Architectural Glass to Resist Seismic and Extreme Climatic Events

Author: Richard A. Behr
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1845696859
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Glass is a popular cladding material for modern buildings. The trend for steel-framed, glass-clad buildings instead of those using traditional materials such as brick and concrete has inherent problems. These include, for example, the performance of architectural glass in extreme climatic events such as windstorms and heavy snow loads and also during earthquakes. This book reviews the state-of-the-art in glass and glazing technology to resist failure due to these natural events. Building code seismic requirements for architectural glass in the United States are considered first of all, followed by a chapter on glazing and curtain wall systems to resist earthquakes. The next two chapters discuss snow loads on building envelopes and glazing systems, and types and design of glazing systems to resist snow loads. Wind pressures and the impact of wind-borne debris are then considered in the next group of chapters which also review special types of glazing systems to resist windstorms. A final chapter reviews test methods for the performance of glazing systems during earthquakes and extreme climatic events. With its distinguished editor and team of contributors, Architectural glass to resist seismic and extreme climatic events is an essential resource for architects, structural, civil and architectural engineers, researchers and those involved in designing and specifying building glazing and cladding materials in areas where severe windstorms, snow and earthquakes are a threat. Considers the state of the art in glass and glazing technology to resist failure due to extreme climatic events Reviews specific building techniques and test methods to enhance glazing performance during snow storms, wind storms and earthquakes

Innovative Developments of Advanced Multifunctional Nanocomposites in Civil and Structural Engineering

Author: Kenneth Loh
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 1782423443
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Innovative Developments of Advanced Multifunctional Nanocomposites in Civil and Structural Engineering focuses on nanotechnology, the innovation and control of materials at 100 nm or smaller length scales, and how they have revolutionized almost all of the various disciplines of science and engineering study. In particular, advances in synthesizing, imaging, and manipulating materials at the nano-scale have provided engineers with a broader array of materials and tools for creating high-performance devices. Nanomaterials possess drastically different properties than those of their bulk counterparts mainly because of their high surface-to-mass ratios and high surface energies/reactivity. For instance, carbon nanotubes have been shown to possess impressive mechanical strength, stiffness, and electrical conductivity superior to that of bulk carbon. Whilst nanotechnology has become deeply rooted in electrical, chemical, and materials engineering disciplines, its proliferation into civil engineering did not begin until fairly recently. This book covers that proliferation and the main challenges associated with the integration of nanomaterials and nano-scale design principles into civil and structural engineering. Examines nanotechnology and its application to not only structural engineering, but also transportation, new infrastructure materials, and the applications of nanotechnology to existing structural systems Focuses on how nanomaterials can provide enhanced sensing capabilities and mechanical reinforcement of the original structural material Analyzes experimental and computational work carried out by world-renowned researchers

Smart Buildings

Author: Marco Casini
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 0081006403
Format: PDF, Docs
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Smart Buildings: Advanced Materials and Nanotechnology to Improve Energy Efficiency and Environmental Performance presents a thorough analysis of the latest advancements in construction materials and building design that are applied to maximize building efficiency in both new and existing buildings. After a brief introduction on the issues concerning the design process in the third millennium, Part One examines the differences between Zero Energy, Green, and Smart Buildings, with particular emphasis placed on the issue of smart buildings and smart housing, mainly the ‘envelope’ and how to make it more adaptive with the new possibilities offered by nanotechnology and smart materials. Part Two focuses on the last generation of solutions for smart thermal insulation. Based on the results of extensive research into more innovative insulation materials, chapters discuss achievements in nanotechnology, bio-ecological, and phase-change materials. The technical characteristics, performance level, and methods of use for each are described in detail, as are the achievements in the field of green walls and their use as a solution for upgrading the energy efficiency and environmental performance of existing buildings. Finally, Part Three reviews current research on smart windows, with the assumption that transparent surfaces represent the most critical element in the energy balance of the building. Chapters provide an extensive review on the technical features of transparent closures that are currently on the market or under development, from so-called dynamic glazing to bio-adaptive and photovoltaic glazing. The aesthetic potential and performance limits are also be discussed. Presents valuable definitions that are given to explain the characteristics, requirements, and differences between ‘zero energy’, ‘green’ and ‘smart’ buildings Contains particular focus on the next generation of construction materials and the most advanced products currently entering the market Lists both the advantages and disadvantages to help the reader choose the most suitable solution Takes into consideration both design and materials aspects Promotes the existence of new advanced materials providing technical information to encourage further use and reduce costs compared to more traditional materials

