Arctic Law and Governance

Author: Timo Koivurova
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1509911502
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The objective of this book is to identify similarities and differences between the positions of Finland (as an EU Member State) and China, on Arctic law and governance. The book compares Finnish and Chinese legal and policy stances in specific policy areas of relevance for the Arctic, including maritime sovereignty, scientific research, marine protected areas, the Svalbard Treaty and Arctic Council co-operation. Building on these findings, the book offers general conclusions on Finnish and Chinese approaches to Arctic governance and international law, as well as new theoretical insights on Arctic governance. The book is the result of a collaboration between The Northern Institute for Environmental and Minority Law (Arctic Centre, University of Lapland) and researchers from Wuhan University.

Governance of Arctic Offshore Oil and Gas

Author: Cécile Pelaudeix
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1317125924
Format: PDF, ePub
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Global energy problems will remain a challenge in the coming decades. The impact of climate change and the melting of polar sea ice opening up access to offshore hydrocarbon resources in the Arctic Ocean, raises questions for both civil society and the scientific community over drilling opportunities in Arctic marine areas. Disparities in approach to the governance of oil and gas extraction in the Arctic arise from fundamental differences in histories, cultures, domestic constraints and substantive values and attitudes in the Arctic coastal states and sub-states. Differing political systems, legal traditions and societal beliefs with regard to energy security and economic development, environmental protection, legitimacy of decision making, and the ownership and respect of the rights of indigenous people, all affect how governance systems of oil and gas extraction are designed. Using a multidisciplinary approach and case studies from the USA, Norway, Russia, Canada, Greenland/Denmark and the EU, this book both examines the current governance of extraction and its effects and considers ways to enhance the efficiency of environmental management and public participation in this system.

Governing Arctic Change

Author: Kathrin Keil
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137508841
Format: PDF
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This volume explores the governance of the transforming Arctic from an international perspective. Leading and emerging scholars in Arctic research investigate the international causes and consequences of contemporary Arctic developments, and assess how both state and non-state actors respond to crucial problems for the global community. Long treated as a remote and isolated region, climate change and economic prospects have put the Arctic at the forefront of political agendas from the local to the global level, and this book tackles the variety of involved actors, institutional politics, relevant policy issues, as well as political imaginaries related to a globalizing Arctic. It covers new institutional forms of various stakeholder engagement on multiple levels, governance strategies to combat climate change that affect the Arctic region sooner and more strongly than other regions, the pros and cons of Arctic resource development for the region and beyond, and local and trans-boundary pollution concerns. Given the growing relevance of the Arctic to international environmental, energy and security politics, the volume helps to explain how the region is governed in times of global nexuses, multi-level politics and multi-stakeholderism.

International Relations and the Arctic Understanding Policy and Governance

Author: Robert W. Murray
Publisher: Cambria Press
ISBN: 1604978767
Format: PDF, ePub
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Increased global interest in the Arctic poses challenges to contemporary international relations and many questions surround exactly why and how Arctic countries are asserting their influence and claims over their northern reaches and why and how non-Arctic states are turning their attention to the region. Despite the inescapable reality in the growth of interest in the Arctic, relatively little analysis on the international relations aspects of such interest has been done. Traditionally, international relations studies are focused on particular aspects of Arctic relations, but to date there has been no comprehensive effort to explain the region as a whole. Literature on Arctic politics is mostly dedicated to issues such as development, the environment and climate change, or indigenous populations. International relations, traditionally interested in national and international security, has been mostly silent in its engagement with Arctic politics. Essential concepts such as security, sovereignty, institutions, and norms are all key aspects of what is transpiring in the Arctic, and deserve to be explained in order to better comprehend exactly why the Arctic is of such interest. The sheer number of states and organizations currently involved in Arctic international relations make the region a prime case study for scholars, policymakers and interested observers. In this first systematic study of Arctic international relations, Robert W. Murray and Anita Dey Nuttall have brought together a group of the world's leading experts in Arctic affairs to demonstrate the multifaceted and essential nature of circumpolar politics. This book is core reading for political scientists, historians, anthropologists, geographers and any other observer interested in the politics of the Arctic region.

