Applied Zooarchaeology

Author: Steve Wolverton
Publisher: Eliot Werner Publications
ISBN: 9780989824965
Format: PDF, Kindle
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During the last two decades, zooarchaeologists have increasingly focused aspects of their work on conservation biology. Zooarchaeological data represent an empirical record of past human-animal interactions, which provides conservation with a deep temporal perspective. There are many challenges that face the archaeologist as conservation biologist, however, that have little to do with deep time, faunal remains, and zooarchaeological method and theory. In this book we use a series of case studies with which each of the authors has relevant personal experience to explore the types of interdisciplinary challenges that zooarchaeologists face when crossing into the world of environmental management and animal conservation. Never has there been a greater need for multi-vocal perspectives in conservation biology. This book shows zooarchaeologists how to use zooarchaeological perspectives to help meet those needs, while crossing traditional academic disciplinary boundaries.

Case Studies in Environmental Archaeology

Author: Elizabeth Jean Reitz
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780306452529
Format: PDF, Docs
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This volume contains case studies in environmental archaeology that apply data obtained from various disciplines-including zooarchaeology, archaeobotany, human biology, and geoarchaeology-to explore important anthropological issues. Studies include geological and biological data from sites located in North America, the Caribbean basin, and South America. Rather than critiquing or advocating specific environmental techniques, each study demonstrates how and why the information obtained from their use is important to anthropologists and archaeologists.

Molluscs in Archaeology

Author: Michael J. Allen
Publisher: Oxbow Books
ISBN: 1785706098
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The subject of 'Molluscs in Archaeology' has not been dealt with collectively for several decades. This new volume in Oxbow's 'Studying Scientific Archaeology' series addresses many aspects of molluscs in archaeology. It will give the reader an overview of the whole topic; methods of analysis and approaches to interpretation. It aims to be a broad based text book giving readers an insight of how to apply analysis to different present and past landscapes and how to interpret those landscapes.

Analytical Chemistry in Archaeology

Author: A. M. Pollard
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521655729
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book is an introductory manual that explains the basic concepts of chemistry behind scientific analytical techniques and that reviews their application to archaeology. It explains key terminology, outlines the procedures to be followed in order to produce good data, and describes the function of the basic instrumentation required to carry out those procedures. The manual contains chapters on the basic chemistry and physics necessary to understand the techniques used in analytical chemistry, with more detailed chapters on Atomic Absorption, Inductively Coupled Plasma Emission Spectroscopy, Neutron Activation Analysis, X-ray Flourescence, Electron Microscopy, Infra-red and Raman Spectroscopy, and Mass Spectrometry. Each chapter describes the operation of the instruments, some hints on the practicalities, and a review of the application of the technique to archaeology, including some case studies. With guides to further reading on the topic, it is an essential tool for practitioners, researchers and advanced students alike.

Uncertainty and Sensitivity Analysis in Archaeological Computational Modeling

Author: Marieka Brouwer Burg
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319278339
Format: PDF, Docs
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This volume deals with the pressing issue of uncertainty in archaeological modeling. Detecting where and when uncertainty is introduced to the modeling process is critical, as are strategies for minimizing, reconciling, or accommodating such uncertainty. Included chapters provide unique perspectives on uncertainty in archaeological modeling, ranging in both theoretical and methodological orientation. The strengths and weaknesses of various identification and mitigation techniques are discussed, in particular sensitivity analysis. The chapters demonstrate that for archaeological modeling purposes, there is no quick fix for uncertainty; indeed, each archaeological model requires intensive consideration of uncertainty and specific applications for calibration and validation. As very few such techniques have been problematized in a systematic manner or published in the archaeological literature, this volume aims to provide guidance and direction to other modelers in the field by distilling some basic principles for model testing derived from insight gathered in the case studies presented. Additionally, model applications and their attendant uncertainties are presented from distinct spatio-temporal contexts and will appeal to a broad range of archaeological modelers. This volume will also be of interest to non-modeling archaeologists, as consideration of uncertainty when interpreting the archaeological record is also a vital concern for the development of non-formal (or implicit) models of human behavior in the past.

The Archaeology of Animal Bones

Author: Terence Patrick O'Connor
Publisher: Texas A&M University Press
ISBN: 9781603440844
Format: PDF, Docs
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Animal ecologists can observe the present and reconstruct the last one or two centuries from historical sources, but the study of animal bones adds valuable insight into the peoples and landscapes of the past while telling much about the evolution of human-animal relationships. In this standard work, now available in paperback, O’Connor offers a detailed overview of the study of animal bones. He analyzes bone composition and structure and the archaeological evidence left by the processes of life, death, and decomposition. He goes on to look at how bone is excavated, examined, described, identified, measured, and reassembled into skeletons. The bulk of the book is devoted to the interpretation of bone fragments, which tell much about the animals themselves—their health, growth, diet, injuries, and age at death.

Archaeology of Knowledge

Author: Michel Foucault
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 0415287529
Format: PDF, Docs
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In France, a country that awards its intellectuals the status other countries give their rock stars, Michel Foucault was part of a glittering generation of thinkers, one which also included Sartre, de Beauvoir and Deleuze. One of the great intellectual heroes of the twentieth century, Foucault was a man whose passion and reason were at the service of nearly every progressive cause of his time. From law and order, to mental health, to power and knowledge, he spearheaded public awareness of the dynamics that hold us all in thrall to a few powerful ideologies and interests. Arguably his finest work, Archaeology of Knowledge is a challenging but fantastically rewarding introduction to his ideas.

Surviving Sudden Environmental Change

Author: Jago Cooper
Publisher: University Press of Colorado
ISBN: 1457117266
Format: PDF, ePub
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Archaeologists have long encountered evidence of natural disasters through excavation and stratigraphy. In Surviving Sudden Environmental Change, case studies examine how eight different past human communities—ranging from Arctic to equatorial regions, from tropical rainforests to desert interiors, and from deep prehistory to living memory—faced, and coped with, such dangers. Many disasters originate from a force of nature, such as an earthquake, cyclone, tsunami, volcanic eruption, drought, or flood. But that is only half of the story; decisions of people and their particular cultural lifeways are the rest. Sociocultural factors are essential in understanding risk, impact, resilience, reactions, and recoveries from massive sudden environmental changes. By using deep-time perspectives provided by interdisciplinary approaches, this book provides a rich temporal background to the human experience of environmental hazards and disasters. In addition, each chapter is followed by an abstract summarizing the important implications for today’s management practices and providing recommendations for policy makers. Publication supported in part by the National Science Foundation.

Environmental Archaeology

Author: Terence Patrick O'Connor
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780750941532
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This title provides a survey of the scientific techniques which are used in archaeology to analyse ancient human environments and which give a fascinating insight into the context of prehistory.