Aquatic Humic Substances

Author: Dag Hessen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 366203736X
Format: PDF, ePub
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Humic substances occur in all kinds of aquatic systems, but are particularly important in northern, coniferous areas. They strongly modify the aquatic ecosystems and also constitute a major problem in the drinking water supply. This volume covers all aspects of aquatic humic substances, from their origin and chemical properties, their effects on light and nutrient regimes and biogeochemical cycling, to their role regarding organisms, productivity and food web organization from bacteria to fish. Special emphasis is paid to carbon cycling and food web organization in humic lakes, but aspects of marine carbon cycling related to humus are treated as well.

Marine Chemistry

Author: P.J. Wangersky
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540660200
Format: PDF
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The carbon dioxide absorption and gas exchange at the sea surface, marine aerosols and their photochemistry, the oceanic carbon cycle as well as biomarkers in marine ecosystems, and related topics are of primary importance for understanding our global ecosystem. The topics addressed in this volume are all stemming from areas which have developed only in the last ten years of research or which have gone into decidedly new directions in that time. In most cases, the recent research has been driven by advances in instrumentation or by large-scale international cooperations. Thus this volume is also aiming at interdisciplinary and international cooperations in the future.

The Lakes Handbook

Author: Patrick O'Sullivan
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470999268
Format: PDF
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Continuing concern about water supply and quality, ecosystem sustainability and restoration demands that the modern approach to the management of lakes and reservoirs should be based on a sound understanding of the application of the scientific and ecological principles that underlie freshwater processes. The Lakes Handbook provides an up-to-date overview of the application of ecologically sound approaches, methods and tools using experience gained around the world for an understanding of lakes and their management. Volume one of the Handbook addresses the physical and biological aspects of lakes pertinent to lake management, emphasising those aspects particularly relevant to large, still bodies of water. Volume two then considers lake management, with particular emphasis on sustainability, restoration and rehabilitation. This handbook will be invaluable to ecologists, environmental scientists, physical geographers and hydrologists involved in limnological research, as well as advanced undergraduate and graduate students looking for authoritative reviews of the key areas of limnological study. Brings together basic science and management issues. International coverage and international authors. Reviews management issues at a level suitable for the non-expert.

Photobiogeochemistry of Organic Matter

Author: Khan M.G. Mostofa
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642322239
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Photoinduced processes, caused by natural sunlight, are key functions for sustaining all living organisms through production and transformation of organic matter (OM) in the biosphere. Production of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) from OM is a primary step of photoinduced processes, because H2O2 acts as strong reductant and oxidant. It is potentially important in many aquatic reactions, also in association with photosynthesis. Allochthonous and autochthonous dissolved organic matter (DOM) can be involved into several photoinduced or biological processes. DOM subsequently undergoes several physical, chemical, photoinduced and biological processes, which can be affected by global warming. This book is uniquely structured to overview some vital issues, such as: DOM; H2O2 and ROOH; HO•; Degradation of DOM; CDOM, FDOM; Photosynthesis; Chlorophyll; Metal complexation, and Global warming, as well as their mutual interrelationships, based on updated scientific results.

Ecology of Humic Substances in Freshwaters

Author: Christian Steinberg
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540439226
Format: PDF
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Humic Substances color all waters more or less brown. Their concentrations exceed all carbon of living organisms by at least one order of magnitude. Opposite to former paradigms, they participate in almost any metabolic pathway. They protect against UV-irradation, enable indirect photolysis and, thus, purify hazardous chemicals, they provide inorganic and organic nutrients, may form cryptic genes with DNA and dampen metabolic fluctuations. More recently they can increase adverse effects of hazardous chemicals and they can directly interfere with organisms. The book tries to relate effects to structural features.

Fish Adaptations

Author: Adalberto Luís Val
Publisher: Science Pub Incorporated
ISBN:
Format: PDF, ePub
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Water is a living tissue influenced by chemical, biological and physical factors that, in turn, are influenced by local and climatic factors. Fish have to adjust physiologically to these alterations in habitat to survive. Physiological adaptation is a dynamic and never-ending process that has resulted in myriad fish groups adapted to the vast environmental diversity which exists on Earth. Moreover, adaptively modified organisms acquire greater ability to exploit the full range of natural environments, by adopting new modes of life in many situations. This book is a journey through fish adaptations.