Anatomy of Neuropsychiatry

Author: Lennart Heimer
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780080555126
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Anatomy of Neuropsychiatry presents the anatomical systems that take part in the scientific and clinical study of emotional functions and neuropsychiatric disorders. It discusses the limbic system—the cortical and subcortical structures in the human brain involved in emotion, motivation, and emotional association with memory—at length and how this is no longer a useful guide to the study of psychiatric disorders. The book provides an understanding of brain anatomy, with an emphasis on the new anatomical framework which has emerged during the last quarter century. The goal is to help the reader develop an understanding of the gross anatomical organization of the human forebrain. A re-evaluation of brain anatomy, with an emphasis on the new anatomical framework which has emerged during the last quarter century A compellingly expanded conceptualization of Broca's famous limbic lobe Clinical and basic science boxes highlighting specific concepts, structures, or neuronal circuits from a clinical perspective

Stress in Health and Disease An Issue of Psychiatric Clinics of North America

Author: Daniel L. Kirsch
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 0323326773
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Stress in the DSM is referred to only in the sense of post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, some research studies estimate up to two thirds of illnesses seen by general practitioners are ‘stress related’–GI problems, sleep disturbance, mental concentration, headaches, fatigue, shortness of breath, high blood pressure, dermatitis, illnesses from lowered immune system, and vague aches and pains – all can be symptoms and outcomes of the elusive stress factor. This issue of Psychiatric Clinics of North America discusses the scientific medical facets of stress, written by mental health and medical practitioners. It looks at the brain-body connection of stress – what the body does to result in stress and varying results stress has on the body. This fascinating cross-discipline look at stress is intended for psychiatrists, general practitioners, cardiologists, GI specialists, neurologists, sleep medicine specialists, respiratory specialists, and others who diagnose and treat patients with stress suspected as part of the illness equation or with self-reported stress. Topics include: Measurement of stress; Anxiety and stress-how they work together; Relationship between genetics and stress; Role of glia in stress; Sleep and stress; Diet and stress; Supplements and stress; Effect of severe stress on early brain development, attachment, and emotions; Role of stress and fear on the development of psychopathology; Expressions of stress in psychiatric illness; Dermatologic manifestations of stress in normal and psychiatric populations; Humor and the psychological buffers of stress; Stress expression in children and adolescents; Stress in service members; Stress in the geriatric population.

The Neuropsychology of Psychopathology

Author: Chad A. Noggle, PhD, ABN
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
ISBN: 082610701X
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This clinical reference book presents state-of-the-science knowledge about the neurobiology and genetics of the major mental disorders and how this corresponds with their psychiatric features and neuropsychological traits. The text demonstrates how the application of neuropsychology to these disorders provides a more comprehensive foundation for greater accuracy in assessment, diagnosis, and treatment. The book focuses on the neuropathological and pathophysiological basis of the various symptoms, emphasizing the biological basis of each disorder. This approach stresses the importance of looking at the other functional impacts of these manifestations (for example, cognitive deficits secondary to depression). The text compares adult versus child presentation of psychiatric disorders and covers the major forms of psychopathology including ADHD; Learning Disabilities; Pervasive Developmental Disorders; Mood, Anxiety, Personality, and Schizophrenic Disorders; Cortical and Subcortical Dementias; and Delirium. The book is written for clinical professionals to increase diagnostic accuracy and intervention success and to provide a way to approach psychopathologies as disorders of the neurological system. Key Features: Provides state-of-the-science knowledge about the application of neuropsychological practice to the major forms of psychopathology Examines neurological and neuropsychological features of the major forms of psychopathology Demonstrates how the application of neurobiology and genetics to psychiatric disorders can increase accuracy of assessment, diagnosis, and treatment Considers adult versus child presentation of psychiatric disorders

