Aristotle on the Common Sense

Author: Pavel Gregoric
Publisher: Clarendon Press
ISBN: 0191608491
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Apart from using our eyes to see and our ears to hear, we regularly and effortlessly perform a number of complex perceptual operations that cannot be explained in terms of the five senses taken individually. Such operations include, for example, perceiving that the same object is white and sweet, noticing the difference between white and sweet, or knowing that one's senses are active. Observing that lower animals must be able to perform such operations, and being unprepared to ascribe any share in rationality to them, Aristotle explained such operations with reference to a higher-order perceptual capacity which unites and monitors the five senses. This capacity is known as the 'common sense' or sensus communis. Unfortunately, Aristotle provides only scattered and opaque references to this capacity. It is hardly surprising, therefore, that the exact nature and functions of this capacity have been a matter of perennial controversy. Pavel Gregoric offers an extensive and compelling treatment of the Aristotelian conception of the common sense, which has become part and parcel of Western psychological theories from antiquity through to the Middle Ages, and well into the early modern period. Aristotle on the Common Sense begins with an introduction to Aristotle's theory of perception and sets up a conceptual framework for the interpretation of textual evidence. In addition to analysing those passages which make explicit mention of the common sense, and drawing out the implications for Aristotle's terminology, Gregoric provides a detailed examination of each function of this Aristotelian faculty.

Time for Aristotle

Author: Ursula Coope
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199247900
Format: PDF, Docs
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What is the relation between time and change? Does time depend on the mind? Is the present always the same or is it always different? Aristotle tackles these questions in the Physics, and Time for Aristotle is the first book in English devoted to this discussion.Aristotle claims that time is not a kind of change, but that it is something dependent on change; he defines it as a kind of 'number of change'. Ursula Coope argues that what this means is that time is a kind of order (not, as is commonly supposed, a kind of measure). It is universal order within which all changes are related to each other. This interpretation enables Coope to explain two puzzling claims that Aristotle makes: that the now is like a moving thing, and that time depends for itsexistence on the mind. Brilliantly lucid in its explanation of this challenging section of the Physics, Time for Aristotle shows his discussion to be of enduring philosophical interest.

How Aristotle Gets by in Metaphysics Zeta

Author: Frank A. Lewis
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199664013
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Frank A. Lewis presents a closely argued exposition of Metaphysics Zeta--one of Aristotle's most dense and controversial texts. Lewis argues that in giving his actual conclusion to Zeta in its final chapter, 17, Aristotle drops his earlier, largely critical engagement with received views, and turns approvingly to his own Posterior Analytics, and adopts a causal view of (primary) substance, representing (primary) substances--the basicentities in his ontology--as the cause of being for different compound material substances. Meanwhile, the failure of previous attempts at definition in earlier chapters leaves Aristotle's own definition standing as the 'bestexplanation' for the views proprietary to the theory of form and matter. The point that (Aristotelian) forms are the primary substances is not the main conclusion to Zeta, but rather a result his definition must give, if the definition is to be acceptable.

The Powers of Aristotle s Soul

Author: Thomas Kjeller Johansen
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199658439
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Thomas Kjeller Johansen presents a new account of Aristotle's major work on psychology, the De Anima. He argues that Aristotle explains a variety of psychological phenomena—including perception, intellect, memory, and imagination—by reference to the soul's capacities, and considers how Aristotle adopts and adapts this theory in his later works.

Aristotle s Theory of Bodies

Author: Christian Pfeiffer
Publisher: Oxford Aristotle Studies
ISBN: 9780198779728
Format: PDF, Docs
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Christian Pfeiffer explores an important, but neglected topic in Aristotle's theoretical philosophy: the theory of bodies. For Aristotle, physical science deals with perceptible substances, such as humans, dogs, or the four elements. Substances are bodies, that is to say, they are extended, their parts are continuous with each other and they have boundaries, which demarcate them from their surroundings. The book is the first comprehensive and rigorous account ofthe features substances have in virtue of being bodies. It is not only of scholarly interest because our concept of a material object is intimately tied to its spatial or topological properties. Thatbeing said, the book is unique in explicitly arguing for the need of such an account within Aristotle's natural philosophy. Many claims Aristotle makes about the infinite, motion, or place presuppose a general theory of body.

