Animal Spirits

Author: George A. Akerlof
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400834723
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The global financial crisis has made it painfully clear that powerful psychological forces are imperiling the wealth of nations today. From blind faith in ever-rising housing prices to plummeting confidence in capital markets, "animal spirits" are driving financial events worldwide. In this book, acclaimed economists George Akerlof and Robert Shiller challenge the economic wisdom that got us into this mess, and put forward a bold new vision that will transform economics and restore prosperity. Akerlof and Shiller reassert the necessity of an active government role in economic policymaking by recovering the idea of animal spirits, a term John Maynard Keynes used to describe the gloom and despondence that led to the Great Depression and the changing psychology that accompanied recovery. Like Keynes, Akerlof and Shiller know that managing these animal spirits requires the steady hand of government--simply allowing markets to work won't do it. In rebuilding the case for a more robust, behaviorally informed Keynesianism, they detail the most pervasive effects of animal spirits in contemporary economic life--such as confidence, fear, bad faith, corruption, a concern for fairness, and the stories we tell ourselves about our economic fortunes--and show how Reaganomics, Thatcherism, and the rational expectations revolution failed to account for them. Animal Spirits offers a road map for reversing the financial misfortunes besetting us today. Read it and learn how leaders can channel animal spirits--the powerful forces of human psychology that are afoot in the world economy today. In a new preface, they describe why our economic troubles may linger for some time--unless we are prepared to take further, decisive action.

Animal Spirits

Author: George A. Akerlof
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9780691142333
Format: PDF
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Acclaimed economists Akerlof and Shiller challenge the economic wisdom that got America into its current financial mess and put forward a bold new vision to transform and restore prosperity.

Summary Animal Spirits

Author: BusinessNews Publishing
Publisher: Primento
ISBN: 251100321X
Format: PDF, ePub
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The must-read summary of George A. Akerlof and Robert J. Shiller's book: “Animal Spirits: How Human Psychology Drives the Economy, and why it Matters for Global Capitalism”. This complete summary of "Animal Spirits" by George A. Akerlof and Robert J. Shiller, two renowned economists, presents their view that conventional economics has ignored elements such as confidence, trust, fairness and corruption. They argue that these elements must be taken into account to take better economic decisions, and that human psychology should not be underestimated when global financial markets are being considered. Added-value of this summary: • Save time • Understand how human psychology relates to economics • Expand your knowledge of economic issues To learn more, read "Animal Spirits" and discover Akerlof and Shiller's original and effective approach to economics in terms of psychology.

Phishing for Phools

Author: George A. Akerlof
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400873266
Format: PDF
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Ever since Adam Smith, the central teaching of economics has been that free markets provide us with material well-being, as if by an invisible hand. In Phishing for Phools, Nobel Prize–winning economists George Akerlof and Robert Shiller deliver a fundamental challenge to this insight, arguing that markets harm as well as help us. As long as there is profit to be made, sellers will systematically exploit our psychological weaknesses and our ignorance through manipulation and deception. Rather than being essentially benign and always creating the greater good, markets are inherently filled with tricks and traps and will "phish" us as "phools." Phishing for Phools therefore strikes a radically new direction in economics, based on the intuitive idea that markets both give and take away. Akerlof and Shiller bring this idea to life through dozens of stories that show how phishing affects everyone, in almost every walk of life. We spend our money up to the limit, and then worry about how to pay the next month's bills. The financial system soars, then crashes. We are attracted, more than we know, by advertising. Our political system is distorted by money. We pay too much for gym memberships, cars, houses, and credit cards. Drug companies ingeniously market pharmaceuticals that do us little good, and sometimes are downright dangerous. Phishing for Phools explores the central role of manipulation and deception in fascinating detail in each of these areas and many more. It thereby explains a paradox: why, at a time when we are better off than ever before in history, all too many of us are leading lives of quiet desperation. At the same time, the book tells stories of individuals who have stood against economic trickery—and how it can be reduced through greater knowledge, reform, and regulation.

