Automated Fingerprint Identification Systems AFIS

Author: Peter Komarinski
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080475981
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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An easy-to-understand synopsis of identification systems, presenting in simple language the process of fingerprint identification, from the initial capture of a set of finger images, to the production of a Rapsheet. No other single work exists which reviews this important identification process from beginning to end. We examine the identification process for latent (crime scene) prints and how they are identified with these systems. While the primary focus is automated fingerprint identifications, the book also touches on the emergence and use of fingerprints in other biometric systems. Criminal justice administrators, policy makers, and students of forensic science and criminal justice will find a reference to the known limitations and advantages of these systems. This book provides information as to the critical and continual need for properly trained individuals as well as an understanding of the direct and indirect costs associated with maintaining these systems. An understanding of the entire system and what it means will prove invaluable. Why are there missed identifications? Why are identifications made on one database that are not made on another database? Key terms and issues are included, and well as suggestions for improving the overall number of identifications. The book will go beyond process and also discuss issues such as interoperability, management strategies for large databases, contract development, lights out verification and several other issues which impact automated identifications. - The first comprehensive title on this subject area - Outlines in detail the entire process of fingerprint gathering and identity verification - The future of AFIS will is discussed, including national standards in developing multi-agency cooperation/interoperability (U.S.) in addition to the use of AFIS identification world-wide.

Automated Fingerprint Identification Systems AFIS

Author: Peter Komarinski
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780124183513
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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An easy-to-understand synopsis of identification systems, presenting in simple language the process of fingerprint identification, from the initial capture of a set of finger images, to the production of a Rapsheet. No other single work exists which reviews this important identification process from beginning to end. We examine the identification process for latent (crime scene) prints and how they are identified with these systems. While the primary focus is automated fingerprint identifications, the book also touches on the emergence and use of fingerprints in other biometric systems. Criminal justice administrators, policy makers, and students of forensic science and criminal justice will find a reference to the known limitations and advantages of these systems. This book provides information as to the critical and continual need for properly trained individuals as well as an understanding of the direct and indirect costs associated with maintaining these systems. An understanding of the entire system and what it means will prove invaluable. Why are there missed identifications? Why are identifications made on one database that are not made on another database? Key terms and issues are included, and well as suggestions for improving the overall number of identifications. The book will go beyond process and also discuss issues such as interoperability, management strategies for large databases, contract development, lights out verification and several other issues which impact automated identifications. - The first comprehensive title on this subject area - Outlines in detail the entire process of fingerprint gathering and identity verification - The future of AFIS will is discussed, including national standards in developing multi-agency cooperation/interoperability (U.S.) in addition to the use of AFIS identification world-wide.

Automated Fingerprint Identification Systems Afis

Author: Peter Komarinski
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9781493301393
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download Now
An easy-to-understand synopsis of identification systems, presenting in simple language the process of fingerprint identification, from the initial capture of a set of finger images, to the production of a Rapsheet. No other single work exists which reviews this important identification process from beginning to end. We examine the identification process for latent (crime scene) prints and how they are identified with these systems. While the primary focus is automated fingerprint identifications, the book also touches on the emergence and use of fingerprints in other biometric systems. Criminal justice administrators, policy makers, and students of forensic science and criminal justice will find a reference to the known limitations and advantages of these systems. This book provides information as to the critical and continual need for properly trained individuals as well as an understanding of the direct and indirect costs associated with maintaining these systems. An understanding of the entire system and what it means will prove invaluable. Why are there missed identifications? Why are identifications made on one database that are not made on another database? Key terms and issues are included, and well as suggestions for improving the overall number of identifications. The book will go beyond process and also discuss issues such as interoperability, management strategies for large databases, contract development, lights out verification and several other issues which impact automated identifications. - The first comprehensive title on this subject area - Outlines in detail the entire process of fingerprint gathering and identity verification - The future of AFIS will is discussed, including national standards in developing multi-agency cooperation/interoperability (U.S.) in addition to the use of AFIS identification world-wide.

Automatic Fingerprint Recognition Systems

Author: Nalini Ratha
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387216855
Format: PDF
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An authoritative survey of intelligent fingerprint-recognition concepts, technology, and systems is given. Editors and contributors are the leading researchers and applied R&D developers of this personal identification (biometric security) topic and technology. Biometrics and pattern recognition researchers and professionals will find the book an indispensable resource for current knowledge and technology in the field.

