Ancient Maya

Author: Arthur Demarest
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521592246
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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In this new archaeological study, Arthur Demarest brings the lost pre-Columbian civilization of the Maya to life. In applying a holistic perspective to the most recent evidence from archaeology, paleoecology, and epigraphy, this theoretical interpretation emphasises both the brilliant rain forest adaptations of the ancient Maya and the Native American spirituality that permeated all aspects of their daily life. Demarest draws on his own discoveries and the findings of colleagues to reconstruct the complex lifeways and volatile political history of the Classic Maya states of the first to eighth centuries. He provides a new explanation of the long-standing mystery of the ninth-century abandonment of most of the great rain forest cities. Finally, he draws lessons from the history of the Classic Maya cities for contemporary society and for the ongoing struggles and resurgence of the modern Maya peoples, who are now re-emerging from six centuries of oppression.

Ancient Inca

Author: Alan L. Kolata
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521869005
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book provides a detailed account of the Inca Empire, describing its history, society, economy, religion, and politics, but most importantly the way it was managed. How did the Inca wield political power? What economic strategies did the Inca pursue in order to create the largest native empire in the Western Hemisphere? The book offers university students, scholars, and the general public a sophisticated new interpretation of Inca power politics and especially the role of religion in shaping an imperial world of great ethnic, social, and cultural diversity.

Ancient Middle Niger

Author: Roderick J. McIntosh
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521813006
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Survey of the emergence of the ancient urban civilization of Middle Niger.

Ancient Tiwanaku

Author: John Wayne Janusek
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521816359
Format: PDF, ePub
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The Tiwanaku civilization, centred on Lake Titicaca, was of pre-eminent importance in the Andean region, from approximately 500-1100, yet has attracted considerably less attention, both popular and scholarly, than the Incas who came to replace them. Archaeology has only started to focus on the Tiwanaku in a major way in the last twenty or so years; this excellent study surveys and synthesises that research. It looks at the relationship between humans and landscape in the High Andes, examines the emergence of Tinawaku as a socially complex and highly diverse civilization, includes a detailed investigation of the archaeology of the city of Tinawaku, traces the relationship between Tinawaku and neighbouring civilizations, particularly the Wari, and finally charts the collapse of the empire. Challenging yet accessible to the non-specialist, there are plenty of thought provoking conclusions with wider applications for the study of high altitude cultures.

Before Kukulk n

Author: Vera Tiesler
Publisher: University of Arizona Press
ISBN: 0816532648
Format: PDF, Docs
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"A significant look at Maya life prior to Chichaen Itzaa during the Classic Period in the Yucatan"--Provided by publisher.

Climate Change Human Security and Violent Conflict

Author: Jürgen Scheffran
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642286267
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Severe droughts, damaging floods and mass migration: Climate change is becoming a focal point for security and conflict research and a challenge for the world’s governance structures. But how severe are the security risks and conflict potentials of climate change? Could global warming trigger a sequence of events leading to economic decline, social unrest and political instability? What are the causal relationships between resource scarcity and violent conflict? This book brings together international experts to explore these questions using in-depth case studies from around the world. Furthermore, the authors discuss strategies, institutions and cooperative approaches to stabilize the climate-society interaction.

The Ancient Maya

Author: Robert J. Sharer
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 9780804748179
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The rich findings of recent exploration and research are incorporated in this completely revised and greatly expanded sixth edition of this standard work on the Maya people. New field discoveries, new technical advances, new successes in the decipherment of Maya writing, and new theoretical perspectives on the Maya past have made this new edition necessary.

The Terminal Classic in the Maya Lowlands

Author: Arthur A. Demarest
Publisher: Univ Pr of Colorado
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book revisits one of the great problems in Mayan archaeology -- the apparent collapse of Classic Maya civilisation from roughly AD830-950. During this period the Maya abandoned their power centres in the southern lowlands and rather abruptly ceased the distinctive cultural practices that marked their apogee in the Classic period. Archaeological fieldwork during the past three decades, however, has uncovered enormous regional variability in the ways the Maya experienced the shift from Classic to Post-classic society, revealing a period of cultural change more complex than acknowledged by traditional models. Featuring an impressive roster of scholars, the book presents the most recent data and interpretations pertaining to this perplexing period of cultural transformation in the Maya lowlands. Although the research reveals clear interregional patterns, the contributors resist a single overarching explanation. Rather, this volume's diverse and nuanced interpretations provide a new, more properly grounded beginning for continued debate on the nature of lowland Terminal Classic Maya civilisation.

The Aztecs

Author: Michael E. Smith
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118257197
Format: PDF, Docs
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The Aztecs brings to life one of the best-known indigenous civilizations of the Americas in a vivid, comprehensive account of the ancient Aztecs. A thorough examination of Aztec origins and civilization including religion, science, and thought Incorporates the latest archaeological excavations and research into explanations of the Spanish conquest and the continuity of Aztec culture in Central Mexico Expanded coverage includes key topics such as writing, music, royal tombs, and Aztec predictions of the end of the world

Collapse

Author: Jared Diamond
Publisher: Penguin UK
ISBN: 0141976969
Format: PDF, Kindle
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From the author of Guns, Germs and Steel, Jared Diamond's Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Survive is a visionary study of the mysterious downfall of past civilizations. Now in a revised edition with a new afterword, Jared Diamond's Collapse uncovers the secret behind why some societies flourish, while others founder - and what this means for our future. What happened to the people who made the forlorn long-abandoned statues of Easter Island? What happened to the architects of the crumbling Maya pyramids? Will we go the same way, our skyscrapers one day standing derelict and overgrown like the temples at Angkor Wat? Bringing together new evidence from a startling range of sources and piecing together the myriad influences, from climate to culture, that make societies self-destruct, Jared Diamond's Collapse also shows how - unlike our ancestors - we can benefit from our knowledge of the past and learn to be survivors. 'A grand sweep from a master storyteller of the human race' Daily Mail 'Riveting, superb, terrifying' Observer 'Gripping ... the book fulfils its huge ambition, and Diamond is the only man who could have written it' Economist 'This book shines like all Diamond's work' Sunday Times Jared Diamond (b. 1937) is Professor of Geography at the University of California, Los Angeles. Until recently he was Professor of Physiology at the UCLA School of Medicine. He is the Pulitzer Prize-winning author of the widely acclaimed Guns, Germs, and Steel: the Fates of Human Societies, which also is the winner of Britain's 1998 Rhone-Poulenc Science Book Prize.