Identity Economics

Author: George A. Akerlof
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400834181
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Identity Economics provides an important and compelling new way to understand human behavior, revealing how our identities--and not just economic incentives--influence our decisions. In 1995, economist Rachel Kranton wrote future Nobel Prize-winner George Akerlof a letter insisting that his most recent paper was wrong. Identity, she argued, was the missing element that would help to explain why people--facing the same economic circumstances--would make different choices. This was the beginning of a fourteen-year collaboration--and of Identity Economics. The authors explain how our conception of who we are and who we want to be may shape our economic lives more than any other factor, affecting how hard we work, and how we learn, spend, and save. Identity economics is a new way to understand people's decisions--at work, at school, and at home. With it, we can better appreciate why incentives like stock options work or don't; why some schools succeed and others don't; why some cities and towns don't invest in their futures--and much, much more. Identity Economics bridges a critical gap in the social sciences. It brings identity and norms to economics. People's notions of what is proper, and what is forbidden, and for whom, are fundamental to how hard they work, and how they learn, spend, and save. Thus people's identity--their conception of who they are, and of who they choose to be--may be the most important factor affecting their economic lives. And the limits placed by society on people's identity can also be crucial determinants of their economic well-being.

Finance and the Good Society

Author: Robert J. Shiller
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691158096
Format: PDF
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Argues that finance should be defined not merely as the manipulation of money or the management of risk but as the stewardship of society's assets, and that new ways to rechannel financial creativity to benefit society as a whole are needed.

Irrational Exuberance

Author: Robert J. Shiller
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400865530
Format: PDF
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In this revised, updated, and expanded edition of his New York Times bestseller, Nobel Prize–winning economist Robert Shiller, who warned of both the tech and housing bubbles, cautions that signs of irrational exuberance among investors have only increased since the 2008–9 financial crisis. With high stock and bond prices and the rising cost of housing, the post-subprime boom may well turn out to be another illustration of Shiller's influential argument that psychologically driven volatility is an inherent characteristic of all asset markets. In other words, Irrational Exuberance is as relevant as ever. Previous editions covered the stock and housing markets—and famously predicted their crashes. This edition expands its coverage to include the bond market, so that the book now addresses all of the major investment markets. It also includes updated data throughout, as well as Shiller's 2013 Nobel Prize lecture, which places the book in broader context. In addition to diagnosing the causes of asset bubbles, Irrational Exuberance recommends urgent policy changes to lessen their likelihood and severity—and suggests ways that individuals can decrease their risk before the next bubble bursts. No one whose future depends on a retirement account, a house, or other investments can afford not to read this book.

The Soulful Science

Author: Diane Coyle
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9780691136233
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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"For many, Thomas Carlyle's put-down of economics as "the dismal science" rings true - especially in the aftermath of the crash of 2008. But Diane Coyle argues that economics today is more soulful than dismal, a more practical and human science than ever before. The Soulful Science describes the remarkable creative renaissance in economics, how economic thinking is being applied to the paradoxes of everyday life." "This revised edition incorporates the latest developments in the field, including the rise of behavioral finance, the failure of carbon trading, and the growing trend of government bailouts. She also discusses such major debates as the relationship between economic statistics and presidential elections, the boundary between private choice and public action, and who is to blame for today's banking crisis"--Jacket.

Explorations in Pragmatic Economics

Author: George A. Akerlof
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0199253900
Format: PDF, ePub
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Akerlof's substantial introduction to this volume tells the story of these papers, connecting them and showing how his later work has built upon his early contributions, in many cases improving their arguments, their subtlety, and their usefulness today.

Capitalist Revolutionary

Author: Roger E. Backhouse
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674062841
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The 2008 recession restored Keynes to prominence. This account elaborates the misinformation that led to his repeated resurrection and interment since his death in 1946. Keynes was more open-minded about capitalism than is commonly believed, and his nuanced views offer an alternative to the polarized rhetoric evoked by the word “capitalism” today.