Another Cosmopolitanism

Author: Seyla Benhabib
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199708606
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In these two important lectures, distinguished political philosopher Seyla Benhabib argues that since the UN Declaration of Human Rights in 1948, we have entered a phase of global civil society which is governed by cosmopolitan norms of universal justice -- norms which are difficult for some to accept as legitimate since they are in conflict with democratic ideals. In her first lecture, Benhabib argues that this tension can never be fully resolved, but it can be mitigated through the renegotiation of the dual commitments to human rights and sovereign self-determination. Her second lecture develops this idea in detail, with special reference to recent developments in Europe (for example, the banning of Muslim head scarves in France). The EU has seen the replacement of the traditional unitary model of citizenship with a new model that disaggregates the components of traditional citizenship, making it possible to be a citizen of multiple entities at the same time. The volume also contains a substantive introduction by Robert Post, the volume editor, and contributions by Bonnie Honig (Northwestern University), Will Kymlicka (Queens University), and Jeremy Waldron (Columbia School of Law).

Der Tod und das Leben danach

Author: Samuel Scheffler
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 351874108X
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Wie würden Sie reagieren, wenn Sie wüssten, dass 30 Tage nach Ihrem Tod die Erde und damit alles Leben auf ihr unwiederbringlich zerstört würden? Würde dieses Wissen die Art und Weise, wie Sie Ihr Leben führen, beeinflussen? Das ist das Gedankenexperiment, zu dem uns der amerikanische Philosoph Samuel Scheffler in seinem faszinierenden Buch einlädt. Er zeigt, dass ein solches Wissen weitreichende Folgen für unser Leben hätte – nichts wäre mehr wie zuvor! In ebenso luziden wie psychologisch verblüffenden Analysen, die immer wieder auf geniale Weise Beispiele aus der Populärkultur heranziehen, zeigt Scheffler, dass ein solches Wissen um den Untergang der Menschheit den Wert zahlreicher unserer Tätigkeiten in Frage stellen würde: Die langfristige medizinische Forschung nach einer Krebstherapie verlöre ihren Sinn, aber auch der Kampf gegen den Klimawandel oder der Einsatz für internationale Gerechtigkeit. Und würden wir noch Kunstwerke schaffen, Traditionen und Bräuche pflegen, uns verlieben, Kinder kriegen? Wohl kaum. Vielmehr steht zu befürchten, dass gesellschaftliche Regeln und Konventionen nicht mehr beachtet würden und anarchische Zustände drohten, wie Scheffler anhand des Romans Children of Men von P. D. James und seiner Verfilmung vorführt. Könnte es daher sein, dass uns das Überleben der Menschheit wichtiger ist als unser eigenes? Und was folgt daraus für unser Denken und Handeln in der Welt von heute? Ein kleines philosophisches Meisterwerk, das unser eigenes Leben in einem ganz anderen Licht erscheinen lässt.

Routledge Handbook of Cosmopolitanism Studies

Author: Gerard Delanty
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136868429
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Over the past two decades there has been great interest in cosmopolitanism across the human and social sciences. Where, earlier, it had largely been a term associated with moral and political philosophy, cosmopolitanism has now become a widely-used term in the social sciences. It is now integral to much of cultural, political and social analysis. This is the first comprehensive survey in one volume of the interdisciplinary field of cosmopolitan studies. With over forty chapters written by leading scholars of cosmopolitanism, this book reflects the broad reception of cosmopolitan thought in a wide variety of disciplines and across international borders. Both comprehensive and innovative in the topics covered, the Handbook of Cosmopolitanism Studies is divided into four sections: major theoretical debates, where the emphasis is on recent developments cultural topics in the social sciences the politics of cosmopolitanism major world varieties of cosmopolitanism. The Handbook answers the need to take modern cosmopolitanism out of its exclusive western context and relate it to the historical experiences of other world cultures. This is a major work in defining the emerging field of cosmopolitanism studies. Throughout, there is a strong emphasis on interdisciplinarity, with essays covering philosophy, literary theory, history, international relations, anthropology, communications studies and sociology. The Handbook’s clear and comprehensive style will appeal to a wide undergraduate audience across the social sciences and humanities.