Eco efficient Construction and Building Materials

Author: Fernando Pacheco-Torgal
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 0857097725
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Eco-efficient Construction and Building Materials reviews ways of assessing the environmental impact of construction and building materials. Part one discusses the application of life cycle assessment (LCA) methodology to building materials as well as eco-labeling. Part two includes case studies showing the application of LCA methodology to different types of building material, from cement and concrete to wood and adhesives used in building. Part three includes case studies applying LCA methodology to particular structures and components. Reviews ways of assessing the environmental impact of construction and building materials Provides a thorough overview, including strengths and shortcomings, of the life cycle assessment (LCA) and eco-labeling of eco-efficient construction and building materials Includes case studies showing the application of LCA methodology to different types of building material, from cement and concrete to wood and adhesives used in building

Textile Fibre Composites in Civil Engineering

Author: Thanasis Triantafillou
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 1782424695
Format: PDF, ePub
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Textile Fibre Composites in Civil Engineering provides a state-of-the-art review from leading experts on recent developments, the use of textile fiber composites in civil engineering, and a focus on both new and existing structures. Textile-based composites are new materials for civil engineers. Recent developments have demonstrated their potential in the prefabrication of concrete structures and as a tool for both strengthening and seismic retrofitting of existing concrete and masonry structures, including those of a historical value. The book reviews materials, production technologies, fundamental properties, testing, design aspects, applications, and directions for future research and developments. Following the opening introductory chapter, Part One covers materials, production technologies, and the manufacturing of textile fiber composites for structural and civil engineering. Part Two moves on to review testing, mechanical behavior, and durability aspects of textile fiber composites used in structural and civil engineering. Chapters here cover topics such as the durability of structural elements and bond aspects in textile fiber composites. Part Three analyzes the structural behavior and design of textile reinforced concrete. This section includes a number of case studies providing thorough coverage of the topic. The final section of the volume details the strengthening and seismic retrofitting of existing structures. Chapters investigate concrete and masonry structures, in addition to providing information and insights on future directions in the field. The book is a key volume for researchers, academics, practitioners, and students working in civil and structural engineering and those working with advanced construction materials. Details the range of materials and production technologies used in textile fiber composites Analyzes the durability of textile fiber composites, including case studies into the structural behavior of textile reinforced concrete Reviews the processes involved in strengthening existing concrete structures

Developments in Fiber Reinforced Polymer FRP Composites for Civil Engineering

Author: Nasim Uddin
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857098950
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The use of fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composite materials has had a dramatic impact on civil engineering techniques over the past three decades. FRPs are an ideal material for structural applications where high strength-to-weight and stiffness-to-weight ratios are required. Developments in fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites for civil engineering outlines the latest developments in fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites and their applications in civil engineering. Part one outlines the general developments of fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) use, reviewing recent advancements in the design and processing techniques of composite materials. Part two outlines particular types of fiber-reinforced polymers and covers their use in a wide range of civil engineering and structural applications, including their use in disaster-resistant buildings, strengthening steel structures and bridge superstructures. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Developments in fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites for civil engineering is an essential text for researchers and engineers in the field of civil engineering and industries such as bridge and building construction. Outlines the latest developments in fiber-reinforced polymer composites and their applications in civil engineering Reviews recent advancements in the design and processing techniques of composite materials Covers the use of particular types of fiber-reinforced polymers in a wide range of civil engineering and structural applications

