Armoured Trains

Author: Paul Malmassari
Publisher:
ISBN: 1848322631
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The military was quick to see the advantages of railways in warfare, whether for the rapid deployment of men or the movement of heavy equipment like artillery. From here it was a short step to making the train a potent weapon in its own right a mobile fort or a battleship on rails. Armed and armored, they became the first practical self-propelled war machines, which by the time of the American Civil War were able to make a significant contribution to battlefield success. Thereafter, almost every belligerent nation with a railway system made some use of armored rolling stock, ranging from low-intensity colonial policing to the massive employment of armored trains during the Russian Civil War. And although they were somewhat eclipsed as frontline weapons by the development of the tank and other AFVs, armoured trains retained a role as late as the civil wars in the former republic of Yugoslavia. This truly encyclopedic book covers, country by country, the huge range of fighting equipment that rode the rails over nearly two centuries. While it outlines the place of armored trains in the evolution of warfare, it concentrates on details of their design through a vast array of photographs and the authors meticulous drawings. Published in French in 1989, this highly regarded work has been completely revised and expanded for this English edition. It remains the last word on the subject.

Air War Over Italy 1943 1945

Author: Andrew J. Brookes
Publisher: Ian Allan Pub
ISBN:
Format: PDF
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Although the campaign through Italy is perhaps overshadowed by the more dramatic battles in France and on the Eastern Front, it was a crucial phase of the war, forcing Hitler's Italian allies out of the war and tying huge numbers of men and vast quantities of German equipment down at a time when Axis needs were at their greatest elsewhere. From the first landings at Sicily, through the allied landings in southern Italy and the war of attrition as the Allies marched northwards to the surrender of the Italian forces and the ultimate German capitulation, Allied air power was to be of crucial importance. This book is a comprehensive narrative to the conflict from 1943 until the final German surrender of 1945. Drawn from official sources and from detailed research, the book emphasises the importance of the air war to the ultimate Allied success. The well-informed text is complemented by a superb selection of historic photographs illustrating the various types of aircraft involved in the campaign and of the campaign itself.

Armoured Trains

Author: Paul Malmassari
Publisher:
ISBN: 1848322658
Format: PDF
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The military was quick to see the advantages of railways in warfare, whether for the rapid deployment of men or the movement of heavy equipment like artillery. From here it was a short step to making the train a potent weapon in its own right a mobile fort or a battleship on rails. Armed and armored, they became the first practical self-propelled war machines, which by the time of the American Civil War were able to make a significant contribution to battlefield success. Thereafter, almost every belligerent nation with a railway system made some use of armored rolling stock, ranging from low-intensity colonial policing to the massive employment of armored trains during the Russian Civil War. And although they were somewhat eclipsed as frontline weapons by the development of the tank and other AFVs, armoured trains retained a role as late as the civil wars in the former republic of Yugoslavia. This truly encyclopedic book covers, country by country, the huge range of fighting equipment that rode the rails over nearly two centuries. While it outlines the place of armored trains in the evolution of warfare, it concentrates on details of their design through a vast array of photographs and the authors meticulous drawings. Published in French in 1989, this highly regarded work has been completely revised and expanded for this English edition. It remains the last word on the subject.

Twin Mustang

Author: Alan C Carey
Publisher: Pen and Sword
ISBN: 1783462213
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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One of the most unusual and remarkable American fighter aircraft, the F-82 Twin Mustang was the last mass production propeller-driven fighter acquired by the U.S. Air Force. Originally intended as a very long-range fighter escort for the Boeing B-29 Superfortress during World War II, it arrived too late to see combat and evolved into a night and all-weather fighter during the post-war years. Combat operations in the Korean War followed, along with a host of other dynamic episodes of deployment. This work traces the developmental, operational, and combat history of this unique American fighter and features 120 photographs and illustrations, many of which have never been published before.??Seven chapters, all extensively illustrated, cover the aircraft's development, descriptions of the variants and sub-types, details of initial entry into service, three chapters covering the F-82's service in the Korean War, and a final chapter detailing the type's removal from the Korean War Theatre in February 1952, to see out its operational days in the Alaskan Air Defence Command.??An appendix section follows, featuring tables of the different variants, an illustrated list of known nose art applied to F-82s, and an entry of losses suffered in the Korean War. All these additional details bring new points of interest to the popular Images of War format, making for a richer, more informative reading experience.??Focussing on an overlooked type, deployed in a conflict often side-lined within mainstream war histories, this publication offers a much deserved platform upon which to appreciate this dynamic and immensely interesting aircraft.

River Gunboats

Author: Roger Branfill-Cook
Publisher: US Naval Institute Press
ISBN: 9781591146148
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The first recorded engagement by a steam-powered warship took place on a river in 1824 when the Honourable East India Company's gunboat Diana moved into action on the Irrawaddy River in Burma. In the 150 years that followed, river gunboats played a significant part in over forty campaigns and individual actions. River gunboats proved to be the decisive factor in river campaigns of the American Civil War; in the French conquest of Indochina; during Kitchener's advance on Khartoum; and on the Rufiji and Tigris during the Great War. These warships fought for the Paris Commune; on the rivers of South America; against the Bolsheviks; and during the Second World War in the open waters of the Mediterranean; the Portuguese and American "Brown Water" fighting in Africa and Vietnam, respectively, rounded out the end of the twentieth century. This lavishly illustrated encyclopedia describes vessels of every nation designed as river gunboats, plus those converted river steamers which took part in combat. Maps of the river systems where they operated are included as are narratives of the principal actions involving river gunboats. Their story is brought up-to-date with data on current riverine combat vessels in service today.

