Another Chance to be Real

Author: Donald D. Roberts
Publisher: Jason Aronson
ISBN: 9780765705549
Format: PDF
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Object relations theory has been useful in understanding borderline personality disorder, and from this theoretical orientation have emerged effective approaches to its treatment. However, treatment based on the object relations model has tended to emphasize only the structural and technical facets of the psychotherapy enterprise, i.e., the frame of therapy, therapeutic neutrality, and interventions strategies, etc. In Another Chance to Be Real, Donald and Deanda Roberts argue that the incorporation of attachment theory and research enhances the effectiveness of treatment by expanding the clinical focus to include relational and process factors.

Fairbairn s Object Relations Theory in the Clinical Setting

Author: David P. Celani
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231149077
Format: PDF, Kindle
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W. R. D. Fairbairn (1889-1964) challenged the dominance of Freud's drive theory with a psychoanalytic theory based on the internalization of human relationships. Fairbairn assumed that the unconscious develops in childhood and contains dissociated memories of parental neglect, insensitivity, and outright abuse that are impossible the children to tolerate consciously. In Fairbairn's model, these dissociated memories protect developing children from recognizing how badly they are being treated and allow them to remain attached even to physically abusive parents. Attachment is paramount in Fairbairn's model, as he recognized that children are absolutely and unconditionally dependent on their parents. Kidnapped children who remain attached to their abusive captors despite opportunities to escape illustrate this intense dependency, even into adolescence. At the heart of Fairbairn's model is a structural theory that organizes actual relational events into three self-and-object pairs: one conscious pair (the central ego, which relates exclusively to the ideal object in the external world) and two mostly unconscious pairs (the child's antilibidinal ego, which relates exclusively to the rejecting parts of the object, and the child's libidinal ego, which relates exclusively to the exciting parts of the object). The two dissociated self-and-object pairs remain in the unconscious but can emerge and suddenly take over the individual's central ego. When they emerge, the "other" is misperceived as either an exciting or a rejecting object, thus turning these internal structures into a source of transferences and reenactments. Fairbairn's central defense mechanism, splitting, is the fast shift from central ego dominance to either the libidinal ego or the antilibidinal ego-a near perfect model of the borderline personality disorder. In this book, David Celani reviews Fairbairn's five foundational papers and outlines their application in the clinical setting. He discusses the four unconscious structures and offers the clinician concrete suggestions on how to recognize and respond to them effectively in the heat of the clinical interview. Incorporating decades of experience into his analysis, Celani emphasizes the internalization of the therapist as a new "good" object and devotes entire sections to the treatment of histrionic, obsessive, and borderline personality disorders.

Letting Go and Taking the Chance to be Real

Author: Sherron Lewis, LMFT
Publisher: Page Publishing Inc
ISBN: 163568708X
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Who are we really? The image we have of our “self” is derived largely from our experiences of who we are, from who we would like to be, and from who we are told we are by others. It is a sense that changes over the years that begins to develop in early childhood and grows (or is stunted) through experimenting and testing in early relationships and later relationships in life, composed of various images which we strive to integrate over time. It is that core “someone” who we often may suppress for fear of ridicule, or loss of support, or fear of failure. Lack of active support for us to express our “real-self”, especially in our early years, often leads us, as adults, to feeling unsatisfied, frustrated, and neglected--trying “so hard to be all things to all people,” “doing what is expected or required”—and no longer being sure of what is personally meaningful. And we fail to realize that expressing our real feelings and needs is not the same as being narcissistically entitled. Thus, expressing the real self takes courage and requires a healthy sense of self-esteem, self-efficacy, and agency, and involves capacities for closeness, intimacy, creativity, self-soothing, and repair. Many of us are afraid to take the chance. That is why this book was written. Letting Go and Taking the Chance to be Real is about the processes involved in becoming real again or perhaps for the first time. Sherron Lewis, LMFT and Shelley Stokes, Ph.D. “Sherron Lewis LMFT and Shelley Stokes Ph.D. have accomplished what few other authors have, namely, they have written a book that is at once both profoundly practical and, at the same time, firmly anchored in rigorous psychoanalytic theory regarding disorders of the self. Their work is replete not only with insightful clinical anecdotes, but also with courageous and deeply illuminating revelations of their own emotional lives, by which they model for their readers that authenticity which is an antidote to the toxic shame both which keeps our patients’ false selves perched precariously in place and which makes us less effective as therapists. This product of their collaboration, a combination of many years of experience and clinical wisdom by two master clinicians, is a superb gift to the psychotherapy community and is essential reading for every therapist.” Avak Howsepian, MD, Ph.D., Psychiatry and Neurology, Veterans Affairs Central California, Assistant Professor of Psychiatry, Univ. of California, San Francisco “This new book by Sherron Lewis and Shelley Stokes represents the latest synthesis of James Masterson’s work, integrating it with other contemporary writers in a way that results in a practical guide for both the lay person interested in personal growth or the clinician on the critical subject of becoming your real self. It’s a very engaging and meaningful book, a must read!” Joseph P. Farley, MFT, Director of the Masterson Institute