The Fingerprint Sourcebook

Author: United States Department of Justice
Publisher: CreateSpace
ISBN: 9781502828422
Format: PDF
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The idea of The Fingerprint Sourcebook originated during a meeting in April 2002. Individuals representing the fingerprint, academic, and scientific communities met in Chicago, Illinois, for a day and a half to discuss the state of fingerprint identification with a view toward the challenges raised by Daubert issues. The meeting was a joint project between the International Association for Identification (IAI) and West Virginia University (WVU). One recommendation that came out of that meeting was a suggestion to create a sourcebook for friction ridge examiners, that is, a single source of researched information regarding the subject. This sourcebook would provide educational, training, and research information for the international scientific community.

Postmortem Fingerprinting and Unidentified Human Remains

Author: Marzena Mulawka
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0323286003
Format: PDF, ePub
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Fingerprinting is the least expensive and efficient forensic identification modality. Postmortem Fingerprinting and Unidentified Human Remains is an accessible and thorough guide to the forensic identification of postmortem fingerprint records from unidentified deceased—from fingerprint acquisition to submission and case management. The methods described in Postmortem Fingerprinting and Unidentified Human Remains use a number of different fingerprinting techniques to acquire examination-quality prints. Additionally, methods for accessing databases for humanitarian purposes are discussed, bringing a modern value perspective to the topic. About the Forensic Studies for Criminal Justice Series: The Forensic Studies for Criminal Justice series consists of short-format content on new developments, unique perspectives, or how-to information on areas in forensic science—all specifically designed to meet the needs of the criminal justice community. Instructors wishing to provide their students with more in-depth coverage on certain forensic areas can add these digestible, inexpensive works to their syllabi without having to completely redesign their course, introduce overly complex material, or financially overburden their students. Law enforcement and other criminal justice professionals will find a wealth of valuable information to improve training sessions. Written by experts in the disciplines they are covering and edited by a senior scholar in criminal justice, Forensic Studies for Criminal Justice opens up the world of forensic science to the criminal justice community. Part of a new Anderson series presenting brief works on forensic science, written especially for students and law enforcement Provides a thorough guide to handling and processing postmortem fingerprint records Discusses various forensic fingerprinting techniques and methods for accessing databases

Advances in Fingerprint Technology

Author: Henry C. Lee
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420041347
Format: PDF, ePub
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Fingerprints constitute one of the most important categories of physical evidence, and it is among the few that can be truly individualized. During the last two decades, many new and exciting developments have taken place in the field of fingerprint science, particularly in the realm of methods for developing latent prints and in the growth of imaging and AFIS technologies. This fully updated Second Edition of the bestseller, Advances in Fingerprint Technology, covers major developments in latent fingerprint processing, including physical, chemical, instrumental, and combination techniques. Written by a renowned group of leading forensic identification and criminalistic experts, this valuable work presents exciting progress in fingerprint technology. New in this edition: Latent fingerprint chemistry Techniques directed at lipid-soluble components More succinct treatment of AFIS A new procedure that applies nanocrystal technology to latent fingerprint development A systematic, statistically-based point of view regarding the individuality of fingerprints

Fingerprint Classification and Interpretation Simplified

Author: Billie F. Scott
Publisher: Pearson
ISBN: 9780558321215
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Fingerprint Interpretation and Classification Simplified is directed at the beginning student of the science of fingerprints, giving detailed instructions on how to interpret fingerprint patterns and classify a set of fingerprints using the standard Henry Classification System. Developed over a century ago, the Henry system allows law enforcement to categorize and file fingerprints for easy retrieval and comparison with thousands of others, using a formula derived from the print patterns. Modern technology has expedited the process of searching for prints using various Automated Fingerprint Identification Systems (AFIS), but the human eye is still needed to make the final decision regarding positive identification. This is why a thorough knowledge of the interpretation and comparison of fingerprints is needed, and why nationwide entry-level positions for a career in the field of fingerprints require completion of an accredited course, and demonstrated skills in analyzing and classifying fingerprints using the Henry system. Fingerprint Interpretation and Classification Simplified explains this process in a way that is easy for both student and instructor to understand. Historically, the standard text used by instructors of fingerprint classification has been the FBI's Science of Fingerprints, which is currently out of print. Also, it is very technical, and many have had difficulty understanding it. Fingerprint Interpretation and Classification Simplified was written to give beginning students quick access to the information they need, with an emphasis on preparing students to pass law enforcement employment examinations.