Analysis of Ordinal Categorical Data

Author: Alan Agresti
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118209990
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Statistical science’s first coordinated manual of methods for analyzing ordered categorical data, now fully revised and updated, continues to present applications and case studies in fields as diverse as sociology, public health, ecology, marketing, and pharmacy. Analysis of Ordinal Categorical Data, Second Edition provides an introduction to basic descriptive and inferential methods for categorical data, giving thorough coverage of new developments and recent methods. Special emphasis is placed on interpretation and application of methods including an integrated comparison of the available strategies for analyzing ordinal data. Practitioners of statistics in government, industry (particularly pharmaceutical), and academia will want this new edition.

Categorical Data Analysis

Author: Alan Agresti
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118710940
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Praise for the Second Edition "A must-have book for anyone expecting to do research and/or applications in categorical data analysis." —Statistics in Medicine "It is a total delight reading this book." —Pharmaceutical Research "If you do any analysis of categorical data, this is an essential desktop reference." —Technometrics The use of statistical methods for analyzing categorical data has increased dramatically, particularly in the biomedical, social sciences, and financial industries. Responding to new developments, this book offers a comprehensive treatment of the most important methods for categorical data analysis. Categorical Data Analysis, Third Edition summarizes the latest methods for univariate and correlated multivariate categorical responses. Readers will find a unified generalized linear models approach that connects logistic regression and Poisson and negative binomial loglinear models for discrete data with normal regression for continuous data. This edition also features: An emphasis on logistic and probit regression methods for binary, ordinal, and nominal responses for independent observations and for clustered data with marginal models and random effects models Two new chapters on alternative methods for binary response data, including smoothing and regularization methods, classification methods such as linear discriminant analysis and classification trees, and cluster analysis New sections introducing the Bayesian approach for methods in that chapter More than 100 analyses of data sets and over 600 exercises Notes at the end of each chapter that provide references to recent research and topics not covered in the text, linked to a bibliography of more than 1,200 sources A supplementary website showing how to use R and SAS; for all examples in the text, with information also about SPSS and Stata and with exercise solutions Categorical Data Analysis, Third Edition is an invaluable tool for statisticians and methodologists, such as biostatisticians and researchers in the social and behavioral sciences, medicine and public health, marketing, education, finance, biological and agricultural sciences, and industrial quality control.

Applied Categorical Data Analysis

Author: Chap T. Le
Publisher: Wiley-Interscience
ISBN: 9780471240600
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The nonstatistician's quick reference to applied categorical data analysis With a succinct, unified approach to applied categorical data analysis and an emphasis on applications, this book is immensely useful to researchers and students in the biomedical disciplines and to anyone concerned with statistical analysis. This self-contained volume provides up-to-date coverage of all major methodologies in this area of applied statistics and acquaints the reader with statistical thinking as expressed through a variety of modern-day topics and techniques. Applied Categorical Data Analysis introduces a number of new research areas, including the Mantel-Haenszel method, Kappa statistics, ordinal risks, odds ratio estimates, goodness-of-fit, and various regression models for categorical data. Chap T. Le, author of Health and Numbers and Applied Survival Analysis, presents his information in a user-friendly format and an accessible style while purposefully keeping the mathematics to a level appropriate for students in applied fields. Well supplemented with helpful graphs and tables, Applied Categorical Data Analysis: * Covers both basic and advanced topics * Employs many real-life examples from biomedicine, epidemiology, and public health * Presents case studies in meticulous detail * Provides end-of-chapter exercise sets and solutions * Incorporates samples of computer programs (most notably in SAS). Applied Categorical Data Analysis is an important resource for graduate students and professionals who need a compact reference and guide to both the fundamentals and applications of the major methods in the field.

Bayesian Models for Categorical Data

Author: Peter Congdon
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470092386
Format: PDF, Docs
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The use of Bayesian methods for the analysis of data has grown substantially in areas as diverse as applied statistics, psychology, economics and medical science. Bayesian Methods for Categorical Data sets out to demystify modern Bayesian methods, making them accessible to students and researchers alike. Emphasizing the use of statistical computing and applied data analysis, this book provides a comprehensive introduction to Bayesian methods of categorical outcomes. * Reviews recent Bayesian methodology for categorical outcomes (binary, count and multinomial data). * Considers missing data models techniques and non-standard models (ZIP and negative binomial). * Evaluates time series and spatio-temporal models for discrete data. * Features discussion of univariate and multivariate techniques. * Provides a set of downloadable worked examples with documented WinBUGS code, available from an ftp site. The author's previous 2 bestselling titles provided a comprehensive introduction to the theory and application of Bayesian models. Bayesian Models for Categorical Data continues to build upon this foundation by developing their application to categorical, or discrete data - one of the most common types of data available. The author's clear and logical approach makes the book accessible to a wide range of students and practitioners, including those dealing with categorical data in medicine, sociology, psychology and epidemiology.