Aristotle on Emotions in Law and Politics

Author: Liesbeth Huppes-Cluysenaer
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319667033
Format: PDF, Docs
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In this book, experts from the fields of law and philosophy explore the works of Aristotle to illuminate the much-debated and fascinating relationship between emotions and justice. Emotions matter in connection with democracy and equity – they are relevant to the judicial enforcement of rights, legal argumentation, and decision-making processes in legislative bodies and courts. The decisive role that emotions, feelings and passions play in these processes cannot be ignored – not even by those who believe that emotions have no legitimate place in the public sphere. A growing body of literature on these topics recognizes the seminal insights contributed by Aristotle. This book offers a comprehensive analysis of his thinking in this context, as well as proposals for inspiring dialogues between his works and those written by a selection of modern and contemporary thinkers. As such, the book offers a valuable resource for students of law, philosophy, rhetoric, politics, ethics and history, but also for readers interested in the ongoing debate about legal positivism and the relevance of emotions for legal and political life in today’s world.

Ancient Perspectives on Aristotle s De Anima

Author: Gerd van Riel
Publisher: Leuven University Press
ISBN: 9058677729
Format: PDF, Docs
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Aristotle's treatise "On the Soul" figures among the most influential texts in the intellectual history of the West. It is the first systematic treatise on the nature and functioning of the human soul, presenting Aristotle's authoritative analyses of, among others, sense perception, imagination, memory, and intellect. The ongoing debates on this difficult work continue the commentary tradition that dates back to antiquity. This volume offers a selection of papers by distinguished scholars, exploring the ancient perspectives on Aristotle's "De anima", from Aristotle's earliest successors through the Aristotelian Commentators at the end of Antiquity. It constitutes a twin publication with a volume entitled "Medieval Perspectives on Aristotle's "De anima""

Aristotle on Perceiving Objects

Author: Anna Marmodoro
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199326010
Format: PDF, Mobi
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How can we explain the structure of perceptual experience? What is it that we perceive? How is it that we perceive objects and not disjoint arrays of properties? By which sense or senses do we perceive objects? Are our five senses sufficient for the perception of objects? Aristotle investigated these questions by means of the metaphysical modeling of the unity of the perceptual faculty and the unity of experiential content. His account remains fruitful-but also challenging-even for contemporary philosophy. This book offers a reconstruction of the six metaphysical models Aristotle offered to address these and related questions, focusing on their metaphysical underpinning in his theory of causal powers. By doing so, the book brings out what is especially valuable and even surprising about the topic: the core principles of Aristotle's metaphysics of perception are fundamentally different from those of his metaphysics of substance. Yet, for precisely this reason, his models of perceptual content are unexplored territory. This book breaks new ground in offering an understanding of Aristotle's metaphysics of the content of perceptual experience and of the composition of the perceptual faculty.

Passions and Persuasion in Aristotle s Rhetoric

Author: Jamie Dow
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0198716265
Format: PDF, Docs
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Jamie Dow presents an original treatment of Aristotle's views on rhetoric and the passions, and the first major study of Aristotle's 'Rhetoric' in recent years. He attributes to Aristotle a normative view of rhetoric and its role in the state, and ascribes to him a particular view of the kinds of cognitions involved in the passions.

Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 1999

Author: David Sedley
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 9780198250197
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy is a annual (from 2000 twice yearly) volume of original articles on all aspects of ancient philosophy. The articles may be of substantial length, and include critical notices of major books. This year's contributions range over a thousand years of philosophy, from the Presocratics to Philoponus. Particularly prominent in the volume are Aristotle and the Stoics.