Perspectives on Percival Everett

Author: Keith B. Mitchell
Publisher: Univ. Press of Mississippi
ISBN: 1617036838
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Percival Everett (b. 1956) writes novels, short stories, poetry, and essays and is one of the most prolific, acclaimed, yet under-examined African American writers working today. Although to date Everett has published eighteen novels, three collections of short fiction, three poetry collections, and one children’s book, his work has not garnered the critical attention that it deserves. Perhaps one of the most vexing problems scholars have had in trying to situate Everett’s work is that they have found it difficult to place him and his work within a prescribed African American literary tradition. Because he happens to be African American, critics have expectations of so-called authentic African American fiction; however, his work often thwarts these expectations. In Perspectives on Percival Everett, scholars engage all of his creative production. On the one hand, Everett is an African American novelist. On the other hand, he pursues subject matters that seemingly have little to do with African American culture. The operative word here is “seemingly”; for as these essays demonstrate, Everett’s works falls well within as well as outside of what most critics would deem the African American literary tradition. These essays examine issues of identity, authenticity, and semiotics, in addition to postmodernism and African American and American literary traditions—issues essential to understanding his aesthetic and political concerns.

Gr nde der Liebe

Author: Harry G. Frankfurt
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 3518737724
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Für den Liebenden ist die Liebe eine Quelle von Gründen. Sie ist »auf berüchtigte Weise schwer zu erhellen«, darf aber, so Harry Frankfurt, nicht mit Vernarrtheit oder Lust, Besessenheit oder Abhängigkeit verwechselt werden, also mit dem, was eine Person glaubt oder fühlt. Liebe, so die Generalthese des Buches, ist vielmehr eine Sache des Willens, genauer: der praktischen Sorge um das, was für den, den man liebt, gut ist. Frankfurts scharfsinniges Buch schließt mit einer überraschenden Reflexion über die Selbstliebe, die er als die reinste Form der Liebe bezeichnet.

Citizenship Education and Social Conflict

Author: Hanan A. Alexander
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136910271
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This volume provides new perspectives into the challenges of citizenship education in the age of globalization and in the context of multicultural and conflict-ridden societies. It calls on us to rethink the accepted liberal and national discourses that have long dominated the conceptualization and practice of citizenship and citizenship education in light of social conflict, globalization, terrorism, and the spread of an extreme form of capitalism. The contributors of the volume identify the main challenges to the role of citizenship education in the context of globalization, conflicts and the changes to the institution of citizenship they entail and critically examine the ways in which schools and education systems currently address – and may be able to improve – the role of citizenship education in conflict-ridden and multicultural contexts.

Kritik Norm und Utopie

Author: Seyla Benhabib
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
ISBN: 3105615970
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Seyla Benhabib liefert eine sorgfältige Darstellung der philosophischen Fundamente der Kritischen Theorie – eine intensive Befragung ihrer Ideenquellen bei Kant und Hegel und ihrer Entwicklungsgeschichte bis zu Jürgen Habermas. Verglichen mit anderen Werken zu diesem Thema ist die Arbeit der amerikanischen Philosophin sowohl systematischer komponiert als auch in ihren philosophiehistorischen Differenzierungen von erstaunlicher Schlüssigkeit und Präzision. (Dieser Text bezieht sich auf eine frühere Ausgabe.)

Scales of Justice

Author: Nancy Fraser
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231519621
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Until recently, struggles for justice proceeded against the background of a taken-for-granted frame: the bounded territorial state. With that "Westphalian" picture of political space assumed by default, the scope of justice was rarely subject to open dispute. Today, however, human-rights activists and international feminists join critics of structural adjustment and the World Trade Organization in challenging the view that justice can only be a domestic relation among fellow citizens. Targeting injustices that cut across borders, they are making the scale of justice an object of explicit struggle. Inspired by these efforts, Nancy Fraser asks: What is the proper frame for theorizing justice? Faced with a plurality of competing scales, how do we know which one is truly just? In exploring these questions, Fraser revises her widely discussed theory of redistribution and recognition. She introduces a third, "political" dimension of justice representation and elaborates a new, reflexive type of critical theory that foregrounds injustices of "misframing." Engaging with thinkers such as Jürgen Habermas, John Rawls, Michel Foucault, and Hannah Arendt, she envisions a "postwestphalian" mapping of political space that accommodates transnational solidarity, transborder publicity, and democratic frame-setting, as well as emancipatory projects that cross borders. The result is a sustained reflection on who should count with respect to what in a globalizing world.