Armoured Trains

Author: Paul Malmassari
ISBN: 1848322658
Format: PDF
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The military was quick to see the advantages of railways in warfare, whether for the rapid deployment of men or the movement of heavy equipment like artillery. From here it was a short step to making the train a potent weapon in its own right a mobile fort or a battleship on rails. Armed and armored, they became the first practical self-propelled war machines, which by the time of the American Civil War were able to make a significant contribution to battlefield success. Thereafter, almost every belligerent nation with a railway system made some use of armored rolling stock, ranging from low-intensity colonial policing to the massive employment of armored trains during the Russian Civil War. And although they were somewhat eclipsed as frontline weapons by the development of the tank and other AFVs, armoured trains retained a role as late as the civil wars in the former republic of Yugoslavia. This truly encyclopedic book covers, country by country, the huge range of fighting equipment that rode the rails over nearly two centuries. While it outlines the place of armored trains in the evolution of warfare, it concentrates on details of their design through a vast array of photographs and the authors meticulous drawings. Published in French in 1989, this highly regarded work has been completely revised and expanded for this English edition. It remains the last word on the subject.

Thomas Bradwardine De causa Dei contra Pelagium et de virtute causarum

Author: Thomas Bradwardine
Publisher: V&R unipress GmbH
ISBN: 3847100483
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This edition is the first re-edition since the London-edition of 1618 and actually the first modern translation of Thomas Bradwardine's most important theological work, which presents philosophically and theologically relevant excerpts from De causa Dei. De causa Dei is one of the most influential theological writings from the 14th century, in which Bradwardine explores among other subject matters the divine foreknowledge, the predestination and human free will, all crucial issues of intellectual discussions in medieval Oxford. A rediscovery of these questions and of Bradwardines position is intended by this re-edition of his work.