Applied Longitudinal Analysis

Author: Garrett M. Fitzmaurice
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780471214878
Format: PDF, ePub
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A rigorous, systematic presentation of modern longitudinal analysis Longitudinal studies, employing repeated measurement of subjects over time, play a prominent role in the health and medical sciences as well as in pharmaceutical studies. An important strategy in modern clinical research, they provide valuable insights into both the development and persistence of disease and those factors that can alter the course of disease development. Written at a technical level suitable for researchers and graduate students, Applied Longitudinal Analysis provides a rigorous and comprehensive description of modern methods for analyzing longitudinal data. Focusing on General Linear and Mixed Effects Models for continuous responses, and extensions of Generalized Linear Models for discrete responses, the authors discuss in detail the relationships among these different models, including their underlying assumptions and relative merits. The book features: * A focus on practical applications, utilizing a wide range of examples drawn from real-world studies * Coverage of modern methods of regression analysis for correlated data * Analyses utilizing SAS(r) * Multiple exercises and "homework" problems for review An accompanying Web site features twenty-five real data sets used throughout the text, in addition to programming statements and selected computer output for the examples.

Theoretical Foundations of Functional Data Analysis with an Introduction to Linear Operators

Author: Tailen Hsing
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118762568
Format: PDF, Docs
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Theoretical Foundations of Functional Data Analysis, with an Introduction to Linear Operators provides a uniquely broad compendium of the key mathematical concepts and results that are relevant for the theoretical development of functional data analysis (FDA). The self–contained treatment of selected topics of functional analysis and operator theory includes reproducing kernel Hilbert spaces, singular value decomposition of compact operators on Hilbert spaces and perturbation theory for both self–adjoint and non self–adjoint operators. The probabilistic foundation for FDA is described from the perspective of random elements in Hilbert spaces as well as from the viewpoint of continuous time stochastic processes. Nonparametric estimation approaches including kernel and regularized smoothing are also introduced. These tools are then used to investigate the properties of estimators for the mean element, covariance operators, principal components, regression function and canonical correlations. A general treatment of canonical correlations in Hilbert spaces naturally leads to FDA formulations of factor analysis, regression, MANOVA and discriminant analysis. This book will provide a valuable reference for statisticians and other researchers interested in developing or understanding the mathematical aspects of FDA. It is also suitable for a graduate level special topics course.

Bayesian Statistical Modelling

Author: Peter Congdon
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470035935
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Bayesian methods combine the evidence from the data at hand with previous quantitative knowledge to analyse practical problems in a wide range of areas. The calculations were previously complex, but it is now possible to routinely apply Bayesian methods due to advances in computing technology and the use of new sampling methods for estimating parameters. Such developments together with the availability of freeware such as WINBUGS and R have facilitated a rapid growth in the use of Bayesian methods, allowing their application in many scientific disciplines, including applied statistics, public health research, medical science, the social sciences and economics. Following the success of the first edition, this reworked and updated book provides an accessible approach to Bayesian computing and analysis, with an emphasis on the principles of prior selection, identification and the interpretation of real data sets. The second edition: Provides an integrated presentation of theory, examples, applications and computer algorithms. Discusses the role of Markov Chain Monte Carlo methods in computing and estimation. Includes a wide range of interdisciplinary applications, and a large selection of worked examples from the health and social sciences. Features a comprehensive range of methodologies and modelling techniques, and examines model fitting in practice using Bayesian principles. Provides exercises designed to help reinforce the reader’s knowledge and a supplementary website containing data sets and relevant programs. Bayesian Statistical Modelling is ideal for researchers in applied statistics, medical science, public health and the social sciences, who will benefit greatly from the examples and applications featured. The book will also appeal to graduate students of applied statistics, data analysis and Bayesian methods, and will provide a great source of reference for both researchers and students. Praise for the First Edition: “It is a remarkable achievement to have carried out such a range of analysis on such a range of data sets. I found this book comprehensive and stimulating, and was thoroughly impressed with both the depth and the range of the discussions it contains.” – ISI - Short Book Reviews “This is an excellent introductory book on Bayesian modelling techniques and data analysis” – Biometrics “The book fills an important niche in the statistical literature and should be a very valuable resource for students and professionals who are utilizing Bayesian methods.” – Journal of Mathematical Psychology

