Anatomy of Neuropsychiatry

Author: Lennart Heimer
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780080555126
Format: PDF, Docs
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Anatomy of Neuropsychiatry presents the anatomical systems that take part in the scientific and clinical study of emotional functions and neuropsychiatric disorders. It discusses the limbic system—the cortical and subcortical structures in the human brain involved in emotion, motivation, and emotional association with memory—at length and how this is no longer a useful guide to the study of psychiatric disorders. The book provides an understanding of brain anatomy, with an emphasis on the new anatomical framework which has emerged during the last quarter century. The goal is to help the reader develop an understanding of the gross anatomical organization of the human forebrain. A re-evaluation of brain anatomy, with an emphasis on the new anatomical framework which has emerged during the last quarter century A compellingly expanded conceptualization of Broca's famous limbic lobe Clinical and basic science boxes highlighting specific concepts, structures, or neuronal circuits from a clinical perspective

Motion and Emotion

Author: Andrea E. Cavanna
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319893300
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book illustrates the clinical interface between neurology and psychiatry by focusing on neuropsychiatric conditions characterised by alterations at the level of both motor function and behaviour. The neuropsychiatric approach to movement disorders and epilepsy is of key importance in clinically assessing and treating these common and often disabling conditions. While addressing the clinical challenges posed by the behavioural aspects of movement disorders and epilepsy, it invites readers on a journey through the evolving discipline of neuropsychiatry / behavioural neurology – both in the past and today. This discipline has an illustrious history, and continues its ascending trajectory in the new millennium through the activity of long-established national organisations (British Neuropsychiatry Association, BNPA, and American Neuropsychiatric Association, ANPA) as well as newly developed strategic research initiatives (Michael Trimble Neuropsychiatry Research Group, MTNRG).

Brain Mapping

Author: Hugues Duffau
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3709107237
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The goal of this book is to make a link between fundamental research in the field of cognitive neurosciences, which now benefits from a better knowledge of the neural foundations of cerebral processing, and its clinical application, especially in neurosurgery – itself able to provide new insights into brain organization. The anatomical bases are presented, advances and limitations of the different methods of functional cerebral mapping are discussed, updated models of sensorimotor, visuospatial, language, memory, emotional, and executive functions are explained in detail. In the light of these data, new strategies of surgical management of cerebral lesions are proposed, with an optimization of the benefit–risk ratio of surgery. Finally, perspectives about brain connectivity and plasticity are discussed on the basis of translational studies involving serial functional neuroimaging, intraoperative cortico-subcortical electrical mapping, and biomathematical modeling of interactions between parallel distributed neural networks.

Stress in Health and Disease An Issue of Psychiatric Clinics of North America

Author: Daniel L. Kirsch
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 0323326773
Format: PDF
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Stress in the DSM is referred to only in the sense of post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, some research studies estimate up to two thirds of illnesses seen by general practitioners are ‘stress related’–GI problems, sleep disturbance, mental concentration, headaches, fatigue, shortness of breath, high blood pressure, dermatitis, illnesses from lowered immune system, and vague aches and pains – all can be symptoms and outcomes of the elusive stress factor. This issue of Psychiatric Clinics of North America discusses the scientific medical facets of stress, written by mental health and medical practitioners. It looks at the brain-body connection of stress – what the body does to result in stress and varying results stress has on the body. This fascinating cross-discipline look at stress is intended for psychiatrists, general practitioners, cardiologists, GI specialists, neurologists, sleep medicine specialists, respiratory specialists, and others who diagnose and treat patients with stress suspected as part of the illness equation or with self-reported stress. Topics include: Measurement of stress; Anxiety and stress-how they work together; Relationship between genetics and stress; Role of glia in stress; Sleep and stress; Diet and stress; Supplements and stress; Effect of severe stress on early brain development, attachment, and emotions; Role of stress and fear on the development of psychopathology; Expressions of stress in psychiatric illness; Dermatologic manifestations of stress in normal and psychiatric populations; Humor and the psychological buffers of stress; Stress expression in children and adolescents; Stress in service members; Stress in the geriatric population.

Applied Cranial Cerebral Anatomy

Author: Guilherme Carvalhal Ribas
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108648444
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book is the first to offer a comprehensive guide to understanding the brain's architecture from a topographical viewpoint. Authored by a leading expert in surgical neuroanatomy, this practical text provides tri-dimensional understanding of the cerebral hemispheres, and the relationships between cerebral surfaces and the skull's outer surfaces through detailed brain dissections and actual clinical cases with operative photographs and correlative neuroimaging. For neurosurgeons, neuroradiologists and neurologists at all levels, this book emphasises the anatomy of the sulci and gyri of the cerebral surface. It is an essential resource for the general neurosurgery practice, and more particularly for planning surgical access routes for intracranial tumors.