Kunststoffe

Author: Stephan Engelsmann
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3034611846
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Kunststoffe sind hochleistungsfähige Werkstoffe, die seit geraumer Zeit Anwendung in der Architektur finden. Sie faszinieren durch vielfältige technische Eigenschaften. Neben diesen macht ein breites Spektrum an Formgebungs- und Bearbeitungsmethoden das Material interessant für komplexe Geometrien in Verbindung mit digitalen Planungsprozessen. Nach den Pionierbauten der 1970er Jahre hat in jüngster Zeit eine Reihe von aufsehenerregenden Bauwerken erneut den Fokus auf das technische und ästhetische Potential von Kunststoffen gelenkt. Bislang fehlte allerdings eine umfassende Darstellung zur Verwendung von Kunststoff in der Architektur. Das vorliegende Buch schließt diese Lücke und bietet eine Einführung in die konstruktiven und gestalterischen Möglichkeiten des Werkstoffs. Es werden nicht nur Kunststoffe und ihre Eigenschaften, sondern auch Herstellung, Verarbeitung und Konstruktionsprinzipien beschrieben und für die Architektur relevante Kunststoffprodukte und -halbzeuge vorgestellt. Eine Auswahl von ca. 25 internationalen gebauten Projekten, geordnet nach Kunststoffarten und Einsatzgebiet, dokumentiert die Anwendungen von Kunststoff in der Architektur. Ein Ausblick erläutert Tendenzen in der Forschung.

Nanomaterialien

Author: Sylvia Leydecker
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3764382295
Format: PDF, Docs
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Nanotechnologie gilt als eine der Schlüsseltechnologien des 21. Jahrhunderts mit stark wachsender wirtschaftlicher Bedeutung. In Architektur und Bauwesen liegen ihre heute nutzbaren Potenziale besonders in der Beschichtung von Oberflächen, die diesen funktionale Eigenschaften wie erhöhte Bruchfestigkeit, Fähigkeit zur Selbstreinigung, Feuerresistenz etc. verleiht. Auf Nanomaterialien basierende Zusatzstoffe machen gängige Materialien leichter, durchlässiger oder verschleißfester. Nicht nur für Fassaden und Dächer sind Nanomaterialien von großem Interesse, sondern sie bereichern auch die Gestaltungsmöglichkeiten von Innen- und Außenräumen. Nano-Dämmmaterialien eröffnen ökologisch ausgerichteten Architekten neue Potenziale. Architekten, Innenarchitekten und Designer finden in diesem Buch eine auf ihre Belange zugeschnittene Einführung in den naturwissenschaftlichen Hintergrund, eine kritische Diskussion der Vorzüge und Grenzen dieser Technologie und vor allem eine umfassende, mit zahlreichen internationalen Projektbeispielen belegte Darstellung von 16 bau- und designrelevanten Eigenschaften und Funktionen von Nanomaterialien. Nobelpreisträger Harold Kroto trug ein Vorwort bei. Dipl.-Ing. Innenarchitektin BDIA Sylvia Leydecker ist praktizierende Innenarchitektin mit dem eigenen Büro "100% interior" in Köln. Sie vertritt den BDIA in der Architektenkammer NRW, ist Dozentin bei mehreren Architektenkammer-Akademien, Mitglied im Kompetenzzentrum Nanotechnologie CC-NanoChem und im Institute of Nantechnology IoN, Schottland. Zahlreiche Vorträge und Zeitschriftenpublikationen über das Thema Nanotechnologie in Architektur, Innenarchitektur und Design.

Dauerhaftigkeit von Beton

Author: Jochen Stark
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642352782
Format: PDF, Docs
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Dieses Buch befasst sich mit den Größen und Einflüssen, die für die Dauerhaftigkeit des Baustoffs Beton von Bedeutung sind. Zahlreiche Bilder eröffnen praxisorientierte Einblicke in die werkstoffkundlichen Vorgänge. Kenngrößen und Einflussfaktoren auf die Dauerhaftigkeit von Beton – Zement – Carbonatisierung - Sulfatangriff – schädigende Ettringitbildung im erhärteten Beton – Säureangriff – Einwirkung von Chloriden – Alkali-Kieselsäure-Reaktion – Frost- und Frosttausalz-Widerstand.