Biochemistry of Collagens Laminins and Elastin

Author: Morten Karsdal
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128098996
Format: PDF, ePub
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Biochemistry of Collagens, Laminins, and Elastin: Structure, Function, and Biomarkers provides a comprehensive introduction to collagen and structural proteins. Type I collagen is one of the most abundant molecules in the body, playing essential roles in different tissues, particularly bone and skin. A key aspect of type I collagen is its post-translational modifications which are essential for correct synthesis and structural integrity of collagens, for tissue-specific functionality, as well as for application as biomarkers of different pathologies. This volume summarizes current data on key structural proteins (collagens, laminins and elastin), reviews how these molecules affect pathologies, and describes selected modifications of proteins that result in altered signaling properties of the original extracellular matrix component. Further, it discusses the novel concept that an increasing number of components of the ECM harbor cryptic signaling functions that may be viewed as endocrine functions. Additionally, it highlights how this knowledge can be exploited to modulate fibrotic disease. Provides a comprehensive introduction to collagen and structural proteins Provides insight into emerging analytical technologies that can detect biomarkers of extracellular matrix degradation Includes a chapter dedicated to the biomarkers of structural proteins Contains insights into the biochemical interactions and changes to structural composition of proteins in disease states

Biochemistry of Collagens Laminins and Elastin

Author: Morten Karsdal
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780128098479
Format: PDF
Download Now
Biochemistry of Collagens, Laminins, and Elastin: Structure, Function, and Biomarkers provides a comprehensive introduction to collagen and structural proteins. Type I collagen is one of the most abundant molecules in the body, playing essential roles in different tissues, particularly bone and skin. A key aspect of type I collagen is its post-translational modifications which are essential for correct synthesis and structural integrity of collagens, for tissue-specific functionality, as well as for application as biomarkers of different pathologies. This volume summarizes current data on key structural proteins (collagens, laminins and elastin), reviews how these molecules affect pathologies, and describes selected modifications of proteins that result in altered signaling properties of the original extracellular matrix component. Further, it discusses the novel concept that an increasing number of components of the ECM harbor cryptic signaling functions that may be viewed as endocrine functions. Additionally, it highlights how this knowledge can be exploited to modulate fibrotic disease. Provides a comprehensive introduction to collagen and structural proteins Provides insight into emerging analytical technologies that can detect biomarkers of extracellular matrix degradation Includes a chapter dedicated to the biomarkers of structural proteins Contains insights into the biochemical interactions and changes to structural composition of proteins in disease states

Nutritional Cosmetics

Author: Aaron Tabor
Publisher: William Andrew
ISBN: 0815520301
Format: PDF
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Nutritional cosmetics is an emerging area of intense research and marketing and encompasses the concept that orally consumed dietary products can support healthier and more beautiful skin. There are numerous dietary ingredients now being marketed for their potential skin health and beauty benefits and many of these are supported by growing scientific evidence. The purpose of this book is to compile the scientific evidence showing the potential benefits of some of the more extensively researched ingredients. As far as possible, information about the benefits of ingredients consumed orally for skin health is presented. The information contained in this book will help provide insights into an emerging research area and provide scientific background for the potential clinical effectiveness for some of the better researched nutricosmetic ingredients. ABOUT THE EDITORS Aaron Tabor, M.D. is the CEO of Physicians Pharmaceuticals and author of The Revival Slim & Beautiful Diet. A graduate of the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Dr. Tabor oversees all clinical research on the Revival Slim & Beautiful Diet plan, conducting randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled studies at leading hospitals in the U.S. Areas of note include weight loss, skin/hair/nail appearance, energy, menopause, PMS, cholesterol, memory, and diabetic health. He is also responsible for directing new Revival product development based on clinical research results. Robert M. Blair, Ph.D. is the Research Manager for Physicians Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and manages the daily activities of the Research and Nutrition departments. Dr. Blair received his Ph.D. from Oklahoma State University in the field of Reproductive Physiology. Before joining Physicians Pharmaceuticals, Inc., he worked as an Assistant Professor of Comparative Medicine at the Wake Forest University School of Medicine where he examined the effects of dietary soy on cardiovascular health and cognitive function. Reviews the most-popular and most-researched nutricosmetic ingredients Presents information specifically about the benefits of ingredients consumed orally for skin health Considers the benefits of whey protein, rosemary, soy – and green tea and milk thistle, specifically, for protection against sun damage and photocarcinogenesis Provides information on antioxidants, incl: potential benefits of botanical antioxidants; carotenoids; coenzyme Q10; healthy fruits; olive fruit; and natural enzymes

