Asbestos Litigation Costs and Compensation

Author: Stephen J. Carroll
Publisher: Rand Corporation
ISBN: 9780833032942
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
Examines the dimensions of current asestos litigation and the potential future effects of the litigation on the U.S. economy.

Variation in asbestos litigation compensation and expenses

Author: James S. Kakalik
Publisher: Rand Corp
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Docs
Download Now
This report analyzes characteristics of individual claims that explain variation in compensation and expenses. The first section describes the research approach and sketches the tangled context in which spending occurs for asbestos product liability litigation. Section II presents data on the characteristics of closed claims and on the actual compensation paid and expenses incurred by plaintiffs, defendants, and insurers in 1980-1982. Section III focuses on explaining the variation in total compensation. Sections IV, V, and VI, respectively, analyze claim characteristics that help explain why certain claims receive no compensation, identify which claims proceed to trial instead of being closed before trial, and identify which claims result in punitive awards. Sections VII and VIII analyze the variations in defense and plaintiff litigation expenses. Finally, Section IX totals the expenditures and examines the ratio between litigation expense payments and net compensation.

Asbestos Litigation

Author: Stephen J. Carroll
Publisher: Rand Corporation
ISBN: 0833040529
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
Asbestos litigation is the longest-running mass tort litigation in U.S. history. Through 2002, approximately 730,000 individuals have brought claims against some 8,400 business entities, and defendants and insurers have spent a total of $70 billion on litigation. Building on previous RAND briefings, the authors report on what happened to those who have claimed injury from asbestos, what happened to the defendants in those cases, and how lawyers and judges have managed the cases.

Dust Up

Author: Jeb Barnes
Publisher: Georgetown University Press
ISBN: 1589017862
Format: PDF, ePub
Download Now
In an era of polarization, narrow party majorities, and increasing use of supermajority requirements in the Senate, policy entrepreneurs must find ways to reach across the aisle and build bipartisan coalitions in Congress. One such coalition-building strategy is the “politics of efficiency,” or reform that is aimed at eliminating waste from existing policies and programs. After all, reducing inefficiency promises to reduce costs without cutting benefits, which should appeal to members of both political parties, especially given tight budgetary constraints in Washington. Dust-Up explores the most recent congressional efforts to reform asbestos litigation—a case in which the politics of efficiency played a central role and seemed likely to prevail. Yet, these efforts failed to produce a winning coalition, even though reform could have saved billions of dollars and provided quicker compensation to victims of asbestos-related diseases. Why? The answers, as Jeb Barnes deftly illustrates, defy conventional wisdom and force us to rethink the political effects of litigation and the dynamics of institutional change in our fragmented policymaking system. Set squarely at the intersection of law, politics, and public policy, Dust-Up provides the first in-depth analysis of the political obstacles to Congress in replacing a form of litigation that nearly everyone—Supreme Court justices, members of Congress, presidents, and experts—agrees is woefully inefficient and unfair to both victims and businesses. This concise and accessible case study includes a glossary of terms and study questions, making it a perfect fit for courses in law and public policy, congressional politics, and public health.

The Economics of U S Tort Liability

Author:
Publisher: Congressional Budget Office
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
A CBO Study. Attempts to clarify the issues and policy options surrounding the tort system. Presents an economic perspective on tort liability. Outlines the strengths and weaknesses of tort liability as a tool for promoting economic efficiency and fairness. Discusses the available data on the benefits and costs of the tort system. Analyzes in qualitative terms the likely effects of various policy options for altering the system. Makes no recommendations.

Costs and Compensation Paid in Tort Litigation

Author: James S. Kakalik
Publisher: Rand Corporation
ISBN: 9780833007827
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download Now
This study was undertaken to answer the following questions: What was the total expenditure nationwide for tort litigation terminated in state and federal courts of general jurisdiction in 1985? How much of the total was spent for the various costs of the tort litigation system: plaintiffs' and defendants' legal fees and other litigation expenses, the value of litigants' time spent on the lawsuits, the value of time spent by insurance personnel, and the costs of operating the courts? How much of the total was net compensation to plaintiffs? How do litigation costs and compensation paid differ for torts involving motor vehicles and for all other torts? How fast is the tort system growing? The study indicates that plaintiffs with tort lawsuits in state and federal courts of general jurisdiction received approximately half of the $27 billion to $34 billion spent in 1985. The costs of litigation consumed the other half.

The Environment and the People in American Cities 1600s1900s

Author: Dorceta E. Taylor
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 0822392240
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
In The Environment and the People in American Cities, Dorceta E. Taylor provides an in-depth examination of the development of urban environments, and urban environmentalism, in the United States. Taylor focuses on the evolution of the city, the emergence of elite reformers, the framing of environmental problems, and the perceptions of and responses to breakdowns in social order, from the seventeenth century through the twentieth. She demonstrates how social inequalities repeatedly informed the adjudication of questions related to health, safety, and land access and use. While many accounts of environmental history begin and end with wildlife and wilderness, Taylor shows that the city offers important clues to understanding the evolution of American environmental activism. Taylor traces the progression of several major thrusts in urban environmental activism, including the alleviation of poverty; sanitary reform and public health; safe, affordable, and adequate housing; parks, playgrounds, and open space; occupational health and safety; consumer protection (food and product safety); and land use and urban planning. At the same time, she presents a historical analysis of the ways race, class, and gender shaped experiences and perceptions of the environment as well as environmental activism and the construction of environmental discourses. Throughout her analysis, Taylor illuminates connections between the social and environmental conflicts of the past and those of the present. She describes the displacement of people of color for the production of natural open space for the white and wealthy, the close proximity between garbage and communities of color in early America, the cozy relationship between middle-class environmentalists and the business community, and the continuous resistance against environmental inequalities on the part of ordinary residents from marginal communities.

Asbestos

Author: United States. General Accounting Office
Publisher:
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Docs
Download Now

Outrageous misconduct

Author: Paul Brodeur
Publisher: Pantheon
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
Examines the attempts of the asbestos industry to cover-up the dangers of asbestos and describes the development of the financial and legal problems of the Manville Corporation