Neuroscience of Creativity

Author: Oshin Vartanian
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262314703
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This volume offers a comprehensive overview of the latest neuroscientific approaches to the scientific study of creativity. In chapters that progress logically from neurobiological fundamentals to systems neuroscience and neuroimaging, leading scholars describe the latest theoretical, genetic, structural, clinical, functional, and applied research on the neural bases of creativity. The treatment is both broad and in depth, offering a range of neuroscientific perspectives with detailed coverage by experts in each area. The contributors discuss such issues as the heritability of creativity; creativity in patients with brain damage, neurodegenerative conditions, and mental illness; clinical interventions and the relationship between psychopathology and creativity; neuroimaging studies of intelligence and creativity; the neuroscientific basis of creativity-enhancing methodologies; and the information-processing challenges of viewing visual art. ContributorsBaptiste Barbot, Mathias Benedek, David Q. Beversdorf, Aaron P. Blaisdell, Margaret A. Boden, Dorret I. Boomsma, Adam S. Bristol, Shelley Carson, Marleen H. M. de Moor, Andreas Fink, Liane Gabora, Dennis Garlick, Elena L. Grigorenko, Richard J. Haier, Rex E. Jung, James C. Kaufman, Helmut Leder, Kenneth J. Leising, Bruce L. Miller, Apara Ranjan, Mark P. Roeling, W. David Stahlman, Mei Tan, Pablo P. L. Tinio, Oshin Vartanian, Indre V. Viskontas, Dahlia W. Zaidel

Advancing from the Ventral Striatum to the Extended Amygdala

Author: Jacqueline F. McGinty
Publisher: New York, N.Y. : New York Academy of Sciences
ISBN: 9781573311786
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The ventral striatopallidal and magnocellular systems emerged as organizing principles of the basal forebrain during the 1970s and 1980s. The concept of the extended amygdala, while still controversial, is beginning to guide the thinking of scientists in the 1990s who are investigating the role of the basal forebrain in motivated behaviors and their dysfunction. This volume is unique and particularly timely in that it explores the anatomy and function of the basal forebrain systems implicated in neuropsychiatric and addictive behavior.

The Neuropsychiatry of Limbic and Subcortical Disorders

Author: Stephen Salloway
Publisher: American Psychiatric Pub
ISBN: 9780880489423
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Limbic and subcortical brain regions mediate fundamental functions such as memory, emotion, motivation, and mood. Limbic and subcortical systems also play a key neurobiological role in other important aspects of human experience, such as substance abuse, reward systems, and religious experience. Most neuropsychiatric disorders involve dysfunction of subcortical structures or the limbic or paralimbic cortex. Dysfunction of temporolimbic systems produces some of the most dramatic and challenging syndromes in clinical medicine. A valuable contribution to the literature on limbic-subcortical systems and neuropsychiatric illness, The Neuropsychiatry of Limbic and Subcortical Disorders presents an overview of functional limbic anatomy and provides a state-of-the-art report on limbic-related syndromes. Part One covers the functional neuroanatomy of limbic and subcortical systems. This emphasis on neuroanatomy provides a foundation for Part Two, which focuses on the limbic system and clinical neuropsychiatric syndromes. Throughout this volume, extensive literature reviews serve as comprehensive reference sources. Many chapters include color illustrations to depict key points. The contributors are a diverse group of leading investigators with special expertise in the functional aspects of limbic and subcortical anatomy and its relationship to neuropsychiatric illness. The Neuropsychiatry of Limbic and Subcortical Disorders covers a broad range of basic and clinical material at various levels of difficulty. Thus, medical students, psychiatry and neurology residents, psychology trainees, and upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in the basic and clinical neurosciences will find this collection beneficial. Experienced clinicians and researchers in these fields will also benefit from the in-depth material that may even encourage a second read.

Neuropeptides

Author: Curt A. Sandman
Publisher:
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Docs
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This volume discusses the conservation of function across a range of species, illustrated in studies of insects, nematodes, tadpoles, mice, and rats, and in humans. The rate of embryonic and fietal development appears to be under the control of neuropeptides implicated in the stress response.

The Basal ganglia IV

Author: Gérard Percheron
Publisher: Plenum Pub Corp
ISBN: 9780306446399
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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''Emphasis on new issues and emerging concepts insures that the information presented is still timely...A compelling source of information on recent research in the field.'' ---Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy, May 1997

The human brain and spinal cord

Author: Lennart Heimer
Publisher: Springer Verlag
ISBN: 9780387942278
Format: PDF, ePub
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Extensively rewritten and reorganized, the second edition of this renowned neuroanatomy textbook now includes MR and CT scans precisely correlated with both normal anatomy and clinical examples. The updated and expanded dissection guide, unique to this book, is now even more thoroughly integrated with the text. The second edition also features over 100 new illustrations; a new chapter on chemical neuroanatomy; greatly expanded chapters on neurohistology, neuroanatomic techniques, amygdaloid body and extended amygdala, and hippocampal formation; and a bibliography of references in neuroanatomy and related fields.