Der kologische Fu abdruck

Author: Stefanie Elzholz
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783656626657
Format: PDF
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Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2011 im Fachbereich Geowissenschaften / Geographie - Bevolkerungsgeographie, Stadt- u. Raumplanung, Note: 1,0, Universitat Leipzig (Institut fur Infrastruktur und Ressourcenmanagement), Veranstaltung: Sustainable Development, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Die Okosysteme der Erde sind nicht mehr im Stande, das heutige Volumen wirtschaftlicher Aktivitat und materiellen Konsums unserer Zivilisationsgesellschaft zu tragen. Die treibenden Faktoren sind dabei v.a. das weltweite Wirtschafts- und Bevolkerungswachstum sowie der rasante Anstieg des Pro-Kopf-Verbrauchs von Ressourcen, wodurch die ohnehin belastete Biosphare uberbeansprucht wird. Das immer rasantere Wirtschaftswachstum ist nicht nur hauptverursachend fur den Raubbau an naturlichen Ressourcen, es treibt den Keil zwischen Arm und Reich noch tiefer in die Gesellschaft statt uberall wurdige Lebensbedingungen geschweige denn breiten Wohlstand herzustellen. Die Kritik an sozialer Ungerechtigkeit und dem rucksichtslosen Wachstums-streben verscharfte sich mit der Erkenntnis, dass hierdurch die okologische Tragfahigkeit der Erde uberstrapaziert wird, d.h. Ressourcenkonsum und Abfallproduktion die Natur schneller verbrauchen als diese in der Lage ist, sich zu regenerieren. Erst der beschleunigte Ressourcenverbrauch ermoglichte zwar ein derartig rasantes Wirtschaftswachstum und den damit verbundenen hohen Lebensstandard in den Industrielandern, dies jedoch auf Kosten der Umwelt, also Walder, Boden, Luft und Artenvielfalt. Der zivilisierte Mensch hat heute kaum noch direkten Bezug zu seiner naturlichen Umwelt, da er sich durch technische und automatisierte Prozesse weitgehend unabhangig gemacht hat. So mussen Lebensmittel beispielsweise nicht mehr selbst angebaut, sondern konnen im Supermarkt gekauft werden. Entstehende Abfalle werden bequem vor der Haustur abgeholt und fernab unseres unmittelbaren Wohn- und Lebensumfeldes entsorgt. Die meisten sehen in der Natur nur noch ein Sammelsurium von kom

Arctic Governance in a Changing World

Author: Mary Durfee
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1442235640
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This comprehensive text explains the relationship between the Arctic and the wider world through the lenses of international relations, international law, and political economy. It is an essential resource for any student or scholar seeking a clear and succinct account of a region of ever-growing international importance.

Emerging Legal Orders in the Arctic

Author: Akiho Shibata
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781138618510
Format: PDF, Docs
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More than ever before the changing environmental and political landscape in the Arctic requires stability and foreseeability based on resilient common norms. The emerging legal orders in the Arctic cannot be legitimately created or effectively implemented unless all relevant actors are involved. Simultaneously, it must always be based on respect for the sovereign rights of the eight Arctic states in the region, as well as the tradition and cultural livelihood of the local communities. It is this delicate balance between Arctic and non-Arctic interests that is the core problématique for the emerging legal orders in the Arctic. Emerging Legal Orders in the Arcticcritically examines the role of non-Arctic actors in this advancement of the shape and scope of the Arctic legal order. Discussing the admittance and participation of Observer states and organisations in the Arctic Council, including task force meetings where new treaties are negotiated, it details the issues and successes this can result in. Setting up the context of the current legal orders in the Arctic, the book discusses Asian, indigenous and European perspectives, amongst others. There is a strong focus on the groundbreaking fisheries agreement of November 2017 in the Central Arctic Ocean (CAO), and the impact on both Arctic and non-Arctic actors. Interests in marine living resources, scientific cooperation and the Arctic shipping regimes and governance are also thoroughly discussed from multiple perspectives. The book combines the expertise of academics and practitioners in the fields of international law and Arctic governance, uniquely focusing on Asian actors in the Arctic legal order-making. The resulting study is a fascinating insight into the interplay between non-Arctic actors and the Arctic legal order, and will be invaluable to academics in the field of Arctic and international law.

Der Tag des Rentierz chters

Author: Stephan Dudeck
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
ISBN: 3942883171
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Die Chanten leben als Rentierzüchter in der Taiga Westsibiriens – eine Lebensweise, die durch die Erdölförderung verdrängt wird. Ihr Leben verläuft heute räumlich und sozial im Wechsel zwischen Wald und Stadt. Ihre Strategien, kulturelle Differenz und Autonomie durch Grenzziehungen mit Hilfe religiöser Praktiken und sozialer Normen aufrechtzuerhalten, werden am Beispiel des Festes zum „Tag des Rentierzüchters“ verdeutlicht. Der Autor zeigt, wie Menschen der Taiga in dieser Situation eigene Praktiken des Verbergens und Vermeidens, aber auch neue Wege der öffentlichen Repräsentation nutzen.