Animal Electricity

Author: Robert B. Campenot
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674495586
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Like all cellular organisms humans run on electricity. Cells work like batteries: slight imbalances of electric charge across cell membranes, caused by ions moving in and out of cells, result in sensation, movement, awareness, and thinking—the things we associate with being alive. Robert Campenot offers an accessible overview of animal electricity.

Origins of Neuroscience

Author: Stanley Finger
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780195146943
Format: PDF, ePub
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With over 350 illustrations, this impressive volume traces the history of ideas about brain function from its roots in ancient cultures through the centuries into relatively modern times.

Spark from the Deep

Author: William J. Turkel
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 142140981X
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Spark from the Deep tells the story of how human beings came to understand and use electricity by studying the evolved mechanisms of strongly electric fish. These animals have the ability to shock potential prey or would-be predators with high-powered electrical discharges. William J. Turkel asks completely fresh questions about the evolutionary, environmental, and historical aspects of people’s interest in electric fish. Stimulated by painful encounters with electric catfish, torpedos, and electric eels, people learned to harness the power of electric shock for medical therapies and eventually developed technologies to store, transmit, and control electricity. Now we look to these fish as an inspiration for engineering new sensors, computer interfaces, autonomous undersea robots, and energy-efficient batteries.