Beliefs About Inequality

Author: James R. Kluegel
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
ISBN: 0202303276
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Motivated by the desire to explain how Americans perceive and evaluate inequality and related programs and policies, the authors conducted a national survey of beliefs about social and economic inequality in America. Here they present the results of their research on the structure, determinants, and certain political and personal consequences of these beliefs. The presentations serve two major goals; to describe and explain the central features of Americans' images of inequality. Beliefs About Inequality begins with a focus on people's perceptions of the most basic elements of inequality: the availability of opportunity in society, the causes of economic achievements, and the benefits and costs of equality and inequality. The book's analysis of the public's beliefs on these key issues is based on fundamental theories of social psychology and lays the groundwork for understanding how Americans evaluate inequality-related policies. The authors discuss the ultimate determinants of beliefs and the implications of their findings for social policies related to inequality. They propose that attitudes toward economic inequality and related policy are influenced by three major aspects of the current American social, economic, and political environment: a stable "dominant ideology" about economic inequality; individuals' social and economic status; and specific beliefs and attitudes, often reflecting "social liberalism" shaped by recent political debates and events. "a superb piece of scholarship, combining substantive ambition and theoretical depth with analytical clarity and sophistication."--Public Opinion Quarterly James R. Kluegel is chairman of the Department of Sociology at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. He is the author of Evaluating Contemporary Juvenile Justice. Eliot R. Smith is professor of psychology at Indiana University. He is the author of Social Psychology.

Beliefs und selbstreguliertes Lernen

Author: Hans-Jürgen Stoppel
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658249137
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Hans-Jürgen Stoppel beschäftigt sich im Rahmen von Projektkursen der gymnasialen Oberstufe in Nordrhein-Westfalen mit der Entwicklung von epistemologischen Beliefs und selbstreguliertem Lernen von Schülerinnen und Schülern. Mithilfe von Mixed Methods untersucht er als Forscher und Lehrer über ein Schuljahr hinweg in Projektkursen zu Codierung und Kryptographie detailliert epistemologische Beliefs und ihre Veränderungen in Verbindung mit selbstreguliertem Lernen. Er beschreibt die Auffassung von Mathematik der Schülerinnen und Schüler als Komponente epistemologischer Beliefs im Hinblick auf die Definition von Mathematik, den Erwerb mathematischen Wissens und des mathematischen Verständnisses sowie die entsprechenden Veränderungen. Die Vertiefung des Kursthemas erlaubt es, die Ergebnisse auch zu Schlüssen auf den Übergang von der Schule zur Hochschule heranzuziehen.

Beliefs von Lehrerinnen und Lehrern der Sekundarstufen zum Visualisieren im Mathematikunterricht

Author: Angela Schmitz
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658184256
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Angela Schmitz analysiert die Überzeugungen und Ziele von Mathematiklehrkräften der Sekundarstufen I und II zum Visualisieren, einem wesentlichen Element des Betreibens von Mathematik. Sie untersucht die Sichtweisen der Lehrkräfte auf Visualisierung im Unterricht und inwiefern sich diese zwischen verschiedenen mathematischen Themengebieten unterscheiden. Dabei betrachtet die Autorin die Bruchrechnung, Algebra, Funktionen und Analysis und zeigt potenzielle Zusammenhänge zwischen den Beliefs von Lehrerinnen und Lehrern, verschiedenen Themengebieten und unterschiedlichen Überzeugungsfeldern auf.

Beliefs von Lehrkr ften zum Lehren und Lernen von Arithmetik

Author: Katinka Bräunling
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658150939
Format: PDF
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Katinka Bräunling untersucht subjektive Vorstellungen von Lehrkräften in Bezug auf den mathematischen Teilbereich der Arithmetik. Ausgehend davon, dass diese Vorstellungen (Beliefs) von Lehrerinnen und Lehrern für ihre Unterrichtsplanung und ihr Handeln im Unterricht relevant sind, stellt die Autorin die Identifikation von Beliefs und Beliefsystemen in den Mittelpunkt der empirischen Studie. In einem Mixed-Method-Design analysiert sie qualitativ und quantitativ erhobene Daten angehender und erfahrener Lehrkräfte und setzt deren Beliefsysteme in Beziehung zueinander. Dabei werden diese Systeme in ihrer Struktur, ihrer längerfristigen Entwicklung sowie in Bezug auf ihre Handlungsrelevanz betrachtet.


Author: Mary Boyce
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415239028
Format: PDF
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Zoroastrianism is significant in the history of religions. It can be traced back to a remote, possibly even Indo-European, past. This element links Zoroastrianism with the beliefs of ancient (Vedic) India, and survives as a subordinate part of what is one of the earliest revealed religions. Zoroaster's own teachings have moreover a highly spiritual and ethical content, which makes them a rewarding study in themselves. This book attempts to trace the continuous history of the faith from the time it was preached by Zoroaster down to the present day - a span of about 3500 years. First taught among nomads on the Asian steppes, Zoroastrianism became the state religion of the three great Iranian empires and had a remarkable influence on other world faiths: to the east on northern Buddhism, to the west on Judaism, Christianity and Islam. With the conquest of Iran by the Muslim Arabs, Zoroastrianism lost its secular power but continued to survive as a minority faith. Despite its antiquity, it remains, therefore, a living religion.


Author: Lorraine M. Wright
Publisher: Basic Books
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Beliefs are the lenses through which we view the world and the blueprints from which we construct our lives. At no time are family and individual beliefs more affirmed, challenged, or threatened than when illness emerges.But some beliefs are more useful than others. This is the first book to offer a specific clinical approach for examining family members' beliefs and intervening in that area. Drawing on disciplines ranging from religion to anthropology as well as on family therapy and psychology, the authors describe their own advanced practice model. Rich in clinical examples, the book takes readers inside the therapeutic conversation between the clinician and family members to show the model in action. By drawing forth more facilitative beliefs to cope with illness, the authors uncover and expand the therapeutic possibilities for helping and healing families.

Beliefs A Hidden Variable in Mathematics Education

Author: G.C. Leder
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0306479583
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book focuses on aspects of mathematical beliefs, from a variety of different perspectives. Current knowledge of the field is synthesized and existing boundaries are extended. The volume is intended for researchers in the field, as well as for mathematics educators teaching the next generation of students.

The Low Countries As a Crossroads of Religious Beliefs

Author: Arie Jan Gelderblom
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004122885
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Situated at the crossroads of important trade routes, the bustling seaports of the Low Countries not only traded cargoes of grain and timber, silk and spices, woollen cloth and splendidly executed altarpieces, but also manuscripts and books, news, information, ideas and gossip. Thus the Netherlands were touched by the evangelical Reformation movement at an early stage and played an increasingly important role as a crossroads for religious and philosophical ideas, serving as an intermediary between different parts of the world. The third volume of Intersections is devoted to this aspect of the 'intertraffic of the mind.' Thirteen authors from various disciplines address issues such as: How 'open' were the various religious groups to new points of view and how did they react to each other's opinion? How did they get familiar with new insights and different attitudes, and what was the role of trade and traffic in spreading them? How important was the part played by the various church and civil authorities, on the different levels of local, regional and national government? Contributors include: Paul Arblaster, Pieta van Beek, Ralph Dekoninck, Jeanine De Landtsheer, Agnes Guiderdoni-Brusle, Jason Harris, Christine Kooi, Fred van Lieburg, Guido Marnef, Mia M. Mochizuki, Henk van Nierop, Charles H. Parker, P.J. Schuffel, and J.J.V.M. de Vet.