Biology Sociology Geology by Computational Physicists

Author: Dietrich Stauffer
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080462028
Format: PDF
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The book requires only rudimentary physics knowledge but ability to program computers creatively and to keep the mind open to simple and not so simple models, based in individuals, for the living world around us. * Interdisciplinary coverage * Research oriented * Contains and explains programs * Based on recent discoveries * Little special knowledge required besides programming * Suitable for undergraduate and graduate research projects

Model Based Reasoning in Science and Technology

Author: Lorenzo Magnani
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642152228
Format: PDF
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Systematically presented to enhance the feasibility of fuzzy models, this book introduces the novel concept of a fuzzy network whose nodes are rule bases and their interconnections are interactions between rule bases in the form of outputs fed as inputs.

Foundations of Complex Systems

Author: G. Nicolis
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814366617
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book provides a self-contained presentation of the physical and mathematical laws governing complex systems. Complex systems arising in natural, engineering, environmental, life and social sciences are approached from a unifying point of view using an array of methodologies such as microscopic and macroscopic level formulations, deterministic and probabilistic tools, modeling and simulation. The book can be used as a textbook by graduate students, researchers and teachers in science, as well as non-experts who wish to have an overview of one of the most open, markedly interdisciplinary and fast-growing branches of present-day science.

40 Days of Dating

Author: Jessica Walsh
Publisher: Abrams
ISBN: 1613127154
Format: PDF, Kindle
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When New York–based graphic designers and long-time friends Timothy Goodman and Jessica Walsh found themselves single at the same time, they decided to try an experiment. The old adage says that it takes 40 days to change a habit—could the same be said for love? So they agreed to date each other for 40 days, record their experiences in questionnaires, photographs, videos, texts, and artworks, and post the material on a website they would create for this purpose. What began as a small experiment between two friends became an Internet sensation, drawing 5 million unique (and obsessed) visitors from around the globe to their site and their story since it was launched in July 2013. 40 Days of Dating: An Experiment is a beautifully designed, expanded look at the experiment and the results, including a great deal of material that never made it onto the site, such as who they were as friends and individuals before the 40 days and who they have become since. Note: 40 Days of Dating has a special binding that allows it to open very flat by attaching the endpapers to the inside covers.

Nonlinear Science and Complexity

Author: J.A. Tenreiro Machado
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789048198849
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book contains selected papers of NSC08, the 2nd Conference on Nonlinear Science and Complexity, held 28-31 July, 2008, Porto, Portugal. It focuses on fundamental theories and principles, analytical and symbolic approaches, computational techniques in nonlinear physics and mathematics. Topics treated include • Chaotic Dynamics and Transport in Classic and Quantum Systems • Complexity and Nonlinearity in Molecular Dynamics and Nano-Science • Complexity and Fractals in Nonlinear Biological Physics and Social Systems • Lie Group Analysis and Applications in Nonlinear Science • Nonlinear Hydrodynamics and Turbulence • Bifurcation and Stability in Nonlinear Dynamic Systems • Nonlinear Oscillations and Control with Applications • Celestial Physics and Deep Space Exploration • Nonlinear Mechanics and Nonlinear Structural Dynamics • Non-smooth Systems and Hybrid Systems • Fractional dynamical systems

Using Science as Evidence in Public Policy

Author: Center for Education
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309261619
Format: PDF, Docs
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Using Science as Evidence in Public Policy encourages scientists to think differently about the use of scientific evidence in policy making. This report investigates why scientific evidence is important to policy making and argues that an extensive body of research on knowledge utilization has not led to any widely accepted explanation of what it means to use science in public policy. Using Science as Evidence in Public Policy identifies the gaps in our understanding and develops a framework for a new field of research to fill those gaps. For social scientists in a number of specialized fields, whether established scholars or Ph.D. students, Using Science as Evidence in Public Policy shows how to bring their expertise to bear on the study of using science to inform public policy. More generally, this report will be of special interest to scientists who want to see their research used in policy making, offering guidance on what is required beyond producing quality research, beyond translating results into more understandable terms, and beyond brokering the results through intermediaries, such as think tanks, lobbyists, and advocacy groups. For administrators and faculty in public policy programs and schools, Using Science as Evidence in Public Policy identifies critical elements of instruction that will better equip graduates to promote the use of science in policy making.

Order Out of Chaos

Author: Ilya Prigogine
Publisher: Verso Books
ISBN: 1786631024
Format: PDF, Mobi
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A pioneering book that shows how the two great themes of classic science, order and chaos, are being reconciled in a new and unexpected synthesis. Order Out of Chaos is a sweeping critique of the discordant landscape of modern scientific knowledge. In this landmark book, Nobel Laureate Ilya Prigogine and acclaimed philosopher Isabelle Stengers offer an exciting and accessible account of the philosophical implications of thermodynamics. Prigogine and Stengers bring contradictory philosophies of time and chance into a novel and ambitious synthesis. Since its first publication in France in 1978, this book has sparked debate among physicists, philosophers, literary critics and historians.

Extreme Events in Nature and Society

Author: Sergio Albeverio
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 354028611X
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Significant, and usually unwelcome, surprises, such as floods, financial crisis, epileptic seizures, or material rupture, are the topics of Extreme Events in Nature and Society. The book, authored by foremost experts in these fields, reveals unifying and distinguishing features of extreme events, including problems of understanding and modelling their origin, spatial and temporal extension, and potential impact. The chapters converge towards the difficult problem of anticipation: forecasting the event and proposing measures to moderate or prevent it. Extreme Events in Nature and Society will interest not only specialists, but also the general reader eager to learn how the multifaceted field of extreme events can be viewed as a coherent whole.

Green IT Engineering Components Networks and Systems Implementation

Author: Vyacheslav Kharchenko
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319555952
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book presents modern approaches to improving the energy efficiency, safety and environmental performance of industrial processes and products, based on the application of advanced trends in Green Information Technologies (IT) Engineering to components, networks and complex systems (software, programmable and hardware components, communications, Cloud and IoT-based systems, as well as IT infrastructures). The book’s 16 chapters, prepared by authors from Greece, Malaysia, Russia, Slovakia, Ukraine and the United Kingdom, are grouped into four sections: (1) The Green Internet of Things, Cloud Computing and Data Mining, (2) Green Mobile and Embedded Control Systems, (3) Green Logic and FPGA Design, and (4) Green IT for Industry and Smart Grids. The book will motivate researchers and engineers from different IT domains to develop, implement and propagate green values in complex systems. Further, it will benefit all scientists and graduate students pursuing research in computer science with a focus on green IT engineering.