Biofluid Dynamics

Author: Clement Kleinstreuer
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420003976
Format: PDF, Docs
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Requiring only an introductory background in continuum mechanics, including thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, and solid mechanics, Biofluid Dynamics: Principles and Selected Applications contains review, methodology, and application chapters to build a solid understanding of medical implants and devices. For additional assistance, it includes a glossary of biological terms, many figures illustrating theoretical concepts, numerous solved sample problems, and mathematical appendices. The text is geared toward seniors and first-year graduate students in engineering and physics as well as professionals in medicine and medical implant/device industries. It can be used as a primary selection for a comprehensive course or for a two-course sequence. The book has two main parts: theory, comprising the first two chapters; and applications, constituting the remainder of the book. Specifically, the author reviews the fundamentals of physical and related biological transport phenomena, such as mass, momentum, and heat transfer in biomedical systems, and highlights complementary topics such as two-phase flow, biomechanics, and fluid-structure interaction. Two appendices summarize needed elements of engineering mathematics and CFD software applications, and these are also found in the fifth chapter. The application part, in form of project analyses, focuses on the cardiovascular system with common arterial diseases, organ systems, targeted drug delivery, and stent-graft implants. Armed with Biofluid Dynamics, students will be ready to solve basic biofluids-related problems, gain new physical insight, and analyze biofluid dynamics aspects of biomedical systems.

Modern Fluid Dynamics

Author: Clement Kleinstreuer
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9048120950
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This textbook covers essentials of traditional and modern fluid dynamics, i. e. , the fundamentals of and basic applications in fluid mechanics and convection heat transfer with brief excursions into fluid-particle dynamics and solid mechanics. Specifically, it is suggested that the book can be used to enhance the knowledge base and skill level of engineering and physics students in macro-scale fluid mechanics (see Chaps. 1–5 and 10), followed by an int- ductory excursion into micro-scale fluid dynamics (see Chaps. 6 to 9). These ten chapters are rather self-contained, i. e. , most of the material of Chaps. 1–10 (or selectively just certain chapters) could be taught in one course, based on the students’ background. Typically, serious seniors and first-year graduate students form a receptive audience (see sample syllabus). Such as target group of students would have had prerequisites in thermodynamics, fluid mechanics and solid mechanics, where Part A would be a welcomed refresher. While introductory fluid mechanics books present the material in progressive order, i. e. , employing an inductive approach from the simple to the more difficult, the present text adopts more of a deductive approach. Indeed, understanding the derivation of the basic equations and then formulating the system-specific equations with suitable boundary conditions are two key steps for proper problem solutions.

Engineering Fluid Dynamics

Author: C. Kleinstreuer
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521496704
Format: PDF
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A practical approach to the study of fluid mechanics at the graduate level.

Two Phase Flow

Author: Cl Kleinstreuer
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781591690009
Format: PDF
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This graduate text provides a unified treatment of the fundamental principles of two-phase flow and shows how to apply the principles to a variety of homogeneous mixture as well as separated liquid-liquid, gas-solid, liquid-solid, and gas-liquid flow problems, which may be steady or transient, laminar or turbulent. Each chapter contains several sample problems, which illustrate the outlined theory and provide approaches to find simplified analytic descriptions of complex two-phase flow phenomena. This well-balanced introductory text will be suitable for advanced seniors and graduate students in mechanical, chemical, biomedical, nuclear, environmental and aerospace engineering, as well as in applied mathematics and the physical sciences. It will be a valuable reference for practicing engineers and scientists. A solutions manual is available to qualified instructors.

Biofluid Mechanics

Author: Jagannath Mazumdar
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814719013
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Biofluid mechanics is the study of a certain class of biological problems from the viewpoint of fluid mechanics. Though biofluid mechanics does not involve any new development of the general principles of fluid mechanics, it does involve some new applications of its methods. Complex movements of fluids in the biological system demand for an analysis achievable only with professional fluid mechanics skills, and this volume aims to equip readers with the knowledge needed. This second edition is an enlarged version of the book published in 1992. While retaining the general plan of the first edition, this new edition presents an engineering analysis of the cardiovascular system relevant to the treatment of cardiovascular diseases and combines engineering principles. Included in the material of this volume are: the emerging interdisciplinary field of tissue engineering, which deals with the principles of engineering and life sciences toward the development of biological substitutes that restore, maintain and improve tissue function, and cellular and molecular bioengineering, which involves the mechanical, electrical and chemical processes of the human cell and tries to explain how cellular behaviour arises from molecular-level interactions. The added material in this edition is specifically designed for biomedical engineering professionals and students, and looks at the important applications of biofluid mechanics from an engineering perspective. Contents:IntroductionCirculatory Biofluid MechanicsBlood Rheology: Properties of Flowing BloodModels of Biofluid FlowsNon-Newtonian FluidsModels for Other FlowsFluid Mechanics of Heart ValvesComputational Biofluid MechanicsTissue EngineeringCellular Engineering Readership: Physiologists, Biophysicists, Biomathematicians and Bioengineers. Keywords:Haemodynamics;Modelling of Blood Flows;Blood Rheology;Non-Newtonian Fluids;Oxygen Transport in the Blood Vessel;Fluid Flow in Kidneys;Peristaltic Flow;Laminar and Turbulent Flow;Fluid Mechanics of Heart Valves;Computational Fluid Mechanics;Tissue Engineering;Cellular Engineering Review of the First Edition: "The book is well presented and clearly written ... presents a useful first introduction to the area and could form an excellent base for a graduate course on this topic." Mathematical Reviews

