Automated Fingerprint Identification Systems AFIS

Author: Peter Komarinski
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080475981
Format: PDF, Mobi
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An easy-to-understand synopsis of identification systems, presenting in simple language the process of fingerprint identification, from the initial capture of a set of finger images, to the production of a Rapsheet. No other single work exists which reviews this important identification process from beginning to end. We examine the identification process for latent (crime scene) prints and how they are identified with these systems. While the primary focus is automated fingerprint identifications, the book also touches on the emergence and use of fingerprints in other biometric systems. Criminal justice administrators, policy makers, and students of forensic science and criminal justice will find a reference to the known limitations and advantages of these systems. This book provides information as to the critical and continual need for properly trained individuals as well as an understanding of the direct and indirect costs associated with maintaining these systems. An understanding of the entire system and what it means will prove invaluable. Why are there missed identifications? Why are identifications made on one database that are not made on another database? Key terms and issues are included, and well as suggestions for improving the overall number of identifications. The book will go beyond process and also discuss issues such as interoperability, management strategies for large databases, contract development, lights out verification and several other issues which impact automated identifications. - The first comprehensive title on this subject area - Outlines in detail the entire process of fingerprint gathering and identity verification - The future of AFIS will is discussed, including national standards in developing multi-agency cooperation/interoperability (U.S.) in addition to the use of AFIS identification world-wide.

Automatic Fingerprint Recognition Systems

Author: Nalini Ratha
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387216855
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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An authoritative survey of intelligent fingerprint-recognition concepts, technology, and systems is given. Editors and contributors are the leading researchers and applied R&D developers of this personal identification (biometric security) topic and technology. Biometrics and pattern recognition researchers and professionals will find the book an indispensable resource for current knowledge and technology in the field.

An Introduction to Policing

Author: John Dempsey
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 1435480538
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Get an exclusive insider's look at the roles, rewards, and stresses of policing and law enforcement! Now in its 5th edition, An Introduction to Policing has the same recipe for success as its previous editions: co-authors with extensive real-life experience in all ranks and assignments of policing, a solid blend of practical information and theory that covers who the police are, what they do, and how they do it, and an emphasis on current issues and topics. Unique to this edition is the expanded coverage of the very latest advances in technology, from mobile policing technology to video camera traffic enforcement and computer and digital forensics. The book has also been updated to cover campus law enforcement, law enforcement and illegal immigration, one-officer vs. two-officer patrol cars, and Reverse 911. Using extensively updated research and statistics throughout, this book is a must read for anyone considering a career in law enforcement. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Fingerprint Identification

Author: William Leo
Publisher: LawTech Publishing Group
ISBN: 1563252635
Format: PDF, Docs
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An introduction to the historical background of the science of fingerprints and legal aspects, how to recognize fingerprint patterns and sections of the hand, terminology and prints, and how to understand the New Automated Fingerprint Identification Systems. This textbook is appropriate for criminal justice, criminal investigation, and homeland security programs. It is also suited for programs in emergency management, corporate security, psychology, emergency medical services and healthcare, police academy programs, and continuing professional development.

Police Departments in Large Cities 1990 2000

Author: Brian A. Reaves
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 1437930581
Format: PDF
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This is a print on demand edition of a hard to find publication. Describes trends from 1990 to 2000 among local police dept¿s. serving U.S. cities with 250,000 or more residents. Comparisons are made in terms of number of sworn and civilian personnel, female and minority representation, officer salaries, officer training and educ. requirements, budgets, crime rates, computers and info. systems, types of equip., and types of special units. Highlights: The number of residents served increased by 10%, resulting in a 7% increase in the no. of full-time sworn personnel. The number of UCR violent crimes decreased 34%, and the number of full-time local police officers increased 17%. The representation of Hispanics among officers increased from 9% to 14%, blacks from 18% to 20%, and women from 12% to 16%.

Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States

Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309142393
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Scores of talented and dedicated people serve the forensic science community, performing vitally important work. However, they are often constrained by lack of adequate resources, sound policies, and national support. It is clear that change and advancements, both systematic and scientific, are needed in a number of forensic science disciplines to ensure the reliability of work, establish enforceable standards, and promote best practices with consistent application. Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States: A Path Forward provides a detailed plan for addressing these needs and suggests the creation of a new government entity, the National Institute of Forensic Science, to establish and enforce standards within the forensic science community. The benefits of improving and regulating the forensic science disciplines are clear: assisting law enforcement officials, enhancing homeland security, and reducing the risk of wrongful conviction and exoneration. Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States gives a full account of what is needed to advance the forensic science disciplines, including upgrading of systems and organizational structures, better training, widespread adoption of uniform and enforceable best practices, and mandatory certification and accreditation programs. While this book provides an essential call-to-action for congress and policy makers, it also serves as a vital tool for law enforcement agencies, criminal prosecutors and attorneys, and forensic science educators.

Postmortem Fingerprinting and Unidentified Human Remains

Author: Marzena Mulawka
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317521951
Format: PDF
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Fingerprint identification is the most efficient, rapid, and cost-effective forensic identification modality. Postmortem Fingerprinting and Unidentified Human Remains is a consolidated and thorough guide to the recovery, identification, and management of unidentified postmortem fingerprint records - topics from postmortem fingerprint processing to database submission and case management are discussed. Additionally, a postmortem processing workflow is described, which delineates various basic and advanced fingerprint recovery techniques used to acquire examination-quality records. Furthermore, Postmortem Fingerprinting and Unidentified Human Remains discusses the complexity of antemortem fingerprint databases and how to access each database for humanitarian purposes, bringing a modern value perspective to the topic.