The Neuropsychology of Psychopathology

Author: Chad A. Noggle, PhD, ABN
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
ISBN: 082610701X
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This clinical reference book presents state-of-the-science knowledge about the neurobiology and genetics of the major mental disorders and how this corresponds with their psychiatric features and neuropsychological traits. The text demonstrates how the application of neuropsychology to these disorders provides a more comprehensive foundation for greater accuracy in assessment, diagnosis, and treatment. The book focuses on the neuropathological and pathophysiological basis of the various symptoms, emphasizing the biological basis of each disorder. This approach stresses the importance of looking at the other functional impacts of these manifestations (for example, cognitive deficits secondary to depression). The text compares adult versus child presentation of psychiatric disorders and covers the major forms of psychopathology including ADHD; Learning Disabilities; Pervasive Developmental Disorders; Mood, Anxiety, Personality, and Schizophrenic Disorders; Cortical and Subcortical Dementias; and Delirium. The book is written for clinical professionals to increase diagnostic accuracy and intervention success and to provide a way to approach psychopathologies as disorders of the neurological system. Key Features: Provides state-of-the-science knowledge about the application of neuropsychological practice to the major forms of psychopathology Examines neurological and neuropsychological features of the major forms of psychopathology Demonstrates how the application of neurobiology and genetics to psychiatric disorders can increase accuracy of assessment, diagnosis, and treatment Considers adult versus child presentation of psychiatric disorders

Advancing from the Ventral Striatum to the Extended Amygdala

Author: Jacqueline F. McGinty
Publisher: New York, N.Y. : New York Academy of Sciences
ISBN: 9781573311786
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The ventral striatopallidal and magnocellular systems emerged as organizing principles of the basal forebrain during the 1970s and 1980s. The concept of the extended amygdala, while still controversial, is beginning to guide the thinking of scientists in the 1990s who are investigating the role of the basal forebrain in motivated behaviors and their dysfunction. This volume is unique and particularly timely in that it explores the anatomy and function of the basal forebrain systems implicated in neuropsychiatric and addictive behavior.

Parkinson s Disease

Author: Dr. Stewart A. Factor, DO
Publisher: Demos Medical Publishing
ISBN: 9781934559871
Format: PDF
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Parkinson's disease (PD) is the second most common neurodegenerative disease in the world. Still the only major text on the subject, the completely revised and updated second edition of Parkinson's Disease: Diagnosis and Clinical Management comes at a time when specialists have made important advances in our understanding of the etiology, pathogenesis, investigation, and management of Parkinson's disease. The book includes 23 completely new chapters, and has updated information on: Genetics Pathology Biomarkers Pathogenesis Impulse control disorders in Parkinson's disease Updated outcome measures Complementary and alternative medicine for the treatment of Parkinson's disease Together the chapters form a comprehensive review of the many issues facing PD physicians today. Lucid and easily readable from beginning to end, each chapter may also stand on its own as a scholarly review of the individual subject. Each one is concisely written and heavily referenced for this purpose. The second edition of Parkinson's Disease: Diagnosis and Clinical Management provides a state-of-the-art review of where we've been, where we are now, and where we are going in treating this disease.

The human brain and spinal cord

Author: Lennart Heimer
Publisher: Springer Verlag
ISBN: 9780387942278
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Extensively rewritten and reorganized, the second edition of this renowned neuroanatomy textbook now includes MR and CT scans precisely correlated with both normal anatomy and clinical examples. The updated and expanded dissection guide, unique to this book, is now even more thoroughly integrated with the text. The second edition also features over 100 new illustrations; a new chapter on chemical neuroanatomy; greatly expanded chapters on neurohistology, neuroanatomic techniques, amygdaloid body and extended amygdala, and hippocampal formation; and a bibliography of references in neuroanatomy and related fields.

The Basal ganglia IV

Author: Gérard Percheron
Publisher: Plenum Pub Corp
ISBN: 9780306446399
Format: PDF, ePub
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''Emphasis on new issues and emerging concepts insures that the information presented is still timely...A compelling source of information on recent research in the field.'' ---Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy, May 1997