Anthropology Development and Modernities

Author: Alberto Arce
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134628420
Format: PDF, Mobi
Download Now
While the diffusion of modernity and the spread of development schemes may bring prosperity, optimism and opportunity for some, for others it has brought poverty, a deterioration in quality of life and has given rise to violence. This collection brings an anthropological perspective to bear on understanding the diverse modernities we face in the contemporary world. It provides a critical review of interpretations of development and modernity, supported by rigorous case studies from regions as diverse as Guatemala, Sri Lanka, West Africa and contemporary Europe. Together, the chapters in this volume demonstrate the crucial importance of looking to ethnography for guidance in shaping development policies. Ethnography can show how people's own agency transforms, recasts and complicates the modernities they experience. The contributors argue that explanations of change framed in terms of the dominantdiscourses and institutions of modernity are inadequate, and that we give closer attention to discourses, images, beliefs and practices that run counter to these yet play a part in shaping them and giving them meaning. Anthropology, Development and Modernities deals with the realities of people's everyday lives and dilemmas. It is essential reading for students and scholars in anthropology, sociology and development studies. It should also be read by all those actively involved in development work.

Anthropology Development and the Post Modern Challenge

Author: Katy Gardner
Publisher: Pluto Press
ISBN: 9780745307473
Format: PDF, Mobi
Download Now
Through detailed case studies and the issues raised by them, Gardner and Lewis outline key social issues and problems of development, and conclude that anthropological perspectives can contribute positively to development policy and practice.

Countering Development

Author: David D. Gow
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 0822388804
Format: PDF, ePub
Download Now
Cauca, located in southwestern Colombia and home to the largest indigenous population in the country, is renowned as a site of indigenous mobilization. In 1994, following a destructive earthquake, many families in Cauca were forced to leave their communities of origin and relocate to other areas within the province where the state provided them with land and housing. Noting that disasters offer communities the opportunity to remake themselves and their priorities, David D. Gow examines how three different communities established after the earthquake wrestled with conflicting visions of development. He shows how they each countered traditional notions of development by moving beyond a myopic obsession with poverty alleviation to demand that Colombia become more inclusive and treat all of its people as citizens with full rights and responsibilities. Through ethnographic fieldwork conducted annually in Cauca from 1995 through 2002, Gow compares the development plans of the three communities, looking at both the planning processes and the plans themselves. In so doing, he demonstrates that there is no single indigenous approach to development and modernity. He describes differences in how each community defined and employed the concept of culture, how they connected a concern with culture to economic and political reconstruction, and how they sought to assert their own priorities while engaging with the existing development resources at their disposal. Ultimately, Gow argues that the moral vision advanced by the indigenous movement, combined with the growing importance attached to human rights, offers a fruitful way to think about development: less as a process of integration into a rigidly defined modernity than as a critical modernity based on a radical politics of inclusive citizenship.

Anthropology Development and the Post Modern Challenge

Author: Katy Gardner
Publisher: Pluto Press
ISBN: 9780745307473
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
Through detailed case studies and the issues raised by them, Gardner and Lewis outline key social issues and problems of development, and conclude that anthropological perspectives can contribute positively to development policy and practice.

Expectations of Modernity

Author: James Ferguson
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 052092228X
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
Once lauded as the wave of the African future, Zambia's economic boom in the 1960s and early 1970s was fueled by the export of copper and other primary materials. Since the mid-1970s, however, the urban economy has rapidly deteriorated, leaving workers scrambling to get by. Expectations of Modernity explores the social and cultural responses to this prolonged period of sharp economic decline. Focusing on the experiences of mineworkers in the Copperbelt region, James Ferguson traces the failure of standard narratives of urbanization and social change to make sense of the Copperbelt's recent history. He instead develops alternative analytic tools appropriate for an "ethnography of decline." Ferguson shows how the Zambian copper workers understand their own experience of social, cultural, and economic "advance" and "decline." Ferguson's ethnographic study transports us into their lives—the dynamics of their relations with family and friends, as well as copper companies and government agencies. Theoretically sophisticated and vividly written, Expectations of Modernity will appeal not only to those interested in Africa today, but to anyone contemplating the illusory successes of today's globalizing economy.

City of the Future

Author: Mateusz Laszczkowski
Publisher: Berghahn Books
ISBN: 1785332570
Format: PDF, Mobi
Download Now
Astana, the capital city of the post-Soviet Kazakhstan, has often been admired for the design and planning of its futuristic cityscape. This anthropological study of the development of the city focuses on every-day practices, official ideologies and representations alongside the memories and dreams of the city's longstanding residents and recent migrants. Critically examining a range of approaches to place and space in anthropology, geography and other disciplines, the book argues for an understanding of space as inextricably material-and-imaginary, and unceasingly dynamic – allowing for a plurality of incompatible pasts and futures materialized in spatial form.

Traditionalism and Modernity

Author: Dr. A.H.M Zehadul Karim
Publisher: Partridge Singapore
ISBN: 1482891409
Format: PDF, Docs
Download Now
This book has outlined many aspects of traditionalism and modernity, although the topics here are divergent; the consistent part of it is that all of the authors mostly come from the same disciplines of Sociology and Social Anthropology. The main concern is to find out the socio-cultural changes that have occurred due to modernization and development. From that perspective, the book is very useful to understand Sociology and Social Anthropology from diversities based on traditionalism and modernity. It contains eleven articles contributed by a few renowned sociologists and social anthropologists from a number of countries around the world, focusing on diversified issues on traditionalism and modernity. The papers are written on the basis of each author's expertise in their respective field which are compiled to make them a suitable document in the field of Sociology and Social Anthropology. The book seems to be very useful for the students seeking knowledge on traditionalism and modernity having based in Sociology and Social Anthropology. The concepts of traditionalism and modernity are very important and are related issues in Sociology and Social Anthropology that many theoretical discussions have been carried out in these areas and several theoretical paradigms have been conceptualized in this regard which have been highlighted in the book in the form of descriptive-analytic discussion.

Debating Authenticity

Author: Thomas Fillitz
Publisher: Berghahn Books
ISBN: 0857454978
Format: PDF, Mobi
Download Now
The longing for authenticity, on an individual or collective level, connects the search for external expressions to internal orientations. What is largely referred to as production of authenticity is a reformulation of cultural values and norms within the ongoing process of modernity, impacted by globalization and contemporary transnational cultural flows. This collection interrogates the notion of authenticity from an anthropological point of view and considers authenticity in terms of how meaning is produced in and through discourses about authenticity. Incorporating case studies from four continents, the topics reach from art and colonialism to exoticism-primitivism, film, ritual and wilderness. Some contributors emphasise the dichotomy between the academic use of the term and the one deployed in public spaces and political projects. All, however, consider authenticity as something that can only be understood ethnographically, and not as a simple characteristic or category used to distinguish some behaviors, experiences or material things from other less authentic versions.

Discourses of Development

Author: R. D. Grillo
Publisher: Berg Publishers
ISBN: 9781859739457
Format: PDF, Mobi
Download Now
The authors of this text raise provocative questions about the relationship of politics, power, ideology and rhetoric to the institutional practice of development.