Beyond Bias and Barriers

Author: Institute of Medicine
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309133653
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The United States economy relies on the productivity, entrepreneurship, and creativity of its people. To maintain its scientific and engineering leadership amid increasing economic and educational globalization, the United States must aggressively pursue the innovative capacity of all its people—women and men. However, women face barriers to success in every field of science and engineering; obstacles that deprive the country of an important source of talent. Without a transformation of academic institutions to tackle such barriers, the future vitality of the U.S. research base and economy are in jeopardy. Beyond Bias and Barriers explains that eliminating gender bias in academia requires immediate overarching reform, including decisive action by university administrators, professional societies, federal funding agencies and foundations, government agencies, and Congress. If implemented and coordinated across public, private, and government sectors, the recommended actions will help to improve workplace environments for all employees while strengthening the foundations of America's competitiveness.

Gender Differences at Critical Transitions in the Careers of Science Engineering and Mathematics Faculty

Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 9780309155861
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Gender Differences at Critical Transitions in the Careers of Science, Engineering, and Mathematics Faculty presents new and surprising findings about career differences between female and male full-time, tenure-track, and tenured faculty in science, engineering, and mathematics at the nation's top research universities. Much of this congressionally mandated book is based on two unique surveys of faculty and departments at major U.S. research universities in six fields: biology, chemistry, civil engineering, electrical engineering, mathematics, and physics. A departmental survey collected information on departmental policies, recent tenure and promotion cases, and recent hires in almost 500 departments. A faculty survey gathered information from a stratified, random sample of about 1,800 faculty on demographic characteristics, employment experiences, the allocation of institutional resources such as laboratory space, professional activities, and scholarly productivity. This book paints a timely picture of the status of female faculty at top universities, clarifies whether male and female faculty have similar opportunities to advance and succeed in academia, challenges some commonly held views, and poses several questions still in need of answers. This book will be of special interest to university administrators and faculty, graduate students, policy makers, professional and academic societies, federal funding agencies, and others concerned with the vitality of the U.S. research base and economy.

Gender Equality Programmes in Higher Education

Author: Sabine Grenz
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3531912186
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Gender equality has been on the agenda of national policies of higher education within and outside the European Union (EU) for the last twenty years. In some European countries, this process was initiated early on and has brought about remarkable results, while in others progress has been slower. Different countries and institutions have focussed on different strategies for raising awareness about the discrimination of women and for increasing the number of women in aca- mia, particularly in leadership positions. Previous research on gender equality in higher education has produced many case studies about programmes at institutions of higher education in Europe and elsewhere. Different actors like the European Commission and - tional organisations have also furnished reports about national policies. Building on this material, it is now time to analyse under what conditions equality p- grammes are successful. For a deeper understanding of the mechanisms of and barriers to gender equality in higher education, we also need studies that focus on the development of gender equality policies in different countries, as well as on conditions of implementation, change of strategy, and the evaluation of - sults. Comparative studies would be another useful tool for understanding the development and success of gender equality programmes.

Personalauswahl in der Wissenschaft

Author: Claudia Peus
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 366248112X
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Dieses Buch bietet Personalverantwortlichen an Hochschulen und anderen Forschungseinrichtungen einen praxisnahen Überblick über Grundlage und Methoden einer erfolgreichen Personalauswahl. Neben personalpsychologischem Basiswissen werden Besonderheiten der Auswahl im Wissenschaftskontext vermittelt (Berufungsverfahren an Universitäten, Geschlecht und Personalauswahl u.a.) und ein idealtypischer Auswahlprozess dargestellt (Anforderungsanalysen, Gestaltung von Stellenausschreibungen, Unterlagensichtung, Arbeitsproben, Bewerbungsinterviews u.a.). Ein weiteres Kapitel widmet sich den Besonderheiten bei der Auswahl von Professorinnen und Professoren und abschließend werden Fallbeispiele zu Standards und erfolgreichen Projekten im deutschsprachigen Raum vorgestellt. Ein Buch für Personalverantwortliche an Universitäten und anderen Forschungseinrichtungen sowie Professorinnen und Professoren aller Fachrichtungen.

Education and Gender

Author: Debotri Dhar
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1472505956
Format: PDF, Docs
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Education and Gender draws on international research from the USA, the UK, India, Mexico, Sub-Saharan Africa and the Caribbean, to provide a comprehensive global overview of the relationship between gender and education. Rooting constructions of gender and sexuality in specific geographical contexts, the contributors consider a range of issues. Themes discussed include the gender gap in educational attainment; pedagogical strategies; stereotyping in curricula; and education policy. Drawing on best practices worldwide, the contributors identify the current gaps and propose solutions to promote gender-just, equitable and pluralistic societies. Each chapter includes key questions to encourage active engagement with the subject and a list of further reading to support taking the exploration further.