Skin Tissue Models

Author: Alexandra P. Marques
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128110007
Format: PDF, Docs
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Skin Tissue Models provides a translational link for biomedical researchers on the interdisciplinary approaches to skin regeneration. As the skin is the largest organ in the body, engineered substitutes have critical medical application to patients with disease and injury – from burn wounds and surgical scars, to vitiligo, psoriasis and even plastic surgery. This volume offers readers preliminary description of the normal structure and function of mammalian skin, exposure to clinical problems and disease, coverage of potential therapeutic molecules and testing, skin substitutes, models as study platforms of skin biology and emerging technologies. The editors have created a table of contents which frames the relevance of skin tissue models for researchers as platforms to study skin biology and therapeutic approaches for different skin diseases, for clinicians as tissue substitutes, and for cosmetic and pharmaceutical industries as alternative test substrates that can replace animal models. Offers descriptions of the normal structure/function of mammalian skin, exposure to clinical problems, and more Presents coverage of skin diseases (cancer, genodermatoses, vitiligo and psoriasis) that extends to clinical requirements and skin diseases in vitro models Addresses legal requirements and ethical concerns in drugs and cosmetics in vitro testing Edited and authored by internationally renowned group of researchers, presenting the broadest coverage possible

Inflammation Advancing Age and Nutrition

Author: Irfan Rahman
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0123978076
Format: PDF
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The book provides a comprehensive overview to understanding the integrated impact of the concepts of cellular and molecular aspects, models, environmental factors, and lifestyle involved in premature aging. Additionally, it examines how functional food, dietary nutraceuticals or pharmacological compounds can reverse inflammation and premature aging based on personalized medicine. This book is a valuable resource for health professionals, scientists and researchers, nutritionists, health practitioners, students and for all those who wish to broaden their knowledge in the allied field. Includes models of aging, including worm, mouse and human Explores the relationship of inflammation with diseases, including ocular health, Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease, and muscle health Encompasses a variety of lifestyle impacts, including diet, exercise and nutrition Includes suggested nutritional interventions

Pulmonary Immunotoxicology

Author: Mitchell D. Cohen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780792378433
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Pulmonary Immunotoxicology is a comprehensive exploration of the effects of various inhaled materials upon the immune system of the respiratory tract. It will be useful to investigators in the field of pulmonary toxicology and immunotoxicology, and to those involved in administration and regulation of matters related to inhaled materials. It can also serve as a textbook for a course in pulmonary immunotoxicology at graduate or advanced undergraduate level. Pulmonary Immunotoxicology comprises four sections. The first provides basic background concepts essential for understanding pulmonary immunotoxicology, including discussions of the normal structure and function of the respiratory system, its basic immunology, and the manner by which inhaled particles and gases are removed from the air and deposited upon respiratory tract surfaces. The second section provides an overview of the major types of pathological consequences which can arise from immunomodulation within the respiratory tract, including hypersensitivity and asthma, inflammation and fibrosis, as well as immunosuppression and autoimmunity. The third section, which comprises the largest portion of the book, deals specifically with major classes of airborne agents that are known to alter the immune function of the respiratory tract. These are arranged into major classes: organic agents, metals, gases, particles, biologics, and complex mixtures. The fourth and final section of the book explores the area of risk assessment, including discussions of the basic concepts of risk assessment as they apply specifically to immunotoxicologic effects upon the lungs, and the use of biomarkers as indices of potential pulmonary immunotoxic responses to inhaled materials.

A License to Steal

Author: Walter Thiel Shaw
Publisher: Omega Publishing Group Incorporated
ISBN:
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Walter T. Shaw's Autobiography - As early as the 1940s, 1950s and 1960s, Walter L. Shaw was thinking of speaker phones, conference calls and call forwarding. Of the thirty-nine patents to his credit, those three telephonic breakthroughs were his biggest inventions, yet nobody knows his name. Ahead of the world by decades, Shaw was leading us into a high-tech future as part of the intellectual elite, but he was repeatedly cheated by shrewd businessmen and big corporations. His son, Walter T. Shaw, was enraged by the ill treatment of his father and embraced a personal mission to even the score. Shaw Jr. would become one of the most prolific jewel thieves in U.S. history. Shaw Sr. spent a lifetime inventing and patenting the many means of communication we take for granted today, but it was all for nothing.Tragically, only the Mafia rewarded him. Just to make ends meet for his family, he was persuaded to put his brilliance to work for the mob.

Cosmeceuticals and Cosmetic Practice

Author: Patricia K. Farris
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISBN: 9781118384831
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Anti-aging skin care is an important part of dermatologic practice. The science behind the aging process has led to revolutionary changes in the treatment options available. Dermatologists can offer increasing numbers of combinations of pharmaceutical and cosmetic products. As choice increases so the possibility of confusion arises. Cosmeceuticals and Cosmetic Practice offers a no-nonsense guide to defusing this confusion. With an emphasis on practical applications, and with easy-access summary features, you can learn the secrets of successful cosmeceutical practice for your patients.

Stem Cell Engineering

Author: Gerhard M. Artmann
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642118654
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The potential of stem cells for healing and disease prevention in all fields of medicine is tremendous and has revolutionized the high-tech biomedical research. In this book, many of the most prominent researchers discuss the challenging topics of stem cell engineering, for example: Ethical issues of stem cell research; technological challenges, stem cell growth and differentiation, therapeutic applications, bioreactors and bioprocesses, high throughput and microfluidic screening platforms, stem cell identification and sorting, intercellular signaling and engineered niches, novel approaches for embryonic and adult stem cell growth and differentiation, stem cells and drug discovery, screening platforms. Stem Cell Engineering offers valuable background and reference for both the public and professionals including industrial staffers, faculty, researchers, engineers, students and scientific journalists.