Athens on Trial

Author: Jennifer Tolbert Roberts
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400821320
Format: PDF, Docs
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The Classical Athenians were the first to articulate and implement the notion that ordinary citizens of no particular affluence or education could make responsible political decisions. For this reason, reactions to Athenian democracy have long provided a prime Rorschach test for political thought. Whether praising Athens's government as the legitimizing ancestor of modern democracies or condemning it as mob rule, commentators throughout history have revealed much about their own notions of politics and society. In this book, Jennifer Roberts charts responses to Athenian democracy from Athens itself through the twentieth century, exploring a debate that touches upon historiography, ethics, political science, anthropology, sociology, philosophy, gender studies, and educational theory.

Plato s Trial of Athens

Author: Mark A. Ralkowski
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1474227260
Format: PDF
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What can we learn about the trial of Socrates from Plato's dialogues? Most scholars say we can learn a lot from the Apology, but not from the rest. Plato's Trial of Athens rejects this assumption and argues that Plato used several of his dialogues to turn the tables on Socrates' accusers: they blamed Socrates for something the city had done to itself. Plato wanted to set the record straight and save his city from repeating her worst mistakes of the 5th century. Plato's Trial of Athens addresses challenging questions about the historicity of Plato's dialogues, and it traces Plato's critique of Athenian public life and polis culture from the trial in 399 up through the Laws and the Atlantis myth in the Critias and Timaeus. In the end, Ralkowski shows that what began as a bitter response to the unjust, politically-charged trial of Socrates, evolved into a pessimistic reflection on the role of philosophy in a democratic society, a theory about Athens' 5th century decline, and cautionary tale about the corrupting influences of naval imperialism.

Socrates Against Athens

Author: James A. Colaiaco
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135024936
Format: PDF, ePub
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As an essential companion to Plato's Apology and Crito, Socrates Against Athens provides valuable historical and cultural context to our understanding of the trial.

Envy Poison and Death

Author: Esther Eidinow
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199562601
Format: PDF
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At the heart of this volume are three trials held in Athens in the fourth century BCE. The defendants were all women and in each case the charges involved a combination of ritual activities. Two were condemned to death. Because of the brevity of the ancient sources, and their lack of agreement, the precise charges are unclear, and the reasons for taking these women to court remain mysterious. Envy, Poison, and Death takes the complexity and confusion ofthe evidence not as a riddle to be solved, but as revealing multiple social dynamics. It explores the changing factors—material, ideological, and psychological—that may have provoked these events,revealing how these trials provide a vivid glimpse of the socio-political environment of Athens during the early-mid fourth century BCE, including responses to changes in women's status and behaviour, and attitudes to particular supernatural or religious activities within the city.

The Story of Athens

Author: Associate Professor of Classics Phillip Harding
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134304471
Format: PDF, Docs
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A leading authority in the field, Phillip Harding presents the very first English translations of the six Athenian writers known as the Atthidographers. In his vivid and detailed history, Harding examines the remaining fragments of these historical writers' work – in chronological order – and how these writings, dating from the fifth and fourth century BC, reveal an invaluable wealth of information about early Athenian history, legend, religion, customs and anecdotes. Harding also goes on to study how these histories of Athens and its people were the source for later surviving historians such as Plutarch and Diodorus. With the aid of linking text and detailed annotation, anyone with an interest in Athenian history, classical Greece need look no further.

Routledge Philosophy Guidebook to Plato and the Trial of Socrates

Author: Thomas C. Brickhouse
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415156820
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Socrates is one of the most influential philosophers in western civilisation, and Plato his most famous pupil. The Euthyphro, Apology of Socrates, Crito and the death scene from the Phaedo are Plato's account of Socrates' trial and execution, and together they provide the most important depiction of Socrates' ideas. In this GuideBook, Brickhouse and Smith provide clear explanations of these texts for students coming to them for the first time. Situating the works in their historical context, the authors carefully go through each text, exploring the philosophical issues raised in an accessible way. Plato and the Trial of Socrates is the ideal introduction to both the ideas of Socrates and the work of Plato.

Socrates and Athens

Author: David M. Johnson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521757487
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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An exciting series that provides students with direct access to the ancient world by offering new translations of extracts from its key texts. Socrates is one of the ancient Greeks that everyone has heard of. He is responsible, more than any other individual, for adding a new urgency and vigour to the fundamental questions we ask about our own lives. Socrates, it turns out, was always rather mysterious, and intentionally so. He was more interested in making people think than in telling them what to think. Part of the Greece and Rome: Texts and Contexts series, this book helps readers to discover the original Socrates.

Economic Equality and Direct Democracy in Ancient Athens

Author: Larry Patriquin
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137503483
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book argues that ancient democracy did not stop at the door of economic democracy, and that ancient Athens has much to tell us about the relationship between political equality and economic equality. Athenian democracy rested on a foundation of general economic equality, which enabled citizens to challenge their exclusion from politics.

Fear and Loathing in Ancient Athens

Author: Alexander Rubel
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317544803
Format: PDF, ePub
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Athens at the time of the Peloponnesian war was the arena for a dramatic battle between politics and religion in the hearts and minds of the people. Fear and Loathing in Ancient Athens, originally published in German but now available for the first time in an expanded and revised English edition, sheds new light on this dramatic period of history and offers a new approach to the study of Greek religion. The book explores an extraordinary range of events and topics, and will be an indispensable study for students and scholars studying Athenian religion and politics.

Classical Athens Trial of Socrates Metic Athenian Army Fifth Century Athens Plague of Athens Long Walls Pericles Funeral Oration

Author: Source Wikipedia
Publisher: Books LLC, Wiki Series
ISBN: 9781156737316
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 32. Chapters: Trial of Socrates, Metic, Athenian army, Fifth Century Athens, Plague of Athens, Long Walls, Pericles' Funeral Oration, Autochthon, Political climate, Ephialtes, Decree of Themistocles, Athenian Treasury, Laurium, Bendis, Athenian coup of 411 BC, Paralus and Xanthippus, Hermippus, Eucleides. Excerpt: The Athenian army was the military force of Athens, one of the major city-states (poleis) of Ancient Greece. All physically fit citizens were liable for military service from their 18th to 60th years. It was said that the Athenians were so enamored of the pleasures of peaceful life that they preferred to pay mercenaries rather than serve themselves on distant expeditions, and the truth was that there were many Arcadians, Thracians, and many others, from the nations which supply the bulk of the mercenaries, always in Athenian pay in the outlying garrisons. After a young ephebe finished his two years at the barracks, returned home with the condition to return in times of need. When there were not enough men to form an army, the men in reserve were called to meet the required number and no more. Thus for a small force only the eligibles between say twenty and twenty-four years of age would be summoned; but in a crisis all the citizens were levied up to the very graybeards. The levy was conducted by the ten Strategoi (at once "generals," "admirals" and "war ministers"), who controlled the whole armed power of Athens. The recruits summoned have to come with three days' rations to the rendezvous, usually to the Lyceum wrestling ground just outside the city. In case of a general levy the old men are expected to form merely a home guard for the walls; the young men must be ready for hard service overseas. The organization of the Athenian army was simple: each of the ten Attic tribes sent its own battalion or taxis, which was la...