Analytic Methods for Diophantine Equations and Diophantine Inequalities

Author: H. Davenport
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139441230
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Harold Davenport was one of the truly great mathematicians of the twentieth century. Based on lectures he gave at the University of Michigan in the early 1960s, this book is concerned with the use of analytic methods in the study of integer solutions to Diophantine equations and Diophantine inequalities. It provides an excellent introduction to a timeless area of number theory that is still as widely researched today as it was when the book originally appeared. The three main themes of the book are Waring's problem and the representation of integers by diagonal forms, the solubility in integers of systems of forms in many variables, and the solubility in integers of diagonal inequalities. For the second edition of the book a comprehensive foreword has been added in which three prominent authorities describe the modern context and recent developments. A thorough bibliography has also been added.

Analytic Number Theory

Author: William Duke
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 9780821843079
Format: PDF
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Articles in this volume are based on talks given at the Gauss-Dirichlet Conference held in Gottingen on June 20-24, 2005. The conference commemorated the 150th anniversary of the death of C.-F. Gauss and the 200th anniversary of the birth of J.-L. Dirichlet. The volume begins with a definitive summary of the life and work of Dirichlet and continues with thirteen papers by leading experts on research topics of current interest in number theory that were directly influenced by Gauss and Dirichlet. Among the topics are the distribution of primes (long arithmetic progressions of primes and small gaps between primes), class groups of binary quadratic forms, various aspects of the theory of $L$-functions, the theory of modular forms, and the study of rational and integral solutions to polynomial equations in several variables.

A Course in Analytic Number Theory

Author: Marius Overholt
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 1470417065
Format: PDF
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This book is an introduction to analytic number theory suitable for beginning graduate students. It covers everything one expects in a first course in this field, such as growth of arithmetic functions, existence of primes in arithmetic progressions, and the Prime Number Theorem. But it also covers more challenging topics that might be used in a second course, such as the Siegel-Walfisz theorem, functional equations of L-functions, and the explicit formula of von Mangoldt. For students with an interest in Diophantine analysis, there is a chapter on the Circle Method and Waring's Problem. Those with an interest in algebraic number theory may find the chapter on the analytic theory of number fields of interest, with proofs of the Dirichlet unit theorem, the analytic class number formula, the functional equation of the Dedekind zeta function, and the Prime Ideal Theorem. The exposition is both clear and precise, reflecting careful attention to the needs of the reader. The text includes extensive historical notes, which occur at the ends of the chapters. The exercises range from introductory problems and standard problems in analytic number theory to interesting original problems that will challenge the reader. The author has made an effort to provide clear explanations for the techniques of analysis used. No background in analysis beyond rigorous calculus and a first course in complex function theory is assumed.

A Comprehensive Course in Number Theory

Author: Alan Baker
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139560824
Format: PDF, ePub
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Developed from the author's popular text, A Concise Introduction to the Theory of Numbers, this book provides a comprehensive initiation to all the major branches of number theory. Beginning with the rudiments of the subject, the author proceeds to more advanced topics, including elements of cryptography and primality testing, an account of number fields in the classical vein including properties of their units, ideals and ideal classes, aspects of analytic number theory including studies of the Riemann zeta-function, the prime-number theorem and primes in arithmetical progressions, a description of the Hardy–Littlewood and sieve methods from respectively additive and multiplicative number theory and an exposition of the arithmetic of elliptic curves. The book includes many worked examples, exercises and further reading. Its wider coverage and versatility make this book suitable for courses extending from the elementary to beginning graduate studies.

The Hardy Littlewood Method

Author: R. C. Vaughan
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521573474
Format: PDF, Docs
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This second edition covers recent developments on Hardy-Littlewood method.

Three Pearls of Number Theory

Author: Aleksandr I?A?kovlevich Khinchin
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 9780486400266
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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These 3 puzzles require proof of a basic law governing the world of numbers. Features van der Waerden's theorem, the Landau-Schnirelmann hypothesis and Mann's theorem, and a solution to Waring's problem. Solutions included.

The Geometry of Moduli Spaces of Sheaves

Author: Daniel Huybrechts
Publisher: Vieweg+Teubner Verlag
ISBN: 9783663116257
Format: PDF
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This book is intended to serve as an introduction to the theory of semistable sheaves and at the same time to provide a survey of recent research results on the geometry of moduli spaces. The first part introduces the basic concepts in the theory: Hilbert polynomial, slope, stability, Harder-Narasimhan filtration, Grothendieck's Quot-scheme. It presents detailed proofs of the Grauert-Mülich Theorem, the Bogomolov Inequality, the semistability of tensor products, and the boundedness of the family of semistable sheaves. It also gives a self-contained account of the construction of moduli spaces of semistable sheaves on a projective variety à la Gieseker, Maruyama, and Simpson. The second part presents some of the recent results of the geometry of moduli spaces of sheaves on an algebraic surface, following work of Mukai, O'Grady, Gieseker, Li and many others. In particular, moduli spaces of sheaves on K3 surfaces and determinant line bundles on the moduli spaces are treated in some detail. Other topics include the Serre correspondence, restriction of stable bundles to curves, symplectic structures, irreducibility and Kodaira-dimension of moduli spaces.