Biological Response Signatures

Author: Thomas P. Simon
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420041452
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The use of environmental assessment procedures within monitoring frameworks demands that there be some relevancy to the decisions that management agencies make using biological criteria. These biological criteria standards are the basis for environmental indicators, which provide a direct measure of environmental quality. Biological Response Signatures: Indicator Patterns Using Aquatic Communities is the first book that evaluates the application of multimetric indices and biological indicators as endpoints in order to determine the relevancy of monitoring and evaluation programs in North America so that patterns in biological responses can be assessed. The text uses state-of-the-art diagnostic tools to evaluate patterns in multimetric indices relating to known point or non-point source impacts. It describes the results of years of biological indicator development. It attempts to evaluate the differences in biological integrity between natural and altered landscapes. In addition, the book expands the types of organism indicator groups that are being used for assessments to include diatoms, aquatic macrophytes, aquatic invertebrates, mussels, fish, amphibians, and birds. Contributors are among the top researchers and environmental biologists in North America and each provides their own perspective on current aspects of biological criteria implementation. The information contained in this text will appeal to a wide audience on the types of indicator chosen and the respective patterns among impacts discussed in the book. From the conceptual framework to the case studies, Biological Response Signatures will help readers better diagnose the stressors to biological communities and, thus, take actions to protect and restore water resources.

Handbook of Ecological Indicators for Assessment of Ecosystem Health

Author: Sven E. Jorgensen
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780203490181
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The field of ecosystem health explores the interactions between natural systems, human health, and social organization. As decision makers require a sound, modular approach to environmental management and sustainable development, ecosystem health assessment indicators are increasingly used across any number of applications. The Handbook of Ecological Indicators for Assessment of Ecosystem Health provides a comprehensive account and guidebook to ecological indicators for evaluating the health of a wide variety of ecosystems. The book presents a conceptual framework for selecting, evaluating, and validating ecological indicators of ecosystem health, such as thermodynamics, resilience estimates, exergy, and emergy indicators. This framework is applied in a series of chapters on major ecosystem types, including coastal areas, forests, wetlands, fisheries, and agricultural land. The authors take into account biodiversity, energy needs, ecological economics, and natural capital in their measurement of ecological health. Using material synthesized from a variety of books, journals, and private research, the book presents first-hand accounts of the indicators, used in several different types of ecosystems. Case studies highlight the advantages and disadvantages of each method as well. The Handbook of Ecological Indicators for Assessment of Ecosystem Health explains what is needed to apply the methods and indicators, including theoretical background and modeling techniques, to evaluate the state of a given ecosystem. It will be useful for a wide range of environmental managers, natural resource managers, land use planners, and policy makers in government and non-governmental organizations worldwide.

Pulp Paper Mill Effluent Environmental Fate Effects

Author: Dennis L. Borton
Publisher: DEStech Publications, Inc
ISBN: 1932078371
Format: PDF, Mobi
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" ... 5th International Conference on Fate and Effects of Pulp and Paper Mill Effluents which was held in Seattle, Washington, June 1-4, 2003"--Acknowledgements.

Conservation by Proxy

Author: Tim Caro
Publisher: Island Press
ISBN: 159726959X
Format: PDF, ePub
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The vast scope of conservation problems has forced biologists and managers to rely on "surrogate" species to serve as shortcuts to guide their decision making. These species-known by a host of different terms, including indicator, umbrella, and flagship species-act as proxies to represent larger conservation issues, such as the location of biodiversity hotspots or general ecosystem health. Synthesizing an immense body of literature, conservation biologist and field researcher Tim Caro offers systematic definitions of surrogate species concepts, explores biological theories that underlie them, considers how surrogate species are chosen, critically examines evidence for and against their utility, and makes recommendations for their continued use. The book clarifies terminology and contrasts how different terms are used in the real world considers the ecological, taxonomic, and political underpinnings of these shortcuts identifies criteria that make for good surrogate species outlines the circumstances where the application of the surrogate species concept shows promise Conservation by Proxy is a benchmark reference that provides clear definitions and common understanding of the evidence and theory behind surrogate species. It is the first book to review and bring together literature on more than fifteen types of surrogate species, enabling us to assess their role in conservation and offering guidelines on how they can be used most effectively.

Methods in Stream Ecology

Author: F. Richard Hauer
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128132698
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Methods in Stream Ecology: Volume 2: Ecosystem Structure, Third Edition, provides a complete series of field and laboratory protocols in stream ecology that are ideal for teaching or conducting research. This new two-part edition is updated to reflect recent advances in the technology associated with ecological assessment of streams, including remote sensing. Volume two covers community interactions, ecosystem processes and ecosystem quality. With a student-friendly price, this new edition is key for all students and researchers in stream and freshwater ecology, freshwater biology, marine ecology and river ecology. This book is also supportive as a supplementary text for courses in watershed ecology/science, hydrology, fluvial geomorphology and landscape ecology. Provides a variety of exercises in each chapter Includes detailed instructions, illustrations, formulae and data sheets for in-field research for students Presents taxonomic keys to common stream invertebrates and algae Includes website with tables and a links written by leading experts in stream ecology

Biological Monitoring of Rivers

Author: Giuliano Ziglio
Publisher: Wiley
ISBN: 9780470863763
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Biological monitoring of running waters is a scientifically and economically valid approach for surveys and monitoring programmes to assess the water quality. Biological Monitoring of Rivers is a timely, up-to-date book that includes a good number of practical how-to-do chapters. Up-to-date assessment of biological water monitoring Practical how-to-do chapters help the practitioner Provides a broad survey of methods uses inside and outside the EU Gives perspectives for future applications

State of Lake Michigan

Author: T. Edsall
Publisher: Aquatic Ecosystem Health &
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This volume, cataloging and analyzing the current science on the state of Lake Michigan, is an important part of Great Lakes recovering science. It carries forward the singular contribution that the binational Great Lakes scientific community has made not only to restoring the Great Lakes but also to the world's body of knowledge about large lake ecology, the long-range transport of pollutants, and the importance of habitat in ensuring ecosystem health.

Landscape Influences on Stream Habitats and Biological Assemblages

Author: Robert M. Hughes
Publisher: Amer Fisheries Society
ISBN:
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Linkages among landscape and associated physiochemical and biological characteristics of rivers are explored in the proceedings of a symposium, organized to foster communication among researchers, resource managers, and policy makers in landscape ecology, geographical information systems, and other related fields.