Beyond Names for Things

Author: Michael Tomasello
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1317781821
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Most research on children's lexical development has focused on their acquisition of names for concrete objects. This is the first edited volume to focus specifically on how children acquire their early verbs. Verbs are an especially important part of the early lexicon because of the role they play in children's emerging grammatical competence. The contributors to this book investigate: * children's earliest words for actions and events and the cognitive structures that might underlie them, * the possibility that the basic principles of word learning which apply in the case of nouns might also apply in the case of verbs, and the role of linguistic context, especially argument structure, in the acquisition of verbs. A central theme in many of the chapters is the comparison of the processes of noun and verb learning. Several contributors make provocative suggestions for constructing theories of lexical development that encompass the full range of lexical items that children learn and use.

Typizit tseffekte im Erwerb des englischen Passivs

Author:
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 332295434X
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Kerstin Meints untersucht den Erwerb von Passivkonstruktionen bei Kindern. Typizität scheint nach ihren Ergebnissen auch im Spracherwerb zu wirken und sollte daher von Theorien zum Spracherwerb und zur Sprachproduktion und -rezeption berücksichtigt werden.

Learning Indigenous Languages Child Language Acquisition in Mesoamerica

Author: Barbara Pfeiler
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110923149
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book includes six studies on the acquisition of single Mesoamerican indigenous languages, (Huichol, Zapotec, and the Mayan languages Ch'ol, Tzeltal, K'iche', and Yukatek); and a crosslinguistic study of five Mayan languages (K'anjob'al, K'iche', Tzeltal, Tzotzil, and Yukatek). Three topics are theoretically and methodologically discussed and empirically demonstrated: with respect to ergativity, the ergative-absolutive cross-referencing pattern on the morphological level, noun-verb distinction and the acquisition of body-part locatives in the early lexicon, and the role of semantic properties and cultural context in language acquisition and socialization. This book makes important claims regarding the methodology of cross-linguistic studies as well as the results of these studies and the comparative method used in the book (structural and discursive factors in language acquisition, cross-linguistic relationships and variation).

The Handbook of Language Emergence

Author: Brian MacWhinney
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118346092
Format: PDF
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This authoritative handbook explores the latest integrated theory for understanding human language, offering the most inclusive text yet published on the rapidly evolving emergentist paradigm. Brings together an international team of contributors, including the most prominent advocates of linguistic emergentism Focuses on the ways in which the learning, processing, and structure of language emerge from a competing set of cognitive, communicative, and biological constraints Examines forces on widely divergent timescales, from instantaneous neurolinguistic processing to historical changes and language evolution Addresses key theoretical, empirical, and methodological issues, making this handbook the most rigorous examination of emergentist linguistic theory ever

The Wiley Blackwell Handbook of Childhood Cognitive Development

Author: Usha Goswami
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444351737
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This definitive volume is the result of collaboration by top scholars in the field of children's cognition. New edition offers an up-to-date overview of all the major areas of importance in the field, and includes new data from cognitive neuroscience and new chapters on social cognitive development and language Provides state-of-the-art summaries of current research by international specialists in different areas of cognitive development Spans aspects of cognitive development from infancy to the onset of adolescence Includes chapters on symbolic reasoning, pretend play, spatial development, abnormal cognitive development and current theoretical perspectives

Research Methods in Child Language

Author: Erika Hoff
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444344013
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This is a comprehensive and accessible guide to the methods researchers use to study child language, written by experienced scholars in the study of language development. Presents a comprehensive survey of laboratory and naturalistic techniques used in the study of different domains of language, age ranges, and populations, and explains the questions addressed by each technique Presents new research methods, such as the use of functional Near Infrared Spectroscopy (fNIRS) to study the activity of the brain Expands on more traditional research methods such as collection, transcription, and coding of speech samples that have been transformed by new hardware and software

Erwerb und Verarbeitung von Nomen und Verben

Author: Christina Kauschke
Publisher: Max Niemeyer Verlag
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Wie wirkt sich die grundlegende Distinktion zwischen Objekt- und Handlungskonzepten auf psycholinguistische Prozesse wie Verarbeitung, Erwerb und Storbarkeit von Nomen und Verben aus? Zu dieser Frage werden Experimente und empirische Studien bei Kindern und Erwachsenen mit und ohne Sprachstorungen prasentiert sowie Erwerbsverlaufe im Deutschen, Koreanischen, Turkischen und Englischen verglichen. Die Befunde sprechen fur eine differentielle Verarbeitung und Erwerbssequenz von Nomen und Verben. Anhand der Ergebnisse wird der Status von Wortarten in der menschlichen Kognition diskutiert."