The Personality Disorders

Author: James F. Masterson
Publisher: Zeig Tucker & Theisen Publishers
ISBN: 9781891944338
Format: PDF, Docs
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The author reflects on his 25 years of work in the personality disorders. He reviews some of the most significant ideas be set forth and wonders out loud how they will cross over into the new millennium. Most have stood the test of time and indeed will serve as a strong foundation for the work that is to come; some have gone through a healthy evolution. A unique highlight is the inclusion of a comprehensive report of a six-year course of psychoanalytic psychotherapy with a patient who has a closet narcissistic defence against neurosis.

Mentalization Based Treatment for Personality Disorders

Author: Anthony Bateman
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019968037X
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This practical guide on mentalization-based treatment (MBT) of personality disorders outlines the mentalizing model of borderline and antisocial personality disorders and how it translates into clinical treatment. The book, divided into four parts - the mentalizing framework, basic mentalizing practice, mentalizing and groups, and mentalizing systems - covers the aims and structure of treatment, outlines how patients are introduced to the mentalizing model so thattheir personality disorder makes sense to them, explains why certain interventions are recommended and others are discouraged, and systematically describes the process of treatment in both group andindividual therapy to support more stable mentalizing.

The Real Self

Author: James F. Masterson, M.D.
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134844344
Format: PDF
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First Published in 1985. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Attachment Theory and Psychoanalysis

Author: Peter Fonagy
Publisher: Other Press, LLC
ISBN: 1590514602
Format: PDF, Docs
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A Bestseller Attachment Theory shows scientifically how our earliest relationships with our mothers influence our later relationships in life. This book offers an excellent introduction to the findings of attachment theory and the major schools of psychoanalytic thought. "The book every student, colleague, and even rival theoretician has been waiting for. With characteristic wit, philosophical sophistication, scholarship, humanity, incisiveness, and creativity, Fonagy succinctly describes the links, differences, and future directions of his twin themes. [His book] is destined to take its place as one of a select list of essential psychology books of the decade." -Jeremy Holmes, Senior Lecturer in Psychotherapy, University of Exeter "Extraordinary--an invaluable resource for developmental psychoanalysis." -Joy D. Osofsky, Professor, Louisiana State University

