Battling Terrorism

Author: Jackson Nyamuya Maogoto
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317175999
Format: PDF, Docs
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The attacks of September 11, 2001, the US response and the international community's approval of the subsequent military action represent a new paradigm in the international law relating to the use of force. Previously, acts of terrorism were seen as criminal acts carried out by private, non-governmental entities. In contrast, the September 11 attacks were regarded as an act of war which marked a turning point in international relations and law. This exceptional and timely volume examines the use of force in the war against terror. The work is based on the central theme that the use of force is visibly enrolled in a process of change and it evaluates this within the framework of the uncertainty and indeterminacy of the UN Charter regime. The status of pre-emptive self-defence in international law and how it applies to US policy towards rogue states is examined along with the use of military force, including regime change, as an acceptable trend in the fight against state-sponsored terrorism.

Terrorism War and International Law

Author: Myra Williamson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317045939
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book analyzes the legality of the use of force by the US, the UK and their NATO allies against Afghanistan in 2001. The work challenges the main ground for resorting to force, namely, self-defence under Article 51 of the United Nations' Charter, by examining each element of Article 51 that ought to have been satisfied in order to legitimise the use of force. It also examines the wider context, including comparable Security Council resolutions in historic situations as well as modern instances where force has been used, such as against Iraq in 2003 and against Lebanon in 2006. As well as making the case against the legality of the use of force, the book addresses wider questions such as the meaning of 'terrorism' in international law, the changing nature of conflict in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries including the impact of non-state actors and an overview of terrorism trends as well as the evolution of limitations on the resort to force from the League of Nations through to 2001. The book concludes with some insight into the possible future implications for the use of force by states, particularly when force is purportedly justified on the grounds of self-defence.

Reappraising the Resort to Force

Author: Lindsay Moir
Publisher: Hart Pub Limited
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Kindle
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A number of commentators assert that the military response to the terrorist atrocities of 11 September 2001 - encompassing attacks on Afghanistan and Iraq, and commonly referred to as the 'war on terror' - has significantly impacted upon the international law regulating resort to armed force by states (jus ad bellum), loosening the constraints on self-defence. Some even suggest that the very future of the United Nations, in particular the Security Council and its collective security system, is at risk - at least in its current form. This book does not address the question of the future of the United Nations, an issue probably best left to scholars of international relations. Instead, it seeks to place the 'war on terror' within the context of international law, assessing how, or whether, it can be accommodated within the existing legal framework limiting the use of force. Through an examination of the lawfulness (or otherwise) of both Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom, including the legal justifications advanced by those states involved and the reaction of the international community, and involving a detailed discussion of the most important developments (ie, the permissibility of self-defence against non-state, terrorist, actors and the 'Bush doctrine' of pre-emptive self-defence against terrorists as proclaimed in the 2002 US National Security Strategy) the book determines whether, and to what extent, the right to use force - or the acceptability of such military action - is currently undergoing a radical transformation. By assessing subsequent developments illustrating the impact that military action against Afghanistan and Iraq has had on the jus ad bellum, this book represents a distinctive and original contribution to the academic literature.

Defeating Political Islam

Author: Moorthy Muthuswamy
Publisher:
ISBN:
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Urges US policymakers to rethink the War on Terror along the lines of the Cold War against communism. This fresh perspective on the ongoing threat from Islamist terrorism offers much to ponder about the future course of US foreign policy initiatives.

International Law and Drone Strikes in Pakistan

Author: Sikander Ahmed Shah
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134074344
Format: PDF, Docs
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While conventional warfare has an established body of legal precedence, the legality of drone strikes by the United States in Pakistan and elsewhere remains ambiguous. This book explores the legal and political issues surrounding the use of drones in Pakistan. Drawing from international treaty law, customary international law, and statistical data on the impact of the strikes, Sikander Ahmed Shah asks whether drone strikes by the United States in Pakistan are in compliance with international humanitarian law. The book questions how international law views the giving of consent between States for military action, and explores what this means for the interaction between sovereignty and consent. The book goes on to look at the socio-political realities of drone strikes in Pakistan, scrutinizing the impact of drone strikes on both Pakistani politics and US-Pakistan relationships. Topics include the Pakistan army-government relationship, the evolution of international institutions as a result of drone strikes, and the geopolitical dynamics affecting the region. As a detailed and critical examination of the legal and political challenges presented by drone strikes, this book will be essential to scholars and students of the law of armed conflict, security studies, political science and international relations.

Preemptive Self Defense

Author: Arthur R. Kreutzer
Publisher: Peter Lang Gmbh, Internationaler Verlag Der Wissenschaften
ISBN:
Format: PDF
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Nach den Terroranschlägen vom 11. September 2001 wurden die Parameter der amerikanischen Außen- und Sicherheitspolitik grundlegend revidiert. Als neues Paradigma firmiert seither die Bush-Doktrin, die den präventiven Einsatz von Gewalt vorsieht. Kritiker sehen in ihr die Aushöhlung des Gewaltverbots der UN-Charta; der Generalsekretär der Vereinten Nationen verurteilt den präventiven Einsatz von Gewalt durch die USA als illegal und völkerrechtswidrig. Im Mittelpunkt des Buches steht die durch den Irak-Krieg des Jahres 2003 aufgeworfene Frage nach der Vereinbarkeit von Bush-Doktrin und Völkerrecht. Dabei werden zunächst das Recht zur Selbstverteidigung geklärt und Möglichkeiten zum Umgang mit dem Phänomen des internationalen Terrorismus ausgelotet. Diesem völkerrechtlichen Aspekt wird die Bush-Doktrin gegenübergestellt. Ausgehend vom Kampf gegen den Terrorismus wird die Nationale Sicherheitsstrategie analysiert. Von besonderer Relevanz sind dabei die neokonservativen außenpolitischen Konzeptionen, die der Bush-Doktrin zugrunde liegen, und die Erstfassung des Defense Planning Guidance 1992. Die militärischen Interventionen in Afghanistan und im Irak werden anschließend als konkrete Fallstudien analysiert und völkerrechtlich bewertet.

The Liberal Way of War

Author: Dr Robert P Barnidge Jr
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1409467414
Format: PDF, ePub
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Examining some of the huge challenges that liberal States faced in the decade after 11 September 2001, the chapters in this book address three aspects of the impact of more than a decade of military action.This book begins by considering four different expressions of universalist moral aspirations, including the prohibition of torture, and discusses migration and ‘responsibility to protect,’ as well as the United Nations Human Rights Committee's Concluding Observations about security and liberty in the last decade. International humanitarian law and the problems posed by the territorial character of war and the effects of new technologies and child soldiers are also analysed. Finally, Islamic law and its interface with international law is considered from a new perspective, and contributions in this final part offer a different way of thinking about an authentically Islamic modernisation that would be compatible with Western models of political order. With contributions from international lawyers from diverse backgrounds, this book fills an important gap in the literature on the themes of international human rights law, international humanitarian law and Islamic law.