Forts

Author: The National Archives
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1472827627
Format: PDF
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Ever since humans began to live together in settlements they have felt the need to organise some kind of defence against potentially hostile neighbours. Many of the earliest city states were built as walled towns, and during the medieval era, stone castles were built both as symbols of the defenders' strength and as protection against potential attack. The advent of cannon prompted fortifications to become lower, denser and more complex, and the forts of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries could appear like snowflakes in their complexity and beautiful geometry. Without forts, the history of America could have taken a very different course, pirates could have sailed the seas unchecked, and Britain itself could have been successfully invaded. This book explains the history of human fortifications, and is beautifully illustrated using photographs, plans, drawings and maps to explain why they were built, their various functions and their immense historical legacy in laying the foundations of empire.

Setting the East Ablaze

Author: Peter Hopkirk
Publisher: John Murray
ISBN: 1848547250
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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'Let us turn our faces towards Asia', exhorted Lenin when the long-awaited revolution in Europe failed to materialize. 'The East will help us conquer the West.' Peter Hopkirk's book tells for the first time the story of the Bolshevik attempt to set the East ablaze with the heady new gospel of Marxism. Lenin's dream was to liberate the whole of Asia, but his starting point was British India. A shadowy undeclared war followed. Among the players in this new Great Game were British spies, Communist revolutionaries, Muslim visionaries and Chinese warlords - as well as a White Russian baron who roasted his Bolshevik captives alive. Here is an extraordinary tale of intrigue and treachery, barbarism and civil war, whose violent repercussions continue to be felt in Central Asia today.

The Armoured Forces of the Bulgarian Army 1936 45

Author: Kaloyan Matev
Publisher: Helion & Company Limited
ISBN: 9781909384163
Format: PDF
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A detailed history of motor vehicles and armoured fighting vehicles in the Bulgarian army from 1936, during the last years of peace, until the end of the Second World War in 1945. The book is the result of years of study in the Bulgarian Central Military Archive.

Hungarian Armored Forces in World War II

Author: Peter Mujzer
Publisher: Photosniper
ISBN: 9788365437655
Format: PDF
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Since 1699, Hungary was part of the Austrian Empire, ruled by the Habsburg dynasty. In 1848/49, the Hungarians staged an uprising seeking their independence, and although the attempt was crushed by the Austrians, it resulted with Hungary being granted equal status with Austria in 1867. The empire became the dual monarchy of Austria and Hungary, and was known as the kaiserliche und k�nigliche (k. und k.) Monarchy. The kaiserliche part referred to the Imperial throne of Austria, while the k�nigliche part referred to the Royal throne of Hungary. At the end of the First World War, Hungary, as a member of the k. und k. Monarchy, ended up on the losing side. Her army disintegrated and her armaments were either taken over or destroyed by the victorious Allied nations. In the autumn of 1919, after the failure of a short-lived Soviet-style republic, a new Hungarian National Army was organized under French supervision. This army was led by a former k. und k. admiral, the highest-ranking native Hungarian military officer, Admiral Mikl�s Horthy, who later (in 1920) became Regent of Hungary, ruling in place of the deposed Habsburgs. Hungary never officially renounced its status as a monarchy, and the nation effectively remained a monarchy without a king until the end of the Second World War. After WWI, Hungary was in a very critical situation. In 1920 the Allied Powers gave the Hungarian delegation their conditions for peace. This agreement, the Treaty of Trianon, was very similar to the one already imposed on Germany at Versailles. The peace conditions for Hungary reduced the area of the country from 282,000 square kilometres to 93,000 square kilometres and the population from 18 million to 9.5 million. Thus 3,263,000 Hungarians became citizens of foreign countries under hostile administrations. The provisions of the Treaty of Trianon reduced Hungary's 1914 industrial base by about 80%. The Treaty of Trianon was a huge shock for the whole society. The Treaty has left a never ending scar on the Hungarian national consciousness. Everybody was affected, at least emotionally, by the harsh conditions of the Treaty. Hungary had lost his imperial status and was reduced to a small country surrounded by hostile states.

Railway Guns of World War II

Author: Steven J. Zaloga
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1472810708
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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World War II marked the zenith of railway gun development. Although many of the railway guns deployed at the start of the conflict were of World War I vintage, Germany's ambitious development programme saw the introduction of a number of new classes, including the world's largest, the 80cm-calibre Schwerer Gustav and Schwerer Dora guns, which weighed in at 1,350 tons and fired a huge 7-ton shell. This book provides an overview of the types of railway guns in service during World War II, with a special focus on the German railway artillery used in France, Italy and on the Eastern Front, and analyzes why railway guns largely disappeared from use following the end of the war.