issues in a variety of real-world settings. Mastering the theoretical biostatistical principles described in the book will prepare students for successful study of higher-level statistical theory and will help them become better biostatisticians.

Introduction to General and Generalized Linear Models

Author: Henrik Madsen
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439891141
Format: PDF, ePub
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Bridging the gap between theory and practice for modern statistical model building, Introduction to General and Generalized Linear Models presents likelihood-based techniques for statistical modelling using various types of data. Implementations using R are provided throughout the text, although other software packages are also discussed. Numerous examples show how the problems are solved with R. After describing the necessary likelihood theory, the book covers both general and generalized linear models using the same likelihood-based methods. It presents the corresponding/parallel results for the general linear models first, since they are easier to understand and often more well known. The authors then explore random effects and mixed effects in a Gaussian context. They also introduce non-Gaussian hierarchical models that are members of the exponential family of distributions. Each chapter contains examples and guidelines for solving the problems via R. Providing a flexible framework for data analysis and model building, this text focuses on the statistical methods and models that can help predict the expected value of an outcome, dependent, or response variable. It offers a sound introduction to general and generalized linear models using the popular and powerful likelihood techniques. Ancillary materials are available at www.imm.dtu.dk/~hm/GLM

Introduction to Statistical Limit Theory

Author: Alan M. Polansky
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420076612
Format: PDF, ePub
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Helping students develop a good understanding of asymptotic theory, Introduction to Statistical Limit Theory provides a thorough yet accessible treatment of common modes of convergence and their related tools used in statistics. It also discusses how the results can be applied to several common areas in the field. The author explains as much of the background material as possible and offers a comprehensive account of the modes of convergence of random variables, distributions, and moments, establishing a firm foundation for the applications that appear later in the book. The text includes detailed proofs that follow a logical progression of the central inferences of each result. It also presents in-depth explanations of the results and identifies important tools and techniques. Through numerous illustrative examples, the book shows how asymptotic theory offers deep insight into statistical problems, such as confidence intervals, hypothesis tests, and estimation. With an array of exercises and experiments in each chapter, this classroom-tested book gives students the mathematical foundation needed to understand asymptotic theory. It covers the necessary introductory material as well as modern statistical applications, exploring how the underlying mathematical and statistical theories work together.

Lineare Modelle

Author: Helge Toutenburg
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642573487
Format: PDF
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Dieses Buch gibt einen vollständigen Überblick über Lineare Modelle und verwandte Gebiete, z.B. die Matrixtheorie. Das Buch umfasst Theorie und Anwendungen. Zahlreiche Beispiele sowie Datensätze, Tests und Grafiken (Tests auf Strukturbrüche/Parameterkonstanz) auf einer Website dienen der Anwendungsorientierung. Ein eigenes, relativ umfangreiches Kapitel zur Matrixtheorie stellt die notwendigen methodischen Hilfsmittel für die Beweise der Sätze im Text bereit und vermittelt eine Auswahl klassischer und moderner algebraischer Resultate. Das Buch ist vor allem als begleitendes Lehrmaterial für Studenten, für die Forschung auf dem Gebiet der Linearen Modelle sowie für Dozenten und Studenten höherer Semester der Wirtschaftswissenschaften angelegt.

Nonlinear Time Series

Author: Randal Douc
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466502347
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Designed for researchers and students, Nonlinear Times Series: Theory, Methods and Applications with R Examples familiarizes readers with the principles behind nonlinear time series models—without overwhelming them with difficult mathematical developments. By focusing on basic principles and theory, the authors give readers the background required to craft their own stochastic models, numerical methods, and software. They will also be able to assess the advantages and disadvantages of different approaches, and thus be able to choose the right methods for their purposes. The first part can be seen as a crash course on "classical" time series, with a special emphasis on linear state space models and detailed coverage of random coefficient autoregressions, both ARCH and GARCH models. The second part introduces Markov chains, discussing stability, the existence of a stationary distribution, ergodicity, limit theorems, and statistical inference. The book concludes with a self-contained account on nonlinear state space and sequential Monte Carlo methods. An elementary introduction to nonlinear state space modeling and sequential Monte Carlo, this section touches on current topics, from the theory of statistical inference to advanced computational methods. The book can be used as a support to an advanced course on these methods, or an introduction to this field before studying more specialized texts. Several chapters highlight recent developments such as explicit rate of convergence of Markov chains and sequential Monte Carlo techniques. And while the chapters are organized in a logical progression, the three parts can be studied independently. Statistics is not a spectator sport, so the book contains more than 200 exercises to challenge readers. These problems strengthen intellectual muscles strained by the introduction of new theory and go on to extend the theory in significant ways. The book helps readers hone their skills in nonlinear time series analysis and their applications.

Extending the Linear Model with R

Author: Julian J. Faraway
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780203492284
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Linear models are central to the practice of statistics and form the foundation of a vast range of statistical methodologies. Julian J. Faraway's critically acclaimed Linear Models with R examined regression and analysis of variance, demonstrated the different methods available, and showed in which situations each one applies. Following in those footsteps, Extending the Linear Model with R surveys the techniques that grow from the regression model, presenting three extensions to that framework: generalized linear models (GLMs), mixed effect models, and nonparametric regression models. The author's treatment is thoroughly modern and covers topics that include GLM diagnostics, generalized linear mixed models, trees, and even the use of neural networks in statistics. To demonstrate the interplay of theory and practice, throughout the book the author weaves the use of the R software environment to analyze the data of real examples, providing all of the R commands necessary to reproduce the analyses. All of the data described in the book is available at http://people.bath.ac.uk/jjf23/ELM/ Statisticians need to be familiar with a broad range of ideas and techniques. This book provides a well-stocked toolbox of methodologies, and with its unique presentation of these very modern statistical techniques, holds the potential to break new ground in the way graduate-level courses in this area are taught.

Web and Network Data Science

Author: Thomas W. Miller
Publisher: FT Press
ISBN: 0133887642
Format: PDF
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Master modern web and network data modeling: both theory and applications. In Web and Network Data Science, a top faculty member of Northwestern University’s prestigious analytics program presents the first fully-integrated treatment of both the business and academic elements of web and network modeling for predictive analytics. Some books in this field focus either entirely on business issues (e.g., Google Analytics and SEO); others are strictly academic (covering topics such as sociology, complexity theory, ecology, applied physics, and economics). This text gives today's managers and students what they really need: integrated coverage of concepts, principles, and theory in the context of real-world applications. Building on his pioneering Web Analytics course at Northwestern University, Thomas W. Miller covers usability testing, Web site performance, usage analysis, social media platforms, search engine optimization (SEO), and many other topics. He balances this practical coverage with accessible and up-to-date introductions to both social network analysis and network science, demonstrating how these disciplines can be used to solve real business problems.