Controversies in Science and Technology

Author: Daniel Lee Kleinman
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199383782
Format: PDF
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When it comes to any current scientific debate, there are more than two sides to every story. Controversies in Science and Technology, Volume 4 analyzes controversial topics in science and technology-infrastructure, ecosystem management, food security, and plastics and health-from multiple points of view. The editors have compiled thought-provoking essays from a variety of experts from academia and beyond, creating a volume that addresses many of the issues surrounding these scientific debates. Part I of the volume discusses infrastructure, and the real meaning behind the term in today's society. Essays address the central issues that motivate current discussion about infrastructure, including writing on the vulnerability to disasters. Part II, titled "Food Policy," will focus on the challenges of feeding an ever-growing world and the costs of not doing so. Part III features essays on chemicals and environmental health, and works to define "safety" as it relates to today's scientific community. The book's final section examines ecosystem management. In the end, Kleinman, Cloud-Hansen, and Handelsman provide a multifaceted volume that will be appropriate for anyone hoping to understand arguments surrounding several of today's most important scientific controversies.

Wahrnehmung und Herstellung von Geschlecht

Author: Ursula Pasero
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3322890147
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Im Zentrum der interdisziplinären Genderforschung steht die Frage, wie soziale Wahrnehmung zur Konstruktion von Geschlecht beiträgt. Die teils theoretisch, teils empirisch angelegten Beiträge diskutieren aus historischer, literaturwissenschaftlicher, linguistischer, naturwissenschaftlicher, soziologischer und sozialpsychologischer Sicht, wie Frauen und Männer wahrgenommen und bewertet werden und welche Eigenschaften und Verhaltensweisen den Geschlechtern zugeschrieben werden. Sind Geschlechterdifferenzen das Ergebnis geschlechtstypischen Verhaltens oder lassen sie sich eher auf geschlechtsstereotype Vorstellungen und Erwartungen zurückführen? Die Vielfalt der hier eingenommenen Perspektiven behandelt die Komplexität der sozialen Konstruktion von Geschlecht, in der die Wahrnehmung und Herstellung von Geschlecht unabdingbar wechselseitig miteinander verbunden sind.

The New Science of Metagenomics

Author: Committee on Metagenomics: Challenges and Functional Applications
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309106761
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Although we can't usually see them, microbes are essential for every part of human life -- indeed all life on Earth. The emerging field of metagenomics offers a new way of exploring the microbial world that will transform modern microbiology and lead to practical applications in medicine, agriculture, alternative energy, environmental remediation, and many others areas. Metagenomics allows researchers to look at the genomes of all of the microbes in an environment at once, providing a "meta" view of the whole microbial community and the complex interactions within it. It's a quantum leap beyond traditional research techniques that rely on studying -- one at a time -- the few microbes that can be grown in the laboratory. At the request of the National Science Foundation, five Institutes of the National Institutes of Health, and the Department of Energy, the National Research Council organized a committee to address the current state of metagenomics and identify obstacles current researchers are facing in order to determine how to best support the field and encourage its success. The New Science of Metagenomics recommends the establishment of a "Global Metagenomics Initiative" comprising a small number of large-scale metagenomics projects as well as many medium- and small-scale projects to advance the technology and develop the standard practices needed to advance the field. The report also addresses database needs, methodological challenges, and the importance of interdisciplinary collaboration in supporting this new field.

Battleground M Z

Author: Amy Lind
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780313340390
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Contains ninety-seven alphabetically arranged entries that provide information about women's studies topics, such as abortion, bisexuality, childcare, glass ceiling, nationalism, religion, sex work, and welfare reform.

Mehr Frauen in F hrungspositionen

ISBN: 9789279144141
Format: PDF, ePub
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"Die jüngste Finanzkrise hat den Mangel von Frauen in wirtschaftlichen Führungspositionen in Europa ans Licht gebracht. Im Bankwesen, in Wirtschaft, Politik und in der öffentlichen Verwaltung sind in Führungspositionen immer noch mehr Männer als Frauen zu finden, trotz der größer gewordenen Zahl von Frauen unter Hochschulabsolventen und auf dem Arbeitsmarkt. In diesem Bericht werden die aktuelle Situation und Trends untersucht. Außerdem wird überlegt, wie der berufliche Aufstieg von Frauen gefördert und beschleunigt werden kann, damit mehr Frauen Führungspositionen erreichen."--Ed.