The Theory of Measures and Integration

Author: Eric M. Vestrup
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470317957
Format: PDF, Mobi
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An accessible, clearly organized survey of the basic topics of measure theory for students and researchers in mathematics, statistics, and physics In order to fully understand and appreciate advanced probability, analysis, and advanced mathematical statistics, a rudimentary knowledge of measure theory and like subjects must first be obtained. The Theory of Measures and Integration illuminates the fundamental ideas of the subject-fascinating in their own right-for both students and researchers, providing a useful theoretical background as well as a solid foundation for further inquiry. Eric Vestrup's patient and measured text presents the major results of classical measure and integration theory in a clear and rigorous fashion. Besides offering the mainstream fare, the author also offers detailed discussions of extensions, the structure of Borel and Lebesgue sets, set-theoretic considerations, the Riesz representation theorem, and the Hardy-Littlewood theorem, among other topics, employing a clear presentation style that is both evenly paced and user-friendly. Chapters include: * Measurable Functions * The Lp Spaces * The Radon-Nikodym Theorem * Products of Two Measure Spaces * Arbitrary Products of Measure Spaces Sections conclude with exercises that range in difficulty between easy "finger exercises"and substantial and independent points of interest. These more difficult exercises are accompanied by detailed hints and outlines. They demonstrate optional side paths in the subject as well as alternative ways of presenting the mainstream topics. In writing his proofs and notation, Vestrup targets the person who wants all of the details shown up front. Ideal for graduate students in mathematics, statistics, and physics, as well as strong undergraduates in these disciplines and practicing researchers, The Theory of Measures and Integration proves both an able primary text for a real analysis sequence with a focus on measure theory and a helpful background text for advanced courses in probability and statistics.

Nonparametric Statistics with Applications to Science and Engineering

Author: Paul H. Kvam
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470168691
Format: PDF, Mobi
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A thorough and definitive book that fully addresses traditional and modern-day topics of nonparametric statistics This book presents a practical approach to nonparametric statistical analysis and provides comprehensive coverage of both established and newly developed methods. With the use of MATLAB, the authors present information on theorems and rank tests in an applied fashion, with an emphasis on modern methods in regression and curve fitting, bootstrap confidence intervals, splines, wavelets, empirical likelihood, and goodness-of-fit testing. Nonparametric Statistics with Applications to Science and Engineering begins with succinct coverage of basic results for order statistics, methods of categorical data analysis, nonparametric regression, and curve fitting methods. The authors then focus on nonparametric procedures that are becoming more relevant to engineering researchers and practitioners. The important fundamental materials needed to effectively learn and apply the discussed methods are also provided throughout the book. Complete with exercise sets, chapter reviews, and a related Web site that features downloadable MATLAB applications, this book is an essential textbook for graduate courses in engineering and the physical sciences and also serves as a valuable reference for researchers who seek a more comprehensive understanding of modern nonparametric statistical methods.

Exploratory Data Mining and Data Cleaning

Author: Tamraparni Dasu
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0471458643
Format: PDF
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Written for practitioners of data mining, data cleaning and database management. Presents a technical treatment of data quality including process, metrics, tools and algorithms. Focuses on developing an evolving modeling strategy through an iterative data exploration loop and incorporation of domain knowledge. Addresses methods of detecting, quantifying and correcting data quality issues that can have a significant impact on findings and decisions, using commercially available tools as well as new algorithmic approaches. Uses case studies to illustrate applications in real life scenarios. Highlights new approaches and methodologies, such as the DataSphere space partitioning and summary based analysis techniques. Exploratory Data Mining and Data Cleaning will serve as an important reference for serious data analysts who need to analyze large amounts of unfamiliar data, managers of operations databases, and students in undergraduate or graduate level courses dealing with large scale data analys is and data mining.