Analysis of Turbulent Flows with Computer Programs

Author: Tuncer Cebeci
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080527185
Format: PDF, ePub
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Modelling and Computation of Turbulent Flows has been written by one of the most prolific authors in the field of CFD. Professor of aerodynamics at SUPAERO and director of DMAE at ONERA, the author calls on both his academic and industrial experience when presenting this work. The field of CFD is strongly represented by the following corporate companies; Boeing; Airbus; Thales; United Technologies and General Electric, government bodies and academic institutions also have a strong interest in this exciting field. Each chapter has also been specifically constructed to constitute as an advanced textbook for PhD candidates working in the field of CFD, making this book essential reading for researchers, practitioners in industry and MSc and MEng students. * A broad overview of the development and application of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD), with real applications to industry * A Free CD-Rom which contains computer program’s suitable for solving non-linear equations which arise in modeling turbulent flows * Professor Cebeci has published over 200 technical papers and 14 books, a world authority in the field of CFD

Biofluid Mechanics

Author: David A. Rubenstein
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0123813832
Format: PDF, ePub
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Both broad and deep in coverage, Rubenstein shows that fluid mechanics principles can be applied not only to blood circulation, but also to air flow through the lungs, joint lubrication, intraocular fluid movement and renal transport. Each section initiates discussion with governing equations, derives the state equations and then shows examples of their usage. Clinical applications, extensive worked examples, and numerous end of chapter problems clearly show the applications of fluid mechanics to biomedical engineering situations. A section on experimental techniques provides a springboard for future research efforts in the subject area. Uses language and math that is appropriate and conducive for undergraduate learning, containing many worked examples and end of chapter problems All engineering concepts and equations are developed within a biological context Covers topics in the traditional biofluids curriculum, as well as addressing other systems in the body that can be described by biofluid mechanics principles, such as air flow through the lungs, joint lubrication, intraocular fluid movement, and renal transport Clinical applications are discussed throughout the book, providing practical applications for the concepts discussed.

Finite Element Methods Basic Concepts And Applications

Author: Darrell W. Pepper
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781560321040
Format: PDF
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Deals with the fundamentals of the finite element method. Beginning with the concept of one-dimensional heat transfer, the book progresses through two-dimensional elements and ultimately ends with a discussion on three-dimensional elements. Each chapter contains a set of example problems and exercises. Overall, the book is useful in describing how to develop and utilize finite element methodology to numerically solve problems.

Electrokinetics in Microfluidics

Author: Dongqing Li
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080530741
Format: PDF, ePub
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A lab-on-a-chip device is a microscale laboratory on a credit-card sized glass or plastic chip with a network of microchannels, electrodes, sensors and electronic circuits. These labs on a chip can duplicate the specialized functions as performed by their room-sized counterparts, such as clinical diagnoses, PCR and electrophoretic separation. The advantages of these labs on a chip include significant reduction in the amounts of samples and reagents, very short reaction and analysis time, high throughput and portability. Generally, a lab-on-a-chip device must perform a number of microfluidic functions: pumping, mixing, thermal cycling/incubating, dispensing, and separating. Precise manipulation of these microfluidic processes is key to the operation and performance of labs on a chip. The objective of this book is to provide a fundamental understanding of the interfacial electrokinetic phenomena in several key microfluidic processes, and to show how these phenomena can be utilised to control the microfluidic processes. For this purpose, this book emphasises the theoretical modelling and the numerical simulation of these electrokinetic phenomena in microfluidics. However, experimental studies of the electrokinetic microfluidic processes are also highlighted in sufficient detail. The first book which systematically reviews electrokinetic microfluidics processes for lab-on-a chip applications Covers modelling and numerical simulation of the electrokinetic microfluidics processes Providing information on experimental studies and details of experimental techniques, which are essential for those who are new to this field