Transference Focused Psychotherapy for Borderline Personality Disorder

Author: Frank E. Yeomans
Publisher: American Psychiatric Pub
ISBN: 1585625434
Format: PDF, ePub
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Transference-Focused Psychotherapy for Borderline Personality Disorder: A Clinical Guide presents a model of borderline personality disorder (BPD) and its treatment that is based on contemporary psychoanalytic object relations theory as developed by the leading thinker in the field, Otto Kernberg, M.D., who is also one of the authors of this insightful manual. The model is supported and enhanced by material on current phenomenological and neurobiological research and is grounded in real-world cases that deftly illustrate principles of intervention in ways that mental health professionals can use with their patients. The book first provides clinicians with a model of borderline pathology that is essential for expert assessment and treatment planning and then addresses the empirical underpinnings and specific therapeutic strategies of transference-focused psychotherapy (TFP). From the chapter on clinical assessment, the clinician learns how to select the type of treatment on the basis of the level of personality organization, the symptoms the patient experiences, and the areas of compromised functioning. In order to decide on the type of treatment, the clinician must examine the patient's subjective experience (such as symptoms of anxiety or depression), observable behaviors (such as investments in relationships and deficits in functioning), and psychological structures (such as identity, defenses, and reality testing). Next, the clinician learns to establish the conditions of treatment through negotiating a verbal treatment contract or understanding with the patient. The contract defines the responsibilities of each of the participants and defines what the reality of the therapeutic relationship is. Techniques of treatment interventions and tactics to address particularly difficult clinical challenges are addressed next, equipping the therapist to employ the four primary techniques of TFP (interpretation, transference analysis, technical neutrality, and use of countertransference) and setting the stage for and guiding the proper use of those techniques within the individual session. What to expect in the course of long-term treatment to ameliorate symptoms and to effect personality change is covered, with sections on the early, middle, and late phases of treatment. This material prepares the clinician to deal with predictable phases, such as tests of the frame, impulse containment, movement toward integration, episodes of regression, and termination. Finally, the text is accompanied by supremely instructive online videos that demonstrate a variety of clinical situations, helping the clinician with assessment and modeling critical therapeutic strategies. The book recognizes that each BPD patient presents a unique treatment challenge. Grounded in the latest research and rich with clinical insight, Transference-Focused Psychotherapy for Borderline Personality Disorder: A Clinical Guide will prove indispensable to mental health professionals seeking to provide thoughtful, effective care to these patients.

Treatment of the Masochistic Personality

Author: Cheryl Glickauf-Hughes
Publisher: Jason Aronson
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Kindle
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To love repeatedly in an unsatisfying and self-destructive way cripples many people. The dynamics that underlie this painful way of relating often escape clinical attention, and people with subtle yet pervasive masochistic problems may endure painful relationships without seeking treatment. In Treatment of the Masochistic Personality: An Interactional-Object Relations Approach to Psychotherapy, Cheryl Glickauf-Hughes and Marolyn Wells use contemporary psychoanalytic thinking to probe the functions of masochism underlying human interaction - particularly love relations. From a relational perspective, masochism is not associated with that which is feminine and signifies neither a primarily sexual phenomenon nor the deriving of pleasure from pain. Rather, masochism is viewed as a self-defeating way of loving and individuating that reflects a pathology of object relations. According to Glickauf-Hughes and Wells, pathological loving can include any of the following dynamics: loving someone who predominantly gives no love in return, confusing self-negation and suffering with love, protecting the idealized image of an unsatisfying love object and choosing critical and rejecting love objects in the never-ending hope of gaining their approval through self-sacrifice. The authors propose an object relations approach to psychotherapy with the masochistic personality. In treatment, insight into unconscious conflict is complemented by opportunities for the patient to experience the therapist as a new object offering new possibilities for growth. Patients are offered the opportunity for a corrective interpersonal experience, geared to helping them master unresolved developmental issues and developingmore appropriate and satisfying interpersonal relationships.

Psychodynamic Psychotherapy for Personality Disorders

Author: John F. Clarkin
Publisher: American Psychiatric Pub
ISBN: 1585623555
Format: PDF
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This book includes the work of 22 contributing writers in addition to the three primary authors, John F. Clarkin, Ph.D., Peter Fonagy, Ph.D., and Glen O. Gabbard, M.D. Each contributor has extensive clinical experience, and some also have research experience, with the assessment and treatment of specific personality disorders.